Topological and Algebraic Geometry Methods in Contemporary Mathematical Physics

Author: B. A. Dubrovin
ISBN: 1904868304
Release Date: 2004-01
Genre: Geometry, Algebraic

This volume is a classic survey of algebraic geometry and topological methods in various problems of mathematical physics and provides an excellent reference text for graduate students and researchers. The book is divided into three parts: the first part concerns Hamiltonian formalism and methods that generalise Morse for certain dynamical systems of physical origin; the second part presents algebraic geometry analysis of the Yang-Baxter equations for two-dimensional models; and finally, part three presents the theory of multidimensional theta functions of Abel, Riemann, Poincare in a form that is elementally and convenient for applications.

Surveys in Contemporary Mathematics

Author: Nicholas Young
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521705646
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Mathematics

A collection of articles showcasing the achievements of young Russian researchers in combinatorial and algebraic geometry and topology.

Categorification in Geometry Topology and Physics

Author: Anna Beliakova
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470428211
Release Date: 2017-02-21
Genre: Categories (Mathematics)

The emergent mathematical philosophy of categorification is reshaping our view of modern mathematics by uncovering a hidden layer of structure in mathematics, revealing richer and more robust structures capable of describing more complex phenomena. Categorification is a powerful tool for relating various branches of mathematics and exploiting the commonalities between fields. It provides a language emphasizing essential features and allowing precise relationships between vastly different fields. This volume focuses on the role categorification plays in geometry, topology, and physics. These articles illustrate many important trends for the field including geometric representation theory, homotopical methods in link homology, interactions between higher representation theory and gauge theory, and double affine Hecke algebra approaches to link homology. The companion volume (Contemporary Mathematics, Volume 683) is devoted to categorification and higher representation theory.

Compact Riemann Surfaces

Author: Jürgen Jost
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662034460
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Mathematics

This book is novel in its broad perspective on Riemann surfaces: the text systematically explores the connection with other fields of mathematics. The book can serve as an introduction to contemporary mathematics as a whole, as it develops background material from algebraic topology, differential geometry, the calculus of variations, elliptic PDE, and algebraic geometry. The book is unique among textbooks on Riemann surfaces in its inclusion of an introduction to Teichmüller theory. For this new edition, the author has expanded and rewritten several sections to include additional material and to improve the presentation.

Geometry and Topology Aarhus

Author: Karsten Grove
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821821589
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Mathematics

This volume includes both survey and research articles on major advances and future developments in geometry and topology. Papers include those presented as part of the 5th Aarhus Conference - a meeting of international participants held in connection with ICM Berlin in 1998 - and related papers on the subject. This collection of papers is aptly published in the ""Contemporary Mathematics"" series, as the works represent the state of research and address areas of future development in the area of manifold theory and geometry. The survey articles in particular would serve well as supplemental resources in related graduate courses.

Bridging Algebra Geometry and Topology

Author: Denis Ibadula
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319091860
Release Date: 2014-10-20
Genre: Mathematics

Algebra, geometry and topology cover a variety of different, but intimately related research fields in modern mathematics. This book focuses on specific aspects of this interaction. The present volume contains refereed papers which were presented at the International Conference “Experimental and Theoretical Methods in Algebra, Geometry and Topology”, held in Eforie Nord (near Constanta), Romania, during 20-25 June 2013. The conference was devoted to the 60th anniversary of the distinguished Romanian mathematicians Alexandru Dimca and Ştefan Papadima. The selected papers consist of original research work and a survey paper. They are intended for a large audience, including researchers and graduate students interested in algebraic geometry, combinatorics, topology, hyperplane arrangements and commutative algebra. The papers are written by well-known experts from different fields of mathematics, affiliated to universities from all over the word, they cover a broad range of topics and explore the research frontiers of a wide variety of contemporary problems of modern mathematics.

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Author: Sylvie Paycha
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821840627
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Mathematics

This volume, based on lectures and short communications at a summer school in Villa de Leyva, Colombia (July 2005), offers an introduction to some recent developments in several active topics at the interface between geometry, topology and quantum field theory. It is aimed at graduate students in physics or mathematics who might want insight in the following topics (covered in five survey lectures): Anomalies and noncommutative geometry, Deformation quantisation and Poisson algebras, Topological quantum field theory and orbifolds. These lectures are followed by nine articles on various topics at the borderline of mathematics and physics ranging from quasicrystals to invariant instantons through black holes, and involving a number of mathematical tools borrowed from geometry, algebra and analysis.

