Greco Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine

Author: Bashar Saad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118002261
Release Date: 2011-04-27
Genre: Science

This book presents a systematic review on traditional Arab herbal medicine including historical background, medical innovations introduced by Arab physicians, common roots of Arab medicine and western medicine, methodology of drug discovery and therapy in Arabic and Islamic medicine, a state-of-the-art description of traditional Arab herbal medicine, and evidence-based safety and efficacy of Arab and Islamic medicines. The usage of modern cell biological, biochemical, in vitro and in vivo techniques for the evaluation of medicinal plant safety and efficacy is also discussed. The toxicity of herbal formulations safety, quality assurances, and chemical analytical techniques are introduced in this book.

Anti diabetes and Anti obesity Medicinal Plants and Phytochemicals

Author: Bashar Saad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319541020
Release Date: 2017-05-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This work presents a systematic review of traditional herbal medicine and their active compounds, as well as their mechanism of action in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and obesity. The side effects and safety of herbal-derived anti-diabetic and anti-obesity phytochemicals are detailed in depth, and the text has a strong focus on current and future trends in anti-diabetic medicinal plants. This unique and comprehensive text is the only current book on the market focusing exclusively on medicinal plants used to combat obesity and diabetes. An introductory chapter focuses on diabetes and obesity and introduces the major causes and main treatments of this increasing epidemic in modern society. Readers are then introduced to medicinal plants, including details on their therapeutic aspects, plus side effects and safety. Following chapters focus on anti-diabetic and anti-obesity medicinal plants, as well as phytogenic natural products in the treatment of each. The text closes by focusing on present and future trends and challenges in these medicinal plants. Anti-diabetes and Anti-obesity Medicinal Plants and Phytochemicals: Safety, Efficacy, and Action Mechanisms is a much-needed and truly original work, finally presenting in one place all the necessary information on medicinal plants used in conjunction with obesity and diabetes prevention.

Phytotherapies

Author: Iqbal Ramzan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119006237
Release Date: 2015-04-17
Genre: Medical

Covering fundamentals and new developments in phytotherapy, this book combines pharmaceutical sciences and chemistry with clinical issues. • Helps readers better understand phytotherapy and learn the fundamentals of and how to analyze phytotherapeutic agents • Discusses phytotherapy in modern medicine, chemoprevention of disease, and alternatives to western medicines for specific diseases • Chapters summarizes the uses and applications of phytomedicines, by type like Chinese, Greco-Arab, Indian, European, and Ayurvedic • Includes international regulatory perspectives and discusses emerging regulations for various established and emerging markets

Anthocyanins and Human Health Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects

Author: Muhammad Zia Ul Haq
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319264561
Release Date: 2016-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This Brief presents comprehensive coverage of anthocyanins. The text covers the scientific literature and clinical significance of this Flavonoid sub-group, with a special focus on their therapeutic aspects. In focusing on secondary metabolites in plants, this work aims to cover the resulting therapeutic potential for humans by referencing the numerous herbal-derived substances which have been evaluated and the rapidly growing data on the interactions of anthocyanins with the microbiome. Anthocyanins and Human Health: Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects covers all angles of biomolecular, in vitro and in vivo anthocyanins from their general chemical structure to their use as a coloring agent. The intake, metabolism and secretion of anthocyanins in the human body are covered in-depth, as are the biosynthetic pathways through which these compounds are synthesized in the natural system. Factors affecting stability and extraction are listed, and health related uses and biological activities are covered in great detail. Present and future trends in anthocyanins research are also presented.

Phytotherapies

Author: Iqbal Ramzan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119006237
Release Date: 2015-04-17
Genre: Medical

Covering fundamentals and new developments in phytotherapy, this book combines pharmaceutical sciences and chemistry with clinical issues. • Helps readers better understand phytotherapy and learn the fundamentals of and how to analyze phytotherapeutic agents • Discusses phytotherapy in modern medicine, chemoprevention of disease, and alternatives to western medicines for specific diseases • Chapters summarizes the uses and applications of phytomedicines, by type like Chinese, Greco-Arab, Indian, European, and Ayurvedic • Includes international regulatory perspectives and discusses emerging regulations for various established and emerging markets

Evidence Based Validation of Herbal Medicine

Author: Pulok K. Mukherjee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780128009963
Release Date: 2015-02-17
Genre: Science

