Globetrotting

Author: Damion L. Thomas
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252094293
Release Date: 2012-09-30
Genre: Social Science

Throughout the Cold War, the Soviet Union deplored the treatment of African Americans by the U.S. government as proof of hypocrisy in the American promises of freedom and equality. This probing history examines government attempts to manipulate international perceptions of U.S. race relations during the Cold War by sending African American athletes abroad on goodwill tours and in international competitions as cultural ambassadors and visible symbols of American values. Damion L. Thomas follows the State Department's efforts from 1945 to 1968 to showcase prosperous African American athletes including Jackie Robinson, Jesse Owens, and the Harlem Globetrotters as the preeminent citizens of the African Diaspora rather than as victims of racial oppression. With athletes in baseball, track and field, and basketball, the government relied on figures whose fame carried the desired message to countries where English was little understood. However, eventually African American athletes began to provide counter-narratives to State Department claims of American exceptionalism, most notably with Tommie Smith and John Carlos's famous black power salute at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics.

The Ethics of Sport

Author: Arthur L. Caplan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190211004
Release Date: 2016-09-12
Genre: Philosophy

Sport is often thought of as simply "games," but it can in fact be much more. Sport can be responsible for guiding social justice movements, igniting city-wide riots, uniting countries, permanently injuring youth, revolutionizing views about race, gender and class, and producing several of the most successful global industries. Reports of ethical crises in athletics are constant fodder for popular attention, whether performance enhancing drugs in baseball, corruption in college athletics, the epidemic of brain damage among NFL players, and others too numerous to mention. As a proxy for social concerns, we naturally think of sport in inherently moral terms. Yet we can hardly define the term "sport" or agree on acceptable levels of sporting risk, or determine clear roles and responsibilities for fans, players, coaches, owners, media and health care personnel. Bringing together 27 of the most essential recent articles from philosophy, history, sociology, medicine, and law, this collection explores intersections of sports and ethics and brings attention to the immense role of sports in shaping and reflecting social values.

The Oxford Handbook of Sports History

Author: Robert Edelman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199858927
Release Date: 2017-04-06
Genre: History

Orwell was wrong. Sports are not "war without the shooting", nor are they "war by other means." To be sure sports have generated animosity throughout human history, but they also require rules to which the participants agree to abide before the contest. Among other things, those rules are supposed to limit violence, even death. More than anything else, sports have been a significant part of a historical "civilizing process." They are the opposite of war. As the historical profession has taken its cultural turn over the last few decades, scholars have turned their attention to subject once seen as marginal. As researchers have come to understand the centrality of the human body in human history, they have come to study this most corporeal of human activities. Taking early cues from physical educators and kinesiologists, historians have been exploring sports in all their forms in order to help us answer the most fundamental questions to which scholars have devoted their lives. We have now seen a veritable explosion excellent work on this subject, just as sports have assumed an even greater share of a globalizing world's cultural, political and economic space. Practiced by millions and watched by billions, sports provide an enormous share of content on the Internet. This volume combines the efforts of sports historians with essays by historians whose careers have been devoted to more traditional topics. We want to show how sports have evolved from ancient societies to the world we inhabit today. Our goal is to introduce those from outside this sub-field to this burgeoning body of scholarship. At the same time, we hope here to show those who may want to study sport with rigor and nuance how to embark on a rewarding journey and tackle profound matters that have affected and will affect all of humankind.

Defending the American Way of Life

Author: Kevin B. Witherspoon
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781682260760
Release Date: 2018-12
Genre:

The Cold War was fought in every corner of society, including in the sport and entertainment industries. Recognizing the importance of culture in the battle for hearts and minds, the United States, like the Soviet Union, attempted to win the favor of citizens in nonaligned states through the soft power of sport. Athletes became de facto ambassadors of US interests, their wins and losses serving as emblems of broader efforts to shield American culture--both at home and abroad--against communism. In Defending the American Way of Life, leading sport historians present new perspectives on high-profile issues in this era of sport history alongside research drawn from previously untapped archival sources to highlight the ways that sports influenced and were influenced by Cold War politics. Surveying the significance of sports in Cold War America through lenses of race, gender, diplomacy, cultural infiltration, anti-communist hysteria, doping, state intervention, and more, this collection illustrates how this conflict remains relevant to US sporting institutions, organizations, and ideologies today.

Sport Race Ethnicity and Identity

Author: Daryl Adair
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135693688
Release Date: 2013-09-13
Genre: Social Science

Sport has long been a paradoxical environment with respect to issues of 'race', ethnicity, and identity. For much of the twentieth century, sports around the world were enclaves of difference. Whites and non-whites, for example, were separated on the sports field as they were in many ways off the field. Today sport is much more inclusive, with athletic ability of greater importance than skin colour or ancestry. Yet enmity and antagonism still appear in sport via instances of racial vilification or hostility between some groups. Other problems include the relative absence of minorities from positions of power and influence in sport, as well as folkloric assumptions about athletic ability based upon stereotypes about 'race' or ethnic background. This book discusses issues of diversity, capacity and equity in the colourful world of global sport. A panoramic approach, covering 'race', ethnicity and identity is consistent with the contemporary global migration of professional athletes, as well as the multicultural contexts of sport in various regions. This collection of essays therefore addresses international dimensions of sport, commonality and difference, as well as the special circumstances of sport and social relations in particular places. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

