Author: R. Reed Hunt
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Release Date: 1999
This work presents detailed coverage of memory and emotion in an accessible style. The authors discuss selected experiments, rather than providing an exhaustive survey of the literature. A thematic approach is adopted throughout, and real examples and case studies are incorporated. This edition has been updated and includes new information in many areas including cognitive neuroscience, the foundations of cognitive psychology, and problem solving and reasoning. The foundation chapter includes a history of important developments in the field and a discussion of issues and debates. The expanded chapters on memory include current research on false memories and Jacoby's theory.
Cognitive psychology addresses many fascinating questions about memory, emotion and language: Can our identity be reduced to our memories? What are emotions for? Are we born with an innate knowledge of language? This introductory text is a concise guide to the core fundamentals of cognitive psychology, rather than an encyclopaedic volume. The authors cover a broad range of topics, using their wealth of teaching experience to select the key theories and most engaging examples. Lively and thought-provoking, this new book conveys the sense of discovery that makes the subject so exciting to study.
Author: David A. Clak
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 1999-04-30
Based on decades of theory, research, and practice, this seminal book presents a detailed and comprehensive review, evaluation, and integration of the scientific and empirical research relevant to Aaron T. Beck's cognitive theory and therapy of depression. Since its emergence in the early 1960s, Beck's cognitive perspective has become one of the most influential and well-researched psychological theories of depression. Over 900 scientific and scholarly references are contained in the present volume, providing the most current and exhaustive evaluation of the scientific status of the cognitive theory of depression. Though the application of cognitive therapy has been well documented in the publication of treatment manuals, the cognitive theory of depression has not been presented in a unified manner until the publication of this book. Coauthored by the father of cognitive therapy, Scientific Foundations of Cognitive Theory and Therapy of Depression offers the most complete and authoritative account of Beck's theory of depression since the publication of Depression: Causes and Treatment in 1967. Through its elaboration of recent theoretical developments in cognitive theory and its review of contemporary cognitive-clinical research, the book represents the current state of the art in cognitive approaches to depression. As a result of its critical examination of cognitive-clinical research and experimental information processing, the authors offer many insights into the future direction for research on the cognitive basis of depression. The first half of the book focuses on a presentation of the clinical phenomena of depression and the current version of cognitive theory. After outlining important questions that have been raised with the diagnosis of depression, the book then traces the historical development of Beck's cognitive theory and therapy through the 1960s and '70s. It presents the theoretical assumptions of the model and offers a detailed account of the most current version of the cognitive formulation of depression. The second half of the book provides an in-depth analysis of the empirical status of the descriptive and vulnerability hypotheses of the cognitive model. Drawing on over three decades of research, the book delves into the scientific basis of numerous hypotheses derived from cognitive theory, including negativity, exclusivity, content specificity, primacy, universality, severity/persistence, selective processing, schema activation, primal processing, stability, diathesis-stress, symptom specificity, and differential treatment responsiveness. "In 1967 the first detailed description of the cognitive theory of depression was published in Depression: Causes and Treatment by one of us, Aaron T. Beck. The basic concepts of the theory laid out in that volume still provide the foundation for the cognitive model 30 years later. As well the first systematic investigations of the theory described in the 1967 volume contributed to a paradigmatic shift in theory, research, and treatment of depression that resulted in a very vigorous and widespread research initiative on the cognitive basis of depression. The present book is intended to provide a comprehensive and critical update of the developments in cognitive theory and research on depression that have occurred since the initial publication in the 1960s."--David A. Clark, from the Preface.
"Minds, Brains, and Computers" presents a vital resource -- the most comprehensive interdisciplinary selection of seminal papers in the foundations of cognitive science, from leading figures in artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience.
