Categorification in Geometry Topology and Physics

Author: Anna Beliakova
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470428211
Release Date: 2017-02-21
Genre: Categories (Mathematics)

The emergent mathematical philosophy of categorification is reshaping our view of modern mathematics by uncovering a hidden layer of structure in mathematics, revealing richer and more robust structures capable of describing more complex phenomena. Categorification is a powerful tool for relating various branches of mathematics and exploiting the commonalities between fields. It provides a language emphasizing essential features and allowing precise relationships between vastly different fields. This volume focuses on the role categorification plays in geometry, topology, and physics. These articles illustrate many important trends for the field including geometric representation theory, homotopical methods in link homology, interactions between higher representation theory and gauge theory, and double affine Hecke algebra approaches to link homology. The companion volume (Contemporary Mathematics, Volume 683) is devoted to categorification and higher representation theory.

Combinatorial Methods in Topology and Algebraic Geometry

Author: John R. Harper
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821850393
Release Date: 1985
Genre: Mathematics

This collection marks the recent resurgence of interest in combinatorial methods, resulting from their deep and diverse applications both in topology and algebraic geometry. Nearly thirty mathematicians met at the University of Rochester in 1982 to survey several of the areas where combinatorial methods are proving especially fruitful: topology and combinatorial group theory, knot theory, 3-manifolds, homotopy theory and infinite dimensional topology, and four manifolds and algebraic surfaces. This material is accessible to advanced graduate students with a general course in algebraic topology along with some work in combinatorial group theory and geometric topology, as well as to established mathematicians with interests in these areas.For both student and professional mathematicians, the book provides practical suggestions for research directions still to be explored, as well as the aesthetic pleasures of seeing the interplay between algebra and topology which is characteristic of this field. In several areas the book contains the first general exposition published on the subject. In topology, for example, the editors have included M. Cohen, W. Metzler and K. Sauerman's article on 'Collapses of $K\times I$ and group presentations' and Metzler's 'On the Andrews-Curtis-Conjecture and related problems'. In addition, J. M. Montesino has provided summary articles on both 3 and 4-manifolds.

Geometry and Topology Down Under

Author: Craig D. Hodgson
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821884805
Release Date: 2013-08-23
Genre: Mathematics

This book contains the proceedings of the conference Geometry & Topology Down Under, held July 11-22, 2011, at the University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, in honour of Hyam Rubinstein. The main topic of the book is low-dimensional geometry and topology. It includes both survey articles based on courses presented at the conferences and research articles devoted to important questions in low-dimensional geometry. Together, these contributions show how methods from different fields of mathematics contribute to the study of 3-manifolds and Gromov hyperbolic groups. It also contains a list of favorite problems by Hyam Rubinstein.

Compact Riemann Surfaces

Author: Jürgen Jost
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662034460
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Mathematics

This book is novel in its broad perspective on Riemann surfaces: the text systematically explores the connection with other fields of mathematics. The book can serve as an introduction to contemporary mathematics as a whole, as it develops background material from algebraic topology, differential geometry, the calculus of variations, elliptic PDE, and algebraic geometry. The book is unique among textbooks on Riemann surfaces in its inclusion of an introduction to Teichmüller theory. For this new edition, the author has expanded and rewritten several sections to include additional material and to improve the presentation.

Elements of Point Set Topology

Author: John D. Baum
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486668260
Release Date: 1964
Genre: Mathematics

Topology continues to be a topic of prime importance in contemporary mathematics, but until the publication of this book there were few if any introductions to topology for undergraduates. This book remedied that need by offering a carefully thought-out, graduated approach to point set topology at the undergraduate level. To make the book as accessible as possible, the author approaches topology from a geometric and axiomatic standpoint; geometric, because most students come to the subject with a good deal of geometry behind them, enabling them to use their geometric intuition; axiomatic, because it parallels the student's experience with modern algebra, and keeps the book in harmony with current trends in mathematics. After a discussion of such preliminary topics as the algebra of sets, Euler-Venn diagrams and infinite sets, the author takes up basic definitions and theorems regarding topological spaces (Chapter 1). The second chapter deals with continuous functions (mappings) and homeomorphisms, followed by two chapters on special types of topological spaces (varieties of compactness and varieties of connectedness). Chapter 5 covers metric spaces. Since basic point set topology serves as a foundation not only for functional analysis but also for more advanced work in point set topology and algebraic topology, the author has included topics aimed at students with interests other than analysis. Moreover, Dr. Baum has supplied quite detailed proofs in the beginning to help students approaching this type of axiomatic mathematics for the first time. Similarly, in the first part of the book problems are elementary, but they become progressively more difficult toward the end of the book. References have been supplied to suggest further reading to the interested student.

