Friction Lubrication and Wear of Artificial Joints

Author: Ian M. Hutchings
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1860583636
Release Date: 2003-02-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Tribology has been central to the development of this field of engineering and Friction, Lubrication, and Wear of Artificial Joints brings together the work of the foremost authorities. Recent key work, particularly on hip and knee replacement prostheses form the major part of this book. Artificial joint technology, clinical practice, and the monitoring of on-going wear in use have progressed by leaps and bounds in the last few years. Medical research engineers, tribology specialists, and materials technologists each play an important role in ensuring that this marriage of engineering and medicine delivers the best possible outcome for the patients who receive the implants. Contents of this book include: Biotribology - A personal view The influence of component geometry on the measurement of wear A tribological study of metal-on-metal total replacement hip joints The lubrication and friction of conventional UHMWPE, novel compliant layer and hard bearing surfaces for use in total hip prostheses Prediction of lubricating film thickness in UHMWPE hip joint replacements Wear of ceramic-on-ceramic hip prostheses under micro-separation simulation conditions Friction and wear testing of DLC type coatings on total hip replacement prostheses Simulator testing of total knee replacement A new measurement method for wear scars generated with knee simulators

Tribology and Biophysics of Artificial Joints

Author: Pinchuk
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080458084
Release Date: 2005-12-02
Genre: Science

Joint endoprosthetics - the science of implanting artificial joints into the human body - has been around since the 1960’s, and consistent advancements are leading to better practice, materials and mechanics. The present book is devoted to the biophysics and effect of wear, friction and lubrication on artificial joints. The important aspects of biocompatibility and wear resistance are reviewed and a retrospective analysis of modern joint endoprosthetic designs is presented. Data on clinical aspects of endoprosthetics are cited in support of the text. Advancements in genetic engineering, and promising new techniques of designing bone and cartilage transplants are explored, and a critical comparison between tribological mechanisms of operation and natural joint functioning are made. An exceptional resource for all specialists in orthopedy, biophysics, immunology and engineers engaged in developing artificial joints.

Joint Arthroplasty

Author: Shinichi Imura
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9784431685296
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

The introduction of total joint arthroplasty throughout the world has contributed manifold benefits to patients who suffer from joint diseases. Concurrently, however, there has been an increase in revision surgery. Many orthopedic surgeons agree that durability of prostheses is an eternal problem. In particular, periprosthetic osteolysis recently has been identified as one of the serious problems affecting prosthetic dura bility. To improve durability, osteolysis and many other problems must be investi gated and solved both experimentally and clinically with respect to such aspects as prosthetic material, design, and biological and biomechanical behavior. This book comprises 37 papers that were presented by orthopedic surgeons and biomedical engineers at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Replace ment Arthroplasty, held in March 1998 in Kanazawa, Japan. The volume is thus a compilation of the latest knowledge about the pathogenesis and reduction of osteolysis and wear, newly developed total hip prostheses, and other current topics of total knee arthroplasty. We earnestly hope that this book will be of benefit to clinicians and researchers, and that it will contribute to the creation of more durable total joint prostheses in the future. SHINICHI IMURA v Contents Preface .................... '" .. .. .. ... . .. .. .. . ... .. . . .. . ... . . .. . V List of Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XI . . . . . . . . . . . . Part 1 Wear and Pathogenesis of Osteolysis Friction and Wear of Artificial Joints: A Historical Review N. AKAMATSU ................................................ , 3 Matrix Degradation in Osteoclastic Bone Resorption Under Pathological Conditions .

Joint Replacement Technology

Author: P.A. Revell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857098474
Release Date: 2014-06-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This second edition of Joint Replacement Technology provides a thoroughly updated review of recent developments in joint replacement technology. Joint replacement is a standard treatment for joint degradation and has improved the quality of life of millions of patients. Collaboration between clinicians and researchers is critical to its continued success and to meet the rising expectations of patients and surgeons. Part one introduces the advances in joint replacement technology, tribological considerations and experiments, and immune and regenerative responses to joint replacements. Part two covers the materials and techniques used in joint replacement. The advantages and disadvantages of different metals are explained here, as well as the use of ceramics. This section also addresses challenges in joint bearing surfaces, design, and cementless fixation techniques. Biological and mechanical issues are considered in part three, including healing responses to implants and biological causes of prosthetic joint failure, and a new chapter on imaging of joint prostheses. Each chapter in part four describes the clinical challenges of replacing specific joints, with specific focus on hip, knee, intervertebral disc joint, shoulder arthroplasty, elbow arthroplasty, and pyrocarbon small joint arthroplasty. Thanks to its widespread collaboration and international contributors, Joint Replacement Technology is useful for materials scientists and engineers in both academia and biomedical industry. Chemists, clinicians, and other researchers in this area will also find it invaluable. This second edition provides an updated comprehensive review of recent developments in joint replacement technology Provides coverage for the most pertinent materials science and engineering issues in depth Reviews the specific joints, biological and mechanical issues and fixation techniques

