Expository Discourse

Author: Beverly Lewin
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781847140807
Release Date: 2005-08-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This volume provides a detailed and explicit account of the genre of social science research articles. While previous literature has analyzed some aspects of the research genre separately, this book presents a comprehensive model, which characterizes the generic, registerial and discoursal options as they interweave within a text.

The Essential Hyland

Author: Ken Hyland
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781350037915
Release Date: 2018-01-25
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Writing in the academy has assumed huge importance in recent years as countless students and academics around the world must now gain fluency in the conventions of academic writing in English to understand their disciplines, to establish their careers or to successfully navigate their learning. Professor Ken J. Hyland has been a contributor to the literature on this topic for over 20 years, with 26 books and over 200 chapters and articles. This work has had considerable influence in shaping the direction of the field and generating papers and PhD theses from researchers around the world. This is a topic which has found its time, as a central concept in applied linguistics, sociology of science, library studies, bibliometrics, and so on. This book brings together Ken Hyland's most influential and cited papers. These are organised thematically to provide both an introduction to the study of academic discourse and an overview of his contribution to the understanding of how academics construct themselves, their disciplines and knowledge through written texts. Several academic celebrities from the field provide a brief commentary on the papers and the book includes an overall reflection by the author on the impact of the papers and the direction of the field together with linear notes on the specific papers in each section. The volume not only includes some of Hyland's best chapters and journal articles but the thoughts of disciplinary luminaries on both the ideas in the book and the general state and direction of the field.

Discourse on the Move

Author: Douglas Biber
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027291912
Release Date: 2007-09-19
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse on the Move is the first book-length exploration of how corpus-based methods can be used for discourse analysis, applied to the description of discourse organization. The primary goal is to bring these two analytical perspectives together: undertaking a detailed discourse analysis of each individual text, but doing so in terms that can be generalized across all texts of a corpus. The book explores two major approaches to this task: ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’. In the ‘top-down’ approach, the functional components of a genre are determined first, and then all texts in a corpus are analyzed in terms of those components. In contrast, textual components emerge from the corpus analysis in the bottom-up approach, and the discourse organization of individual texts is then analyzed in terms of linguistically-defined textual categories. Both approaches are illustrated through case studies of discourse structure in particular genres: fund-raising letters, biology/biochemistry research articles, and university classroom teaching.

Analysing Discourse

Author: Norman Fairclough
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415258936
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

"The book is an essential resource seeking to analyze real texts and discourse."--BOOK JACKET.

Writing Readable Research

Author: Beverly A. Lewin
Publisher: Equinox Publishing (Indonesia)
ISBN: 1904768555
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Education

Analyses scientific writing in English for non-native and native speakers. Although this book concentrates on journal articles, it also provides advice on the preparation of talks and posters for conferences, abstracts, and professional letters.

Genre Frames and Writing in Research Settings

Author: Brian Paltridge
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027250582
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This book presents a perspective on genre based on what it is that leads users of a language to recognise a communicative event as an instance of a particular genre. Key notions in this perspective are those of prototype, inheritance, and intertextuality; that is, the extent to which a text is typical of the particular genre, the qualities or properties that are inherited from other instances of the communicative event, and the ways in which a text is influenced by other texts of a similar kind. The texts which form the basis of this discussion are drawn from experimental research reporting in English. Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Approaches to genre 3. Genre and frames 4. A sample analysis: Writing up research 5. Summary and conclusions.

The Language of Schooling

Author: Mary J. Schleppegrell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135620912
Release Date: 2004-04-26
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This book is about how language is used in the context of schooling. It demonstrates that the variety of English expected at school differs from the interactional language that students use for social purposes outside of school, and provides a linguistic analysis of the challenges of the school curriculum, particularly for non-native speakers of English, speakers of non-standard dialects, and students who have little exposure to academic language outside of schools. The Language of Schooling: A Functional Linguistics Perspective builds on current sociolinguistic and discourse-analytic studies of language in school, but adds a new dimension--the framework of functional linguistic analysis. This framework focuses not just on the structure of words and sentences, but on how texts are constructed--how particular grammatical choices create meanings in the different kinds of texts students are asked to read and write at school. The Language of Schooling: A Functional Linguistics Perspective *provides a functional description of the kinds of texts students are expected to read and write at school; *relates research from other sociolinguistic and language development perspectives to research from the systemic functional linguistics perspective; *focuses on the increasing linguistic demands of contexts of advanced literacy (middle school through college); *analyzes the genres typically encountered at school, with extensive description of the grammatical features of the expository essay, a gatekeeping genre for secondary school graduates; *reviews the grammatical features of disciplinary genres in science and history; and *argues for more explicit attention to language in teaching all subjects, with a particular focus on what is needed for the development of critical literacy. This book will enable researchers and students of language in education to recognize how the grammatical and discourse features of the language of schooling construct the content areas, role relationships, and purposes and expectations of schools. It also will enable them to better understand the nature of language itself and how it emerges from and helps to maintain social structures and institutions, and to apply these understandings to creating classroom environments that build on the strengths students bring to school.