Evidence-Based Validation of Herbal Medicines brings together current thinking and practice in the areas of characterization and validation of natural products. This book reviews all aspects of evaluation and development of medicines from plant sources, including their cultivation, collection, phytochemical and phyto-pharmacological evaluation, and therapeutic potential. Emphasis is placed on describing the full range of evidence-based analytical and bio-analytical techniques used to characterize natural products, including –omic technologies, phyto-chemical analysis, hyphenated techniques, and many more. Includes state-of-the-art methods for detecting, isolating, and performing structure elucidation by degradation and spectroscopic techniques Covers biosynthesis, synthesis, and biological activity related to natural products Consolidates information to save time and money in research Increases confidence levels in quality and validity of natural products

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123977625
Release Date: 2012-10-22
Genre: Medical

The role of diet in the prevention, control and treatment of diabetes continues to provide significant opportunity for non-pharmaceutical interventions for many of the over 20 million people who live with this disease. Looking beyond traditional dietary controls may lead to more effective, cost efficient, and flexible options for many patients. Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes is the only available scientific resource focused on exploring the latest advances in bioactive food research, and the potential benefit of bioactive food choice on the diabetic condition. Written by experts from around the world, it presents important information that can help improve the health of those at risk for diabetes and diabetes related conditions using food selection as its foundation. Focuses on the role of bioactive foods in addressing pre-diabetes symptoms, their potential to complement other treatments for those suffering from diabetes and diabetic-related obesity and other health issues Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases that share common etiological pathways Includes insights from experts from around the world, providing global perspectives and options based on various regional foods

Encyclopedia of Islamic Herbal Medicine

Author: John Andrew Morrow
Publisher: McFarland Publishing
ISBN: 0786447079
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Health & Fitness

An authoritative reference work for anyone interested in herbal medicine, this book provides unprecedented insight into Prophetic phytotherapy, a branch of herbal medicine which relies exclusively on the herbal prescriptions of the prophet Muhammad and is little known outside of the Muslim world. Combining classical Arabic primary sources with an exhaustive survey of modern scientific studies, this encyclopedia features a multidisciplinary approach which should prove useful for both practitioners and followers of herbal medicine. Entries include each herb's botanical and alternate names, a summary of its "prophetic prescription," its properties and uses, and a guide to related contemporary scientific studies. Fully indexed by common English name, transliterated Arabic name and Latin binomial.

Anticancer Plants Clinical Trials and Nanotechnology

Author: Mohd Sayeed Akhtar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811082160
Release Date: 2018-07-03
Genre: Science

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in human beings. Though several synthetic medicines are used to treat cancer, they are largely inefficient and unsafe. In contrast, plants, which have been used for medicinal purposes since time immemorial, have proved to be useful in fighting cancer, with natural compounds from plants and their derivatives offering safe and effective treatment and management for several types of cancer. Plants such as Catharanthus roseus, Podophyllum peltatum, Taxus brevifolia, Camptotheca acuminate, Andrographis paniculata, Crateva nurvala, Croton tonkinensis, Oplopanax horridus etc., are important source of chemotherapeutic compounds. These plants have proven their value in the treatment of cancer and various other infectious diseases, and several common anticancer compounds such as taxol, podophyllotoxins, camptothecin, vinblastine, vincristine, homoharringtonine etc. have been isolated and purified from these medicinal plants. Unfortunately, many of these anticancer plants have become endangered due to ruthless and irresponsible harvesting practices. Hence, there is a need to conserve these species and to propagate them on a large scale using plant tissue culture. Alternatively, plant cell tissue and organ culture biotechnology could be adopted to produce these anticancer compounds without the need for cultivation. A better grasp and continuing exploration of these isolated molecules and products could provide a powerful alternative means of reducing cancer risk. “Anticancer Plants: Volume 3, Clinical Trials and Nanotechnology” provides a timely review of concepts and experimental data on the application of anticancer plants and their compounds in clinical trials, and on the use of nanotechnology in cancer therapy.

Contemporary Bioethics

Author: Mohammed Ali Al-Bar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319184289
Release Date: 2015-05-27
Genre: Medical

This book discusses the common principles of morality and ethics derived from divinely endowed intuitive reason through the creation of al-fitr' a (nature) and human intellect (al-‘aql). Biomedical topics are presented and ethical issues related to topics such as genetic testing, assisted reproduction and organ transplantation are discussed. Whereas these natural sources are God’s special gifts to human beings, God’s revelation as given to the prophets is the supernatural source of divine guidance through which human communities have been guided at all times through history. The second part of the book concentrates on the objectives of Islamic religious practice – the maqa' sid – which include: Preservation of Faith, Preservation of Life, Preservation of Mind (intellect and reason), Preservation of Progeny (al-nasl) and Preservation of Property. Lastly, the third part of the book discusses selected topical issues, including abortion, assisted reproduction devices, genetics, organ transplantation, brain death and end-of-life aspects. For each topic, the current medical evidence is followed by a detailed discussion of the ethical issues involved.