Biotribology

Author: J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118617052
Release Date: 2013-03-04
Genre: Science

Tribology is the “science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion” and encompasses the study of friction, wear and lubrication. By extension biotribology is usually defined as the tribological phenomena occurring in either the human body or in animals. Therefore, it is possible to consider tribological processes that may occur after implantation of an artificial device in the human body and the tribological processes naturally occurring in or on the tissues and organ of animals. Animals, including humans, possess a wide variety of sliding and frictional interfaces. The authors aim to provide some advances in research in biotribology. They cover several aspects of biotribology such as tribology of synovial joints and artificial replacements; wear of screws and plates in bone fractures repair; wear of denture and restorative materials; friction of the skin and comfort of clothing; wear of replacement heart valves; tribology of contact lenses and ocular tribology; biotribology on the microscale and nanoscale levels, etc. This book can be used as a research text for final undergraduate engineering courses (for example, materials, biomedical, etc.) or for those studying the subject of biotribology at the postgraduate level. It can also serve as a useful reference for academics, biomechanical researchers, biologists, chemists, physicists, biomedicals and materials engineers, and other professionals in related engineering, medicine and biomedical industries.

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Author: Dominique G. Poitout
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1852334819
Release Date: 2004-07-02
Genre: Medical

Current clinical orthopedic practice requires practitioners to have extensive knowledge of a wide range of disciplines from molecular biology to bioengineering and from the application of new methods to the evaluation of outcome. The biomechanics of and biomaterials used in orthopedics have become increasingly important as the possibilities have increased to treat patients with foreign material introduced both as optimized osteosynthesis after trauma and as arthroplasties for joint diseases, sequelae of trauma or for tumor treatment. Furthermore, biomaterial substitutes are constantly being developed to replace missing tissue. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics provides an important update within this highly important field. Professor Dominique Poitout has collected a series of high-quality chapters by globally renowned researchers and clinicians. Under the auspices of the International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT) and International Society of Orthopaedic and Traumatology Research (SIROT), this book now provides permanent and specific access to the considerable international knowledge in the field of locomotor system trauma and disease treatment using the novel bioengineering solutions. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also provide an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.

Surgery of the Hip E Book

Author: Daniel J. Berry
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455727056
Release Date: 2012-12-07
Genre: Medical

Surgery of the Hip is your definitive, comprehensive reference for hip surgery, offering coverage of state-of-the-art procedures for both adults and children. Modelled after Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, it presents detailed guidance on the latest approaches and techniques, so you can offer your patients - both young and old - the best possible outcomes. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Compatible with Kindle®, nook®, and other popular devices. Master the latest methods such as the use of fixation devices for proximal femoral fractures, hip preservation surgery, and problems with metal on metal-bearing implants. Make optimal use of the latest imaging techniques, surgical procedures, equipment, and implants available. Navigate your toughest clinical challenges with vital information on total hip arthroplasty, pediatric hip surgery, trauma, and hip tumor surgery. Browse the complete contents online, view videos of select procedures, and download all the images at www.expertconsult.com!

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook

Author: Steven M. Kurtz
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 008088444X
Release Date: 2009-04-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book describes the science, development, properties and application of of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) used in artificial joints. This material is currently used in 1.4 million patients around the world every year for use in the hip, knee, upper extremities, and spine. Since the publication of the 1st edition there have been major advances in the development and clinical adoption of highly crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee replacement. There has also been a major international effort to introduce Vitamin E stabilized UHMWPE for patients. The accumulated knowledge on these two classes of materials are a key feature of the 2nd edition, along with an additional 19 additional chapters providing coverage of the key engineering aspects (biomechanical and materials science) and clinical/biological performance of UHMWPE, providing a more complete reference for industrial and academic materials specialists, and for surgeons and clinicians who require an understanding of the biomaterials properties of UHMWPE to work successfully on patient applications. * The UHMWPE Handbook is the comprehensive reference for professionals, researchers, and clinicians working with biomaterials technologies for joint replacement * New to this edition: 19 new chapters keep readers up to date with this fast moving topic, including a new section on UHMWPE biomaterials; highly crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee replacement; Vitamin E stabilized UHMWPE for patients; clinical performance, tribology an biologic interaction of UHMWPE * State-of-the-art coverage of UHMWPE technology, orthopedic applications, biomaterial characterisation and engineering aspects from recognised leaders in the field