Discourse Studies

Author: Teun A Van Dijk
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781848606494
Release Date: 2011-03-28
Genre: Business & Economics

Covers contemporary debates and research literature; covers everything from grammar, narrative, argumentation, cognition and pragmatics to social, political and critical approaches; adds two wholly new chapters on ideology and identity; and, puts the student at the centre.

Advances in Discourse Studies

Author: Vijay Bhatia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134151318
Release Date: 2008-03-10
Genre: Foreign Language Study

Methods of approaching the study of discourse have developed rapidly in the last ten years, influenced by a growing interdisciplinary spirit among linguistics and anthropology, sociology, cognitive and cultural psychology and cultural studies, as well as among established sub-fields within linguistics itself. Among the more recent developments are an increasing ‘critical’ turn in discourse analysis, a growing interest in historical, ethnographic and corpus-based approaches to discourse, more concern with the social contexts in which discourse occurs, the social actions that it is used to take and the identities that are constructed through it, as well as a revaluation of what counts as ‘discourse’ to include multi-modal texts and interaction. Advances in Discourse Studies brings together contributions from leading scholars in the field, investigating the historical and theoretical relationships between new advances in discourse studies and pointing towards new directions for the future of the discipline. Featuring discussion questions, classroom projects and recommended readings at the end of each section, as well as case studies illustrating each approach discussed, this is an invaluable resource for students of interdisciplinary discourse analysis.

Systemic Functional Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis

Author: Lynne Young
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0826467733
Release Date: 2004-04-22
Genre: Political Science

This collection of papers, with their focus on social change in different settings and through a wide range of voices, offers a fresh view of both Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), and, ultimately, the relationship between the two. This volume is the first to make explicit this connection so that novices as well as experienced researchers examining the two fields under one microscope can more fully understand how they are related and how CDA can draw on analytical tools rooted in SFL.

Analysing Professional Genres

Author: Anna Trosborg
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027283764
Release Date: 2000-02-15
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

An understanding of genres in communication (written and spoken) is essential to professional success. This volume studies situationally appropriate responses in professional communication in face-to-face interaction and distance communication, from a socio-cognitive point of view. A traditional rhetorical approach does not give much insight in the ways in which genres are embedded in communicative activity or how actors draw upon genre knowledge to perform effectively. However, if genres are considered as embedded in social interaction “as typified forms of typified circumstances”, the rich dynamic aspects of genre knowledge can be disclosed. The chapters deal with genre knowledge in various settings, illustrating the impact of time, place, medium, skills and purpose, and some chapters deal with genre analysis in a broader sense giving ideas for applied genre analysis. The book is of interest to professionals and scholars in communication studies, discourse analysis, and social and cognitive science.

Evaluation in Foreign Language Education in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Sahbi Hidri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319432342
Release Date: 2016-10-29
Genre: Education

This book presents evaluation cases from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) context, investigating the various facets of evaluation in different parts of the MENA region and beyond. In 19 chapters, it explores cases from Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Syria, the UAE, Turkey, Iran and Morocco. The book highlights the impact of evaluation on a range of stakeholders, arguing that it has repercussions at the individual, societal, economic, cultural and political levels, that it also has an ethical dimension, and that it is tailored to people’s needs, helping them to remain abreast of the effectiveness and efficiency of programs. Further, the book explores controversial issues concerning different evaluation themes, such as teacher and staff evaluation, assessment practices, text genre analysis evaluation, assessment of productive skills, textbook and ICT evaluation, evaluation of ELT certificates and programs, quality assurance, ESP needs analysis, assessment literacy, and dynamic assessment. It addresses key challenges, such as who the “right people” to implement evaluation are, and the appropriate use of evaluation results to avoid any misuse or harm to any stakeholder. In closing, the book calls for further research venues on the relevance of evaluation, testing and assessment in the MENA context and beyond.

Language of Science

Author: M.A.K. Halliday
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781441155290
Release Date: 2006-06-19
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

'Halliday's investigations into grammatical metaphor take us deeply into the way we construct and expand meanings, starting with representations of concrete experienced events and ending with theoretical worlds populated by abstract entities linked through generalized relations and causalities. He finds these processes most strikingly in the development of the modern sciences that have historically created robust virtual worlds of theory from observable material events. He sees the same processes of grammatical metaphor as children learn to participate in our built symbolic environment, particularly as they are introduced to these meaning systems in schools, an institution designed expressly for that purpose.' Professor Charles Bazerman, University of California, Santa Barbara.