Foundation Mathematics

Author: Dexter J. Booth
Publisher: Addison Wesley Longman
ISBN: 0201342944
Release Date: 1998-01
Genre: Mathematics

Provides a clear nonintimidating foundation in mathematics which develops students' ability to handle mathematics with confidence. Focus is on providing mathematical understanding and developing manipulative skills.

Logic Mathematics and Computer Science

Author: Yves Nievergelt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493932238
Release Date: 2015-10-13
Genre: Mathematics

This text for the first or second year undergraduate in mathematics, logic, computer science, or social sciences, introduces the reader to logic, proofs, sets, and number theory. It also serves as an excellent independent study reference and resource for instructors. Adapted from Foundations of Logic and Mathematics: Applications to Science and Cryptography © 2002 Birkhӓuser, this second edition provides a modern introduction to the foundations of logic, mathematics, and computers science, developing the theory that demonstrates construction of all mathematics and theoretical computer science from logic and set theory. The focuses is on foundations, with specific statements of all the associated axioms and rules of logic and set theory, and provides complete details and derivations of formal proofs. Copious references to literature that document historical development is also provided. Answers are found to many questions that usually remain unanswered: Why is the truth table for logical implication so unintuitive? Why are there no recipes to design proofs? Where do these numerous mathematical rules come from? What issues in logic, mathematics, and computer science still remain unresolved? And the perennial question: In what ways are we going to use this material? Additionally, the selection of topics presented reflects many major accomplishments from the twentieth century and includes applications in game theory and Nash's equilibrium, Gale and Shapley's match making algorithms, Arrow's Impossibility Theorem in voting, to name a few. From the reviews of the first edition: "...All the results are proved in full detail from first principles...remarkably, the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions!...This is a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS "Rigorous and modern in its theoretical aspect, attractive as a detective novel in its applied aspects, this paper book deserves the attention of both beginners and advanced students in mathematics, logic and computer sciences as well as in social sciences." —Zentralblatt MATH

Concepts of Modern Mathematics

Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486134956
Release Date: 2012-05-23
Genre: Mathematics

In this charming volume, a noted English mathematician uses humor and anecdote to illuminate the concepts of groups, sets, subsets, topology, Boolean algebra, and other mathematical subjects. 200 illustrations.

Mathematical Foundations of Neuroscience

Author: G. Bard Ermentrout
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387877082
Release Date: 2010-07-01
Genre: Mathematics

This book applies methods from nonlinear dynamics to problems in neuroscience. It uses modern mathematical approaches to understand patterns of neuronal activity seen in experiments and models of neuronal behavior. The intended audience is researchers interested in applying mathematics to important problems in neuroscience, and neuroscientists who would like to understand how to create models, as well as the mathematical and computational methods for analyzing them. The authors take a very broad approach and use many different methods to solve and understand complex models of neurons and circuits. They explain and combine numerical, analytical, dynamical systems and perturbation methods to produce a modern approach to the types of model equations that arise in neuroscience. There are extensive chapters on the role of noise, multiple time scales and spatial interactions in generating complex activity patterns found in experiments. The early chapters require little more than basic calculus and some elementary differential equations and can form the core of a computational neuroscience course. Later chapters can be used as a basis for a graduate class and as a source for current research in mathematical neuroscience. The book contains a large number of illustrations, chapter summaries and hundreds of exercises which are motivated by issues that arise in biology, and involve both computation and analysis. Bard Ermentrout is Professor of Computational Biology and Professor of Mathematics at the University of Pittsburgh. David Terman is Professor of Mathematics at the Ohio State University.

The History of Modern Mathematics Institutions and applications

Author: David E. Rowe
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 0125996624
Release Date: 1989-12-28
Genre: Mathematics

Key Features * Mathematical institutions in France and Germany and their role in promoting applications * Relationship between mathematics and physics * Foundations of mathematics * Complex variable theory, geometry and topology * Geometry in the spirit of Klein's Erlangen program * Algebra and number theory * Formative influences on mathematics in the United States

Foundations of Mathematical Analysis

Author: Richard Johnsonbaugh
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486134772
Release Date: 2012-09-11
Genre: Mathematics

Definitive look at modern analysis, with views of applications to statistics, numerical analysis, Fourier series, differential equations, mathematical analysis, and functional analysis. More than 750 exercises; some hints and solutions. 1981 edition.

