Author: William Reppy Jr.
Release Date: 2006-09-26
The subjects discussed in this Community Property outline include classifying property as community or separate, management and control of property, liability for debts, and division of property at divorce. Also covered are devolution of property at death, relationships short of valid marriage, conflict of laws problems, and constitutional law issues (including equal protection standards, and due process issues).
Author: Herma Hill Kay
Publisher: Gilberts Law Summaries
Release Date: 2004-01-01
The topics covered in this Conflict of Laws outline include domicile, jurisdiction (including notice and opportunity to be heard, minimum contacts, and types of jurisdiction), choice of law (including vested rights approach, most significant relationship approach, and governmental interest analysis), and choice of law in specific substantive areas. Also included are traditional defenses against application of foreign law, constitutional limitations and overriding federal law (including Due Process Clause, Full Faith and Credit Clause, and conflict between state and federal law), and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.
This outline clearly examines the full range of issues that arise in classes focused on business organizations. The central distinctions among business forms such as general and limited partnerships, limited liability corporations as well as close and public corporations. Both federal and state statutes that regulate the affairs of corporations are examined. The legal requirements for their formation, operation and management. Also includes shareholders' right to inspect records, shareholders' suits, capitalization, dividends, redemption of shares, fundamental changes in corporate structure, and applicable conflict of laws principles. Contemporary practices and legal provisions addressing corporate governance are described. Special attention is given to the fiduciary obligations of owners and managers as well as the governance rights of shareholders. The materials provide detailed coverage of the federal provisions addressing proxy solicitations, insider trading, disclosure requirements and the scope of the anti-fraud provision Rule 10b-5. The outline provides comprehensive treatment of a wide range of mergers and acquisition issues including the procedural requirements to effect acquisitions, the fiduciary obligations to defend and transfer control, and the intricate case law surrounding self-dealing acquisitions.
Author: James E. Krier
Publisher: Gilberts Law Summaries
Release Date: 2006
The subjects discussed in this outline are possession (including wild animals, bailments, and adverse possession), gifts and sales of personal property, freehold possessory estates, and future interests (including reversion, possibility of reverter, right of entry, executory interests, and rule against perpetuities). Also included are tenancy in common, joint tenancy, and tenancy by the entirety, condominiums, cooperatives, marital property, landlord and tenant, and easements and covenants. This outline also covers nuisance, rights in airspace and water, right to support, zoning, eminent domain, sale of land (including mortgage, deed, and warranties of title), and methods of title assurance
Author: Erika De Wet
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2012-02-16
This book takes an inductive approach to the question of whether there is a hierarchy in international law, with human rights obligations trumping other duties. It assesses the extent to which such a hierarchy can be said to exist through an analysis of the case law of national courts. Each chapter of the book examines domestic case law on an issue where human rights obligations conflict with another international law requirement, to see whether national courts gave precedence to human rights. If this is shown to be the case, it would lend support to the argument that the international legal order is moving toward a vertical legal system, with human rights at its apex. In resolving conflicts between human rights obligations and other areas of international law, the practice of judicial bodies, both domestic and international, is crucial. Judicial practice indicates that norm conflicts typically manifest themselves in situations where human rights obligations are at odds with other international obligations, such as immunities; extradition and refoulement; trade and investment law; and environmental protection. This book sets out and analyses the relevant case law in all of these areas.
Author: Emily Crawford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2010-01-14
On the recent US treatment of detainees in Guantanamo Bay in the "War on Terror", this book draws on considerable legal precedent, legal theory, and policy arguments to make the case that it is time for the law relating to the regulation of armed conflicts to be more uniformly applied. Readership: Scholars of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and international criminal law; post-graduate students; practitioners in these areas.
Author: Melvin A. Eisenberg
Publisher: Gilberts Law Summaries
Release Date: 2002-01-01
This Contracts outline discusses consideration (including promissory estoppel and moral or past consideration), mutual assent, defenses (including mistake, fraud, duress, unconscionability, statute of frauds, and illegality), third-party beneficiaries, and assignment of rights and delgation of duties. It also covers conditions, substantial performance, material v. minor breach, anticipatory breach, impossibility, discharge, and remedies (including damages, specific performance, and liquidated damages).
