Graffiti Lives

Author: Gregory J. Snyder
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814740460
Release Date: 2011-04-15
Genre: Social Science

Surveys New York's current graffiti scene, with artist profiles, a historical overview, and discussions about the myths associated with the art form, concerns about its appearance in public spaces, and career possibilities beyond the streets.

Skateboarding LA

Author: Gregory J. Snyder
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814729205
Release Date: 2017-12-05
Genre: Social Science

Inside the complex and misunderstood world of professional street skateboarding On a sunny Sunday in Los Angeles, a crew of skaters and videographers watch as one of them attempts to land a “heel flip” over a fire hydrant on a sidewalk in front of the Biltmore Hotel. A staff member of the hotel demands they leave and picks up his phone to call the police.Not only does the skater land the trick, but he does so quickly, and spares everyone the unwanted stress of having to deal with the cops. This is not an uncommon occurrence in skateboarding, which is illegal in most American cities and this interaction is just part of the process of being a professional street skater. This is just one of Gregory Snyder’s experiences from eight years inside the world of professional street skateboarding: a highly refined, athletic and aesthetic pursuit, from which a large number of people profit. Skateboarding LA details the history of skateboarding, describes basic and complex tricks, tours some of LA's most famous spots, and provides an enthusiastic appreciation of this dangerous and creative practice. Particularly concerned with public spaces, Snyder shows that skateboarding offers cities much more than petty vandalism and exaggerated claims of destruction. Rather, skateboarding draws highly talented young people from around the globe to skateboarding cities, building a diverse and wide-reaching community of skateboarders, filmmakers, photographers, writers, and entrepreneurs. Snyder also argues that as stewards of public plazas and parks, skateboarders deter homeless encampments and drug dealers. In one stunning case, skateboarders transformed the West LA Courthouse, with Nike’s assistance, into a skateable public space. Through interviews with current and former professional skateboarders, Snyder vividly expresses their passion, dedication and creativity. Especially in relation to the city's architectural features—ledges, banks, gaps, stairs and handrails—they are constantly re-imagining and repurposing these urban spaces in order to perform their ever-increasingly difficult tricks. For anyone interested in this dynamic and daunting activity, Skateboarding LA is an amazing ride.

Gangs Crime

Author: Alistair Fraser
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781526421845
Release Date: 2017-07-03
Genre: Social Science

This book takes students on a guided tour of the gang phenomenon through history, as well as current representations of gangs in literature and media. It includes: - A detailed global overview of gang culture, covering, amongst others, Glasgow, Chicago, Hong Kong, and Shanghai - A chapter on researching gangs which covers quantitative and qualitative methods - Extra chapter features such as key terms, chapter overviews, study questions and further reading suggestions. Alistair Fraser brings together gang-literature and critical perspectives in a refreshingly new way, exploring ‘gangs’ as a social group with a long and fascinating history.

Narrative Criminology

Author: Lois Presser
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9781479876778
Release Date: 2015-07-10
Genre: Social Science

Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.

Comic Book Crime

Author: Nickie D. Phillips
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814767870
Release Date: 2013-07-15
Genre: Social Science

“Carrying ahead the project of cultural criminology, Phillips and Strobl dare to take seriously that which amuses and entertains us—and to find in it the most significant of themes. Audiences, images, ideologies of justice and injustice—all populate the pages of Comic Book Crime. The result is an analysis as colorful as a good comic, and as sharp as the point on a superhero’s sword.”—Jeff Ferrell, author of Empire of Scrounge Superman, Batman, Daredevil, and Wonder Woman are iconic cultural figures that embody values of order, fairness, justice, and retribution. Comic Book Crime digs deep into these and other celebrated characters, providing a comprehensive understanding of crime and justice in contemporary American comic books. This is a world where justice is delivered, where heroes save ordinary citizens from certain doom, where evil is easily identified and thwarted by powers far greater than mere mortals could possess. Nickie Phillips and Staci Strobl explore these representations and show that comic books, as a historically important American cultural medium, participate in both reflecting and shaping an American ideological identity that is often focused on ideas of the apocalypse, utopia, retribution, and nationalism. Through an analysis of approximately 200 comic books sold from 2002 to 2010, as well as several years of immersion in comic book fan culture, Phillips and Strobl reveal the kinds of themes and plots popular comics feature in a post-9/11 context. They discuss heroes’ calculations of “deathworthiness,” or who should be killed in meting out justice, and how these judgments have as much to do with the hero’s character as they do with the actions of the villains. This fascinating volume also analyzes how class, race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation are used to construct difference for both the heroes and the villains in ways that are both conservative and progressive. Engaging, sharp, and insightful, Comic Book Crime is a fresh take on the very meaning of truth, justice, and the American way. Nickie D. Phillips is Associate Professor in the Sociology and Criminal Justice Department at St. Francis College in Brooklyn, NY. Staci Strobl is Associate Professor in the Department of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice Administration at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. In the Alternative Criminology series

The Culture of Punishment

Author: Michelle Brown
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 081479999X
Release Date: 2009-10-15
Genre: Social Science

Analyzes social aspects of prison, covering various theories about the role and function of punishment in society in the United States, including how the culture of imprisonment carries over into everyday life through television shows, movies, prison tourism, and other avenues, and examines the negative impact of penal spectatorship.

