Friction Lubrication and Wear of Artificial Joints

Author: Ian M. Hutchings
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1860583636
Release Date: 2003-02-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Tribology has been central to the development of this field of engineering and Friction, Lubrication, and Wear of Artificial Joints brings together the work of the foremost authorities. Recent key work, particularly on hip and knee replacement prostheses form the major part of this book. Artificial joint technology, clinical practice, and the monitoring of on-going wear in use have progressed by leaps and bounds in the last few years. Medical research engineers, tribology specialists, and materials technologists each play an important role in ensuring that this marriage of engineering and medicine delivers the best possible outcome for the patients who receive the implants. Contents of this book include: Biotribology - A personal view The influence of component geometry on the measurement of wear A tribological study of metal-on-metal total replacement hip joints The lubrication and friction of conventional UHMWPE, novel compliant layer and hard bearing surfaces for use in total hip prostheses Prediction of lubricating film thickness in UHMWPE hip joint replacements Wear of ceramic-on-ceramic hip prostheses under micro-separation simulation conditions Friction and wear testing of DLC type coatings on total hip replacement prostheses Simulator testing of total knee replacement A new measurement method for wear scars generated with knee simulators

Tribology and Biophysics of Artificial Joints

Author: Pinchuk
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080458084
Release Date: 2005-12-02
Genre: Science

Joint endoprosthetics - the science of implanting artificial joints into the human body - has been around since the 1960’s, and consistent advancements are leading to better practice, materials and mechanics. The present book is devoted to the biophysics and effect of wear, friction and lubrication on artificial joints. The important aspects of biocompatibility and wear resistance are reviewed and a retrospective analysis of modern joint endoprosthetic designs is presented. Data on clinical aspects of endoprosthetics are cited in support of the text. Advancements in genetic engineering, and promising new techniques of designing bone and cartilage transplants are explored, and a critical comparison between tribological mechanisms of operation and natural joint functioning are made. An exceptional resource for all specialists in orthopedy, biophysics, immunology and engineers engaged in developing artificial joints.

Biotribology

Author: J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118617052
Release Date: 2013-03-04
Genre: Science

Tribology is the “science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion” and encompasses the study of friction, wear and lubrication. By extension biotribology is usually defined as the tribological phenomena occurring in either the human body or in animals. Therefore, it is possible to consider tribological processes that may occur after implantation of an artificial device in the human body and the tribological processes naturally occurring in or on the tissues and organ of animals. Animals, including humans, possess a wide variety of sliding and frictional interfaces. The authors aim to provide some advances in research in biotribology. They cover several aspects of biotribology such as tribology of synovial joints and artificial replacements; wear of screws and plates in bone fractures repair; wear of denture and restorative materials; friction of the skin and comfort of clothing; wear of replacement heart valves; tribology of contact lenses and ocular tribology; biotribology on the microscale and nanoscale levels, etc. This book can be used as a research text for final undergraduate engineering courses (for example, materials, biomedical, etc.) or for those studying the subject of biotribology at the postgraduate level. It can also serve as a useful reference for academics, biomechanical researchers, biologists, chemists, physicists, biomedicals and materials engineers, and other professionals in related engineering, medicine and biomedical industries.

Surgery of the Hip

Author: Daniel J. Berry
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455727056
Release Date: 2012-12-07
Genre: Medical

Surgery of the Hip is your definitive, comprehensive reference for hip surgery, offering coverage of state-of-the-art procedures for both adults and children. Modelled after Insall & Scott Surgery of the Knee, it presents detailed guidance on the latest approaches and techniques, so you can offer your patients - both young and old - the best possible outcomes. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Compatible with Kindle®, nook®, and other popular devices. Master the latest methods such as the use of fixation devices for proximal femoral fractures, hip preservation surgery, and problems with metal on metal-bearing implants. Make optimal use of the latest imaging techniques, surgical procedures, equipment, and implants available. Navigate your toughest clinical challenges with vital information on total hip arthroplasty, pediatric hip surgery, trauma, and hip tumor surgery. Browse the complete contents online, view videos of select procedures, and download all the images at www.expertconsult.com!

Fluid Film Lubrication

Author: Andras Z. Szeri
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139495196
Release Date: 2010-12-27
Genre: Science

Fluid film bearings are machine elements that should be studied within the broader context of tribology. The three subfields of tribology - friction, lubrication, and wear - are strongly interrelated. The last decade has witnessed significant advances in the area of fluid film lubrication and its applications, and this second edition offers a look at some of these advances. This edition adds to the fundamentals of fluid film lubrication, a discourse on surface effects and the inclusion of treatment of flow with significant inertia within the section on turbulence. Basic ideas of the multigrid method are conveyed along with multilevel multi-integration in the treatment of elastohydrodynamic lubrication. New chapters have been included on ultra-thin films, both liquid and gaseous, and lubrication of articulating joints and their replacement. Some of the most recent literature is discussed.

Polymer Adhesion Friction and Lubrication

Author: Hongbo Zeng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118505137
Release Date: 2013-02-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Specifically dedicated to polymer and biopolymer systems, Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication guides readers to the scratch, wear, and lubrication properties of polymers and the engineering applications, from biomedical research to automotive engineering. Author Hongbo Zeng details different experimental and theoretical methods used to probe static and dynamic properties of polymer materials and biomacromolecular systems. Topics include the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to analyze nanotribology, polymer thin films and brushes, nanoparticles, rubber and tire technology, synovial joint lubrication, adhesion in paper products, bioMEMS, and electrorheological fluids.

Computational Contact Mechanics

Author: Peter Wriggers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540326090
Release Date: 2006-10-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This is the second edition of the valuable reference source for numerical simulations of contact mechanics suitable for many fields. These include civil engineering, car design, aeronautics, metal forming, or biomechanics. For this second edition, illustrative simplified examples and new discretisation schemes and adaptive procedures for coupled problems are added. This book is at the cutting edge of an area of significant and growing interest in computational mechanics.

Biological Performance of Materials

Author: Jonathan Black
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849339596
Release Date: 2005-12-20
Genre: Medical

Bioengineers need a thorough grounding in biocompatibility - the biological performance of materials. Until now, there were no publications suitable for a neophyte in the field; prior publications were either not comprehensive or focused on rather narrow interests. Drawing on the author's 35 years of experience as a teacher, researcher, and consultant in biomaterials science and engineering (BSE), Biological Performance of Materials: Fundamentals of Biocompatibility, Fourth Edition focuses primarily on principles of biological performance at a relatively fundamental level, analyzing interactions between living organisms and nonliving materials used in medical devices - the subject that sets BSE apart as a distinct field of investigation. Following an introductory section, the book is divided into three sections: the material response to biological systems, host response to biomaterials, and test methods for determining biological response in vitro as well as in animal models and clinical settings. Supplemental "Interparts" summarize the physical properties of commonly used metallic, polymeric, and ceramic biomaterials. They also provide a guide to understanding the clinical performance of implanted biomaterials.

Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics Mechano biology

Author: Van C. Mow
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 0781739330
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Medical

Biomaterials / Ahmed El-Ghannam and Paul Ducheyne -- Biomechanics of the spine / Ian A. F. Stokes and James C. Iatridis -- Biomechanics of fracture fixation and fracture healing / Lutz E. Claes and Keita Ito -- Biomechanics and preclinical testing of artificial joints: the hip / Rik Huiskes and Jan Stolk -- Biomechanics of total knee replacement designs / Peter S. Walker.