Geometric Graphs and Arrangements

Author: Stefan Felsner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783322803030
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Among the intuitively appealing aspects of graph theory is its close connection to drawings and geometry. The development of computer technology has become a source of motivation to reconsider these connections, in particular geometric graphs are emerging as a new subfield of graph theory. Arrangements of points and lines are the objects for many challenging problems and surprising solutions in combinatorial geometry. The book is a collection of beautiful and partly very recent results from the intersection of geometry, graph theory and combinatorics.

Algorithms ESA 2009

Author: Amos Fiat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642041273
Release Date: 2009-09-03
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2009, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in September 2009 in the context of the combined conference ALGO 2009. The 67 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected: 56 papers out of 222 submissions for the design and analysis track and 10 out of 36 submissions in the engineering and applications track. The papers are organized in topical sections on trees, geometry, mathematical programming, algorithmic game theory, navigation and routing, graphs and point sets, bioinformatics, wireless communiations, flows, matrices, compression, scheduling, streaming, online algorithms, bluetooth and dial a ride, decomposition and covering, algorithm engineering, parameterized algorithms, data structures, and hashing and lowest common ancestor.

Twentieth Anniversary Volume Discrete Computational Geometry

Author: Jacob E. Goodman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387873633
Release Date: 2009-03-02
Genre: Mathematics

This commemorative book contains the 28 major articles that appeared in the 2008 Twentieth Anniversary Issue of the journal Discrete & Computational Geometry, and presents a comprehensive picture of the current state of the field. The articles in this volume, a number of which solve long-outstanding problems in the field, were chosen by the editors of DCG for the importance of their results, for the breadth of their scope, and to show the intimate connections that have arisen between discrete and computational geometry and other areas of both computer science and mathematics. Apart from the articles, the editors present an expanded preface, along with a set of photographs of groups and individuals who have played a major role in the history of the field during the past twenty years.

Combinatorial Geometry and Its Algorithmic Applications

Author: János Pach
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821846919
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

Based on a lecture series given by the authors at a satellite meeting of the 2006 International Congress of Mathematicians and on many articles written by them and their collaborators, this volume provides a comprehensive up-to-date survey of several core areas of combinatorial geometry. It describes the beginnings of the subject, going back to the nineteenth century (if not to Euclid), and explains why counting incidences and estimating the combinatorial complexity of various arrangements of geometric objects became the theoretical backbone of computational geometry in the 1980s and 1990s. The combinatorial techniques outlined in this book have found applications in many areas of computer science from graph drawing through hidden surface removal and motion planning to frequency allocation in cellular networks. "Combinatorial Geometry and Its Algorithmic Applications" is intended as a source book for professional mathematicians and computer scientists as well as for graduate students interested in combinatorics and geometry. Most chapters start with an attractive, simply formulated, but often difficult and only partially answered mathematical question, and describes the most efficient techniques developed for its solution. The text includes many challenging open problems, figures, and an extensive bibliography.

Lectures in Geometric Combinatorics

Author: Rekha R. Thomas
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821841408
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Mathematics

This book presents a course in the geometry of convex polytopes in arbitrary dimension, suitable for an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate student. The book starts with the basics of polytope theory. Schlegel and Gale diagrams are introduced as geometric tools to visualize polytopes in high dimension and to unearth bizarre phenomena in polytopes. The heart of the book is a treatment of the secondary polytope of a point configuration and its connections to the state polytope of the toric ideal defined by the configuration. These polytopes are relatively recent constructs with numerous connections to discrete geometry, classical algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, and combinatorics.The connections rely on Grobner bases of toric ideals and other methods from commutative algebra. The book is self-contained and does not require any background beyond basic linear algebra. With numerous figures and exercises, it can be used as a textbook for courses on geometric, combinatorial, and computational aspects of the theory of polytopes.

Lectures on Discrete Geometry

Author: Ji?í Matoušek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387953736
Release Date: 2002-05-02
Genre: Mathematics

The main topics in this introductory text to discrete geometry include basics on convex sets, convex polytopes and hyperplane arrangements, combinatorial complexity of geometric configurations, intersection patterns and transversals of convex sets, geometric Ramsey-type results, and embeddings of finite metric spaces into normed spaces. In each area, the text explains several key results and methods.

