On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics

Author: Michael J. Selgelid
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 9781925021349
Release Date: 2013-12-19
Genre: Philosophy

Claims about the transformations enabled by modern science and medicine have been accompanied by an unsettling question in recent years: might the knowledge being produced undermine – rather than further – human and animal well being? On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics examines the potential for the skills, know-how, information, and techniques associated with modern biology to serve contrasting ends. In recognition of the moral ambiguity of science and technology, each chapter considers steps that might be undertaken to prevent the deliberate spread of disease. Central to achieving this aim is the consideration of what role ethics might serve. To date, the ethical analysis of the themes of this volume has been limited. This book remedies this situation by bringing together contributors from a broad range of backgrounds to address a highly important ethical issue confronting humanity during the 21st century.

Ethical Issues in Pediatric Organ Transplantation

Author: Rebecca A. Greenberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319291857
Release Date: 2016-05-25
Genre: Philosophy

This book offers a theoretical and practical overview of the specific ethical and legal issues in pediatric organ transplantation. Written by a team of leading experts, Ethical Issues in Pediatric Organ Transplantation addresses those difficult ethical questions concerning clinical, organizational, legal and policy issues including donor, recipient and allocation issues. Challenging topics, including children as donors, donation after cardiac death, misattributed paternity, familial conflicts of interest, developmental disability as a listing criteria, small bowel transplant, and considerations in navigating the media are discussed. It serves as a fundamental handbook and resource for pediatricians, transplant health care professionals, trainees, graduate students, scholars, practitioners of bioethics and health policy makers.

Rails AntiPatterns

Author: Chad Pytel
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 0132660067
Release Date: 2010-11-09
Genre: Computers

The Complete Guide to Avoiding and Fixing Common Rails 3 Code and Design Problems As developers worldwide have adopted the powerful Ruby on Rails web framework, many have fallen victim to common mistakes that reduce code quality, performance, reliability, stability, scalability, and maintainability. Rails™ AntiPatterns identifies these widespread Rails code and design problems, explains why they’re bad and why they happen—and shows exactly what to do instead. The book is organized into concise, modular chapters—each outlines a single common AntiPattern and offers detailed, cookbook-style code solutions that were previously difficult or impossible to find. Leading Rails developers Chad Pytel and Tammer Saleh also offer specific guidance for refactoring existing bad code or design to reflect sound object-oriented principles and established Rails best practices. With their help, developers, architects, and testers can dramatically improve new and existing applications, avoid future problems, and establish superior Rails coding standards throughout their organizations. This book will help you understand, avoid, and solve problems with Model layer code, from general object-oriented programming violations to complex SQL and excessive redundancy Domain modeling, including schema and database issues such as normalization and serialization View layer tools and conventions Controller-layer code, including RESTful code Service-related APIs, including timeouts, exceptions, backgrounding, and response codes Third-party code, including plug-ins and gems Testing, from test suites to test-driven development processes Scaling and deployment Database issues, including migrations and validations System design for “graceful degradation” in the real world

The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Author: Peter J. Hogarth
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191025914
Release Date: 2015-05-14
Genre: Science

Mangroves and seagrasses form extensive and highly productive ecosystems that are both biologically diverse and economically valuable. This book, now in its third edition and fully updated throughout, continues to provide a current and comprehensive introduction to all aspects of the biology and ecology of mangroves and seagrasses. Using a global range of examples and case studies, it describes the unique adaptations of these plants to their exacting environments; the rich and diverse communities of organisms that depend on mangrove forests and seagrass meadows (including tree-climbing shrimps, synchronously flashing fireflies, and 'gardening' seacows); the links between mangrove, seagrass, and other habitats; and the evolution, biodiversity, and biogeography of mangroves and seagrasses. The economic value of mangroves and seagrasses is also discussed, including approaches to rational management of these vital resources and techniques for the restoration of degraded habitats. A final chapter, new to this edition, examines the potential effects of global climate change including sea level rise. As with other titles in the Biology of Habitats Series, particular emphasis is placed on the organisms that dominate these fascinating aquatic ecosystems although pollution, conservation, and experimental aspects are also considered. This accessible textbook assumes no previous knowledge of mangrove or seagrass ecology and is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students, as well as professional ecologists, conservation practitioners, and resource managers.

