Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

Author: David M. Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444330007
Release Date: 2011-02-23
Genre: Science

Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Invasion Biology

Author: Mark A. Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199218752
Release Date: 2009-01-29
Genre: Nature

Invasion Biology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the science of biological invasions while also offering new insights and perspectives relating to the processes of introduction, establishment, and spread. The book connects science with application by describing the health, economic, and ecological impacts of invasive species as well as the variety of management strategies developed to mitigate harmful impacts.The author critically evaluates the approaches, findings, and controversies that have characterized invasion biology in recent years, and suggests a variety of future research directions. Carefully balanced to avoid distincttaxonomic, ecosystem, and geographic (both investigator and species) biases, the book addresses a wide range of invasive species (including protists, invertebrates, vertebrates, fungi, and plants) which have been studied in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial environments throughout the world by investigators equally diverse in their origins.

NaturenKulturen

Author: Friederike Gesing
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 9783839440070
Release Date: 2018-12-31
Genre: Social Science

Was haben Moskitonetze in Ghana mit Küstenschutz in Neuseeland oder Rohmilchkäseproduktion in den USA gemeinsam? Was verbindet Plastikmüll in den Meeren mit der Frage, ob Fleisch von Tieren stammt? Dieser Band vermittelt Einblicke in ein neues Forschungsfeld an der Schnittstelle von Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie, Geografie und Science & Technology Studies und stellt mit den »NaturenKulturen« ein Konzept vor, mit dem sich das Verhältnis von Natur und Kultur neu bestimmen und politisch situieren lässt. Beiträge von Anna Tsing, Steve Hinchliffe, Uli Beisel, Banu Subramaniam, Sven Bergmann und anderen laden dazu ein, »NaturenKulturen« als Denkraum zu verstehen und neue Konstellationen von ökologischen Prozessen, technischen Artefakten und mehr-als-menschlichen Akteuren zu erforschen.

Invasion Ecology

Author: Julie L. Lockwood
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118570821
Release Date: 2013-04-05
Genre: Science

This new edition of Invasion Ecology provides a comprehensive and updated introduction to all aspects of biological invasion by non-native species. Highlighting important research findings associated with each stage of invasion, the book provides an overview of the invasion process from transportation patterns and causes of establishment success to ecological impacts, invader management, and post-invasion evolution. The authors have produced new chapters on predicting and preventing invasion, managing and eradicating invasive species, and invasion dynamics in a changing climate. Modern global trade and travel have led to unprecedented movement of non-native species by humans with unforeseen, interesting, and occasionally devastating consequences. Increasing recognition of the problems associated with invasion has led to a rapid growth in research into the dynamics of non-native species and their adverse effects on native biota and human economies. This book provides a synthesis of this fast growing field of research and is an essential text for undergraduate and graduate students in ecology and conservation management. Additional resources are available at www.wiley.com/go/invasionecology

Invasion Dynamics

Author: Cang Hui
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191062520
Release Date: 2017-02-15
Genre: Science

Humans have moved organisms around the world for centuries but it is only relatively recently that invasion ecology has grown into a mainstream research field. This book examines both the spread and impact dynamics of invasive species, placing the science of invasion biology on a new, more rigorous, theoretical footing, and proposing a concept of adaptive networks as the foundation for future research. Biological invasions are considered not as simple actions of invaders and reactions of invaded ecosystems, but as co-evolving complex adaptive systems with emergent features of network complexity and invasibility. Invasion Dynamics focuses on the ecology of invasive species and their impacts in recipient social-ecological systems. It discusses not only key advances and challenges within the traditional domain of invasion ecology, but introduces approaches, concepts, and insights from many other disciplines such as complexity science, systems science, and ecology more broadly. It will be of great value to invasion biologists analyzing spread and/or impact dynamics as well as other ecologists interested in spread processes or habitat management.

