G del Escher Bach

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Penguin Group(CA)
ISBN: 0140289208
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Art and music

'What is a self and how can a self come out of inanimate matter?' This is the riddle that drove Douglas Hofstadter to write this extraordinary book. In order to impart his original and personal view on the core mystery of human existence - our intangible sensation of 'I'-ness - Hofstadter defines the playful yet seemingly paradoxical notion of 'strange loop', and explicates this idea using analogies from many disciplines.

I Am a Strange Loop

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780465030781
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Philosophy

An original, endlessly thought-provoking, and controversial look at the nature of consciousness and identity argues that the key to understanding selves and consciousness is the "strange loop," a special kind of abstract feedback loop inhabiting our brains.

Surfaces and Essences

Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780465018475
Release Date: 2013-04-23
Genre: Philosophy

Shows how analogy-making pervades human thought at all levels, influencing the choice of words and phrases in speech, providing guidance in unfamiliar situations, and giving rise to great acts of imagination.

Le Ton Beau de Marot

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0747533490
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Artificial intelligence

A celebration of mankind which illustrates how no artificial intelligence will ever be capable of the complexity, grace and subtlety of human thought.

Godel s Proof

Author: Ernest Nagel
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814758373
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Genre: Mathematics

“Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.”Mathew 11:28 (AKJV) In the early 1990s, a grassroots coalition of churches in Baltimore, Maryland helped launch what would become a national movement. Joining forces with labor and low-wage worker organizations, they passed the first municipal living wage ordinance. Since then, over 144 municipalities and counties as well as numerous universities and local businesses in the United States have enacted such ordinances. Although religious persons and organizations have been important both in the origins of the living wage movement and in its continuing success, they are often ignored or under analyzed. Drawing on participant observation in multiple cities, All You That Labor analyzes and evaluates the contributions of religious activists to the movement. The book explores the ways religious organizations do this work in concert with low-wage workers, the challenges religious activists face, and how people of faith might better nurture moral agency in relation to the political economy. Ultimately, C. Melissa Snarr provides clarity on how to continue to cultivate, renew, and expand religious resources dedicated to the moral agency of low-wage workers and their allies.

The Mind s I

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Bantam Dell Publishing Group
ISBN: 0553345842
Release Date: 1982
Genre: Philosophy

Brilliant, shattering, mind-jolting, "The Mind's I" is a searching, probing nook--a cosmic journey of the mind--that goes deeply into the problem of self and self-consciousness as anything written in our time. From verbalizing chimpanzees to scientific speculations involving machines with souls, from the mesmerizing, maze-like fiction of Borges to the tantalizing, dreamlike fiction of Lem and Princess Ineffable, her circuits glowing read and gold, "The Mind's I " opens the mind to the Black Box of fantasy, to the windfalls of reflection, to new dimensions of exciting possibilities.

The Unimaginable Mathematics of Borges Library of Babel

Author: William Goldbloom Bloch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199715165
Release Date: 2008-08-25
Genre: Mathematics

"The Library of Babel" is arguably Jorge Luis Borges' best known story--memorialized along with Borges on an Argentine postage stamp. Now, in The Unimaginable Mathematics of Borges' Library of Babel, William Goldbloom Bloch takes readers on a fascinating tour of the mathematical ideas hidden within one of the classic works of modern literature. Written in the vein of Douglas R. Hofstadter's Pulitzer Prize-winning G?del, Escher, Bach, this original and imaginative book sheds light on one of Borges' most complex, richly layered works. Bloch begins each chapter with a mathematical idea--combinatorics, topology, geometry, information theory--followed by examples and illustrations that put flesh on the theoretical bones. In this way, he provides many fascinating insights into Borges' Library. He explains, for instance, a straightforward way to calculate how many books are in the Library--an easily notated but literally unimaginable number--and also shows that, if each book were the size of a grain of sand, the entire universe could only hold a fraction of the books in the Library. Indeed, if each book were the size of a proton, our universe would still not be big enough to hold anywhere near all the books. Given Borges' well-known affection for mathematics, this exploration of the story through the eyes of a humanistic mathematician makes a unique and important contribution to the body of Borgesian criticism. Bloch not only illuminates one of the great short stories of modern literature but also exposes the reader--including those more inclined to the literary world--to many intriguing and entrancing mathematical ideas.

The Annotated Turing

Author: Charles Petzold
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470229057
Release Date: 2008-06-16
Genre: Computers

Provides an expansion of Turing's original paper, a brief look at his life, and information on the Turing machine and computability topics.

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies

Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher:
ISBN: 0140258353
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Analogy

Hosftadter and his colleagues at The Fluid Analogies Research Group have developed computer models that help describe and explain human discovery, creation and analogical thought. The key issue of perception is investigated through the exploration of playful anagrams, number puzzles, word play and fanciful alphabetical styles, and the result is a survey of cognitive processes. This text presents the results.

Euclid in the Rainforest

Author: Joseph Mazur
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101664872
Release Date: 2006-07-25
Genre: Mathematics

Like Douglas Hofstadter’s Gödel, Escher, Bach, and David Berlinski’s A Tour of the Calculus, Euclid in the Rainforest combines the literary with the mathematical to explore logic—the one indispensable tool in man’s quest to understand the world. Underpinning both math and science, it is the foundation of every major advancement in knowledge since the time of the ancient Greeks. Through adventure stories and historical narratives populated with a rich and quirky cast of characters, Mazur artfully reveals the less-than-airtight nature of logic and the muddled relationship between math and the real world. Ultimately, Mazur argues, logical reasoning is not purely robotic. At its most basic level, it is a creative process guided by our intuitions and beliefs about the world.