Feynman Lectures On Computation

Author: Richard P. Feynman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780429980077
Release Date: 2018-07-03
Genre: Science

When, in 1984?86, Richard P. Feynman gave his famous course on computation at the California Institute of Technology, he asked Tony Hey to adapt his lecture notes into a book. Although led by Feynman, the course also featured, as occasional guest speakers, some of the most brilliant men in science at that time, including Marvin Minsky, Charles Bennett, and John Hopfield. Although the lectures are now thirteen years old, most of the material is timeless and presents a ?Feynmanesque? overview of many standard and some not-so-standard topics in computer science such as reversible logic gates and quantum computers.

Feynman And Computation

Author: Anthony Hey
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780429980084
Release Date: 2018-03-08
Genre: Science

Richard P. Feynman made profoundly important and prescient contributions to the physics of computing, notably with his seminal articles ?There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom? and ?Simulating Physics with Computers.? These two provocative papers (both reprinted in this volume) anticipated, decades before their time, several breakthroughs that have since become fields of science in their own right, such as nanotechnology and the newest, perhaps most exciting area of physics and computer science, quantum computing.The contributors to this book are all distinguished physicists and computer scientists, and many of them were guest lecturers in Feynman's famous CalTech course on the limits of computers. they include Charles Bennett on Quantum Information Theory, Geoffrey Fox on Internetics, Norman Margolus on Crystalline Computation, and Tommaso Toffoli on the Fungibility of Computation.Both a tribute to Feynman and a new exploration of the limits of computers by some of today's most influential scientists, Feynman and Computation continues the pioneering work started by Feynman and published by him in his own Lectures on Computation. This new computation volume consists of both original chapters and reprints of classic papers by leaders in the field. Feynman and Computation will generate great interest from the scientific community and provide essential background for further work in this field.

Number Theory for Computing

Author: Song Y. Yan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540430725
Release Date: 2002-04-24
Genre: Computers

This book provides a good introduction to the classical elementary number theory and the modern algorithmic number theory, and their applications in computing and information technology, including computer systems design, cryptography and network security. In this second edition proofs of many theorems have been provided, further additions and corrections were made.

The Computing Universe

Author: Tony Hey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316123225
Release Date: 2014-12-08
Genre: Computers

Computers now impact almost every aspect of our lives, from our social interactions to the safety and performance of our cars. How did this happen in such a short time? And this is just the beginning. In this book, Tony Hey and Gyuri Pápay lead us on a journey from the early days of computers in the 1930s to the cutting-edge research of the present day that will shape computing in the coming decades. Along the way, they explain the ideas behind hardware, software, algorithms, Moore's Law, the birth of the personal computer, the Internet and the Web, the Turing Test, Jeopardy's Watson, World of Warcraft, spyware, Google, Facebook and quantum computing. This book also introduces the fascinating cast of dreamers and inventors who brought these great technological developments into every corner of the modern world. This exciting and accessible introduction will open up the universe of computing to anyone who has ever wondered where his or her smartphone came from.

Computing with Quantum Cats

Author: John Gribbin
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 9781448153909
Release Date: 2013-06-20
Genre: Science

The quantum computer is no longer the stuff of science fiction. Pioneering physicists are on the brink of unlocking a new quantum universe which provides a better representation of reality than our everyday experiences and common sense ever could. The birth of quantum computers – which, like Schrödinger’s famous ‘dead and alive’ cat, rely on entities like electrons, photons or atoms existing in two states at the same time – is set to turn the computing world on its head. In his fascinating study of this cutting-edge technology, John Gribbin updates his previous views on the nature of quantum reality, arguing for a universe of many parallel worlds where ‘everything is real’. Looking back to Alan Turing’s work on the Enigma machine and the first electronic computer, Gribbin explains how quantum theory developed to make quantum computers work in practice as well as in principle. He takes us beyond the arena of theoretical physics to explore their practical applications – from machines which learn through ‘intuition’ and trial and error to unhackable laptops and smartphones. And he investigates the potential for this extraordinary science to create a world where communication occurs faster than light and teleportation is possible.

Collision Based Computing

Author: Andrew Adamatzky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1852335408
Release Date: 2002-05-13
Genre: Computers

Collision-based computing is an emerging, but fast-growing, field. It is relevant to research in a number of other topics, including the design of advanced computer architectures, theoretical computer science, computational complexity, quantum computing, and bio-molecular/optical computing. At the moment there is little published work, so this book will be a much needed overview.

Competition

Author: James Case
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 9781429923095
Release Date: 2008-06-24
Genre: Mathematics

The Mathematical Theory of Games Sheds Light On A Wide Range of Competitive Activities What do chess-playing computer programs, biological evolution, competitive sports, gambling, alternative voting systems, public auctions, corporate globalization, and class warfare have in common? All are manifestations of a new paradigm in scientific thinking, which James Case calls "the emerging science of competition." Drawing in part on the pioneering work of mathematicians such as John von Neumann, John Nash (of A Beautiful Mind fame), and Robert Axelrod, Case explores the common game-theoretical strands that tie these seemingly unrelated fields together, showing how each can be better understood in the shared light of the others. Not since James Gleick's bestselling book Chaos brought widespread public attention to the new sciences of chaos and complexity has a general-interest science book served such an eye-opening purpose. Competition will appeal to a wide range of readers, from policy wonks and futurologists to former jocks and other ordinary citizens seeking to make sense of a host of novel—and frequently controversial—issues.