Erd s Centennial

Author: László Lovász
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642392863
Release Date: 2014-01-24
Genre: Mathematics

Paul Erdös was one of the most influential mathematicians of the twentieth century, whose work in number theory, combinatorics, set theory, analysis, and other branches of mathematics has determined the development of large areas of these fields. In 1999, a conference was organized to survey his work, his contributions to mathematics, and the far-reaching impact of his work on many branches of mathematics. On the 100th anniversary of his birth, this volume undertakes the almost impossible task to describe the ways in which problems raised by him and topics initiated by him (indeed, whole branches of mathematics) continue to flourish. Written by outstanding researchers in these areas, these papers include extensive surveys of classical results as well as of new developments.

Computational Geometry

Author: Mark de Berg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540779735
Release Date: 2008-03-07
Genre: Computers

This introduction to computational geometry focuses on algorithms. Motivation is provided from the application areas as all techniques are related to particular applications in robotics, graphics, CAD/CAM, and geographic information systems. Modern insights in computational geometry are used to provide solutions that are both efficient and easy to understand and implement.

Matroids A Geometric Introduction

Author: Gary Gordon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521145688
Release Date: 2012-08-02
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This friendly introduction helps undergraduate students understand and appreciate matroid theory and its connections to geometry.

Computational Geometry

Author: Franco P. Preparata
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461210986
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

From the reviews: "This book offers a coherent treatment, at the graduate textbook level, of the field that has come to be known in the last decade or so as computational geometry. ... ... The book is well organized and lucidly written; a timely contribution by two founders of the field. It clearly demonstrates that computational geometry in the plane is now a fairly well-understood branch of computer science and mathematics. It also points the way to the solution of the more challenging problems in dimensions higher than two." #Mathematical Reviews#1 "... This remarkable book is a comprehensive and systematic study on research results obtained especially in the last ten years. The very clear presentation concentrates on basic ideas, fundamental combinatorial structures, and crucial algorithmic techniques. The plenty of results is clever organized following these guidelines and within the framework of some detailed case studies. A large number of figures and examples also aid the understanding of the material. Therefore, it can be highly recommended as an early graduate text but it should prove also to be essential to researchers and professionals in applied fields of computer-aided design, computer graphics, and robotics." #Biometrical Journal#2

Discrete and Computational Geometry

Author: Boris Aronov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642555664
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

An impressive collection of original research papers in discrete and computational geometry, contributed by many leading researchers in these fields, as a tribute to Jacob E. Goodman and Richard Pollack, two of the ‘founding fathers’ of the area, on the occasion of their 2/3 x 100 birthdays. The topics covered by the 41 papers provide professionals and graduate students with a comprehensive presentation of the state of the art in most aspects of discrete and computational geometry, including geometric algorithms, study of arrangements, geometric graph theory, quantitative and algorithmic real algebraic geometry, with important connections to algebraic geometry, convexity, polyhedral combinatorics, the theory of packing, covering, and tiling. The book serves as an invaluable source of reference in this discipline.

New Trends in Discrete and Computational Geometry

Author: Janos Pach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642580437
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Discrete and computational geometry are two fields which in recent years have benefitted from the interaction between mathematics and computer science. The results are applicable in areas such as motion planning, robotics, scene analysis, and computer aided design. The book consists of twelve chapters summarizing the most recent results and methods in discrete and computational geometry. All authors are well-known experts in these fields. They give concise and self-contained surveys of the most efficient combinatorical, probabilistic and topological methods that can be used to design effective geometric algorithms for the applications mentioned above. Most of the methods and results discussed in the book have not appeared in any previously published monograph. In particular, this book contains the first systematic treatment of epsilon-nets, geometric tranversal theory, partitions of Euclidean spaces and a general method for the analysis of randomized geometric algorithms. Apart from mathematicians working in discrete and computational geometry this book will also be of great use to computer scientists and engineers, who would like to learn about the most recent results.

Solving Mathematical Problems

Author: Terence Tao
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199205615
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Mathematics

Authored by a leading name in mathematics, this engaging and clearly presented text leads the reader through the tactics involved in solving mathematical problems at the Mathematical Olympiad level. With numerous exercises and assuming only basic mathematics, this text is ideal for students of14 years and above in pure mathematics.

Handbook of Computational Geometry

Author: J.R. Sack
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080529682
Release Date: 1999-12-13
Genre: Mathematics

Computational Geometry is an area that provides solutions to geometric problems which arise in applications including Geographic Information Systems, Robotics and Computer Graphics. This Handbook provides an overview of key concepts and results in Computational Geometry. It may serve as a reference and study guide to the field. Not only the most advanced methods or solutions are described, but also many alternate ways of looking at problems and how to solve them.