Geometry Topology and Mathematical Physics

Author: V. M. Buchstaber
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821836137
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains a selection of papers based on presentations given at the S. P. Novikov seminar held at the Steklov Mathematical Institute in Moscow. The topics and speakers were chosen by the well-known expert, S. P. Novikov, one of the leading mathematicians of the twentieth century. His diverse interests are the tradition of the seminar and are reflected in the topics presented in the book. The book begins with Novikov's paper analyzing the position of mathematics and theoretical physics at the beginning of the new millennium. Following is an interview with Novikov published in the ""Newsletter of the European Mathematical Society"" presenting the genesis of many of his ideas and his scientific school. The remaining articles address topics in geometry, topology, and mathematical physics. The volume is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in the corresponding areas of mathematics and physics.

Topics in Contemporary Mathematics

Author: Ignacio Bello
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285528892
Release Date: 2013-01-29
Genre: Mathematics

Written for the Math for Liberal Arts course, TOPICS IN CONTEMPORARY MATHEMATICS helps students see math at work in the world by presenting problem solving in purposeful and meaningful contexts. Many of the problems in the text demonstrate how math relates to subjects--such as sociology, psychology, business, and technology--that generally interest students. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Integrable Systems Topology and Physics

Author: Joel B Wolfe
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821829394
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Mathematics

Ideas and techniques from the theory of integrable systems are playing an increasingly important role in geometry. Thanks to the development of tools from Lie theory, algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, and topology, classical problems are investigated more systematically. New problems are also arising in mathematical physics. A major international conference was held at the University of Tokyo in July 2000. It brought together scientists in all of the areas influenced by integrable systems. This book is the second of three collections of expository and research articles. This volume focuses on topology and physics. The role of zero curvature equations outside of the traditional context of differential geometry has been recognized relatively recently, but it has been an extraordinarily productive one, and most of the articles in this volume make some reference to it.Symplectic geometry, Floer homology, twistor theory, quantum cohomology, and the structure of special equations of mathematical physics, such as the Toda field equations - all of these areas have gained from the integrable systems point of view and contributed to it. Many of the articles in this volume are written by prominent researchers and will serve as introductions to the topics. It is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in integrable systems and their relations to differential geometry, topology, algebraic geometry, and physics. The first volume from this conference, also available from the 'AMS', is ""Differential Geometry and Integrable Systems, Volume 308"" in the ""Contemporary Mathematics"" series. The forthcoming third volume will be published by the Mathematical Society of Japan and will be available outside of Japan from the 'AMS' in the ""Advanced Studies in Pure Mathematics"" series.

Geometric Topology

Author: Cameron Gordon
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821851821
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the conference.

Geometry Topology and Physics Second Edition

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0750306068
Release Date: 2003-06-04
Genre: Mathematics

Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.

Interactions Between Hyperbolic Geometry Quantum Topology and Number Theory

Author: Abhijit Champanerkar
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821849606
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

This book is based on a 10-day workshop given by leading experts in hyperbolic geometry, quantum topology and number theory, in June 2009 at Columbia University. Each speaker gave a minicourse consisting of three or four lectures aimed at graduate students and recent PhDs. The proceedings of this enormously successful workshop can serve as an introduction to this active research area in a way that is expository and broadly accessible to graduate students. Although many ideas overlap, the twelve expository/research papers in this volume can be grouped into four rough categories: (1) different approaches to the Volume Conjecture, and relations between the main quantum and geometric invariants; (2) the geometry associated to triangulations of hyperbolic 3-manifolds; (3) arithmetic invariants of hyperbolic 3-manifolds; (4) quantum invariants associated to knots and hyperbolic 3-manifolds. The workshop, the conference that followed, and these proceedings continue a long tradition in quantum and geometric topology of bringing together ideas from diverse areas of mathematics and physics, and highlights the importance of collaborative research in tackling big problems that require expertise in disparate disciplines.