Genocide Mass Atrocity and War Crimes in Modern History Blood and Conscience 2 volumes

Author: James Larry Taulbee
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781440829857
Release Date: 2017-02-06
Genre: Political Science

Defining "genocide" as an international crime, this two-volume set provides a comparative study of historical cases of genocide and mass atrocity—clearly identifying the factors that produced the attitudes and behaviors that led to them—discusses the reasons for rules in war, and examines how the five principles laid out in the Geneva Conventions and other international agreements have functioned in modern warfare. • Presents a comparative perspective and detailed historical background for each case that emphasizes how many different factors may lead to atrocity/genocide • Discusses the difficulty of organizing international efforts to intervene to prevent atrocities or to respond at the moment they are occurring • Explains why international prosecutions for genocide are difficult even though the goal of the law is to hold responsible those in charge as well as the planners and instigators • Identifies how cultural factors affect individual attitudes toward what is accepted as legitimate behavior in combat • Focuses on the "law in action" with illustrations from specific cases

Japanese War Crimes During WWII

Author: Frank Jacob
Publisher: Praeger
ISBN: 1440844496
Release Date: 2017-11-30
Genre: History

A challenging examination of Japanese war crimes during World War II offers a fresh perspective on the Pacific War--and a better understanding of reasons for the wartime use of extreme mass violence. * Covers the full expanse of Japanese war crimes during the Second World War from 1937 to 1945 * Examines the social and political reasons for an increase in the severity of the violence the Japanese used against women and foreign soldiers during the war * Explains how political relations between the United States and Japan were responsible for increased violence against American soldiers * Discusses hotly contested issues surrounding the denial of war crimes by the Japanese and the resulting impact on regional and international relations * Serves to stimulate discussion about the evaluation of mass violence and genocide

Law and Regulation of Aerodromes

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319047805
Release Date: 2014-04-02
Genre: Law

This book encapsulates in detail the principles pertaining to legal and regulatory aspects of aerodromes. As the title denotes, it discusses the various aspects of the structure and functioning of an aerodrome and the complexities involved. It focuses on the law and regulation of aerodrome certification and planning, aerodrome services, financial and economic planning, security, management and governance. The airport industry is one of the fastest growing within the aviation industry, requiring innovation and creativity in management. This in turn has called for an increased focus on advanced management programmes for airport managers and lawyers. The Airport Management Professional Accreditation Programme (AMPAP) offered worldwide by the International Civil Aviation Organization and Airports Council International, and the Angkasa Pura II Airport Management Excellence Programme of Indonesia are two such initiatives which give airport professionals a sound grounding on the principles and techniques of management and law.

Norway s Peace Policy

Author: J. Taulbee
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137429193
Release Date: 2014-12-17
Genre: Political Science

The post-Cold War world allows space for less powerful states to develop influential roles in responding to specific international problems. Norway has focused on the persistent issue of violent ethno-political conflict. This book explains why Norway chose its peace policy and demonstrates what is has been able to achieve.

International Crime and Punishment A Guide to the Issues

Author: James Larry Taulbee
Publisher: Praeger
ISBN: 9780313355899
Release Date: 2009-06-30
Genre: Law

The basics of international criminal law, how it is actually enforced, and the arguments it has provoked are all introduced in a book that is as current as the headline news. • Tables • List of treaties • Chronology • Glossary

The Khmer Rouge and the Crime of Genocide

Author: Thomas Karl Forster
Publisher: Dike Verlag Ag
ISBN: 303751440X
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Law

More than one million people died in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 under the regime of the Khmer Rouge. Thirty years later, a Cambodian court, supported by the UN, seeks to hold legally accountable those most responsible for the crimes committed. This study presents some of the major legal issues relevant to possible genocide charges against the Khmer Rouge at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. The first part of the book examines the basic structure and elements of the crime of genocide under international criminal law, with a focus on the particular intent requirement and the issue of groups as targets of genocidal intent. The second part looks at the specific case of the Khmer Rouge mass atrocities - based on the legal framework elaborated - discussing the questions involved in the legal characterization of Khmer Rouge policies. These questions include the auto-genocide debate, the distinction between discriminatory mass killings and genocidal intent, as well as the legal relevance of motives for group targeting. (Series: International Criminal Law - Vol. 2)

