Fractional Freedoms

Author: Michelle A. McKinley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107168985
Release Date: 2016-10-31
Genre: History

Fractional Freedoms examines paths to liberty forged in the slaveowning household, and legal claims brought by slaves in colonial Lima.

Exquisite Slaves

Author: Tamara J. Walker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107084032
Release Date: 2017-06-30
Genre: Design

In Exquisite Slaves, Tamara J. Walker examines how slaves used elegant clothing as a language for expressing attitudes about gender and status in the wealthy urban center of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Lima, Peru. Drawing on traditional historical research methods, visual studies, feminist theory, and material culture scholarship, Walker argues that clothing was an emblem of not only the reach but also the limits of slaveholders' power and racial domination. Even as it acknowledges the significant limits imposed on slaves' access to elegant clothing, Exquisite Slaves also showcases the insistence and ingenuity with which slaves dressed to convey their own sense of humanity and dignity. Building on other scholars' work on slaves' agency and subjectivity in examining how they made use of myriad legal discourses and forums, Exquisite Slaves argues for the importance of understanding the body itself as a site of claims-making.

Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel

Author: Assaf Likhovski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107176294
Release Date: 2017-07-20
Genre: Business & Economics

This book describes how a social-norms model of taxation rose and fell in British-ruled Palestine and the State of Israel in the mid-twentieth century. Such a model, in which non-legal means were used to foster compliance, appeared in the tax system created by the Jewish community in 1940s Palestine and was later adopted by the new Israeli state in the 1950s. It gradually disappeared in subsequent decades as law and its agents, lawyers and accountants, came to play a larger role in the process of taxation. By describing the historical interplay between formal and informal tools for creating compliance, Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel sheds new light on our understanding of the relationship between law and other methods of social control, and reveals the complex links between taxation and citizenship.

Sovereignty International Law and the French Revolution

Author: Edward James Kolla
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107179547
Release Date: 2017-10-12
Genre: History

This book argues that the introduction of popular sovereignty as the basis for government in France facilitated a dramatic transformation in international law in the eighteenth century.

Birthright Citizens

Author: Martha S. Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107150348
Release Date: 2018-06-28
Genre: History

Explains the origins of the Fourteenth Amendment's birthright citizenship provision, as a story of black Americans' pre-Civil War claims to belonging.

The Women of Colonial Latin America

Author: Susan Migden Socolow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521196659
Release Date: 2015-02-16
Genre: History

A highly readable survey of women's experiences in Latin America from the late fifteenth to the early nineteenth centuries.

The First Galaxies in the Universe

Author: Abraham Loeb
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691144924
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

This book provides a comprehensive, self-contained introduction to one of the most exciting frontiers in astrophysics today: the quest to understand how the oldest and most distant galaxies in our universe first formed. Until now, most research on this question has been theoretical, but the next few years will bring about a new generation of large telescopes that promise to supply a flood of data about the infant universe during its first billion years after the big bang. This book bridges the gap between theory and observation. It is an invaluable reference for students and researchers on early galaxies. The First Galaxies in the Universe starts from basic physical principles before moving on to more advanced material. Topics include the gravitational growth of structure, the intergalactic medium, the formation and evolution of the first stars and black holes, feedback and galaxy evolution, reionization, 21-cm cosmology, and more. Provides a comprehensive introduction to this exciting frontier in astrophysics Begins from first principles Covers advanced topics such as the first stars and 21-cm cosmology Prepares students for research using the next generation of large telescopes Discusses many open questions to be explored in the coming decade

Latin American Law

Author: M. C. Mirow
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292702329
Release Date: 2004-05-01
Genre: Law

