Get up to speed on Scala, the JVM language that offers all the benefits of a modern object model, functional programming, and an advanced type system. Packed with code examples, this comprehensive book shows you how to be productive with the language and ecosystem right away, and explains why Scala is ideal for today's highly scalable, data-centric applications that support concurrency and distribution. This second edition covers recent language features, with new chapters on pattern matching, comprehensions, and advanced functional programming. You’ll also learn about Scala’s command-line tools, third-party tools, libraries, and language-aware plugins for editors and IDEs. This book is ideal for beginning and advanced Scala developers alike. Program faster with Scala’s succinct and flexible syntax Dive into basic and advanced functional programming (FP) techniques Build killer big-data apps, using Scala’s functional combinators Use traits for mixin composition and pattern matching for data extraction Learn the sophisticated type system that combines FP and object-oriented programming concepts Explore Scala-specific concurrency tools, including Akka Understand how to develop rich domain-specific languages Learn good design techniques for building scalable and robust Scala applications
If you've had trouble trying to learn Functional Programming (FP), you're not alone. In this book, Alvin Alexander -- author of the Scala Cookbook and former teacher of Java and Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) classes -- writes about his own problems in trying to understand FP, and how he finally conquered it. What he originally learned is that experienced FP developers are driven by two goals: to use only immutable values, and write only pure functions. What he later learned is that they have these goals as the result of another larger goal: they want all of their code to look and work just like algebra. While that sounds simple, it turns out that these goals require them to use many advanced Scala features -- which they often use all at the same time. As a result, their code can look completely foreign to novice FP developers. As Mr. Alexander writes, "When you first see their code it's easy to ask, 'Why would anyone write code like this?'" Mr. Alexander answers that "Why?" question by explaining the benefits of writing pure functional code. Once you understand those benefits -- your motivation for learning FP -- he shares five rules for programming in the book: All fields must be immutable ('val' fields). All functions must be pure functions. Null values are not allowed. Whenever you use an 'if' you must also use an 'else'. You won't create OOP classes that encapsulate data and behavior; instead you'll design data structures using Scala 'case' classes, and write pure functions that operate on those data structures. In the book you'll see how those five, simple rules naturally lead you to write pure, functional code that reads like algebra. He also shares one more Golden Rule for learning: Always ask "Why"? Lessons in the book include: How and why to write only pure functions Why pure function signatures are much more important than OOP method signatures Why recursion is a natural tool for functional programming, and how to write recursive algorithms Because the Scala 'for' expression is so important to FP, dozens of pages explain the details of how it works In the end you'll see that monads aren't that difficult because they're a natural extension of the Five Rules The book finishes with lessons on FP data modeling, and two main approaches for organizing your pure functions As Mr. Alexander writes, "In this book I take the time to explain all of the concepts that are used to write FP code in Scala. As I learned from my own experience, once you understand the Five Rules and the small concepts, you can understand Scala/FP." Please note that because of the limits on how large a printed book can be, the paperback version does not include all of the chapters that are in the Kindle eBook. The following lessons are not in the paperback version: Grandma's Cookies (a story about pure functions) The ScalaCheck lessons The Type Classes lessons The appendices Because those lessons didn' fit in the print version, they have been made freely available online. (Alvin Alexander (alvinalexander.com) wrote the popular Scala Cookbook for O'Reilly, and also self-published two other books, How I Sold My Business: A Personal Diary, and A Survival Guide for New Consultants.)
Why learn Scala? You don’t need to be a data scientist or distributed computing expert to appreciate this object-oriented functional programming language. This practical book provides a comprehensive yet approachable introduction to the language, complete with syntax diagrams, examples, and exercises. You’ll start with Scala's core types and syntax before diving into higher-order functions and immutable data structures. Author Jason Swartz demonstrates why Scala’s concise and expressive syntax make it an ideal language for Ruby or Python developers who want to improve their craft, while its type safety and performance ensures that it’s stable and fast enough for any application. Learn about the core data types, literals, values, and variables Discover how to think and write in expressions, the foundation for Scala's syntax Write higher-order functions that accept or return other functions Become familiar with immutable data structures and easily transform them with type-safe and declarative operations Create custom infix operators to simplify existing operations or even to start your own domain-specific language Build classes that compose one or more traits for full reusability, or create new functionality by mixing them in at instantiation
This full-color booklet contains chapter notes, hints, solutions to exercises, addenda, and errata for the book "Functional Programming in Scala" by Paul Chiusano and Runar Bjarnason. This material is freely available online, but is compiled here as a convenient companion to the book itself. All code is colorfully syntax-highlighted.
