Author: James R. Maxeiner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2011-08-29
Civil justice in the United States is neither civil nor just. Instead it embodies a maxim that the American legal system is a paragon of legal process which assures its citizens a fair and equal treatment under the law. Long have critics recognized the system's failings while offering abundant criticism but few solutions. This book provides a comparative-critical introduction to civil justice systems in the United States, Germany and Korea. It shows the shortcomings of the American system and compares them with German and Korean successes in implementing the rule of law. The author argues that these shortcomings could easily be fixed if the American legal systems were open to seeing how other legal systems' civil justice processes handle cases more efficiently and fairly. Far from being a treatise for specialists, this book is an introductory text for civil justice in the three aforementioned legal systems.
Zur Gewahrung umfassenden Rechtsschutzes bedarf es bei der Gestaltung von Verfahrensrecht eines Ausgleichs zwischen Formstrenge und Freiheit. Daneben darf allerdings auch die kulturelle Komponente des Rechts nicht vernachlassigt werden. Dieser Gedanke fuhrte im Zivilprozessrecht zur Ausbildung dreier Prozessmodelle, die den moglichen Verfahrensablauf im Erkenntnisverfahren abbilden. Das Hauptverhandlungsmodell verdrangt derzeit bei Reformen in unterschiedlichen Rechtskulturen das trial-Modell und das italienisch-kanonische Modell immer mehr. Aufgrund der kulturellen Vielfalt der Schweiz sah sich der Schweizer Gesetzgeber einer Vielzahl kantonaler Regelungen und der Umsetzung verschiedener Prozessmodelle gegenuber, als er 2011 den Schritt hin zur ersten eidgenossischen Zivilprozessordnung wagte. Die Autorin untersucht neben dem Erfolg des Hauptverhandlungsmodells, wie der Schweizer Gesetzgeber ein konsensfahiges Regelwerk geschaffen hat und wie dieses im Kontext der aktuellen Rechtsentwicklung im Zivilprozessrecht zu sehen ist.
Author: James R. Maxeiner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2018-03-31
In this book, James R. Maxeiner takes on the challenge of demonstrating that historically American law makers did consider a statutory methodology as part of formulating laws. In the nineteenth century, when the people wanted laws they could understand, lawyers inflicted judge-made, statute-destroying, common law on them. Maxeiner offers the cure for common law, in the form of sensible statute law. Building on this historical evidence, Maxeiner shows how rule-making in civil law jurisdictions in other countries makes for a far more equitable legal system. Sensible statute laws fit together: one statute governs, as opposed to several laws that even lawyers have trouble disentangling. In a statute law system, lawmakers make laws for the common good in sensible procedures, and judges apply sensible laws and do not make them. This book shows how such a system works in Germany and would be a solution for the American legal system as well.
Author: Gerrit Cornelius Niehoff
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Release Date: 2014-09-02
English summary: The concentration of procedures helps to provide efficient conflict-resolutions and therefore serves the interests of all parties involved. In American civil procedures, the parties are already directed by a multi-facetted doctrine of legal force, derived from common law, which structures the course of legal proceedings. Therefore, defendants are compelled as a matter of legal preclusion to present any connected counterclaims as compulsory counterclaims in the same process. Gerrit Cornelius Niehoff illustrates the process by which the existing claims of different parties are concentrated on the basis of legal procedures and subsequently investigates the obligation of defendants to make any connected claims directed against the plaintiff through compulsory counterclaims. The author develops on this basis a rational balance of interests between the parties, which concerns in particular the protection-worthy interests of the defendants concerning the dispositional freedom about their claims. German description: Verfahrenskonzentration dient der wirtschaftlichen Streitbeilegung und liegt daher im Interesse aller Beteiligten. Im US-amerikanischen Zivilprozess werden die Parteien bereits durch die dem Common Law entstammende, ausserst facettenreiche Rechtskraftlehre zu einer umfassenden Prozessfuhrung angehalten. Daruber hinaus trifft den Beklagten kraft Gesetzes eine praklusionsbewehrte Last zur Einfuhrung konnexer Gegenanspruche als compulsory counterclaims in das Verfahren. Gerrit Cornelius Niehoff stellt die aufgrund der Rechtskraft bestehenden Konzentrationslasten der Parteien dar und untersucht im Anschluss die an den Beklagten gerichtete Widerklagelast durch compulsory counterclaims . Auf dieser Grundlage entwickelt der Autor einen angemessenen Interessenausgleich zwischen den Beteiligten, der insbesondere die schutzwurdigen Interessen des Beklagten an der Dispositionsfreiheit uber seine Anspruche berucksichtigt.