"M.C. Mirow has set himself a difficult task, to contribute a one-volume introduction to Latin American law in English, and he has succeeded admirably." —Law and History Review "The impressive scope of this book makes it a major contribution to Latin American legal history. . . . This is an excellent starting place for anyone interested in the legal history of the region, and it is essential reading for those seeking to understand the roots of contemporary Latin American politics and society." —Lauren Benton, New York University, author of Law and Colonial Cultures: Legal Regimes in World History, 1400-1900 Private law touches every aspect of people's daily lives—landholding, inheritance, private property, marriage and family relations, contracts, employment, and business dealings—and the court records and legal documents produced under private law are a rich source of information for anyone researching social, political, economic, or environmental history. But to utilize these records fully, researchers need a fundamental understanding of how private law and legal institutions functioned in the place and time period under study. This book offers the first comprehensive introduction in either English or Spanish to private law in Spanish Latin America from the colonial period to the present. M. C. Mirow organizes the book into three substantial sections that describe private law and legal institutions in the colonial period, the independence era and nineteenth century, and the twentieth century. Each section begins with an introduction to the nature and function of private law during the period and discusses such topics as legal education and lawyers, legal sources, courts, land, inheritance, commercial law, family law, and personal status. Each section also presents themes of special interest during its respective time period, including slavery, Indian status, codification, land reform, and development and globalization.

Black Saint of the Americas

Author: Celia Cussen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107729421
Release Date: 2014-10-13
Genre: History

In May 1962, as the struggle for civil rights heated up in the United States and leaders of the Catholic Church prepared to meet for Vatican Council II, Pope John XXIII named the first black saint of the Americas, the Peruvian Martín de Porres (1579–1639), and designated him the patron of racial justice. The son of a Spanish father and a former slavewoman from Panamá, Martín served a lifetime as the barber and nurse at the great Dominican monastery in Lima. This book draws on visual representations of Martín and the testimony of his contemporaries to produce the first biography of this pious and industrious black man from the cosmopolitan capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru. The book vividly chronicles the evolving interpretations of his legend and his miracles, and traces the centuries-long campaign to formally proclaim Martín de Porres a hero of universal Catholicism.

Urban Slavery in Colonial Mexico

Author: Pablo Miguel Sierra Silva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108419819
Release Date: 2018-03-31
Genre: History

Focuses on enslaved families and their social networks in the city of Puebla de los Ángeles in seventeenth century colonial Mexico.

Guns Germs And Steel

Author: Jared Diamond
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 9781448180202
Release Date: 2013-07-04
Genre: History

'A book of big questions, and big answers' Yuval Noah Harari, bestselling author of Sapiens WITH A NEW AFTERWORD FROM THE AUTHOR Why has human history unfolded so differently across the globe? In his Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Jared Diamond puts the case that geography and biogeography, not race, moulded the contrasting fates of Europeans, Asians, Native Americans, sub-Saharan Africans, and aboriginal Australians. An ambitious synthesis of history, biology, ecology and linguistics, Guns, Germs and Steel remains a ground-breaking and humane work of popular science.

Taming the Past

Author: Robert W. Gordon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107193239
Release Date: 2017-06-30
Genre: History

Lawyers and judges often make arguments based on history - on the authority of precedent and original constitutional understandings. They argue both to preserve the inspirational, heroic past and to discard its darker pieces - such as feudalism and slavery, the tyranny of princes and priests, and the subordination of women. In doing so, lawyers tame the unruly, ugly, embarrassing elements of the past, smoothing them into reassuring tales of progress. In a series of essays and lectures written over forty years, Robert W. Gordon describes and analyses how lawyers approach the past and the strategies they use to recruit history for present use while erasing or keeping at bay its threatening or inconvenient aspects. Together, the corpus of work featured in Taming the Past offers an analysis of American law and society and its leading historians since 1900.

Advocacy after Bhopal

Author: Kim Fortun
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226257185
Release Date: 2009-05-04
Genre: Social Science

The 1984 explosion of the Union Carbide chemical plant in Bhopal, India was undisputedly one of the world's worst industrial disasters. Some have argued that the resulting litigation provided an "innovative model" for dealing with the global distribution of technological risk; others consider the disaster a turning point in environmental legislation; still others argue that Bhopal is what globalization looks like on the ground. Kim Fortun explores these claims by focusing on the dynamics and paradoxes of advocacy in competing power domains. She moves from hospitals in India to meetings with lawyers, corporate executives, and environmental justice activists in the United States to show how the disaster and its effects remain with us. Spiraling outward from the victims' stories, the innovative narrative sheds light on the way advocacy works within a complex global system, calling into question conventional notions of responsibility and ethical conduct. Revealing the hopes and frustrations of advocacy, this moving work also counters the tendency to think of Bhopal as an isolated incident that "can't happen here."