Grok and perform effective functional programming in Scala About This Book Understand functional programming patterns by comparing them with the traditional object-oriented design patterns Write robust, safer, and better code using the declarative programming paradigm An illustrative guide for programmers to create functional programming patterns with Scala Who This Book Is For If you have done Java programming before and have a basic knowledge of Scala and its syntax, then this book is an ideal choice to help you to understand the context, the traditional design pattern applicable, and the Scala way. Having previous knowledge of design patterns will help, though it is not strictly necessary. What You Will Learn Get to know about functional programming and the value Scala's FP idioms bring to the table Solve day-to-day programming problems using functional programming idioms Cut down the boiler-plate and express patterns simply and elegantly using Scala's concise syntax Tame system complexity by reducing the moving parts Write easier to reason about concurrent code using the actor paradigm and the Akka library Apply recursive thinking and understand how to create solutions without mutation Reuse existing code to compose new behavior Combine the object-oriented and functional programming approaches for effective programming using Scala In Detail Scala is used to construct elegant class hierarchies for maximum code reuse and extensibility and to implement their behavior using higher-order functions. Its functional programming (FP) features are a boon to help you design “easy to reason about” systems to control the growing software complexities. Knowing how and where to apply the many Scala techniques is challenging. Looking at Scala best practices in the context of what you already know helps you grasp these concepts quickly, and helps you see where and why to use them. This book begins with the rationale behind patterns to help you understand where and why each pattern is applied. You will discover what tail recursion brings to your table and will get an understanding of how to create solutions without mutations. We then explain the concept of memorization and infinite sequences for on-demand computation. Further, the book takes you through Scala's stackable traits and dependency injection, a popular technique to produce loosely-coupled software systems. You will also explore how to currying favors to your code and how to simplify it by de-construction via pattern matching. We also show you how to do pipeline transformations using higher order functions such as the pipes and filters pattern. Then we guide you through the increasing importance of concurrent programming and the pitfalls of traditional code concurrency. Lastly, the book takes a paradigm shift to show you the different techniques that functional programming brings to your plate. This book is an invaluable source to help you understand and perform functional programming and solve common programming problems using Scala's programming patterns. Style and approach This is a hands-on guide to Scala's game-changing features for programming. It is filled with many code examples and figures that illustrate various Scala idioms and best practices.
Save time and trouble when using Scala to build object-oriented, functional, and concurrent applications. With more than 250 ready-to-use recipes and 700 code examples, this comprehensive cookbook covers the most common problems you’ll encounter when using the Scala language, libraries, and tools. It’s ideal not only for experienced Scala developers, but also for programmers learning to use this JVM language. Author Alvin Alexander (creator of DevDaily.com) provides solutions based on his experience using Scala for highly scalable, component-based applications that support concurrency and distribution. Packed with real-world scenarios, this book provides recipes for: Strings, numeric types, and control structures Classes, methods, objects, traits, and packaging Functional programming in a variety of situations Collections covering Scala's wealth of classes and methods Concurrency, using the Akka Actors library Using the Scala REPL and the Simple Build Tool (SBT) Web services on both the client and server sides Interacting with SQL and NoSQL databases Best practices in Scala development
Author: Christos K. K. Loverdos
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2010-09-23
Scala is a highly expressive, concise and scalable language. It is also the most prominent method of the new and exciting methodology known as object-functional programming. In this book, the authors show how Scala grows to the needs of the programmer, whether professional or hobbyist. They teach Scala with a step-by-step approach and explain how to exploit the full power of the industry-proven JVM technology. Readers can then dive into specially chosen design challenges and implementation problems, inspired by the trials of real-world software engineering. It also helps readers to embrace the power of static typing and automatic type inference. In addition, the book shows how to use the dual-object and functional-oriented natures combined at Scala's core, and so write code that is less 'boilerplate', giving a genuine increase in productivity.
This book gives an introduction to the programming language Scala. It presents it from a functional programming perspective. The book explains with detail functional programming and recursivity, and includes chapters on lazy and eager evaluation, streams, higher-order functions (including map, fold, reduce, and aggregate), and algebraic data types. The book also describes the object-oriented aspects of Scala, as they are a fundamental part of the language. In addition, the book includes a chapter on parallelism in Scala, giving an overview of the actor model.
