Homework book

Author: Sandra Burns
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 1405818484
Release Date: 2007-07-01
Genre: Mathematics

Innovative, practical, motivational and completely comprehensive -- the two-tier AQA course that has it all

Body Bits and Belly Buttons

Author: Richard Hammond
Publisher: DK Publishing (Dorling Kindersley)
ISBN: 1405340835
Release Date: 2009-09-01
Genre: Physiology

Fantastic experiments, thrilling things to make and do, reusable stickers and a cool quiz from Richard Hammond's TV series Blast Lab. Let your child go inside Blast Lab Gutbusters and they'll take a trip inside their insides! Cool experiments show how a splash of vinegar makes a bone turn rubbery, how to make a pair of working lungs and how to create some noisy gassy sounds with a balloon stomach. Just like Richard Hammonds, Blast Lab, there are lots of fun experiments to try out using everyday objects from around the house. It's a fun-filled blast from first page to last!

High Speed Photonic Devices

Author: Nadir Dagli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420012071
Release Date: 2006-09-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering

With the ongoing, worldwide installation of 40 Gbit/s fiber optic transmission systems, there is an urgency to learn more about the photonic devices supporting this technology. Focusing on the components used to generate, modulate, and receive optical signals, High-Speed Photonic Devices presents the state-of- the-art enabling technologies behind high-speed telecommunication systems. Written by experts in the field, the book explores high-speed transmitters, receivers, electronics, and all-optical techniques. Following a brief introduction of the devices, the subsequent chapters cover... High-speed, low-driving voltage electroabsorption modulators and their integration with distributed-feedback lasers for high-bitrate and long-haul optical fiber transmission systems Linear electro-optic Ti-diffused LiNbO3 devices, specifically, traveling-wave high-speed modulators III-V compound semiconductor electro-optic modulators High-speed polymer device technology and numerous examples of new material combinations Fundamental physical processes used in common photodetectors as well as some emerging photodetector designs High-speed electronic devices and integrated circuit technologies for very high-speed future lightwave communication systems Very high-speed all-optical technologies required for multi-terabit/s optical fiber transmission systems. Although it is hard to predict which particular technology will prevail in the future, you can be sure that the systems discussed in High-Speed Photonic Devices will help pave the way for low-cost, high-performance fiber optic networks that will cover the entire globe. This improved and easily accessible communications capability will no doubt better the quality of life for everyone.

Fundamentals of Inelastic Electron Scattering

Author: P. Schattschneider
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783709188668
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Electron energy loss spectroscopy (ELS) is a vast subject with a long and honorable history. The problem of stopping power for high energy particles interested the earliest pioneers of quantum mechanics such as Bohr and Bethe, who laid the theoretical foun dations of the subject. The experimental origins might perhaps be traced to the original Franck-Hertz experiment. The modern field includes topics as diverse as low energy reflection electron energy loss studies of surface vibrational modes, the spectroscopy of gases and the modern theory of plasmon excitation in crystals. For the study of ELS in electron microscopy, several historically distinct areas of physics are relevant, including the theory of the Debye Waller factor for virtual inelastic scattering, the use of complex optical potentials, lattice dynamics for crystalline specimens and the theory of atomic ionisation for isolated atoms. However the field of electron energy loss spectroscopy contains few useful texts which can be recommended for students. With the recent appearance of Raether's and Egerton's hooks (see text for references), we have for the first time both a comprehensive review text-due to Raether-and a lucid introductory text which emphasizes experimental aspects-due to Egerton. Raether's text tends to emphasize the recent work on surface plasmons, while the strength of Egerton's book is its treatment of inner shell excitations for microanalysis, based on the use of atomic wavefunctions for crystal electrons.

Dynamics of Complex Autonomous Boolean Networks

Author: David P. Rosin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319135786
Release Date: 2014-12-31
Genre: Science

This thesis focuses on the dynamics of autonomous Boolean networks, on the basis of Boolean logic functions in continuous time without external clocking. These networks are realized with integrated circuits on an electronic chip as a field programmable gate array (FPGA) with roughly 100,000 logic gates, offering an extremely flexible model system. It allows fast and cheap design cycles and large networks with arbitrary topologies and coupling delays. The author presents pioneering results on theoretical modeling, experimental realization, and selected applications. In this regard, three classes of novel dynamic behavior are investigated: (i) Chaotic Boolean networks are proposed as high-speed physical random number generators with high bit rates. (ii) Networks of periodic Boolean oscillators are home to long-living transient chimera states, i.e., novel patterns of coexisting domains of spatially coherent (synchronized) and incoherent (desynchronized) dynamics. (iii) Excitable networks exhibit cluster synchronization and can be used as fast artificial Boolean neurons whose spiking patterns can be controlled. This work presents the first experimental platform for large complex networks, which will facilitate exciting future developments.