Foundation Mathematics for Computer Science

Author: John Vince
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319214375
Release Date: 2015-07-27
Genre: Computers

John Vince describes a range of mathematical topics to provide a foundation for an undergraduate course in computer science, starting with a review of number systems and their relevance to digital computers, and finishing with differential and integral calculus. Readers will find that the author's visual approach will greatly improve their understanding as to why certain mathematical structures exist, together with how they are used in real-world applications. Each chapter includes full-colour illustrations to clarify the mathematical descriptions, and in some cases, equations are also coloured to reveal vital algebraic patterns. The numerous worked examples will consolidate comprehension of abstract mathematical concepts. Foundation Mathematics for Computer Science covers number systems, algebra, logic, trigonometry, coordinate systems, determinants, vectors, matrices, geometric matrix transforms, differential and integral calculus, and reveals the names of the mathematicians behind such inventions. During this journey, John Vince touches upon more esoteric topics such as quaternions, octonions, Grassmann algebra, Barycentric coordinates, transfinite sets and prime numbers. Whether you intend to pursue a career in programming, scientific visualisation, systems design, or real-time computing, you should find the author’s literary style refreshingly lucid and engaging, and prepare you for more advanced texts.

New Foundations in Mathematics

Author: Garret Sobczyk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817683856
Release Date: 2012-10-26
Genre: Mathematics

The first book of its kind, New Foundations in Mathematics: The Geometric Concept of Number uses geometric algebra to present an innovative approach to elementary and advanced mathematics. Geometric algebra offers a simple and robust means of expressing a wide range of ideas in mathematics, physics, and engineering. In particular, geometric algebra extends the real number system to include the concept of direction, which underpins much of modern mathematics and physics. Much of the material presented has been developed from undergraduate courses taught by the author over the years in linear algebra, theory of numbers, advanced calculus and vector calculus, numerical analysis, modern abstract algebra, and differential geometry. The principal aim of this book is to present these ideas in a freshly coherent and accessible manner. New Foundations in Mathematics will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics and physics who are looking for a unified treatment of many important geometric ideas arising in these subjects at all levels. The material can also serve as a supplemental textbook in some or all of the areas mentioned above and as a reference book for professionals who apply mathematics to engineering and computational areas of mathematics and physics.

Mathematical Game Theory and Applications

Author: Vladimir Mazalov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118899632
Release Date: 2014-07-29
Genre: Mathematics

An authoritative and quantitative approach to modern game theory with applications from economics, political science, military science, and finance Mathematical Game Theory combines both the theoretical and mathematical foundations of game theory with a series of complex applications along with topics presented in a logical progression to achieve a unified presentation of research results. This book covers topics such as two-person games in strategic form, zero-sum games, N-person non-cooperative games in strategic form, two-person games in extensive form, parlor and sport games, bargaining theory, best-choice games, cooperative games and dynamic games. Several classical models used in economics are presented which include Cournot, Bertrand, Hotelling, and Stackelberg as well as coverage of modern branches of game theory such as negotiation models, potential games, parlor games, and best choice games. Mathematical Game Theory: • Presents a good balance of both theoretical foundations and complex applications of game theory. • Features an in-depth analysis of parlor and sport games, networking games, and bargaining models. • Provides fundamental results in new branches of game theory, best choice games, network games, and dynamic games. • Presents numerous examples and exercises along with detailed solutions at the end of each chapter. • Is supported by an accompanying website featuring course slides and lecture content. Covering a host of important topics, this book provides a research springboard for graduate students and a reference for researchers who might be working in the areas of applied mathematics, operations research, computer science, or economical cybernetics.

Foundations of Modern Analysis

Author: Avner Friedman
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486640620
Release Date: 1970
Genre: Mathematics

Measure and integration, metric spaces, the elements of functional analysis in Banach spaces, and spectral theory in Hilbert spaces — all in a single study. Only book of its kind. Unusual topics, detailed analyses. Problems. Excellent for first-year graduate students, almost any course on modern analysis. Preface. Bibliography. Index.