Author: E. Bruce Goldstein
Release Date: 2014-11-06
Wahrnehmungspsychologie ist ein zentrales Prüfungsthema im Studiengang Psychologie – und Goldsteins Lehrbuchklassiker ist seit Jahren Marktführer. Die neue Auflage ist passgenau auf die Bachelor- und Master-Studiengänge zugeschnitten. Die Themenpalette dieses Lehrbuchs ist nicht nur prüfungsrelevant, sondern auch faszinierend – und für manchen Laien auch verständlich lesbar. In 16 Kapiteln beantwortet Goldstein die folgenden Fragen: Was ist Wahrnehmung? Was sind die neuronalen Mechanismen der Wahrnehmung? Inwieweit arbeitet das Gehirn ähnlich wie ein Computer? Wie wird das Netzhautbild verarbeitet? Wie nehmen wir Farbe wahr? Wie erkennen wir Objekte? Wie nehmen wir Tiefe und Größe von Objekten wahr? Wie erkennen wir Bewegung? Wie funktioniert unser Gehör? Wie nehmen wir Klänge und Lautstärken wahr? Wie erkennen und verstehen wir Sprache? Wie funktionieren unsere Sinne?
Author: Marc A. Abramiuk
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date: 2012
An empirically supported proposal for synthesizing multiple approaches to the study of the mind in the past. In The Foundations of Cognitive Archaeology, Marc Abramiuk proposes a multidisciplinary basis for the study of the mind in the past, arguing that archaeology and the cognitive sciences have much to offer one another. Abramiuk draws on relevant topics from philosophy, biological anthropology, cognitive psychology, cognitive anthropology, and archaeology to establish theoretically founded and empirically substantiated principles of a discipline that integrates different approaches to mind-related archaeological research. Abramiuk discusses the two ways that archaeologists have traditionally viewed the human mind: as a universal or as a relative interface with the environment. He argues that neither view by itself can satisfactorily serve as a basis for gleaning insight into all aspects of the mind in the past and, therefore, the mind is more appropriately studied using multiple approaches. He explains the rationale for using these approaches in mind-related archaeological research, reviewing the literature in both cognitive psychology and cognitive anthropology on human memory, perception, and reasoning. Drawing on archaeological and genetic evidence, Abramiuk investigates the evolution of the mind through the Upper Paleolithic era--when the ancient mind became functionally comparable to the modern human mind. Finally, Abramiuk offers a model for the establishment of a discipline dealing with the study of the mind in the past that integrates all the approaches discussed.
Author: Nicolas Hoffmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Cognitive therapy is one of the newest and most promising developments in the psychotherapeutic field. Following the basic proposals of Beck, Ellis, and Frankl, an increasing amount of work is being done which shows a strong interest by behavior therapists in cognitive strategies. An in creasing number of outcome studies show that cognitive methods are effective in many disorders, and it can be predicted that they will have a growing part to play in the practice of psychological therapies. In spite of this, the development is only in its beginnings. Especially from a theoretical standpoint, many of the proposed techniques lack a sufficient foundation, and the implications of important results from dif ferent areas of psychology for providing a theoretical basis for cognitive intervention have not yet been sufficiently recognized. To investigate these developments is the main purpose of this book. The intention of the authors is not to give a summary of the present status of cognitive therapy but to try to show its possibilities for future development. A number of areas of psychological research have been selected as being the most important for future development of cognitive therapeutic techniques: the genetic theory of Piaget, the investigations of attitude theory, attribution theory, and psychological action theory, and the psy chology of problem-solving. After a description of the latest developments in these areas, the authors attempt to extract the theoretical implications for cognitive ther apy and, on this basis, to make a few initial proposals for practice.
Nothing has been more prolific over the past century than human/machine interaction. Automobiles, telephones, computers, manufacturing machines, robots, office equipment, machines large and small; all affect the very essence of our daily lives. However, this interaction has not always been efficient or easy and has at times turned fairly hazardous. Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE) seeks to improve this situation by the careful study of human/machine interaction as the meaningful behavior of a unified system. Written by pioneers in the development of CSE, Joint Cognitive Systems: Foundations of Cognitive Systems Engineering offers a principled approach to studying human work with complex technology. The authors use a top-down, functional approach and emphasize a proactive (coping) perspective on work that overcomes the limitations of the structural human information processing view. They describe a conceptual framework for analysis with concrete theories and methods for joint system modeling that can be applied across the spectrum of single human/machine systems, social/technical systems, and whole organizations. The book explores both current and potential applications of CSE illustrated by examples. Understanding the complexities and functions of the human/machine interaction is critical to designing safe, highly functional, and efficient technological systems. This is a critical reference for students, designers, and engineers in a wide variety of disciplines.