Frameworks for Modeling Cognition and Decisions in Institutional Environments

Author: Joan-Josep Vallbé
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401794275
Release Date: 2014-10-15
Genre: Law

This book deals with the theoretical, methodological, and empirical implications of bounded rationality in the operation of institutions. It focuses on decisions made under uncertainty, and presents a reliable strategy of knowledge acquisition for the design and implementation of decision-support systems. Based on the distinction between the inner and outer environment of decisions, the book explores both the cognitive mechanisms at work when actors decide, and the institutional mechanisms existing among and within organizations that make decisions fairly predictable. While a great deal of work has been done on how organizations act as patterns of events for (boundedly) rational decisions, less effort has been devoted to study under which circumstances organizations cease to act as such reliable mechanisms. Through an empirical strategy on open-ended response data from a survey among junior judges, the work pursues two main goals. The first one is to explore the limits of “institutional rationality” of the Spanish lower courts on-call service, an optimal scenario to observe decision-making under uncertainty. The second aim is to achieve a better understanding of the kind of uncertainty under which inexperienced decision-makers work. This entails exploring the demands imposed by problems and the knowledge needed to deal with them, making this book also a study on expertise achievement in institutional environments. This book combines standard multivariate statistical methods with machine learning techniques such as multidimensional scaling and topic models, treating text as data. Doing so, the book contributes to the collaboration between empirical social scientific approaches and the community of scientists that provide the set of tools and methods to make sense of the fastest growing resource of our time: data.

Practical Panarchy for Adaptive Water Governance

Author: Barbara Cosens
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319724720
Release Date: 2018-04-18
Genre: Law

This book presents the results of an interdisciplinary project that examined how law, policy and ecological dynamics influence the governance of regional scale water based social-ecological systems in the United States and Australia. The volume explores the obstacles and opportunities for governance that is capable of management, adaptation, and transformation in these regional social-ecological systems as they respond to accelerating environmental change. With the onset of the Anthropocene, global and regional changes in biophysical inputs to these systems will challenge their capacity to respond while maintaining functions of water supply, flood control, hydropower production, water quality, and biodiversity. Governance lies at the heart of the capacity of these systems to meet these challenges. Assessment of water basins in the United States and Australia indicates that state-centric governance of these complex and dynamic social-environmental systems is evolving to a more complex, diverse, and complex array public and private arrangements. In this process, three challenges emerge for water governance to become adaptive to environmental change. First, is the need for legal reform to remove barriers to adaptive governance by authorizing government agencies to prepare for windows of opportunity through adaptive planning, and to institutionalize the results of innovative solutions that arise once a window opens. Second, is the need for legal reform to give government agencies the authority to facilitate and participate in adaptive management and governance. This must be accompanied by parallel legal reform to assure that engagement of private and economic actors and the increase in governmental flexibility does not destabilize basin economies or come at the expense of legitimacy, accountability, equity, and justice. Third, development of means to continually assess thresholds and resilience of social-ecological systems and the adaptive capacity of their current governance to structure actions at multiple scales. The massive investment in water infrastructure on the river basins studied has improved the agricultural, urban and economic sectors, largely at the cost of other social and environmental values. Today the infrastructure is aging and in need of substantial investment for those benefits to continue and adapt to ongoing environmental changes. The renewal of institutions and heavily engineered water systems also presents the opportunity to modernize these systems to address inequity and align with the values and objectives of the 21st century. Creative approaches are needed to transform and modernize water governance that increases the capacity of these water-based social-ecological systems to innovate, adapt, and learn, will provide the tools needed to navigate an uncertain future.

Institutions and Sustainability

Author: Volker Beckmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402096907
Release Date: 2009-02-07
Genre: Business & Economics

From the first vague idea to use Konrad Hagedorn’s 60th birthday as an inspi- tion for taking stock of his vibrant academic contributions, this joint book project has been a great pleasure for us in many ways. Pursuing Hagedorn’s intellectual development, we have tried to reflect on the core questions of humanity according to Ernst Bloch “Who are we?”, “Where do we come from?” and “Where are we heading?” In this way, and without knowing it, Konrad Hagedorn initiated a c- lective action process he would have very much enjoyed ... if he had been allowed to take part in it. But it was our aim and constant motivation to surprise him with this collection of essays in his honour. Konrad Hagedorn was reared as the youngest child of a peasant family on a small farm in the remote moorland of East Frisia, Germany. During his childhood in the poverty-ridden years after the Second World War, he faced a life where humans were heavily dependent on using nature around them for their livelihoods; meanwhile, he learned about the fragility of the environment. As a boy, he - tended a one-room schoolhouse, where his great intellectual talents were first r- ognised and used for co-teaching his schoolmates. These early teaching expe- ences might have laid the foundations for his later becoming a dedicated lecturer and mentor.