Author: Alan Uzelac
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2014-01-11
This book is a collection of papers that address a fundamental question: What is the role of civil justice and civil procedure in the various national traditions in the contemporary world? The book presents striking differences among a range of countries and legal traditions, but also points to common trends and open issues. It brings together prominent experts, professionals and scholars from both civil and common law jurisdictions. It represents all main legal traditions ranging from Europe (Germanic and Romanic countries, Scandinavia, ex-Socialist countries) and Russia to the Americas (North and South) and China (Mainland and Hong Kong). While addressing the main issue – the goals of civil justice – the book discusses the most topical concerns regarding the functioning and efficiency of national systems of civil justice. These include concerns such as finding the appropriate balance between accurate fact-finding and the right to a fair trial within a reasonable time, the processing of hard cases and the function of civil justice as a specific public service. In the mosaic of contrasts and oppositions special place is devoted to the continuing battle between the individualistic/liberal approach and the collectivist/paternalistic approach – the battle in which, seemingly, paternalistic tendencies regain momentum in a number of contemporary justice systems.
Author: Peter Birks
Release Date: 2000
This work has become a key point of reference on English private law for lawyers in the UK and throughout the world. Packed within its 2,000 pages users will find a lucid, concise yet immensely authoritative account of all of the key areas of private law. Each section is written by anacknowledged expert, bringing to bear their experience and understanding to provide a clear distillation and analysis of the relevant subject. The second supplement, included in this set, fully updates the main volumes with all developments affecting English Private Law up to January 2004.
Author: Dr Douglas P. Boer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-03-21
International Perspectives on the Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Offenders: Theory, Practice and Research provides the first truly global perspective on the assessment and treatment of sex offenders. Presents a comprehensive overview of current theories and practices relating to the assessment and treatment of sex offenders throughout the world, including the US, Europe, and Australasia Covers all the major developments in the areas of risk assessment, treatment, and management Includes chapters written by internationally respected practitioners and researchers experienced in working with sexual offenders such as Bill Marshall, Ruth Mann, Karl Hanson and Jayson Ware
Author: Dennis Sullivan
Release Date: 2007-05-07
Genre: Social Science
Handbook of Restorative Justice is a collection of original, cutting-edge essays that offer an insightful and critical assessment of the theory, principles and practices of restorative justice around the globe. This much-awaited volume is a response to the cry of students, scholars and practitioners of restorative justice, for a comprehensive resource about a practice that is radically transforming the way the human community responds to loss, trauma and harm. Its diverse essays not only explore the various methods of responding nonviolently to harms-done by persons, groups, global corporations and nation-states, but also examine the dimensions of restorative justice in relation to criminology, victimology, traumatology and feminist studies. In addition. They contain prescriptions for how communities might re-structure their family, school and workplace life according to restorative values. This Handbook is an essential tool for every serious student of criminal, social and restorative justice.
Author: Wendy Chan
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Release Date: 2014-04-29
Genre: Social Science
Race still matters in Canada, and in the context of crime and criminal justice, it matters a lot. In this book, the authors focus on the ways in which racial minority groups are criminalized, as well as the ways in which the Canadian criminal justice system is racialized. Employing an intersectional analysis, Chan and Chunn explore how the connection between race and crime is further affected by class, gender, and other social relations.The text covers not only conventional topics such as policing, sentencing, and the media, but also neglected areas such as the criminalization of immigration, poverty, and mental illness.