Geometric Algebra for Physicists

Author: Chris Doran
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139643146
Release Date: 2007-11-22
Genre: Science

Geometric algebra is a powerful mathematical language with applications across a range of subjects in physics and engineering. This book is a complete guide to the current state of the subject with early chapters providing a self-contained introduction to geometric algebra. Topics covered include new techniques for handling rotations in arbitrary dimensions, and the links between rotations, bivectors and the structure of the Lie groups. Following chapters extend the concept of a complex analytic function theory to arbitrary dimensions, with applications in quantum theory and electromagnetism. Later chapters cover advanced topics such as non-Euclidean geometry, quantum entanglement, and gauge theories. Applications such as black holes and cosmic strings are also explored. It can be used as a graduate text for courses on the physical applications of geometric algebra and is also suitable for researchers working in the fields of relativity and quantum theory.

Clifford Algebra

Author: John Snygg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198025863
Release Date: 1997-03-06
Genre: Mathematics

Clifford algebras have become an indispensable tool for physicists at the cutting edge of theoretical investigations. Applications in physics range from special relativity and the rotating top at one end of the spectrum, to general relativity and Dirac's equation for the electron at the other. Clifford algebras have also become a virtual necessity in some areas of physics, and their usefulness is expanding in other areas, such as algebraic manipulations involving Dirac matrices in quantum thermodynamics; Kaluza-Klein theories and dimensional renormalization theories; and the formation of superstring theories. This book, aimed at beginning graduate students in physics and math, introduces readers to the techniques of Clifford algebras.

Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus

Author: David Hestenes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9027725616
Release Date: 1987-08-31
Genre: Mathematics

Matrix algebra has been called "the arithmetic of higher mathematics" [Be]. We think the basis for a better arithmetic has long been available, but its versatility has hardly been appreciated, and it has not yet been integrated into the mainstream of mathematics. We refer to the system commonly called 'Clifford Algebra', though we prefer the name 'Geometric Algebra' suggested by Clifford himself. Many distinct algebraic systems have been adapted or developed to express geometric relations and describe geometric structures. Especially notable are those algebras which have been used for this purpose in physics, in particular, the system of complex numbers, the quaternions, matrix algebra, vector, tensor and spinor algebras and the algebra of differential forms. Each of these geometric algebras has some significant advantage over the others in certain applications, so no one of them provides an adequate algebraic structure for all purposes of geometry and physics. At the same time, the algebras overlap considerably, so they provide several different mathematical representations for individual geometrical or physical ideas.

A New Approach to Differential Geometry using Clifford s Geometric Algebra

Author: John Snygg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817682828
Release Date: 2011-12-08
Genre: Mathematics

Differential geometry is the study of the curvature and calculus of curves and surfaces. A New Approach to Differential Geometry using Clifford's Geometric Algebra simplifies the discussion to an accessible level of differential geometry by introducing Clifford algebra. This presentation is relevant because Clifford algebra is an effective tool for dealing with the rotations intrinsic to the study of curved space. Complete with chapter-by-chapter exercises, an overview of general relativity, and brief biographies of historical figures, this comprehensive textbook presents a valuable introduction to differential geometry. It will serve as a useful resource for upper-level undergraduates, beginning-level graduate students, and researchers in the algebra and physics communities.

Geometric Algebra with Applications in Science and Engineering

Author: Eduardo Bayro Corrochano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817641998
Release Date: 2001-04-20
Genre: Computers

This book is addressed to a broad audience of cyberneticists, computer scientists, engineers, applied physicists and applied mathematicians. The book offers several examples to clarify the importance of geometric algebra in signal and image processing, filtering and neural computing, computer vision, robotics and geometric physics. The contributions of this book will help the reader to greater understand the potential of geometric algebra for the design and implementation of real time artifical systems.

Differentialgeometrie Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662453001
Release Date: 2015-02-23
Genre: Science

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Exploring physics with Geometric Algebra