Push It to Move It Lessons Learned from a Career in Nuclear Project Management

Author: David Amerine
Publisher: Page Publishing Inc
ISBN: 9781682892091
Release Date: 2016-08-08
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Amerine Book Synopsis What started out as an Ethic Will for my family and friends, then morphed into a memoire of sorts, has become a record of my experiences in the nuclear industry over a 45 year career. These experiences include recoveries of multi-billion dollar projects and changing the cultures in those organizations under a variety of very difficult circumstances. The approaches, which include successes and failures, led to a philosophy that can be applied across the industrial complex for projects, facilities, and plant organizations that find themselves in some form of exigency. Those same guidelines can be used to avoid the issues that result in those large problems. There are engineers, mid to upper-level managers, project managers, and executives who could benefit from hearing about the lessons learned in these endeavors under trying circumstances. Even though my experiences were in the Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Complex and the commercial nuclear industry, the approaches taken have broad application beyond those areas. Although there were technical issues at the center of each one of the troubled facilities where I was a member of the leadership team or the leader brought in to affect the recovery, the core issues were communication, accountability, and leadership. What I learned and put into practice can be of benefit to any executive, project manager, or leader of complex plants or projects regardless of the size or nature of the operation. The challenge is to infuse the organization with a sense of purpose and commitment. To do this usually requires some change from the existing culture to new thought processes. This takes vision and leadership and knowing what tools to apply and when to apply them. I was at ground zero in the nuclear industry for two major changes in human management, fitness for duty and safety conscious work environment (SCWE). The cutting edge practices put in place led the way in the industry and helped form the regulations in those areas. I discuss my experiences in the implementation and nurturing of the SCWE. There are lots of guidance (now) in Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and DOE regulations and procedures about the SCWE. However, I am not aware of any published first hand experience record of what worked and what did not work in establishing that aspect of the organization safety culture. Over the years I have had many colleagues suggest that I should document my experiences, approaches, and methods in a book or manuscript. I never had the time before I retired and the reflection on my life and philosophies for an Ethic Will led me to the conclusion that such a document of my career might be of benefit to others.

The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics

Author: Peter A. Singer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139468213
Release Date: 2008-01-31
Genre: Medical

Medicine and health care generate many bioethical problems and dilemmas that are of great academic, professional and public interest. This comprehensive resource is designed as a succinct yet authoritative text and reference for clinicians, bioethicists, and advanced students seeking a better understanding of ethics problems in the clinical setting. Each chapter illustrates an ethical problem that might be encountered in everyday practice; defines the concepts at issue; examines their implications from the perspectives of ethics, law and policy; and then provides a practical resolution. There are 10 key sections presenting the most vital topics and clinically relevant areas of modern bioethics. International, interdisciplinary authorship and cross-cultural orientation ensure suitability for a worldwide audience. This book will assist all clinicians in making well-reasoned and defensible decisions by developing their awareness of ethical considerations and teaching the analytical skills to deal with them effectively.

The Dodge Brothers

Author: Charles K. Hyde
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 0814332463
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

The first comprehensive biography of John and Horace Dodge and the history of their company, Dodge Brothers.

Finding Meaning in the Second Half of Life

Author: James Hollis
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101216697
Release Date: 2005-05-05
Genre: Self-Help

What does it really mean to be a grown up in today’s world? We assume that once we “get it together” with the right job, marry the right person, have children, and buy a home, all is settled and well. But adulthood presents varying levels of growth, and is rarely the respite of stability we expected. Turbulent emotional shifts can take place anywhere between the age of thirty-five and seventy when we question the choices we’ve made, realize our limitations, and feel stuck— commonly known as the “midlife crisis.” Jungian psycho-analyst James Hollis believes it is only in the second half of life that we can truly come to know who we are and thus create a life that has meaning. In Finding Meaning in the Second Half of Life, Hollis explores the ways we can grow and evolve to fully become ourselves when the traditional roles of adulthood aren’t quite working for us, revealing a new way of uncovering and embracing our authentic selves. Offering wisdom to anyone facing a career that no longer seems fulfilling, a long-term relationship that has shifted, or family transitions that raise issues of aging and mortality, Finding Meaning in the Second Half of Life provides a reassuring message and a crucial bridge across this critical passage of adult development.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Author: André Brunoni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319339672
Release Date: 2016-09-12
Genre: Medical

The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in different psychiatric conditions. Here we review tDCS clinical studies employing different types of design (from single-session tDCS studies to randomized clinical trials) as well as studies evaluating the impact of tDCS in neurophysiological, behavioral and brain imaging outcomes. Although the understanding about physiological foundations and effectiveness of clinical therapies of psychiatric diseases has been considerably increased during the last decades, our knowledge is still limited, and consequently psychiatric diseases are still a major burden to the individual patient and society. Recently, interest in pathological alterations of neuroplasticity in psychiatric diseases as a critical condition for development, and amelioration of clinical symptoms increased, caused by the fact that new tools, such as functional imaging, and brain stimulation techniques do allow to monitor, and modulate these phenomena in humans. Especially non-invasive brain stimulation techniques evolved as an attractive potential new therapeutic tool. The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation has grown exponentially in the past 25 years, with the development of non-pharmacological, neuromodulatory techniques such as tDCS and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TDCS, although even newer than rTMS, has attracted considerable attention in both basic and clinical research scenarios. In the context of clinical research, tDCS is being increasingly investigated as a novel treatment tool for several psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and neurocognitive and substance abuse disorders. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Clinical Principles and Management intends to serve as a practical guide on the field, attracting the interest of psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists with little or no experience with tDCS, as well as those with a background on tDCS who want to increase their knowledge in any particular psychiatric condition.