Energy Security Challenges for the 21st Century

Author: Gal Luft
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780275999971
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Business & Economics

This timely and comprehensive book is a one stop shop for anyone interested in the nexus between energy and security. Bringing the perspectives of the best experts in the field it sheds light on the role of energy in modern life and the various approaches countries use to achieve energy security.

Blood and Borders

Author: Walter A. Kemp
Publisher:
ISBN: 9280811967
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Political Science

Map lines delineating statehood can become blurred by bloodlines of nationhood. Interethnic conflict and genocide have demonstrated the dangers of failing to protect people targeted by fellow citizens. When minority groups in one country are targeted for killings or ethnic cleansing based on their group identity, whose responsibility is it to protect them? In particular, are they owed any protective responsibility by their kin-state? How can cross-border kinship ties strengthen greater pan-national identity without challenging territorially defined national security? As shown by the Russia-Georgia conflict over South Ossetia, unilateral intervention by a kin-state can lead to conflict within and between states. The world cannot stand by when minority rights are being trampled, but the protection of national minorities should not be used as an excuse to violate state sovereignty and generate interstate conflict. This book suggests that a sensible answer to the kin-state dilemma might come from the "neither intervention nor indifference" formula that recognizes the special bonds but proscribes armed intervention based on the ties of kinship.

Humanitarian Military Intervention

Author: Taylor B. Seybolt
Publisher: SIPRI Publication
ISBN: 0199252432
Release Date: 2007-01
Genre: Political Science

Military intervention in a conflict without a reasonable prospect of success is unjustifiable, especially when it is done in the name of humanity. Couched in the debate on the responsibility to protect civilians from violence and drawing on traditional 'just war' principles, the central premise of this book is that humanitarian military intervention can be justified as a policy option only if decision makers can be reasonably sure that intervention will do more good than harm. This book asks, 'Have past humanitarian military interventions been successful?' It defines success as saving lives and sets out a methodology for estimating the number of lives saved by a particular military intervention. Analysis of 17 military operations in six conflict areas that were the defining cases of the 1990s-northern Iraq after the Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Kosovo and East Timor-shows that the majority were successful by this measure. In every conflict studied, however, some military interventions succeeded while others failed, raising the question, 'Why have some past interventions been more successful than others?' This book argues that the central factors determining whether a humanitarian intervention succeeds are the objectives of the intervention and the military strategy employed by the intervening states. Four types of humanitarian military intervention are offered: helping to deliver emergency aid, protecting aid operations, saving the victims of violence and defeating the perpetrators of violence. The focus on strategy within these four types allows an exploration of the political and military dimensions of humanitarian intervention and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types. Humanitarian military intervention is controversial. Scepticism is always in order about the need to use military force because the consequences can be so dire. Yet it has become equally controversial not to intervene when a governmentsubjects its citizens to massive violation of their basic human rights. This book recognizes the limits of humanitarian intervention but does not shy away from suggesting how military force can save lives in extreme circumstances.

Social Theory of Fear

Author: Geoffrey R. Skoll
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230103498
Release Date: 2010-09-14
Genre: Political Science

Fear has long served elites. They rely on fear to keep and expand their privileges and control the masses. In the current crisis of the capitalist world system, elites in the United States, along with other central countries, promote fear of crime and terrorism. They shaped these fears so that people looked to authorities for security, which permitted extension of apparatuses of coercion like police and military forces. In the face of growing oppression, rebellion against elite hegemony remains possible. This book offers an analysis of the crisis and strategies for rebellion. This ebook is participating in an experiment and is available Open Access under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) licence. Users are free to disseminate and reuse the ebook. The licence does not however permit commercial exploitation or the creation of derivative works without specific permission. To view a copy of this license visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0. For more information about the experiment visit our FAQs