Author: Peeter Joot
Publisher: Peeter Joot
ISBN:
Release Date:
Genre: Science

This is an exploratory collection of notes containing worked examples of a number of applications of Geometric Algebra (GA), also known as Clifford Algebra. This writing is focused on undergraduate level physics concepts, with a target audience of somebody with an undergraduate engineering background (i.e. me at the time of writing.) These notes are more journal than book. You'll find lots of duplication, since I reworked some topics from scratch a number of times. In many places I was attempting to learn both the basic physics concepts as well as playing with how to express many of those concepts using GA formalisms. The page count proves that I did a very poor job of weeding out all the duplication. These notes are (dis)organized into the following chapters * Basics and Geometry. This chapter covers a hodge-podge collection of topics, including GA forms for traditional vector identities, Quaterions, Cauchy equations, Legendre polynomials, wedge product representation of a plane, bivector and trivector geometry, torque and more. A couple attempts at producing an introduction to GA concepts are included (none of which I was ever happy with.) * Projection. Here the concept of reciprocal frame vectors, using GA and traditional matrix formalisms is developed. Projection, rejection and Moore-Penrose (generalized inverse) operations are discussed. * Rotation. GA Rotors, Euler angles, spherical coordinates, blade exponentials, rotation generators, and infinitesimal rotations are all examined from a GA point of view. * Calculus. Here GA equivalents for a number of vector calculus relations are developed, spherical and hyperspherical volume parameterizations are derived, some questions about the structure of divergence and curl are examined, and tangent planes and normals in 3 and 4 dimensions are examined. Wrapping up this chapter is a complete GA formulation of the general Stokes theorem for curvilinear coordinates in Euclidean or non-Euclidean spaces is developed. * General Physics. This chapter introduces a bivector form of angular momentum (instead of a cross product), examines the components of radial velocity and acceleration, kinetic energy, symplectic structure, Newton's method, and a center of mass problem for a toroidal segment. * Relativity. This is a fairly incoherent chapter, including an attempt to develop the Lorentz transformation by requiring wave equation invariance, Lorentz transformation of the four-vector (STA) gradient, and a look at the relativistic doppler equation. * Electrodynamics. The GA formulation of Maxwell's equation (singular in GA) is developed here. Various basic topics of electrodynamics are examined using the GA toolbox, including the Biot-Savart law, the covariant form for Maxwell's equation (Space Time Algebra, or STA), four vectors and potentials, gauge invariance, TEM waves, and some Lienard-Wiechert problems. * Lorentz Force. Here the GA form of the Lorentz force equation and its relation to the usual vectorial representation is explored. This includes some application of boosts to the force equation to examine how it transforms under observe dependent conditions. * Electrodynamic stress energy. This chapter explores concepts of electrodynamic energy and momentum density and the GA representation of the Poynting vector and the stress-energy tensors. * Quantum Mechanics. This chapter includes a look at the Dirac Lagrangian, and how this can be cast into GA form. Properties of the Pauli and Dirac bases are explored, and how various matrix operations map onto their GA equivalents. A bivector form for the angular momentum operator is examined. A multivector form for the first few spherical harmonic eigenfunctions is developed. A multivector factorization of the three and four dimensional Laplacian and the angular momentum operators are derived. * Fourier treatments. Solutions to various PDE equations are attempted using Fourier series and transforms. Much of this chapter was exploring Fourier solutions to the GA form of Maxwell's equation, but a few other non-geometric algebra Fourier problems were also tackled.

Clifford Geometric Algebras

Author: William E. Baylis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461241041
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

This volume is an outgrowth of the 1995 Summer School on Theoretical Physics of the Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP), held in Banff, Alberta, in the Canadian Rockies, from July 30 to August 12,1995. The chapters, based on lectures given at the School, are designed to be tutorial in nature, and many include exercises to assist the learning process. Most lecturers gave three or four fifty-minute lectures aimed at relative novices in the field. More emphasis is therefore placed on pedagogy and establishing comprehension than on erudition and superior scholarship. Of course, new and exciting results are presented in applications of Clifford algebras, but in a coherent and user-friendly way to the nonspecialist. The subject area of the volume is Clifford algebra and its applications. Through the geometric language of the Clifford-algebra approach, many concepts in physics are clarified, united, and extended in new and sometimes surprising directions. In particular, the approach eliminates the formal gaps that traditionally separate clas sical, quantum, and relativistic physics. It thereby makes the study of physics more efficient and the research more penetrating, and it suggests resolutions to a major physics problem of the twentieth century, namely how to unite quantum theory and gravity. The term "geometric algebra" was used by Clifford himself, and David Hestenes has suggested its use in order to emphasize its wide applicability, and b& cause the developments by Clifford were themselves based heavily on previous work by Grassmann, Hamilton, Rodrigues, Gauss, and others.

