Forcing with Random Variables and Proof Complexity

Author: Jan Krajíček
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139493925
Release Date: 2010-12-23
Genre: Mathematics

This book introduces a new approach to building models of bounded arithmetic, with techniques drawn from recent results in computational complexity. Propositional proof systems and bounded arithmetics are closely related. In particular, proving lower bounds on the lengths of proofs in propositional proof systems is equivalent to constructing certain extensions of models of bounded arithmetic. This offers a clean and coherent framework for thinking about lower bounds for proof lengths, and it has proved quite successful in the past. This book outlines a brand new method for constructing models of bounded arithmetic, thus for proving independence results and establishing lower bounds for proof lengths. The models are built from random variables defined on a sample space which is a non-standard finite set and sampled by functions of some restricted computational complexity. It will appeal to anyone interested in logical approaches to fundamental problems in complexity theory.

Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers

Author: Arnold Beckmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540354666
Release Date: 2006-06-26
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, held in Swansea, UK, in June/July 2006. The 31 revised full papers presented together with 30 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from about 80 submissions. Among them are papers corresponding to 8 plenary talks and papers of 6 special sessions entitled proofs and computation, computable analysis, challenges in complexity, foundations of programming, mathematical models of computers and hypercomputers, and G??del centenary: G??del's legacy for computability.

Evolution Equations

Author: Kaïs Ammari
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108331036
Release Date: 2017-10-05
Genre: Mathematics

The proceedings of the summer school held at the Université Savoie Mont Blanc, France, 'Mathematics in Savoie 2015', whose theme was long time behavior and control of evolution equations. The event was attended by world-leading researchers from the community of control theory, as well as young researchers from around the globe. This volume contains surveys of active research topics, along with original research papers containing exciting new results on the behavior of evolution equations. It will therefore benefit both graduate students and researchers. Key topics include the recent view on the controllability of parabolic systems that permits the reader to overview the moment method for parabolic equations, as well as numerical stabilization and control of partial differential equations.