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science

Author: Allen Kent
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824720709
Release Date: 2001-11-02
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This is the 70th encyclopaedia of library and information science. It covers topics such as: intelligent systems for problem analysis in organizations; interactive system design; international models of school library development; lexicalization in natural language generation; and more.

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices

Author: An Chen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118958278
Release Date: 2014-11-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices focuses on the future direction of semiconductor and emerging nanoscale device technology. As the dimensional scaling of CMOS approaches its limits, alternate information processing devices and microarchitectures are being explored to sustain increasing functionality at decreasing cost into the indefinite future. This is driving new paradigms of information processing enabled by innovative new devices, circuits, and architectures, necessary to support an increasingly interconnected world through a rapidly evolving internet. This original title provides a fresh perspective on emerging research devices in 26 up to date chapters written by the leading researchers in their respective areas. It supplements and extends the work performed by the Emerging Research Devices working group of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Key features: • Serves as an authoritative tutorial on innovative devices and architectures that populate the dynamic world of “Beyond CMOS” technologies. • Provides a realistic assessment of the strengths, weaknesses and key unknowns associated with each technology. • Suggests guidelines for the directions of future development of each technology. • Emphasizes physical concepts over mathematical development. • Provides an essential resource for students, researchers and practicing engineers.

Einstein s Mirror

Author: Tony Hey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521435323
Release Date: 1997-07-31
Genre: Science

The Theory of Special Relativity is one of the most profound discoveries of the twentieth century. Einstein's Mirror blends a simple, nonmathematical account of the theory of special relativity and gravitation with a description of the way experiments have triumphantly supported these theories. The authors explore the many applications of relativity in atomic and nuclear physics, which are many and range from satellite navigation systems, particle accelerators and nuclear power to quantum chemistry, antimatter and black holes. The book also features a superb collection of photographs and includes amusing anecdotes and biographies about the early pioneers. In the closing chapter, the authors examine the influence of Einstein's relativity on the development of science fiction. General readers with an interest in science will enjoy and benefit from this fascinating and accessible introduction to one of the most important areas of physics.

Prototypes of Measurement

Author: Kenneth B. Lifshitz
Publisher: Kenneth Lifshitz
ISBN: 9781477631034
Release Date: 2012-06-28
Genre: Science

An reinvestigation of the conceptual underpinnings of measurement as employed in modern physical theories through the use of set theory, group theory and complex vector analysis

Sentic Computing

Author: Erik Cambria
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400750708
Release Date: 2012-07-28
Genre: Medical

In this book common sense computing techniques are further developed and applied to bridge the semantic gap between word-level natural language data and the concept-level opinions conveyed by these. In particular, the ensemble application of graph mining and multi-dimensionality reduction techniques is exploited on two common sense knowledge bases to develop a novel intelligent engine for open-domain opinion mining and sentiment analysis. The proposed approach, termed sentic computing, performs a clause-level semantic analysis of text, which allows the inference of both the conceptual and emotional information associated with natural language opinions and, hence, a more efficient passage from (unstructured) textual information to (structured) machine-processable data.

Lectures on LHC Physics

Author: Tilman Plehn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642240409
Release Date: 2012-02-28
Genre: Science

When trying to apply the solid knowledge of quantum field theory to actual LHC physics - in particular to the Higgs sector and certain regimes of QCD - one inevitably meets an intricate maze of phenomenological know-how, common lores and other, often historically grown intuition about what works and what not. These lectures are intended to be a brief but sufficiently detailed primer on LHC physics that will enable graduate students and any newcomer to the field to find their way through the more advanced literature as well as helping them to start work in this very timely and exciting field of research.

Unifying Theories of Programming

Author: Steve Dunne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540347507
Release Date: 2006-06-27
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the First International Symposium on Unifying Theories of Programming, UTP 2006, held at Walworth Castle, County Durham, UK, in February 2006. The book presents 14 revised full papers. Based on the pioneering work on unifying theories of programming by Tony Haare and Jifeng He, UTP 2006 focused on the most significant results and raised awareness of the benefits of unifying theoretical frameworks.

Monte Carlo and Quasi Monte Carlo Methods 2006

Author: Alexander Keller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540744967
Release Date: 2007-12-30
Genre: Mathematics

This book presents the refereed proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Monte Carlo and Quasi-Monte Carlo Methods in Scientific Computing, held in Ulm, Germany, in August 2006. The proceedings include carefully selected papers on many aspects of Monte Carlo and quasi-Monte Carlo methods and their applications. They also provide information on current research in these very active areas.