Principles of Addictions and the Law

Author: Norman S. Miller
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124967361
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Computers

The book includes an examination of sources of law important to addiction and its treatment. The foundations for forensic work in professional legal testimony is explored (e.g., legal system, case law precedent, statutes governing addictions, civil and criminal procedures). The science of addiction is featured including the biology of addiction, addiction as a brain disease, responsibility vs. loss of control, development of addictions, and the role of genetics and environment. Drug testing, its uses with forensic populations, what the tests show and do not show, controversies in using tests in the general population also receives extensive treatment. Addiction and mental illness in forensic populations is highlighted for addiction treatment and continuing care. Case studies and landmark cases illustrate the role of alcohol, drug use, and addictions in legal decisions. *Focused primarily on alcohol and drug addictions *Case studies and landmark cases are included to illustrate the role of alcohol/drugs in legal decisions (e.g., the Exxon Valdez case) *Brief overview of legal system and drug courts will be useful to clinicans, lawyers, administrators, and other professionals

The Rise of Fashion and Lessons Learned at Bergdorf Goodman

Author: Ira Neimark
Publisher: Fairchild Books
ISBN: 1609013182
Release Date: 2011-10-11
Genre: Design

From lavish events attended by high-profile personalities such as Princess Diana, Margaret Thatcher, Jacqueline Onassis, and Yves Saint Laurent to the latest creative ventures of Marc Jacobs, Donna Karan, Michael Kors, and Donald Trump, Ira Neimark, the legendary leader of fashion luxury retail, recounts how he and his talented fashion and merchandising team brought Bergdorf Goodman to its leadership position--an approach, he shows, that continues to inform the most successful designers and business leaders today. While his personal anecdotes focus on how and why Bergdorf helped build the fashion industry during one of the most exciting periods in its history--the late sixties through the early nineties--the author also shares his views on how contemporary retailers have increased profits by skimping on service, resulting in the loss of customer loyalty. The Rise of Fashion and Lessons Learned at Bergdorf Goodman is a valuable resource for anyone who aspires to succeed in the business of luxury fashion.

Auditing IT Infrastructures for Compliance

Author: Martin Weiss
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9781284090703
Release Date: 2015-07-10
Genre: Computers

The Second Edition of Auditing IT Infrastructures for Compliance provides a unique, in-depth look at recent U.S. based Information systems and IT infrastructures compliance laws in both the public and private sector. Written by industry experts, this book provides a comprehensive explanation of how to audit IT infrastructures for compliance based on the laws and the need to protect and secure business and consumer privacy data. Using examples and exercises, this book incorporates hands-on activities to prepare readers to skillfully complete IT compliance auditing.

Professionalism and Ethics

Author: Laura Weiss Roberts
Publisher: Amer Psychiatric Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 1585622443
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Medical

An interactive, case-oriented approach to mental health ethics, this resource consists of questions and answers that draw on the personal experience of 16 experts involved in the care of people with mental illness, in mental health research, and in clinical training.

Demystifying Trusts in South Africa

Author: Phia Van Der Spuy
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1977970915
Release Date: 2017-10-04

If you knew you were going to die tonight, would your loved ones have enough money to cope financially until your estate is wound up? Do you know how much Capital Gains Tax and Estate Duty your estate would pay? Would there be enough cash or liquidity in your estate to pay the different costs that would arise? Many people believe that estate planning is having a will, but this is just one part of the plan. During our lifetimes, as individuals, entrepreneurs, property investors, business owners and wealth creators, we all face the risk of divorce, legal action, business failure, large tax liabilities, and claims by third parties. More than 90% of business owners close their doors within five to seven years of opening them. For those facing liquidation, up to 98% are stripped of all their personal assets resulting from sureties and guarantees they signed as business owners. They are left with nothing. The number one wealth preservation rule is asset protection. Most of the wealthy do not own a cent. They control their businesses, properties and other assets through trusts. A trust will help you to separate your assets from your property investment debt, your business interests and/or your other financial risks. If you own a business, sizeable investments and/or other assets, then you might want to pay attention. You cannot afford not to set up a trust. This book will take you through the process of setting up the right kind of trust within the correct structures, so that you can protect your assets and take care of your family, during your lifetime and long after your death.