Author: Virginia Woolf
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2015
Genre: Literary Collections
'Intellectual freedom depends on material things. Poetry depends on intellectual freedom. And women have always been poor...'In these two classic essays of feminist literature, Woolf argues passionately for women's intellectual freedom and their role in challenging the drive towards fascism and conflict. In A Room of One's Own she explores centuries of limitations placed on women, as well as celebrating the creativeachievements of the women writers who overcame these obstacles.In this first history of women's writing, she describes the importance of education, financial independence, and equality of opportunity to creative freedom. ThreeGuineas was written under the threat of fascism and impending war. A radical articulation of Woolf's pacifist politics, it investigates the causes of gender inequalities and the ways in which women's historic outsider position make them crucial in the prevention of war. Both these works started life as talks to groups of young women, and their engaging wit and informality establish Woolf as one of the twentieth-century's greatest essayists. Their argumentscontinue to reverberate in feminist discourse to this day.
Author: James Freeland
Publisher: Foundation Press
Release Date: 2018-08-03
Adopted at over 100 schools, this casebook provides detailed information on federal income taxation, with specific assignments to the Internal Revenue Code, selected cases, and administrative rulings from the Internal Revenue Service. The revised and updated Nineteenth Edition retains the book's long standing format and much of its prior materials, but it is updated to reflect recent events including all legislative developments, especially the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Pub. L. 115-97). The new edition contains coverage of the provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, including the following significant changes: (1) rate reductions for individuals, including a significant rate reduction for business income earned in pass-through entities, (2) changes liberalizing the cost recovery system (including §§ 179 and 168(k)), (3) restrictions on the home mortgage interest deduction and deduction for state and local taxes, (4) the elimination of the deduction for most entertainment expenditures, (5) the non-deductibility of miscellaneous itemized deductions and the effect of that change on other areas of deductions, (6) a new limitation on the deductibility of business interest, (7) a new limitation on excess business losses of noncorporate taxpayers, (8) repeal of the rules for alimony and separate maintenance payments after 2018, (9) the significant increase in the standard deduction and elimination of the exemption deduction, (10) changes in the accrual method of accounting, (11) the increase and expansion of the child tax credit, (12) a new 60% limitation applicable to cash gifts to public charities, (13) new rules limiting like-kind exchanges to real property exchanges, (14) "simplification" of the kiddie tax, and (15) increased exemption amounts under the alternative minimum tax which make the tax applicable to fewer individuals.
Author: Glenn Patmore
Publisher: ANU Press
Release Date: 2014-12-24
Law and Democracy: Contemporary Questions provides a fresh understanding of law’s regulation of Australian democracy. The book enriches public law scholarship, deepening and challenging the current conceptions of law’s regulation of popular participation and legal representation. The book raises and addresses a number of contemporary questions about legal institutions, principles and practices: How should the meaning of ‘the people’ in the Australian Constitution be defined by the High Court of Australia?How do developing judicial conceptions of democracy define citizenship?What is the legal right to participate in the political community?Should political advisors to Ministers be subject to legal accountability mechanisms?What challenges do applied law schemes pose to notions of responsible government and how can they be best addressed?How can the study of the ritual of electoral politics in Australia and other common law countries supplement the standard account of democracy?How might the ritual of the pledge of Australian citizenship limit or enhance democratic participation?What is the conflict between legal restrictions of freedom of expression and democracy, and the role of social media? Examining the regulation of democracy, this book scrutinises the assumptions and scope of constitutional democracy and enhances our understanding of the frontiers of accountability and responsible government. In addition, key issues of law, culture and democracy are revealed in their socio-legal context. The book brings together emerging and established scholars and practitioners with expertise in public law. It will be of interest to those studying law, politics, cultural studies and contemporary history.