The Role of Anesthesiology in Global Health

Author: Ram Roth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319094236
Release Date: 2014-12-04
Genre: Medical

“This brilliantly assembled expert compendium provides a much-needed guide for the practical application of anesthesiology in medical practice in the most bereft underdeveloped and violence-afflicted regions of the globe.” —Seymour Topping, Professor Emeritus of International Journalism, Columbia University This is a comprehensive guide to the role of anesthesiologists in medical missions. In their capacity as perioperative physicians, anesthesiologists improve the safety and efficacy of surgical interventions for underserved patients in low- and middle-income countries around the world. Contributions from international experts in global health provide essential historical context, practical medical and surgical considerations for planning missions, and scenarios of “on the ground” implementation of care. The final section considers anesthesiology education in the context of global health. This is an encompassing and eye-opening resource for trainees and physicians considering participating in a medical mission and students and faculty of global health.

Work Life Advantage

Author: Al James
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118944813
Release Date: 2017-10-24
Genre: Science

Work-Life Advantage analyses how employer-provision of ‘family-friendly’ working arrangements - designed to help workers better reconcile work, home and family - can also enhance firms’ capacities for learning and innovation, in pursuit of long-term competitive advantage and socially inclusive growth. Brings together major debates in labour geography, feminist geography, and regional learning in novel ways, through a focus on the shifting boundaries between work, home, and family Addresses a major gap in the scholarly research surrounding the narrow ‘business case’ for work-life balance by developing a more socially progressive, workerist ‘dual agenda’ Challenges and disrupts masculinist assumptions of the “ideal worker” and the associated labour market marginalization of workers with significant home and family commitments Based on 10 years of research with over 300 IT workers and 150 IT firms in the UK and Ireland, with important insights for professional workers and knowledge-intensive companies around the world

Arabia and the Arabs

Author: Robert G. Hoyland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134646340
Release Date: 2002-09-11
Genre: History

Long before Muhammed preached the religion of Islam, the inhabitants of his native Arabia had played an important role in world history as both merchants and warriors Arabia and the Arabs provides the only up-to-date, one-volume survey of the region and its peoples, from prehistory to the coming of Islam Using a wide range of sources - inscriptions, poetry, histories, and archaeological evidence - Robert Hoyland explores the main cultural areas of Arabia, from ancient Sheba in the south, to the deserts and oases of the north. He then examines the major themes of *the economy *society *religion *art, architecture and artefacts *language and literature *Arabhood and Arabisation The volume is illustrated with more than 50 photographs, drawings and maps.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780465093564
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: Social Science

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Plant Chemical Biology

Author: Dominique Audenaert
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118742747
Release Date: 2013-11-05
Genre: Science

Demonstrates how advances in plant chemical biology can translate to field applications With contributions from a team of leading researchers and pioneers in the field, this book explains how chemical biology is used as a tool to enhance our understanding of plant biology. Readers are introduced to a variety of chemical biology studies that have provided novel insights into plant physiology and plant cellular processes. Moreover, they will discover that chemical biology not only leads to a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of plant biology, but also the development of practical applications. For example, the authors discuss small molecules that can be used to identify targets of herbicides and develop new herbicides and plant growth regulators. The book begins with a historical perspective on plant chemical biology. Next, the authors introduce the chemical biology toolbox needed to perform successful studies, with chapters covering: Sources of small molecules Identification of new chemical tools by high-throughput screening (HTS) Use of chemical biology to study plant physiology Use of chemical biology to study plant cellular processes Target identification Translation of plant chemical biology from the lab to the field Based on the latest findings and extensively referenced, the book explores available compound collections, principles of assay design, and the use of new research tools for the development of new applications. Plant Chemical Biology is recommended for students and professionals in all facets of plant biology, including molecular biology, physiology, biochemistry, agriculture, horticulture, and agronomy. All readers will discover new approaches that can lead to the development of a healthier and more plentiful global food supply.