Vektoranalysis

Author: Ilka Agricola
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783834896728
Release Date: 2010-05-30
Genre: Mathematics

Dieses Lehrbuch eignet sich als Fortsetzungskurs in Analysis nach den Grundvorlesungen im ersten Studienjahr. Die Vektoranalysis ist ein klassisches Teilgebiet der Mathematik mit vielfältigen Anwendungen, zum Beispiel in der Physik. Das Buch führt die Studierenden in die Welt der Differentialformen und Analysis auf Untermannigfaltigkeiten des Rn ein. Teile des Buches können auch sehr gut für Vorlesungen in Differentialgeometrie oder Mathematischer Physik verwendet werden. Der Text enthält viele ausführliche Beispiele mit vollständigem Lösungsweg, die zur Übung hilfreich sind. Zahlreiche Abbildungen veranschaulichen den Text. Am Ende jedes Kapitels befinden sich weitere Übungsaufgaben. In der ersten Auflage erschien das Buch unter dem Titel "Globale Analysis". Der Text wurde an vielen Stellen überarbeitet. Fast alle Bilder wurden neu erstellt. Inhaltliche Ergänzungen wurden u. a. in der Differentialgeometrie sowie der Elektrodynamik vorgenommen.

Clifford Geometric Algebras

Author: William E. Baylis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817638687
Release Date: 1996-08-22
Genre: Mathematics

This volume is an outgrowth of the 1995 Summer School on Theoretical Physics of the Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP), held in Banff, Alberta, in the Canadian Rockies, from July 30 to August 12,1995. The chapters, based on lectures given at the School, are designed to be tutorial in nature, and many include exercises to assist the learning process. Most lecturers gave three or four fifty-minute lectures aimed at relative novices in the field. More emphasis is therefore placed on pedagogy and establishing comprehension than on erudition and superior scholarship. Of course, new and exciting results are presented in applications of Clifford algebras, but in a coherent and user-friendly way to the nonspecialist. The subject area of the volume is Clifford algebra and its applications. Through the geometric language of the Clifford-algebra approach, many concepts in physics are clarified, united, and extended in new and sometimes surprising directions. In particular, the approach eliminates the formal gaps that traditionally separate clas sical, quantum, and relativistic physics. It thereby makes the study of physics more efficient and the research more penetrating, and it suggests resolutions to a major physics problem of the twentieth century, namely how to unite quantum theory and gravity. The term "geometric algebra" was used by Clifford himself, and David Hestenes has suggested its use in order to emphasize its wide applicability, and b& cause the developments by Clifford were themselves based heavily on previous work by Grassmann, Hamilton, Rodrigues, Gauss, and others.

Space Time Algebra

Author: David Hestenes
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 9783319184135
Release Date: 2015-04-25
Genre: Mathematics

This small book started a profound revolution in the development of mathematical physics, one which has reached many working physicists already, and which stands poised to bring about far-reaching change in the future. At its heart is the use of Clifford algebra to unify otherwise disparate mathematical languages, particularly those of spinors, quaternions, tensors and differential forms. It provides a unified approach covering all these areas and thus leads to a very efficient ‘toolkit’ for use in physical problems including quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, electromagnetism and relativity (both special and general) – only one mathematical system needs to be learned and understood, and one can use it at levels which extend right through to current research topics in each of these areas. These same techniques, in the form of the ‘Geometric Algebra’, can be applied in many areas of engineering, robotics and computer science, with no changes necessary – it is the same underlying mathematics, and enables physicists to understand topics in engineering, and engineers to understand topics in physics (including aspects in frontier areas), in a way which no other single mathematical system could hope to make possible. There is another aspect to Geometric Algebra, which is less tangible, and goes beyond questions of mathematical power and range. This is the remarkable insight it gives to physical problems, and the way it constantly suggests new features of the physics itself, not just the mathematics. Examples of this are peppered throughout ‘Space-Time Algebra’, despite its short length, and some of them are effectively still research topics for the future. From the Foreward by Anthony Lasenby

Geometric Algebra and Applications to Physics

Author: Venzo de Sabbata
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584887737
Release Date: 2006-12-07
Genre: Science

Bringing geometric algebra to the mainstream of physics pedagogy, Geometric Algebra and Applications to Physics not only presents geometric algebra as a discipline within mathematical physics, but the book also shows how geometric algebra can be applied to numerous fundamental problems in physics, especially in experimental situations. This reference begins with several chapters that present the mathematical fundamentals of geometric algebra. It introduces the essential features of postulates and their underlying framework; bivectors, multivectors, and their operators; spinor and Lorentz rotations; and Clifford algebra. The book also extends some of these topics into three dimensions. Subsequent chapters apply these fundamentals to various common physical scenarios. The authors show how Maxwell's equations can be expressed and manipulated via space-time algebra and how geometric algebra reveals electromagnetic waves' states of polarization. In addition, they connect geometric algebra and quantum theory, discussing the Dirac equation, wave functions, and fiber bundles. The final chapter focuses on the application of geometric algebra to problems of the quantization of gravity. By covering the powerful methodology of applying geometric algebra to all branches of physics, this book provides a pioneering text for undergraduate and graduate students as well as a useful reference for researchers in the field.