Yeo's work examines the laws of England, Australia and India pertaining to the fault elements required for the crimes of murder and manslaughter. It contends that the Indian laws are superior and suggests a set of draft provisions which could comprise a viable model for reform of the English and Australian laws. The work is directly relevant to issues being considered in the development of the Model Criminal Code.
The book provides a first hand account of the processing of a murder case through the French criminal justice system from the initial police investigation through to the compilation of the dossier, the hearing and the appeal, and the press coverage of the case. The study provides an effective comparison between 'adversarial' and 'inquisitorial' processes and will be valuable for anyone with an interest in comparative law, criminal process and legal systems.
Provides an important analysis of attempts to reform policing grounded in the experience of the Whitrod era in Queensland. Bolen's analysis is based on detailed insider knowledge of the processes unparalleled in other studies of police reform. This book offers a detailed and rich history of Queensland policing at the time but its relevance extends much beyond Queensland. It is a valuable text for anyone interested in policing and organisational change.
Recapturing Freedom is about the experience of long-term prisoners as they prepare for release. Dot Goulding shows the connection between the institutionalisation that strips inmates of their identity in order to make them tractable, and their subsequent, all-too-common failure to cope with life on the outside. Her book is based on extensive in-depth interviews with male and female prisoners. Recurring themes are the relentless surveillance and control to which prisoners are subjected, and the centrality of violence and brutalisation in the prison experience - group violence, sexual violence and, according to the interviewees, violence which is officially sanctioned. Recapturing Freedom shows why most long-term prisoners find freedom so hard to recapture - physically free but mentally still locked into a subculture of brutality, isolation and deprivation, it is most often prison that recaptures them. Goulding finishes her book with suggestions on how, taking account of the actual experiences of prisoners, this endless cycle of recidivism might be stopped.
Author: Gregory D. Woods
Publisher: Federation Press
Release Date: 2002-01
New South Wales is that rare political creation, a state founded for and upon the criminal law. The history of its criminal law from settlement to Federation is uniquely fascinating. Drawing on his range of experience as a university scholar, a criminal law QC and a judge, the author explains how Britain's criminal laws were established and developed in its (arguably) most successful colony. There are three themes:the horror and savagery of the criminal law transported to Australia and imposed there; the constitutional importance of basic criminal law rules requiring certainty of proof; the corrupt but necessary role of mercy in the administration of the law. There are several genuinely remarkable features of this book. One is that the author draws upon a vast body of material recently brought to light by Bruce Kercher in his massive disinterment of early colonial case law, to explain in detail the actual working of the New South Wales criminal courts.Another is that the core of the book is an analysis of New South Wales parliamentary debates between 1871 and 1883 on criminal law, illuminating the history of the law (and its future). Yet the most remarkable thing of all about this book is its rarity. In the many places where the British Empire imposed its laws, there are hundreds of universities and centres of legal study.Histories of the criminal law, or studies which can be so described, are rare or invisible. This admirable study will become a classic in its field, required reading by legal scholars, historians of colony and empire, and by astute legal practitioners making arguments for contemporary submissions or judgments.
Author: Robert Carl Davis
Publisher: Rand Corporation
Release Date: 2009
This book discusses how some clinics have won significant gains at the appellate and federal court levels concerning victim standing, the rights to be consulted and heard, and the right to privacy. Some have won significant victories in gaining standing for victims and expanding the definition of particular rights. Others are enjoined in the battle. But all have raised awareness of victims' rights in the justice system.
Author: Andrew A. Gentes
Release Date: 2010-09-29
Genre: Social Science
Despite reports of exile proving disastrous to the region, 300,000 Russian subjects, from political dissidents to the elderly and mentally disabled, were deported to Siberia from 1823-61. Their stories of physical and psychological suffering, heroism and personal resurrection, are recounted in this compelling history of tsarist Siberian exile.
A study of the involvement of organized-crime and terrorist groups in product counterfeiting. Case studies of film piracy illustrate the problem of criminal and perhaps terrorist groups using this new high-payoff, low-risk way to fund their activities. Cooperation among law enforcement and governments worldwide is needed to combat intellectual-property theft, which threatens the global information economy, public safety, and national security.
Author: Committee on Law and Justice
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2002-12-18
Most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. The FBIs Uniform Crime Reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. The National Crime Victimization Survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. This workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. In addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.
Author: Sharon Pickering
Publisher: Institute of Criminology, Sydney
Release Date: 2004
Global Issues, Women and Justice explores the ways women seek justice through the nation-state, global process, and international criminal justice mechanisms. It draws on a diversity of academic and advocate voices in examining how women have accessed justice under conditions of globalization, militarization, and colonization. Global Issues, Women and Justice will appeal to academics and activists as a valuable resource for research. As well, it provides numerous case studies of the ways women have mobilized to achieve justice, which will be useful both in the classroom and in campaigning.
Author: Chris Cunneen
Publisher: Institute of Criminology, Sydney
Release Date: 1997-01
Genre: Social Science
This book examines the over-representation of Filipino women as victims of homicide in Australia. The authors argue that the vulnerability of Filipino women to violence in this country can only be understood through the intersection of representations of gender and race within the context of international relations. The work examines homicide and domestic violence, immigration and the marketing of marriage and sex, and the Internet as a specific site through which idealised constructions of ‘Asian’ women are commodified to be accessed by ‘Western’ men. "… a sensitive analysis of the complex web of race, gender and class … I congratulate the authors on their work and heartily endorse this book." Zita Antonios, Race Discrimination Commissioner
In the aftermath of World War II, in the shadow of the Holocaust, the countries of the world signed on for a Convention giving rights and safeguards to refugees. Forced migration was a humanitarian not a criminal concern. Being a refugee involved discussion of human rights and protection rather than developing processes of criminalization and law enforcement. Sharon Pickering documents how this has changed. Refugees and asylum seekers are dressed in the clothes of criminals, and national sovereignty has become the focus of the response of the Global North to forced migration. Pickering adopts a State Crime framework, emerging out of a critique of law and order refugee politics, to explain policy responses. The roles of the administration, the justice system and the media are analysed to highlight the discourses of criminality which have come to dominate discussion of refugee and asylum issues. She shows how the spectacle of the refugee as criminal allied to the rise of transnational policing, has led to the opening up of extra-territorial, extra-legal spaces, how contradictions have emerged as to national "borders" and how the rule of law has been debased.