Globalisation – the global movement, and control, of products, capital, technologies, persons and images – increasingly takes place through the work of organisations, perhaps the most powerful of which are multinational corporations. Based in an ethnographic analysis of cross-cultural social interactions in everyday workplace practices at a subsidiary of an elite, Japanese consumer electronics multinational in France, this book intimately examines, and theorises, contemporary global dynamics. Japanese corporate ‘know-how’ is described not simply as the combination of technological innovation riding on financial ‘clout’ but as a reflection of Japanese social relations, powerfully expressed in Japanese organisational dynamics. The book details how Japanese organisational power does and does not adapt in overseas settings: how Japanese managers and engineers negotiate conflicts between their understanding of appropriate practices with those of local, non-Japanese staff – in this case, French managers and engineers – who hold their own distinctive cultural and organisational inclinations in the workplace. The book argues that the insights provided by the intimate study of persons interacting within and across organisations is crucial to a fulsome understanding of globalisation. This is assisted, further, by a grounded examination of how ‘networks’– as social constructions – are both expanded and bounded, a move which assists in collapsing the common reliance on micro and macro levels of analysis in considering global phenomena. The book poses important theoretical and methodological challenges for organisational studies as well as for analysis of the forces of globalisation by anthropologists and other social scientists.
This book examines Japanese tourism and travel, both today and in the past, showing how over hundreds of years a distinct culture of travel developed, and exploring how this has permeated the perceptions and traditions of Japanese society. It considers the diverse dimensions of modern tourism including appropriation and consumption of history, nostalgia, identity, domesticated foreignness, and the search for authenticity and invention of tradition. Japanese people are one of the most widely travelling peoples in the world both historically and in contemporary times. What may be understood as incipient mass tourism started around the 17th century in various forms (including religious pilgrimages) long before it became a prevalent cultural phenomenon in the West. Within Asia, Japan has long remained the main tourist sending society since the beginning of the 20th century when it started colonising Asian countries. In 2005, some 17.8 million Japanese travelled overseas across Europe, Asia, the South Pacific and America. In recent times, however, tourist demands are fast growing in other Asian countries such as Korea and China. Japan is not only consuming other Asian societies and cultures, it is also being consumed by them in tourist contexts. This book considers the patterns of travelling of the Japanese, examining travel inside and outside the Japanese archipelago and how tourist demands inside influence and shape patterns of travel outside the country. Overall, this book draws important insights for understanding the phenomenon of tourism on the one hand and the nature of Japanese society and culture on the other.
Author: Christoph Brumann
Release Date: 2009-12-16
This book examines the making of heritage in contemporary Japan, investigating the ways in which particular objects, practices and institutions are ascribed public recognition and political significance. Through detailed ethnographic and historical case studies, it analyses the social, economic, and even global political dimensions of cultural heritage. It shows how claims to heritage status in Japan stress different material qualities of objects, places and people - based upon their ages, originality and usage. Following on an introduction that thoroughly assesses the field, the ethnographic and historiographic case studies range from geisha; noh masks; and the tea ceremony; urban architecture; automata; a utopian commune and the sites of Mitsubishi company history. They examine how their heritage value is made and re-made, and appraise the construction of heritage in cases where the heritage value resides in the very substance of the object’s material composition - for example, in architecture, landscapes and designs - and show how the heritage industry adds values to existing assets: such as sacredness, urban charm or architectural and ethnic distinctiveness. The book questions the interpretation of material heritage as an enduring expression of social relations, aesthetic values and authenticity which, once conferred, undergoes no subsequent change, and standard dismissals of heritage as merely a tool for enshrining the nation; supporting the powerful; fostering nostalgic escapism; or advancing capitalist exploitation. Finally, it considers the role of people as agents of heritage production, and analyses the complexity of the relationships between people and objects. This book is a rigorous assessment of how conceptions of Japanese heritage have been forged, and provides a wealth of evidence that questions established assumptions on the nature and social roles of heritage.
Author: Luis Frois SJ
Release Date: 2014-03-14
Genre: Social Science
In 1585, at the height of Jesuit missionary activity in Japan, which was begun by Francis Xavier in 1549, Luis Frois, a long-time missionary in Japan, drafted the earliest systematic comparison of Western and Japanese cultures. This book constitutes the first critical English-language edition of the 1585 work, the original of which was discovered in the Royal Academy of History in Madrid after the Second World War. The book provides a translation of the text, which is not a continuous narrative, but rather more than 600 distichs or brief couplets on subjects such as gender, child rearing, religion, medicine, eating, horses, writing, ships and seafaring, architecture, and music and drama. In addition, the book includes a substantive introduction and other editorial material to explain the background and also to make comparisons with present-day Japanese life. Overall, the book represents an important primary source for understanding a particularly challenging period of history and its connection to contemporary Europe and Japan.
Release Date: 2005
Genre: American literature
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Author: Stephan Köhn
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Release Date: 2007
Die vielseitigen Arbeitsgebiete und Fragestellungen des modernen kulturwissenschaftlichen Japan-Diskurses stehen auch in diesem zweiten Band im Mittelpunkt. Vier der insgesamt sieben Beitrage beschaftigen sich mit der japanischen Gegenwartskultur: der Inszenierung japanischchinesischer Begegnungen in Film und Fernsehen; den kulturbedingten Lesarten des Mediums Film anhand von Miikes Werk "Audition"; den Moglichkeiten und Grenzen des Manga als historisch "realistisches" Medium am Fall von Nakazawa Keijis "Barfuss durch Hiroshima"; dem Erfolgsrezept der Sangerin Nakajima Miyuki in Japans schnelllebigem Showbusiness. Weitere zwei Beitrage widmen sich den Aspekten der Kommerzialisierung in Japans Vormoderne: der damals uberaus erfolgreichen, heute jedoch wissenschaftlich geringgeschatzten erzahlenden Prosa Ejima Kisekis zu Beginn des 18. Jahrhunderts; den Vermarktungsstrategien fur Vielfarbendrucke im 19. Jahrhundert. Der siebte Beitrag beleuchtet abschliessend die Einflussnahme der japanischen Kolonialregierung auf die heutige Form des popularen taiwanischen Puppentheaters Budaixi. Die Lekture der Texte verdeutlicht die immer noch nicht uberwundene Exotisierung Japans im Zeitalter der Globalisierung, die Bedeutung von Film und Schlager als Indikatoren fur Japans wechselnde gesellschaftliche Befi ndlichkeiten und die aus westlichen Denkmustern resultierende, verzerrte Rezeption von Phanomenen der vormodernen Massen- und Medienkultur Japans.