Topology of Algebraic Varieties and Singularities

Author: Anatoly Libgober
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821848906
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains invited expository and research papers from the conference Topology of Algebraic Varieties, in honor of Anatoly Libgober's 60th birthday, held June 22-26, 2009, in Jaca, Spain. The volume contains four parts corresponding to the four main focal points of the conference: algebraic geometry and fundamental groups, braids and knots, hyperplane arrangements, and singularities. Together, the papers provide an overview of the current status of a broad range of topological questions in Algebraic Geometry.

Topological and Algebraic Geometry Methods in Contemporary Mathematical Physics

Author: B. A. Dubrovin
Publisher:
ISBN: 1904868304
Release Date: 2004-01
Genre: Geometry, Algebraic

This volume is a classic survey of algebraic geometry and topological methods in various problems of mathematical physics and provides an excellent reference text for graduate students and researchers. The book is divided into three parts: the first part concerns Hamiltonian formalism and methods that generalise Morse for certain dynamical systems of physical origin; the second part presents algebraic geometry analysis of the Yang-Baxter equations for two-dimensional models; and finally, part three presents the theory of multidimensional theta functions of Abel, Riemann, Poincare in a form that is elementally and convenient for applications.

Topology and Geometry in Dimension Three

Author: William H. Jaco
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821852958
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains the proceedings of a conference held from June 4-6, 2010, at Oklahoma State University, in honor of William (Bus) Jaco's 70th birthday. His contributions to research in low dimensional geometry and topology and to the American mathematical community, especially through his work for the American Mathematical Society, were recognized during the conference. The focus of the conference was on triangulations and geometric structures for three-dimensional manifolds. The papers in this volume present significant new results on these topics, as well as in geometric group theory.

Riemann Topology and Physics

Author: Michael Monastyrsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781489935144
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

Soviet citizens can buy Monastyrsky's biography of Riemann for eleven kopeks. This translated edition will cost considerably more, but it is still good value for the money. And we get Monastyrsky's monograph on topological methods in the bargain. It was a good idea of Birkhiiuser Boston to publish the two translations in one volume. The economics of publishing in a capitalist country make it impossible for us to produce the small cheap paperback booklets, low in quality of paper and high in quality of scholarship, at which the Soviet publishing industry excels. Monastyrsky's two booklets are out standing examples of the genre. By putting them together, Birkhiiuser has enabled them to fit into the Western book-marketing system. The two booklets were written separately and each is complete in itself, but they complement each other beautifully. The Riemann biography is short and terse, like Riemann's own writings. It describes in few words and fewer equations the revolutionary ideas which Riemann brought into mathematics and physics a hundred and twenty years ago. The topological methods booklet describes how some of these same ideas, after lying dormant for a century, found new and fruitful applications in the physics of our own time.

Bridging Algebra Geometry and Topology

Author: Denis Ibadula
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319091860
Release Date: 2014-10-20
Genre: Mathematics

Algebra, geometry and topology cover a variety of different, but intimately related research fields in modern mathematics. This book focuses on specific aspects of this interaction. The present volume contains refereed papers which were presented at the International Conference “Experimental and Theoretical Methods in Algebra, Geometry and Topology”, held in Eforie Nord (near Constanta), Romania, during 20-25 June 2013. The conference was devoted to the 60th anniversary of the distinguished Romanian mathematicians Alexandru Dimca and Ştefan Papadima. The selected papers consist of original research work and a survey paper. They are intended for a large audience, including researchers and graduate students interested in algebraic geometry, combinatorics, topology, hyperplane arrangements and commutative algebra. The papers are written by well-known experts from different fields of mathematics, affiliated to universities from all over the word, they cover a broad range of topics and explore the research frontiers of a wide variety of contemporary problems of modern mathematics.

Topics in Contemporary Mathematical Physics

Author: Kai S Lam
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814667821
Release Date: 2015-09-17
Genre: Science

This new (second) edition contains a general treatment of quantum field theory (QFT) in a simple scalar field setting in addition to the modern material on the applications of differential geometry and topology, group theory, and the theory of linear operators to physics found in the first edition. All these are introduced without assuming more background on the part of the reader than a good foundation in undergraduate (junior) level mathematical physics. The new material entirely focuses on an introduction to quantum field theory, emphasizing the Feynman path (functional integral) approach to QFT and the renormalization group. With respect to the latter, the focus is on an introduction of its application to critical phenomena in statistical physics, following the outgrowth of the Callan–Symanzik equation originally developed in the context of high energy physics, and the seminal contributions of Kenneth Wilson. One of the overriding aims of the new material is also to draw students' attention to the deep connections between high energy physics and statistical mechanics. The unavoidable technical aspects are explained with a minimum of prerequisite material and jargon, and conceptual understanding is always given prominence before mastery of technical details, but the importance of the latter is never underestimated. Derivational details and motivational discussions are provided in abundance in order to ensure continuity of reading, and to avoid trying the readers' patience.

Surveys in Contemporary Mathematics

Author: Nicholas Young
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521705646
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Mathematics

A collection of articles showcasing the achievements of young Russian researchers in combinatorial and algebraic geometry and topology.