Tipping Point

Author: Malcolm Gladwell
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783641189143
Release Date: 2016-10-17
Genre: History

Eine totgesagte Schuhmarke, die über Nacht zum ultimativ angesagten Modeartikel wird. Ein neu eröffnetes Restaurant, das sofort zum absoluten Renner wird. Der Roman einer unbekannten Autorin, der ohne Werbung zum Bestseller wird. Für den magischen Moment, der eine Lawine lostreten und einen neuen Trend begründen kann, gibt es zahlreiche Beispiele. Wie ein Virus breitet sich das Neue einer Epidemie gleich unaufhaltsam flächendeckend aus. So wie eine einzelne kranke Person eine Grippewelle auslösen kann, genügt ein winziger, gezielter Schubs, um einen Modetrend zu setzen, ein neues Produkt als Massenware durchzusetzen oder die Kriminalitätsrate in einer Großstadt zu senken. „Tipping Point“ zeigt, wie wenig Aufwand zu einem Mega-Erfolg führen kann.

Der Luzifer Effekt

Author: Philip G. Zimbardo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662533251
Release Date: 2016-10-27
Genre: Psychology

Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun? Wie können normale Bürger dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und Böse, und wer läuft Gefahr, sie zu überschreiten? Mit Der Luzifer-Effekt hat der renommierte amerikanische Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo ein bedeutendes und brisantes Buch vorgelegt. Es schlägt den Bogen von den Details des weltberühmten Stanford Prison Experiment bis zu den grausamen Geschehnissen im Gefängnis von Abu Ghraib im Irak, und es offenbart verstörende Wahrheiten: über physische und psychische Gewalt, über Misshandlungen und Folter, über Kriegsverbrechen und Massenmorde – und über die Menschen, die sie ausführen, anordnen, ermöglichen oder zulassen. Zimbardos These: Nicht die Veranlagung bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun, sondern die Situation, in der sie sich befinden oder in die man sie versetzt. Die Macht der Umstände schafft Täter und Opfer, und in oft diffusen Verantwortungsgeflechten verlieren moralische Maßstäbe allzu leicht ihr Fundament. Bei aller Beklemmung, die die Lektüre dieser ungemein detailreichen Studie unweigerlich auslöst, öffnet das Buch aber auch ein Fenster der Hoffnung: So wie man Situationen schaffen kann, die Menschen zum Bösen verführen, so können auch Zivilcourage und heldenhaftes Verhalten durch geeignete Rahmenbedingungen und gesellschaftliche Weichenstellungen gefördert werden. Der „Banalität des Bösen" setzt Zimbardo die „Banalität des Heldentums" entgegen. Ein beeindruckendes Stück Forschung zur Natur des Bösen und zu den Systemen und Situationen, die es entfesseln. Observer Eine Reise in Herz und Gehirn der Finsternis. Focus online Ein notwendiges und wichtiges Buch. Gehirn und Geist Ein fesselnder, gleichwohl erschreckender Blick auf unsere dunkle Seite ... Für alle, die sich fragen, wie Böses entsteht und bekämpft werden kann. Emotion Pflichtlektüre nicht nur für Sozialwissenschaftler, sondern auch für Politiker, Entscheidungsträger und Erzieher. American Scientist

Subway art

Author: Henry Chalfant
Publisher:
ISBN: 3896024221
Release Date: 2002
Genre:


Street Art

Author: Julia Reinecke
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 9783839407592
Release Date: 2014-06-30
Genre: Art

Dieses Buch ist die erste wissenschaftliche Analyse von Street-Art. Es gewährt einen tiefen Einblick in die Subkultur und fragt, inwiefern Street-Art zwischen Graffiti, Bildender Kunst und Werbung zu verorten ist. Die Ergebnisse der Studie basieren auf einer vier Jahre langen qualitativen Recherche, während der die Autorin mit internationalen, namhaften Akteuren wie Blek Le Rat, D*Face, Invader, Jeroen Jongeleen und Stefan Marx sprach. Die Arbeit anderer Akteure - wie Banksy und Shepard Fairey (OBEY) - wird vorgestellt. Den theoretischen Unterbau liefern die Feldtheorie von Pierre Bourdieu und Subkulturtheorien von Sarah Thornton und David Muggleton. Für die zweite Auflage 2012 hat die Autorin erneut Kontakt mit den Akteuren aufgenommen und ihren Werdegang der letzten Jahre verfolgt.