The Great Terror

Author: Robert Conquest
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195316991
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

The definitive work on Stalin's purges, the author's The Great Terror was universally acclaimed when it first appeared in 1968. It was "hailed as the only scrupulous, nonpartisan, and adequate book on the subject". And in recent years it has received equally high praise in the Soviet Union, where it is now considered the authority on the period, and has been serialized in Neva, one of their leading periodicals. Of course, when the author wrote the original volume two decades ago, he relied heavily on unofficial sources. Now, with the advent of glasnost, an avalanche of new material is available, and he has mined this enormous cache to write a substantially new edition of his classic work. It is remarkable how many of the most disturbing conclusions have born up under the light of fresh evidence. But the author has added enormously to the detail, including hitherto secret information on the three great "Moscow Trials," on the fate of the executed generals, on the methods of obtaining confessions, on the purge of writers and other members of the intelligentsia, on life in the labor camps, and many other key matters. Both a leading Sovietologist and a highly respected poet, the author blends research with prose, providing not only an authoritative account of Stalin's purges, but also a compelling chronicle of one of this century's most tragic events. A timely revision of a book long out of print, this is the updated version of the author's original work.

Affective Communities in World Politics

Author: Emma Hutchison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107095014
Release Date: 2016-03-11
Genre: Political Science

A systematic examination of emotions and world politics, showing how emotions underpin political agency and collective action after trauma.

Reconciliation Civil Society and the Politics of Memory

Author: Birgit Schwelling
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 9783839419311
Release Date: 2012-10
Genre: Philosophy

How did civil society function as a locus for reconciliation initiatives since the beginning of the 20th century? The essays in this volume challenge the conventional understanding of reconciliation as a benign state-driven process. They explore how a range of civil society actors - from Turkish intellectuals apologizing for the Armenian Genocide to religious organizations working towards the improvement of Franco-German relations - have confronted and coped with the past. These studies offer a critical perspective on local and transnational reconciliation acts by questioning the extent to which speech became an alternative to silence, remembrance to forgetting, engagement to oblivion.

Stopping Mass Killings in Africa

Author: Aaron Steffens
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 1478344903
Release Date: 2012-07-31
Genre: History

This monograph seeks to contribute to the urgent task of developing realistic strategies for preventing and stopping genocide and mass killings. Neither humanitarian operations in a passive environment nor combat operations serve as appropriate models for interventions geared specifically at stopping genocide. The concept of UN Charter, chapter 7 peace enforcement operations comes closest, but US, NATO, and UN doctrine on “peace enforcement” remains sketchy and ill-defined. The four case studies that comprise this monograph add an important ingredient to the literature on genocide intervention in that they provide “actionable” strategic and operational ideas. Drawing upon the experience of Somalia, Rwanda, and the Côte d'Ivoire, the authors present thoughtful recommendations for the future based on lessons derived from the past. Each case study presents an analysis of the patterns of genocide within specific historical and cultural settings, an assessment of the international and American response to deepening crises, and an array of recommendations for more effective intervention strategies compatible with limited domestic support for humanitarian interventions. All the contributors to this volume are keenly aware of and concerned about the ongoing genocide in Darfur; but given evolving developments in the region ranging from attacks on African Union (AU) peacekeepers to ongoing efforts to organize a more robust AU/UN hybrid peacekeeping operation (UN–AU Mission in Darfur), we felt that any assessment of intervention efforts in Sudan would be incomplete and partial at this time. Instead, we encourage readers to consult the Web sites of various organizations dedicated to providing timely information, analysis, and assessments of ongoing genocides, mass killings, and intervention efforts. The case studies in this volume draw upon Somalia, Rwanda, and the Côte d'Ivoire rather than Darfur because these earlier crises allow historical distance, enabling assessments that will have a longer shelf life than those based on an ongoing, unfolding crisis.