Dirichlet Branes and Mirror Symmetry

Author:
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821838488
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

Research in string theory over the last several decades has yielded a rich interaction with algebraic geometry. In 1985, the introduction of Calabi-Yau manifolds into physics as a way to compactify ten-dimensional space-time has led to exciting cross-fertilization between physics and mathematics, especially with the discovery of mirror symmetry in 1989. A new string revolution in the mid-1990s brought the notion of branes to the forefront. As foreseen by Kontsevich, these turned out to have mathematical counterparts in the derived category of coherent sheaves on an algebraic variety and the Fukaya category of a symplectic manifold. This has led to exciting new work, including the Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture, which used the theory of branes to propose a geometric basis for mirror symmetry, the theory of stability conditions on triangulated categories, and a physical basis for the McKay correspondence. These developments have led to a great deal of new mathematical work. One difficulty in understanding all aspects of this work is that it requires being able to speak two different languages, the language of string theory and the language of algebraic geometry. The 2002 Clay School on Geometry and String Theory set out to bridge this gap, and this monograph builds on the expository lectures given there to provide an up-to-date discussion including subsequent developments. A natural sequel to the first Clay monograph on Mirror Symmetry, it presents the new ideas coming out of the interactions of string theory and algebraic geometry in a coherent logical context. We hope it will allow students and researchers who are familiar with the language of one of the two fields to gain acquaintance with the language of the other. The book first introduces the notion of Dirichlet brane in the context of topological quantum field theories, and then reviews the basics of string theory. After showing how notions of branes arose in string theory, it turns to an introduction to the algebraic geometry, sheaf theory, and homological algebra needed to define and work with derived categories. The physical existence conditions for branes are then discussed and compared in the context of mirror symmetry, culminating in Bridgeland's definition of stability structures, and its applications to the McKay correspondence and quantum geometry. The book continues with detailed treatments of the Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture, Calabi-Yau metrics and homological mirror symmetry, and discusses more recent physical developments. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers with either a physics or mathematics background, who are interested in the interface between string theory and algebraic geometry.

Shock Wave Compression of Condensed Matter

Author: Jerry W Forbes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642325359
Release Date: 2013-02-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book introduces the core concepts of the shock wave physics of condensed matter, taking a continuum mechanics approach to examine liquids and isotropic solids. The text primarily focuses on one-dimensional uniaxial compression in order to show the key features of condensed matter’s response to shock wave loading. The first four chapters are specifically designed to quickly familiarize physical scientists and engineers with how shock waves interact with other shock waves or material boundaries, as well as to allow readers to better understand shock wave literature, use basic data analysis techniques, and design simple 1-D shock wave experiments. This is achieved by first presenting the steady one-dimensional strain conservation laws using shock wave impedance matching, which insures conservation of mass, momentum and energy. Here, the initial emphasis is on the meaning of shock wave and mass velocities in a laboratory coordinate system. An overview of basic experimental techniques for measuring pressure, shock velocity, mass velocity, compression and internal energy of steady 1-D shock waves is then presented. In the second part of the book, more advanced topics are progressively introduced: thermodynamic surfaces are used to describe equilibrium flow behavior, first-order Maxwell solid models are used to describe time-dependent flow behavior, descriptions of detonation shock waves in ideal and non-ideal explosives are provided, and lastly, a select group of current issues in shock wave physics are discussed in the final chapter.

Reef Platform Coral Boulders

Author: James P Terry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789814451338
Release Date: 2013-04-15
Genre: Science

The primary goal here is to present a treatise on the significance and value of coarse clastic carbonate sediments (i.e. large coral boulders) on tropical coastlines for understanding both modern and pre-historical (Holocene) high-magnitude marine inundation events. There has been a rapid groundswell of interest in large carbonate blocks on tropical coasts over the last decade, yet it is not widely appreciated that such features were observed and recorded back in the early explorations of Matthew Flinders on the Great Barrier Reef in the 1800s. This book will illuminate how various characteristics of datable carbonate blocks torn up from coral reefs and deposited on reef platforms yield importance evidence about the storms and tsunamis that emplaced them over decadal and centennial timescales. No comprehensive review has so far been published. A need now exists for a ‘definitive reference’ on coral boulder research, which details the earliest observations, changing terminology, sedimentology, and relevance for coastal hazard research in the tropics. A wide range of examples will be incorporated from across Asia, Australia, the Pacific and the Americas, as well as a full up-to-date review of the existing literature.

Fundamental Issues and Applications of Shock Wave and High Strain Rate Phenomena

Author: K.P. Staudhammer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080550770
Release Date: 2001-02-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book contains the proceedings of EXPLOMETTM 2000, International Conference on Fundamental Issues and Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2000; the fifth in the EXPLOMETTM quinquennial series which began in Albuquerque in 1980. The book is divided into five major sections with a total of 85 chapters. Section I deals with materials issues in shock and high strain rates while Section II covers shock consolidation, reactions, and synthesis. Materials aspects of ballistic and hypervelocity impact are covered in Section III followed by modeling and simulation in Section IV and a range of novel applications of shock and high-strain-rate phenomena in Section V. Like previous conference volumes published in 1980, 1985, and 1995, the current volume includes contributions from fourteen countries outside the United States. As a consequence, it is hoped that this book will serve as a global summary of current issues involving shock and high-strain-rate phenomena as well as a general reference and teaching componant for specializd curricula dealing with these features in a contemporary way. Over the past twenty years, the EXPLOMETTM Conferences have created a family of participants who not only converse every five years but who have developed long-standing interactions and professional relationships which continue to stimulate new concepts and applications particularly rooted in basic materials behavior.

