Galois Cohomology

Author: Jean-Pierre Serre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642591419
Release Date: 2013-12-01
Genre: Mathematics

This is an updated English translation of Cohomologie Galoisienne, published more than thirty years ago as one of the very first versions of Lecture Notes in Mathematics. It includes a reproduction of an influential paper by R. Steinberg, together with some new material and an expanded bibliography.

Class Field Theory

Author: Georges Gras
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662113233
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

Global class field theory is a major achievement of algebraic number theory based on the functorial properties of the reciprocity map and the existence theorem. This book explores the consequences and the practical use of these results in detailed studies and illustrations of classical subjects. In the corrected second printing 2005, the author improves many details all through the book.

Galois Theory of p Extensions

Author: Helmut Koch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662049679
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Mathematics

Helmut Koch's classic is now available in English. Competently translated by Franz Lemmermeyer, it introduces the theory of pro-p groups and their cohomology. The book contains a postscript on the recent development of the field written by H. Koch and F. Lemmermeyer, along with many additional recent references.

Brauer Type Embedding Problems

Author: Arne Ledet
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821871803
Release Date:
Genre: Mathematics

This monograph is concerned with Galois theoretical embedding problems of so-called Brauer type with a focus on 2-groups and on finding explicit criteria for solvability and explicit constructions of the solutions. Before considering questions of reducing the embedding problems and reformulating the solvability criteria, the author provides the necessary theory of Brauer groups, group cohomology and quadratic forms. The book will be suitable for students seeking an introduction to embedding problems and inverse Galois theory. It will also be a useful reference for researchers in the field.

The Theory of Classical Valuations

Author: Paulo Ribenboim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461205517
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Valuation theory is used constantly in algebraic number theory and field theory, and is currently gaining considerable research interest. Ribenboim fills a unique niche in the literature as he presents one of the first introductions to classical valuation theory in this up-to-date rendering of the authors long-standing experience with the applications of the theory. The presentation is fully up-to-date and will serve as a valuable resource for students and mathematicians.

Trees

Author: Jean-Pierre Serre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642618567
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Mathematics

The seminal ideas of this book played a key role in the development of group theory since the 70s. Several generations of mathematicians learned geometric ideas in group theory from this book. In it, the author proves the fundamental theorem for the special cases of free groups and tree products before dealing with the proof of the general case. This new edition is ideal for graduate students and researchers in algebra, geometry and topology.

p Adic Automorphic Forms on Shimura Varieties

Author: Haruzo Hida
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387207112
Release Date: 2004-05-10
Genre: Mathematics

This book covers the following three topics in a manner accessible to graduate students who have an understanding of algebraic number theory and scheme theoretic algebraic geometry: 1. An elementary construction of Shimura varieties as moduli of abelian schemes. 2. p-adic deformation theory of automorphic forms on Shimura varieties. 3. A simple proof of irreducibility of the generalized Igusa tower over the Shimura variety. The book starts with a detailed study of elliptic and Hilbert modular forms and reaches to the forefront of research of Shimura varieties associated with general classical groups. The method of constructing p-adic analytic families and the proof of irreducibility was recently discovered by the author. The area covered in this book is now a focal point of research worldwide with many far-reaching applications that have led to solutions of longstanding problems and conjectures. Specifically, the use of p-adic elliptic and Hilbert modular forms have proven essential in recent breakthroughs in number theory (for example, the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem and the Shimura-Taniyama conjecture by A. Wiles and others). Haruzo Hida is Professor of Mathematics at University of California, Los Angeles. His previous books include Modular Forms and Galois Cohomology (Cambridge University Press 2000) and Geometric Modular Forms and Elliptic Curves (World Scientific Publishing Company 2000).

Local Fields

Author: Jean-Pierre Serre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475756739
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Mathematics

The goal of this book is to present local class field theory from the cohomo logical point of view, following the method inaugurated by Hochschild and developed by Artin-Tate. This theory is about extensions-primarily abelian-of "local" (i.e., complete for a discrete valuation) fields with finite residue field. For example, such fields are obtained by completing an algebraic number field; that is one of the aspects of "localisation". The chapters are grouped in "parts". There are three preliminary parts: the first two on the general theory of local fields, the third on group coho mology. Local class field theory, strictly speaking, does not appear until the fourth part. Here is a more precise outline of the contents of these four parts: The first contains basic definitions and results on discrete valuation rings, Dedekind domains (which are their "globalisation") and the completion process. The prerequisite for this part is a knowledge of elementary notions of algebra and topology, which may be found for instance in Bourbaki. The second part is concerned with ramification phenomena (different, discriminant, ramification groups, Artin representation). Just as in the first part, no assumptions are made here about the residue fields. It is in this setting that the "norm" map is studied; I have expressed the results in terms of "additive polynomials" and of "multiplicative polynomials", since using the language of algebraic geometry would have led me too far astray.