Fragebogen

Author: Rolf Porst
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658021184
Release Date: 2013-11-19
Genre: Social Science

Dieses Buch ist ein „Praxisbuch“ im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes. Es soll Forscherinnen und Forschern, die sich bei ihrer empirischen Forschungsarbeit sozialwissenschaftlicher Befragungen bedienen wollen, Hilfestellung geben bei der Entwicklung ihrer Fragebogen, ganz konkret und im Detail. In dem Buch wird Fragebogenberatung simuliert, wie sie der Autor viele Jahre lang durchgeführt hat, sehr praktisch und so, dass die Leserinnen und Leser das Buch unmittelbar nutzen können, wenn sie einen Fragebogen entwickeln. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die kognitionspsychologischen und kommunikativen Grundlagen der Befragung wird eine Vielzahl methodischer Aspekte eines Fragebogens abgearbeitet, alles illustriert durch Beispiele aus der Umfragepraxis.

Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions

Author: Dr. Daniel Simberloff
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520948433
Release Date: 2011-01-02
Genre: Nature

This pioneering encyclopedia illuminates a topic at the forefront of global ecology—biological invasions, or organisms that come to live in the wrong place. Written by leading scientists from around the world, Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions addresses all aspects of this subject at a global level—including invasions by animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria—in succinct, alphabetically arranged articles. Scientifically uncompromising, yet clearly written and free of jargon, the volume encompasses fields of study including biology, demography, geography, ecology, evolution, sociology, and natural history. Featuring many cross-references, suggestions for further reading, illustrations, an appendix of the world’s worst 100 invasive species, a glossary, and more, this is an essential reference for anyone who needs up-to-date information on this important topic. Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions features articles on: • Well-known invasive species such the zebra mussel, chestnut blight, cheatgrass, gypsy moth, Nile perch, giant African snail, and Norway rat • Regions with especially large numbers of introduced species including the Great Lakes, Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand. • Conservation, ecological, economic, and human and animal health impacts of invasions around the world • The processes and pathways involved in invasion • Management of introduced species

Was ist eine gute Frage

Author: Frank Faulbaum
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531158244
Release Date: 2009-01-15
Genre: Social Science

Die Qualität von Fragen stellt eine wichtige Determinante der Qualität von Umfragedaten dar. Das Buch präsentiert erstmals in deutscher Sprache ein Fragebewertungssystem mit einem detaillierten Katalog möglicher Probleme in Entwürfen von Fragen, die an Hand von über 100 Beispielen - überwiegend aus bekannten Bevölkerungsumfragen - beschrieben und erläutert werden. Ziel des Fragebewertungssystems (FBS) ist, mögliche Qualitätsgefährdungen in Fra-gen schon frühzeitig vor dem Einsatz empirischer Testverfahren zu erkennen, um damit die Voraussetzung für ihre Minimierung zu schaffen. In das System sind langjährige Erfahrungen der Autoren in der Fragebogenberatung und in der Evaluation von Fragen eingeflossen. Dem Bewertungssystem ist ein theoretischer Teil mit einer umfassenden Einführung in die unter-schiedlichen Aspekte der Fragenqualität und ihrer Gefährdungsursachen vorangestellt, wobei der Qualitätsbegriff nicht nur auf den Aspekt des Fragetextes bezogen wird, sondern darüber hinaus auf alle übrigen Aspekte der Frage einschließlich ihrer Ausführungsmodalitäten (mo-des) sowie ihrer Bedeutung für die Umfragequalität. Das Buch wendet sich an alle, die in ir-gendeiner Weise selber Fragebögen entwickeln oder diese beurteilen müssen. Es eignet sich außerdem für den Einsatz in der Lehre.