Applied Marketing

Author: Uwe Kamenz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642189814
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Business & Economics


Die konomischen Institutionen des Kapitalismus

Author: Oliver E. Williamson
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
ISBN: 316345433X
Release Date: 1990
Genre: Political Science

English summary: It is Oliver E. Williamson's theory that people behave rationally to a limited extent only and tend to act in their own interests. He shows how post-contractual problems can arise within the framework of relationship-specific dealings, which are subject to a great deal of environmental uncertainty and require specific investments. In order to cope with these problems, capitalist economic systems provide numerous institutions and coordination mechanisms whose efficiency is examined.Williamson studies economic transactions from an economic, legal and organizational perspective. He differentiates between the individual frequency. In doing so, he assigns the most efficient, i.e. the most cost-effective form of coordination to each type of transaction. The structuring, the monitoring of corporations and issues in antitrust law) as well as highly significant empirical evidence attest to its practical importance. German description: Oliver E. Williamson geht von der Annahme aus, dass Menschen sich nur in begrenztem Masse rational verhalten und dazu neigen, im Eigeninteresse zu handeln. Er zeigt, wie es im Rahmen von Leistungsbeziehungen, die einer hohen Umweltunsicherheit unterliegen und spezifische Investitionen erfordern, zu nachvertraglichen Problemen kommt. Kapitalistische Wirtschaftssysteme stellen fur die Bewaltigung dieser Probleme zahlreiche Institutionen bzw. Koordinationsmechanismen zur Verfugung, die auf ihre Effizienz untersucht werden.Wirtschaftliche Leistungsbeziehungen (Transaktionen) werden aus okonomischer, rechtlicher und organisatorischer Sicht untersucht. Die einzelnen Transaktionen werden nach den Kriterien Spezifitat, Unsicherheit, Komplexitat und Haufigkeit unterschieden. Jedem Transaktionstyp wird dabei die effizienteste, d.h. kostengunstigste Koordinationsform zugeordnet. Den hohen praktischen Stellenwert dieser Vorgehensweise beweisen die zahlreichen Anwendungsmoglichkeiten (Vertikale Integration, Unternehmensstrukturierung, Kontrolle in Aktiengesellschaften und kartellrechtliche Fragestellungen) sowie hochsignifikante empirische Befunde.Die deutsche Ubersetzung der erfolgreichen amerikanischen Originalausgabe wendet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftler als auch an Praktiker, die an einer Integration von okonomischen, rechtlichen und organisatorischen Fragestellungen interessiert sind.

Information Communication Technologies Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Author: Van Slyke, Craig
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781599049502
Release Date: 2008-04-30
Genre: Computers

The rapid development of information communication technologies (ICTs) is having a profound impact across numerous aspects of social, economic, and cultural activity worldwide, and keeping pace with the associated effects, implications, opportunities, and pitfalls has been challenging to researchers in diverse realms ranging from education to competitive intelligence.

Das Rechtsstaatsprinzip

Author: Philip Kunig
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3166450505
Release Date: 1986
Genre: Law

The author's Habilitationsschrift, Universit'at Hamburg, 1985.

Walkaway

Author: Cory Doctorow
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 9783641195793
Release Date: 2018-06-11
Genre: Fiction

Die nahe Zukunft: Der Planet ist vom Klimawandel gezeichnet, die moderne Gesellschaft wird von den Ultra-Reichen regiert und die Städte haben sich in Gefängnisse für den normalen Bürger verwandelt. Doch es ist auch eine Welt, in der sich Lebensmittel, Kleidung und Obdach per Knopfdruck produzieren lassen. Warum also in einem System ausharren, das die Freiheit des Menschen beschränkt? Vier ungleiche Helden machen sich auf den Weg in die Wildnis. Dort suchen sie Unabhängigkeit, Glück und Selbstbestimmung. Was sie aber stattdessen dort finden, stellt ihre ganze Welt auf den Kopf: den Weg zur Unsterblichkeit ...

Leadership Challenge

Author: James M. Kouzes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527503749
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Executive ability

Through research, interviews and the experience of hundreds of managers, Kouzes and Posner show how leadership can be learned and mastered by all. Readable, interesting, and up-to-date. Highly recommended.--Library Journal.

Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution

Author: Klaus Schwab
Publisher: Pantheon Verlag
ISBN: 9783641203177
Release Date: 2016-06-27
Genre: Business & Economics

Die größte Herausforderung unserer Zeit Ob selbstfahrende Autos, 3-D-Drucker oder Künstliche Intelligenz: Aktuelle technische Entwicklungen werden unsere Art zu leben und zu arbeiten grundlegend verändern. Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution hat bereits begonnen. Ihr Merkmal ist die ungeheuer schnelle und systematische Verschmelzung von Technologien, die die Grenzen zwischen der physischen, der digitalen und der biologischen Welt immer stärker durchbrechen. Wie kein anderer ist Klaus Schwab, der Vorsitzende des Weltwirtschaftsforums, in der Lage aufzuzeigen, welche politischen, wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Herausforderungen diese Revolution für uns alle mit sich bringt.