Finding Time for the Old Stone Age

Author: Anne O'Connor
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199215478
Release Date: 2007-08-16
Genre: History

This study looks at the fascinating attempts from the Victorian era to the middle of the 20th century to reconstruct Britain's prehistoric past, to provide a chronology for stone tools and to relate these finds to geological sequences. The debates around this subject were often amazingly fiery and although a serious scholarly study this book is also great fun, with a host of colourful characters.

Schriftlose Vergangenheiten

Author: Lisa Regazzoni
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110552201
Release Date: 2018-11-19
Genre: History

„Schriftlose Vergangenheiten“ sind vergangene Kulturen, Völker, Ereignisse und Zustände, die keine oder nur unzulängliche schriftliche Quellen hinterlassen haben. Die Beiträge führen vor, wie historisch arbeitende Gelehrte und WissenschaftlerInnen – von der Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart – sich mit diesem Vakuum auseinandersetzen, welche alternativen Überreste sie zu aussagekräftigen Quellen konstruieren und welche „Geschichten“ dabei entstehen.

Natural History Societies and Civic Culture in Victorian Scotland

Author: Diarmid A Finnegan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317315728
Release Date: 2015-10-06
Genre: History

The relationship between science and civil society is essential to our understanding of cultural change during the Victorian era. Finnegan's study looks at the shifting nature of this process during the nineteenth century, using Scotland as the focus for his argument.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191650390
Release Date: 2013-06-06
Genre: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

The British Palaeolithic

Author: Paul Pettitt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415674546
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Social Science

The British Palaeolithic provides the first academic synthesis of the entire British Palaeolithic, from the earliest occupation (currently understood to be around 980,000 years ago) to the end of the Ice Age. Landscape and ecology form the canvas for an explicitly interpretative approach aimed at understanding the how different hominin societies addressed the issues of life at the edge of the Pleistocene world. Commencing with a consideration of the earliest hominin settlement of Europe, the book goes on to examine the behavioural, cultural and adaptive repertoires of the first human occupants of Britain from an ecological perspective. These themes flow throughout the book as it explores subsequent occupational pulses across more than half a million years of Pleistocene prehistory, which saw Homo heidelbergensis, the Neanderthals and ultimately Homo sapiens walk these shores. The British Palaeolithic fills a major gap in teaching resources as well as in research by providing a current synthesis of the latest research on the period. This book represents the culmination of 40 years combined research in this area by two well known experts in the field, and is an important new text for students of British archaeology as well as for students and researchers of the continental Palaeolithic period.

Stone Tools and the Evolution of Human Cognition

Author: April Nowell
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39076002878424
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Social Science

Stone tools are the most durable and common type of archaeological remain and one of the most important sources of information about behaviors of early hominins. Stone Tools and the Evolution of Human Cognition develops methods for examining questions of cognition, demonstrating the progression of mental capabilities from early hominins to modern humans through the archaeological record. Dating as far back as 2.5-2.7 million years ago, stone tools were used in cutting up animals, woodworking, and preparing vegetable matter. Today, lithic remains give archaeologists insight into the forethought, planning, and enhanced working memory of our early ancestors. Contributors focus on multiple ways in which archaeologists can investigate the relationship between tools and the evolving human mind--including joint attention, pattern recognition, memory usage, and the emergence of language. Offering a wide range of approaches and diversity of place and time, the chapters address issues such as skill, social learning, technique, language, and cognition based on lithic technology. Stone Tools and the Evolution of Human Cognition will be of interest to Paleolithic archaeologists and paleoanthropologists interested in stone tool technology and cognitive evolution.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641104986
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: History

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Biologie der Juden

Author: Veronika Lipphardt
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783647361000
Release Date: 2008-09-17
Genre: History

Die Frage einer biologischen Rassenzugehörigkeit der Juden galt zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts als brisantes, ungelöstes wissenschaftliches Problem. Wissenschaftler mit jüdischem Familienhintergrund sahen sich vor einem Dilemma, denn sie waren zugleich Subjekt und Objekt der Forschung.Die Studie zeichnet diese wissenschaftliche Debatte nach und beleuchtet dabei insbesondere die Positionen von Wissenschaftlern jüdischer Herkunft. Wie reflektierten diese ihre Identität im Rahmen biologischer Theorien und wie gestaltete sich die Auseinandersetzung mit nichtjüdischen Kollegen? Zudem werden die Versuche einiger dieser Wissenschaftler beschrieben, Institutionen für die Erforschung der »Biologie der Juden« zu gründen.

Theory of the Earth With Proofs and Illustrations

Author: Archibald Geikie
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 0270254781
Release Date: 2018-07-26
Genre: Religion

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