Mathematics for Electrical Engineering and Computing

Author: Mary P Attenborough
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080473407
Release Date: 2003-06-30
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematics for Electrical Engineering and Computing embraces many applications of modern mathematics, such as Boolean Algebra and Sets and Functions, and also teaches both discrete and continuous systems - particularly vital for Digital Signal Processing (DSP). In addition, as most modern engineers are required to study software, material suitable for Software Engineering - set theory, predicate and prepositional calculus, language and graph theory - is fully integrated into the book. Excessive technical detail and language are avoided, recognising that the real requirement for practising engineers is the need to understand the applications of mathematics in everyday engineering contexts. Emphasis is given to an appreciation of the fundamental concepts behind the mathematics, for problem solving and undertaking critical analysis of results, whether using a calculator or a computer. The text is backed up by numerous exercises and worked examples throughout, firmly rooted in engineering practice, ensuring that all mathematical theory introduced is directly relevant to real-world engineering. The book includes introductions to advanced topics such as Fourier analysis, vector calculus and random processes, also making this a suitable introductory text for second year undergraduates of electrical, electronic and computer engineering, undertaking engineering mathematics courses. Dr Attenborough is a former Senior Lecturer in the School of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering at South Bank University. She is currently Technical Director of The Webbery - Internet development company, Co. Donegal, Ireland. Fundamental principles of mathematics introduced and applied in engineering practice, reinforced through over 300 examples directly relevant to real-world engineering

Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications

Author: Tomás Chacón Rebollo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493904556
Release Date: 2014-06-17
Genre: Mathematics

With applications to climate, technology, and industry, the modeling and numerical simulation of turbulent flows are rich with history and modern relevance. The complexity of the problems that arise in the study of turbulence requires tools from various scientific disciplines, including mathematics, physics, engineering and computer science. Authored by two experts in the area with a long history of collaboration, this monograph provides a current, detailed look at several turbulence models from both the theoretical and numerical perspectives. The k-epsilon, large-eddy simulation and other models are rigorously derived and their performance is analyzed using benchmark simulations for real-world turbulent flows. Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications is an ideal reference for students in applied mathematics and engineering, as well as researchers in mathematical and numerical fluid dynamics. It is also a valuable resource for advanced graduate students in fluid dynamics, engineers, physical oceanographers, meteorologists and climatologists.

Deformation Theory and Quantum Groups with Applications to Mathematical Physics

Author: Murray Gerstenhaber
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821851418
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Mathematics

Quantum groups are not groups at all, but special kinds of Hopf algebras of which the most important are closely related to Lie groups and play a central role in the statistical and wave mechanics of Baxter and Yang. Those occurring physically can be studied as essentially algebraic and closely related to the deformation theory of algebras (commutative, Lie, Hopf, and so on). One of the oldest forms of algebraic quantization amounts to the study of deformations of a commutative algebra $A$ (of classical observables) to a noncommutative algebra $A_h$ (of operators) with the infinitesimal deformation given by a Poisson bracket on the original algebra $A$. This volume grew out of an AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference, held in June 1990 at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. The conference brought together leading researchers in the several areas mentioned and in areas such as ``$q$ special functions'', which have their origins in the last century but whose relevance to modern physics has only recently been understood. Among the advances taking place during the conference was Majid's reconstruction theorem for Drinfeld's quasi-Hopf algebras. Readers will appreciate this snapshot of some of the latest developments in the mathematics of quantum groups and deformation theory.

Mathematical Foundations of Imaging Tomography and Wavefield Inversion

Author: Anthony J. Devaney
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139510141
Release Date: 2012-06-21
Genre: Science

Inverse problems are of interest and importance across many branches of physics, mathematics, engineering and medical imaging. In this text, the foundations of imaging and wavefield inversion are presented in a clear and systematic way. The necessary theory is gradually developed throughout the book, progressing from simple wave equation based models to vector wave models. By combining theory with numerous MATLAB based examples, the author promotes a complete understanding of the material and establishes a basis for real world applications. Key topics of discussion include the derivation of solutions to the inhomogeneous and homogeneous Helmholtz equations using Green function techniques; the propagation and scattering of waves in homogeneous and inhomogeneous backgrounds; and the concept of field time reversal. Bridging the gap between mathematics and physics, this multidisciplinary book will appeal to graduate students and researchers alike. Additional resources including MATLAB codes and solutions are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521119740.