Scala is now an established programming language developed by Martin Oderskey and his team at the EPFL. The name Scala is derived from Sca(lable) La(nguage). Scala is a multi-paradigm language, incorporating object oriented approaches with functional programming. Although some familiarity with standard computing concepts is assumed (such as the idea of compiling a program and executing this compiled from etc.) and with basic procedural language concepts (such as variables and allocation of values to these variables) the early chapters of the book do not assume any familiarity with object orientation nor with functional programming These chapters also step through other concepts with which the reader may not be familiar (such as list processing). From this background, the book provides a practical introduction to both object and functional approaches using Scala. These concepts are introduced through practical experience taking the reader beyond the level of the language syntax to the philosophy and practice of object oriented development and functional programming. Students and those actively involved in the software industry will find this comprehensive introduction to Scala invaluable.
Software development today is embracing functional programming (FP), whether it's for writing concurrent programs or for managing Big Data. Where does that leave Java developers? This concise book offers a pragmatic, approachable introduction to FP for Java developers or anyone who uses an object-oriented language. Dean Wampler, Java expert and author of Programming Scala (O'Reilly), shows you how to apply FP principles such as immutability, avoidance of side-effects, and higher-order functions to your Java code. Each chapter provides exercises to help you practice what you've learned. Once you grasp the benefits of functional programming, you’ll discover that it improves all of the code you write. Learn basic FP principles and apply them to object-oriented programming Discover how FP is more concise and modular than OOP Get useful FP lessons for your Java type design—such as avoiding nulls Design data structures and algorithms using functional programming principles Write concurrent programs using the Actor model and software transactional memory Use functional libraries and frameworks for Java—and learn where to go next to deepen your functional programming skills
Build fault-tolerant, robust, and distributed applications in Scala Key Features - Understand and use the concepts of reactive programming to build distributed systems running on multiple nodes. - Learn how reactive architecture reduces complexity throughout the development process. - Get to grips with functional reactive programming and Reactive Microservices. Book Description Reactive programming is a scalable, fast way to build applications, and one that helps us write code that is concise, clear, and readable. It can be used for many purposes such as GUIs, robotics, music, and others, and is central to many concurrent systems. This book will be your guide to getting started with Reactive programming in Scala. You will begin with the fundamental concepts of Reactive programming and gradually move on to working with asynchronous data streams. You will then start building an application using Akka Actors and extend it using the Play framework. You will also learn about reactive stream specifications, event sourcing techniques, and different methods to integrate Akka Streams into the Play Framework. This book will also take you one step forward by showing you the advantages of the Lagom framework while working with reactive microservices. You will also learn to scale applications using multi-node clusters and test, secure, and deploy your microservices to the cloud. By the end of the book, you will have gained the knowledge to build robust and distributed systems with Scala and Akka. What you will learn Understand the fundamental principles of Reactive and Functional programming Develop applications utilizing features of the Akka framework Explore techniques to integrate Scala, Akka, and Play together Learn about Reactive Streams with real-time use cases Develop Reactive Web Applications with Play, Scala, Akka, and Akka Streams Develop and deploy Reactive microservices using the Lagom framework and ConductR Who this book is for This book is for Scala developers who would like to build fault-tolerant, scalable distributed systems. No knowledge of Reactive programming is required.
Functional and Reactive Domain Modeling teaches readers how to think of the domain model in terms of pure functions and how to compose them to build larger abstractions. It begins with the basics of functional programming and gradually progresses to the advanced concepts and patterns needed to implement complex domain models. The book demonstrates how advanced FP patterns like algebraic data types, typeclass based design, and isolation of side-effects can make models compose for readability and verifiability. On the subject of reactive modeling, the book focuses on higher order concurrency patterns like actors and futures. It uses the Akka framework as the reference implementation and demonstrates how advanced architectural patterns like event sourcing and CQRS can be put to great use in implementing scalable models. It offers techniques that are radically different from the standard RDBMS based applications that are based on mutation of records. It also shares important patterns like using asynchronous messaging for interaction based on non blocking concurrency and model persistence, which delivers the speed of in- memory processing along with suitable guarantees of reliability.