Zugf rderung

Author: Julius Alexander
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662411568
Release Date: 2013-12-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Lance Armstrong

Author: Juliet Macur
Publisher: Edel:Books
ISBN: 9783841903457
Release Date: 2014-09-30
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Lance Armstrong und das Rad der Lügen: Juliet Macur, Sportreporterin bei der New York Times, liefert die erste umfassende Darstellung, wie das System Armstrong über Jahrzehnte funktionieren konnte. Kollegen, Kontrolleure, Sportorganisationen, Sponsoren, Medien und selbst die Familie – sie alle wurden von Lance und seinen Helfern belogen, betrogen und unter zum Teil massiven Druck gesetzt. Das Buch, das auf intensiven Gesprächen mit Lance Armstrong und zahlreichen Interviews mit alten Weggefährten basiert, enthüllt die Zusammenhänge des größten Dopingskandal der Geschichte und liefert das beeindruckende Psychogramm eines scheinbar vollkommen gefühlskalten Egomanen. Spannend von der ersten bis zur letzten Seite – nicht nur für Radsport-Fans!

Die M tter

Author: Brit Bennett
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783644001244
Release Date: 2018-04-24
Genre: Fiction

Brit Bennett gilt als das Wunderkind der neuesten US-Literatur. Aus dem Stand sprang die 26-jährige Afroamerikanerin mit ihrem ersten Roman an die Spitze der Bestsellerliste. Sie wurde für den PEN-Award nominiert und erntete begeisterte Kritiken; zuletzt kündigte Warner Bros. die Verfilmung an. «Die Mütter», so nennen sich die alten Frauen in der kleinen kalifornischen Gemeinde Oceanside. Sie sind Zeugen des Skandals, mit dem dieser Roman beginnt. Ein Skandal ist es, wenigstens aus ihrer Perspektive: Dass Nadia Turner, deren Mutter sich das Leben genommen hat, mit Luke, dem Sohn des Pastors ... Dass Nadia Turner ein Baby bekommt ... Oder vielmehr beschließt, es nicht zu bekommen. Und das ist erst der Anfang der Geschichte, der Anfang einer Geschichte voller Zuneigung und Komplikationen. Nadia kehrt der Kleinstadtenge bald den Rücken, sie geht aufs College, bereist die Welt. Aubrey, ihre beste Freundin, bleibt und stellt sich auf ihre Weise gegen den Chor der alten Frauen, deren Stimmen über die Jahre merklich auseinandergehen. Es dauert nicht lange und sie feiern ein neues Paar in Oceanside: Aubrey und Luke Sheppard. Und das beschäftigt die heimgekehrte Nadia mehr, als sie vor der besten Freundin zugeben kann. Brit Bennett fragt nach dem, was uns hält und was uns bindet, mit allem Respekt und der nötigen Respektlosigkeit. Und sie erzählt von Herkunft, Hautfarbe, Geschlecht in einer Gelassenheit, die staunen macht: ein lebenskluger Roman über das Amerika von heute und das Amerika von morgen.

King of the World

Author: David Remnick
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 9783492975414
Release Date: 2016-08-01
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Um ein neues Nachwort ergänzt berichtet das Standardwerk "King of the World" vom Leben der Boxlegende: Als Cassius Clay stieg der Junge aus Louisville in den Ring der Welt, als Muhammad Ali wurde er zum bekanntesten Mann des Planeten, ein alles überragender Athlet und Entertainer. Er veränderte die Welt des Sports von Grund auf. Er war ein Spiegel seiner Zeit, ein geniales Großmaul, ein Mythos, Symbolfigur und Leitwolf in den Rassenunruhen der sechziger Jahre. David Remnick zeichnet detailreich, spannend, luzide und elegant das meisterhafte Porträt eines der größten Sportler des 20. Jahrhunderts, der zum Rebellen und Idol, zum King of the World wurde.

Deflation Devaluation Rebellion

Author: Philipp Robinson Rössner
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: 3515101977
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Business & Economics

Was ist Geld? Woraus entsteht Vertrauen in das Geld? Was machen die Akteure mit dem Geld? Was macht das Geld mit den Akteuren? Wie verändert das Geld die Gesellschaft? Diese und andere Fragen klärt Philipp Robinson Rössner und geht dabei besonders auf die Reformation Martin Luthers und die sozialen Unruhen und Bewegungen der 'Sattelzeit' um 1450-1550 ein. Denn diese hingen, von den zahlreichen Bauernkriegen des Spätmittelalters bis hin zu Martin Luthers Reformation, ursächlich mit dem Geldwesen, besonders den zahlreichen Muenzverschlechterungen der Zeit zusammen. Die zeitgenössischen Debatten und Diskurse ueber Geld, Wucher, Kaufleute und neue Formen der Religiosität um 1500 werden hier unter der Leitmetapher des schlechten Geldes neu interpretiert. Teilweise sehr disparate Erzählstränge der politischen, der Rechts-, Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, der Theologie, der Numismatik und Geldgeschichte, der Volkswirtschaftslehre sowie der Soziologie und Anthropologie fuehrt Rössner unter dem Leitfaden des Geldes neu zusammen. Damit legt er ein alternatives Erklärungsmodell sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wandels im Zeitalter der Reformation vor.