High Resolution Extreme Ultraviolet Microscopy

Author: Michael Werner Zürch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319123882
Release Date: 2014-11-07
Genre: Science

This thesis describes novel approaches and implementation of high-resolution microscopy in the extreme ultraviolet light regime. Using coherent ultrafast laser-generated short wavelength radiation for illuminating samples allows imaging beyond the resolution of visible-light microscopes. Michael Zürch gives a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals and techniques involved, starting from the laser-based frequency conversion scheme and its technical implementation as well as general considerations of diffraction-based imaging at nanoscopic spatial resolution. Experiments on digital in-line holography and coherent diffraction imaging of artificial and biologic specimens are demonstrated and discussed in this book. In the field of biologic imaging, a novel award-winning cell classification scheme and its first experimental application for identifying breast cancer cells are introduced. Finally, this book presents a newly developed technique of generating structured illumination by means of so-called optical vortex beams in the extreme ultraviolet regime and proposes its general usability for super-resolution imaging.

Nonrelativistic Quantum X Ray Physics

Author: Stefan P. Hau-Riege
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527411603
Release Date: 2015-01-12
Genre: Science

Providing a solid theoretical background in photon-matter interaction, Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics enables readers to understand experiments performed at XFEL-facilities and x-ray synchrotrons. As a result, after reading this book, scientists and students will be able to outline and perform calculations of some important x-ray-matter interaction processes. Key features of the contents are that the scope reaches beyond the dipole approximation when necessary and that it includes short-pulse interactions. To aid the reader in this transition, some relevant examples are discussed in detail, while non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics help readers to obtain an in-depth understanding of the formalisms and processes. The text presupposes a basic (undergraduate-level) understanding of mechanics, electrodynamics, and quantum mechanics. However, more specialized concepts in these fields are introduced and the reader is directed to appropriate references. While primarily benefiting users of x-ray light-sources, the material is equally of relevance to researchers in various disciplines, such as life sciences, biology, materials science, physics, and chemistry that plan on applying these new facilities in their respective fields.

High Intensity X rays Interaction with Matter

Author: Stefan P. Hau-Riege
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527636372
Release Date: 2012-09-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Filling the need for a book bridging the effect of matter on X-ray radiation and the interaction of x-rays with plasmas, this monograph provides comprehensive coverage of the topic. As such, it presents and explains such powerful new X-ray sources as X-ray free-electron lasers, as well as short pulse interactions with solids, clusters, molecules, and plasmas, and X-ray matter interactions as a diagnostic tool. Equally useful for researchers and practitioners working in the field.

High rise Secret Written and Illustrated by Lois

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: LCCN:66010038
Release Date: 1966
Genre: Apartment houses

The Murphys moved into a big low-income, high-rise project where there were hundreds of children and no place to play. Peggy smuggled in a kitten though no pets were allowed. How Peggy saved her kitten and all the occupants banded together to make their homes more livable makes a good story.

Advances in Acoustic Microscopy and High Resolution Imaging

Author: Roman Gr. Maev
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527655328
Release Date: 2013-02-04
Genre: Science

Novel physical solutions, including new results in the field of adaptive methods and inventive approaches to inverse problems, original concepts based on high harmonic imaging algorithms, intriguing vibro-acoustic imaging and vibro-modulation technique, etc. were successfully introduced and verified in numerous studies of industrial materials and biomaterials in the last few years. Together with the above mentioned traditional academic and practical avenues in ultrasonic imaging research, intriguing scientific discussions have recently surfaced and will hopefully continue to bear fruits in the future. The goal of this book is to provide an overview of the recent advances in high-resolution ultrasonic imaging techniques and their applications to biomaterials evaluation and industrial materials. The result is a unique collection of papers presenting novel results and techniques that were developed by leading research groups worldwide. This book offers a number of new results from well-known authors who are engaged in aspects of the development of novel physical principles, new methods, or implementation of modern technological solutions into current imaging devices and new applications of high-resolution imaging systems. The ultimate purpose of this book is to encourage more research and development in the field to realize the great potential of high resolution acoustic imaging and its various industrial and biomedical applications.

Theory and Mathematical Methods in Bioinformatics

Author: Shiyi Shen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540748911
Release Date: 2008-01-26
Genre: Science

This monograph addresses, in a systematic and pedagogical manner, the mathematical methods and the algorithms required to deal with the molecularly based problems of bioinformatics. Prominent attention is given to pair-wise and multiple sequence alignment algorithms, stochastic models of mutations, modulus structure theory and protein configuration analysis. Strong links to the molecular structures of proteins, DNA and other biomolecules and their analyses are developed.