Invasive Species

Author: Daniel Simberloff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199344284
Release Date: 2013-07-01
Genre: Science

Of the 7,000 estimated non-native species present in North America, approximately 1,000 are invasive. Clearly, invasive species are in the minority, but their small numbers don't keep them from causing billions of dollars in economic and ecological harm each year. Policymakers and ecologists continue to try to figure out which species might be harmful, which invasive species are doing the most damage, and which of these might respond best to eradication efforts. Invasive species reports and case studies are prevalent in political, environmental, and scientific news cycles, and a significant portion of the public is concerned about the issue. In Invasive Species: What Everyone Needs to Know?, Simberloff will first cover basic topics such as how non-native species are introduced, which areas have incurred the most biological invasions, and how the rates of biological invasions have shifted in recent years. He then moves on to the direct and indirect impacts of the impacts of invasive species on various ecosystems, such as habitat and resource competition, how invasive species transmit pathogens, and how introduced plants and animals can modify a habitat to favor other non-native species. Simberloff's final chapters will discuss the evolution of invasive species, the policies we currently have in place to manage them, and future prospects for controlling their spread. The book will also contain a section dedicated to the more controversial topics surrounding invasive species: invasive natives, useful non-native species, animal rights versus species rights, and non-native species' impacts on the biodiversity of an ecosystem. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press. is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

Ideen Zu Einer Geographie Der Pflanzen

Author: Alexander Homboldt
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9783955075033
Release Date: 2013-04-15
Genre:

Diese Veroffentlichung von Alexander von Humboldt ist die Synopse der bis dahin (1805) durchgefuhrten Forschungsreisen. Er versuchte sich hier erstmals an einer Systematik der weltweiten Geographie der Pflanzen und schuf damit ein revolutioares und weithin beachtetes Werk.

Afrika Jahrbuch 1989

Author: Urte Schneider
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783322926395
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Social Science


Wenn das Schlachten vorbei ist

Author: T.C. Boyle
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 9783446239524
Release Date: 2012-02-06
Genre: Fiction

Zwei Fraktionen von Umweltschützern liefern sich einen erbitterten Kampf. Schauplatz sind die Channel Islands vor der Südküste von Kalifornien, wo die Umwelt vom Menschen empfindlich gestört wurde. Soll man das Gleichgewicht des Ökosystems mit viel Steuergeldern wiederherstellen - was zwangsläufig die Ausrottung mancher Tierarten bedeutet -, oder soll man um jeden Preis das Töten verhindern? T. C. Boyles furioser, apokalyptischer Roman handelt von der Ausbeutung der Natur durch den Menschen und den katastrophalen Folgen. Boyle hat eines seiner ältesten Themen weiterentwickelt, nie war er so bitter und böse, nie war es ihm so ernst.

The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Author: Nathalie Pettorelli
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191512728
Release Date: 2013-10-10
Genre: Science

There has been a recent surge of interest in remote sensing and its use in ecology and conservation but this is the first book to focus explicitly on the NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index), a simple numerical indicator and powerful tool that can be used to assess spatio-temporal changes in green vegetation. The NDVI opens the possibility of addressing questions on scales inaccessible to ground-based methods alone; it is mostly freely available with global coverage over several decades. This novel text provides an authoritative overview of the principles and possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. NDVI data can provide valuable information about temporal and spatial changes in vegetation distribution, productivity, and dynamics; allowing monitoring of habitat degradation and fragmentation, or assessment of the ecological effects of climatic disasters such as drought or fire. The NDVI has also provided ecologists with a promising way to couple vegetation with animal distribution, abundance, movement, survival and reproductive parameters. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have highlighted the potential key role of satellite data and the NDVI in macroecology, plant ecology, animal population dynamics, environmental monitoring, habitat selection and habitat use studies, and paleoecology. The chapters are organised around two sections: the first detailing vegetation indices and the NDVI, the principles behind the NDVI, its correlation with climate, the available NDVI datasets, and the possible complications and errors associated with the use of this satellite-based vegetation index. The second section discusses the possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. This practical handbook is suitable for terrestrial ecologists and conservation biologists working with remote sensing tools. It will also be of relevance and use to both graduate students in the biological and ecological sciences and specialists in the fields of conservation biology, biodiversity monitoring, and natural resource management.

BIOLFLOR

Author: Stefan Klotz
Publisher:
ISBN: 378433508X
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Plants

Database, species, Germany, flowering plants, ferns.