Principles of Tribology

Author: Shizhu Wen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119214915
Release Date: 2017-05-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Updated to include the timely and important topics of MEMS and rolling friction, Principles of Tribology is a compilation of current developments from tribology research, coupled with tribology fundamentals and applications. Essential topics include lubrication theory, lubrication design, friction mechanism, wear mechanism, friction control, and their applications. Besides classical tribology content, the book also covers intersecting research areas of tribology, as well as the regularities and characteristics of the tribological phenomena in practice. Furthermore, it presents the basic theory, numerical analysis methods and experimental measuring techniques of tribology as well as their application in engineering. Newly expanded and updated to include new tribological material on MEMS and green tribology, its key concepts and applications Systematically brings the reader through fundamental theories, basic mechanisms through to the latest research Emphasizes practical tribological phenomena, supported by numerical analysis and experimental measurement techniques Discusses nano-tribology, thin film lubrication and its applications, topics which are growing in importance A comprehensive look at the fundamentals and latest research, this second edition of Principles of Tribology is an essential textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students specializing in tribology and related mechanical engineering fields.

Tribology

Author: Ian Hutchings
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780081009512
Release Date: 2017-04-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Tribology: Friction and Wear of Engineering Materials, Second Edition covers the fundamentals of tribology and the tribological response of all classes of materials, including metals, ceramics, and polymers. This fully updated and expanded book maintains its core emphasis on friction and wear of materials, but now also has a strengthened coverage of the more traditional tribological topics of contact mechanics and lubrication. It provides a solid scientific foundation that will allow readers to formulate appropriate solutions when faced with practical problems, as well as to design, perform and interpret meaningful tribological tests in the laboratory. Topics include the fundamentals of surface topography and contact mechanics, friction, lubrication, and wear (including tribo-corrosion), as well as surface engineering, selection of materials and design aspects. The book includes case studies on bearings, automotive tribology, manufacturing processes, medical engineering and magnetic data storage that illustrate some of the modern engineering applications in which tribological principles play vital roles. Each chapter is complemented by a set of questions suitable for self-study as well as classroom use. This book provides valuable material for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates studying mechanical engineering, materials science and other technical disciplines, and will also be a useful first reference point for any engineer or scientist who encounters tribological issues. Provides an excellent general introduction to friction, wear, and lubrication of materials Acts as the ideal entry point to the research literature in tribology Provides the tribological principles to underpin the design process Through systematic coverage of the subject and appropriate questions, develops the reader’s understanding and knowledge of tribology in a logical progression.

Biomaterials and Medical Tribology

Author: J Paulo Davim
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857092205
Release Date: 2013-07-31
Genre: Medical

Medical tribology can be defined as the science of tribological phenomena in the human body, both those that naturally occur in the tissues or organs and those that arise after implantation of an artificial device, while biomaterials are inert substances designed to be incorporated into living systems. Biomaterials and medical tribology brings together a collection of high quality articles and case studies focussing on new research and developments in these two important fields. The book provides details of the different types of biomaterial available and their applications, including nanoparticles for biomedical applications, synergism effects during fiction and fretting corrosion experiments, application of biomedical-grade titanium alloys in trabecular bone and artificial joints, fatigue strengthening of an orthopaedic Ti6AI4V alloy, wear determination on retrieved metal-on-metal hip arthoplasty, natural articular joints, the importance of bearing porosity in engineering and natural lubrication, tribological characterization of human tooth enamel, and finally, liposome-based carrier systems and devices used for pulmonary drug delivery. Biomaterials and medical tribology is an essential reference for materials scientists, engineers, and researchers in the field of medical tribology. The title also provides an overview for academics and clinicians in this area.

Polymer Adhesion Friction and Lubrication

Author: Hongbo Zeng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118505137
Release Date: 2013-02-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Specifically dedicated to polymer and biopolymer systems, Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication guides readers to the scratch, wear, and lubrication properties of polymers and the engineering applications, from biomedical research to automotive engineering. Author Hongbo Zeng details different experimental and theoretical methods used to probe static and dynamic properties of polymer materials and biomacromolecular systems. Topics include the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to analyze nanotribology, polymer thin films and brushes, nanoparticles, rubber and tire technology, synovial joint lubrication, adhesion in paper products, bioMEMS, and electrorheological fluids.