Modular Forms and Galois Cohomology

Author: Haruzo Hida
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052177036X
Release Date: 2000-06-29
Genre: Mathematics

Comprehensive account of recent developments in arithmetic theory of modular forms, for graduates and researchers.

Rational Points and Arithmetic of Fundamental Groups

Author: Jakob Stix
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642306747
Release Date: 2012-10-19
Genre: Mathematics

The section conjecture in anabelian geometry, announced by Grothendieck in 1983, is concerned with a description of the set of rational points of a hyperbolic algebraic curve over a number field in terms of the arithmetic of its fundamental group. While the conjecture is still open today in 2012, its study has revealed interesting arithmetic for curves and opened connections, for example, to the question whether the Brauer-Manin obstruction is the only one against rational points on curves. This monograph begins by laying the foundations for the space of sections of the fundamental group extension of an algebraic variety. Then, arithmetic assumptions on the base field are imposed and the local-to-global approach is studied in detail. The monograph concludes by discussing analogues of the section conjecture created by varying the base field or the type of variety, or by using a characteristic quotient or its birational analogue in lieu of the fundamental group extension.

Algebraic Groups and Class Fields

Author: Jean-Pierre Serre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461210351
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Translation of the French Edition

A Course in Arithmetic

Author: J-P. Serre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781468498844
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

This book is divided into two parts. The first one is purely algebraic. Its objective is the classification of quadratic forms over the field of rational numbers (Hasse-Minkowski theorem). It is achieved in Chapter IV. The first three chapters contain some preliminaries: quadratic reciprocity law, p-adic fields, Hilbert symbols. Chapter V applies the preceding results to integral quadratic forms of discriminant ± I. These forms occur in various questions: modular functions, differential topology, finite groups. The second part (Chapters VI and VII) uses "analytic" methods (holomor phic functions). Chapter VI gives the proof of the "theorem on arithmetic progressions" due to Dirichlet; this theorem is used at a critical point in the first part (Chapter Ill, no. 2.2). Chapter VII deals with modular forms, and in particular, with theta functions. Some of the quadratic forms of Chapter V reappear here. The two parts correspond to lectures given in 1962 and 1964 to second year students at the Ecole Normale Superieure. A redaction of these lectures in the form of duplicated notes, was made by J.-J. Sansuc (Chapters I-IV) and J.-P. Ramis and G. Ruget (Chapters VI-VII). They were very useful to me; I extend here my gratitude to their authors.

Hilbert Modular Forms and Iwasawa Theory

Author: Haruzo Hida
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198571025
Release Date: 2006-06-15
Genre: Mathematics

The 1995 work of Wiles and Taylor-Wiles opened up a whole new technique in algebraic number theory and, a decade on, the waves caused by this incredibly important work are still being felt. This book, authored by a leading researcher, describes the striking applications that have been found for this technique. In the book, the deformation theoretic techniques of Wiles-Taylor are first generalized to Hilbert modular forms (following Fujiwara's treatment), and some applications found by the author are then discussed. With many exercises and open questions given, this text is ideal for researchers and graduate students entering this research area.

The Theory of Finite Groups

Author: Hans Kurzweil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387217680
Release Date: 2006-04-18
Genre: Mathematics

From reviews of the German edition: "This is an exciting text and a refreshing contribution to an area in which challenges continue to flourish and to captivate the viewer. Even though representation theory and constructions of simple groups have been omitted, the text serves as a springboard for deeper study in many directions." Mathematical Reviews

Central Simple Algebras and Galois Cohomology

Author: Philippe Gille
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139458726
Release Date: 2006-08-10
Genre: Mathematics

This book is the first comprehensive, modern introduction to the theory of central simple algebras over arbitrary fields. Starting from the basics, it reaches such advanced results as the Merkurjev-Suslin theorem. This theorem is both the culmination of work initiated by Brauer, Noether, Hasse and Albert and the starting point of current research in motivic cohomology theory by Voevodsky, Suslin, Rost and others. Assuming only a solid background in algebra, but no homological algebra, the book covers the basic theory of central simple algebras, methods of Galois descent and Galois cohomology, Severi-Brauer varieties, residue maps and, finally, Milnor K-theory and K-cohomology. The last chapter rounds off the theory by presenting the results in positive characteristic, including the theorem of Bloch-Gabber-Kato. The book is suitable as a textbook for graduate students and as a reference for researchers working in algebra, algebraic geometry or K-theory.