The authors' enthusiasm for their subject is eloquently conveyed in this book, and draws the reader very quickly into active investigation of the problems posed. By providing plenty of modelling examples from a wide variety of fields - most of which are familiar from everyday life - the book shows how to apply mathematical ideas to situations which would not previously have been considered to be 'mathematical' in character.
Almost every year, a new book on mathematical modeling is published, so, why another? The answer springs directly from the fact that it is very rare to find a book that covers modeling with all types of differential equations in one volume. Until now. Mathematical Modeling: Models, Analysis and Applications covers modeling with all kinds of differential equations, namely ordinary, partial, delay, and stochastic. The book also contains a chapter on discrete modeling, consisting of differential equations, making it a complete textbook on this important skill needed for the study of science, engineering, and social sciences. More than just a textbook, this how-to guide presents tools for mathematical modeling and analysis. It offers a wide-ranging overview of mathematical ideas and techniques that provide a number of effective approaches to problem solving. Topics covered include spatial, delayed, and stochastic modeling. The text provides real-life examples of discrete and continuous mathematical modeling scenarios. MATLAB® and Mathematica® are incorporated throughout the text. The examples and exercises in each chapter can be used as problems in a project. Since mathematical modeling involves a diverse range of skills and tools, the author focuses on techniques that will be of particular interest to engineers, scientists, and others who use models of discrete and continuous systems. He gives students a foundation for understanding and using the mathematics that is the basis of computers, and therefore a foundation for success in engineering and science streams.
The aim of this book is to assist the reader to build up the necessary range of skills needed to be able to solve problems by mathematical modelling. After an introduction to the general principles and advantages of mathematical modelling, chapters 1 to 4 concentrate on the development of basic modelling skills. Each of chapters 5 to 11 isolates a particular modelling concept and provides exercises aimed at developing skills in the use of that concept. The later chapters may be conveniently read in any order as they are self contained. In keeping with the Work Out approach, each chapter contains a large number of examples and exercises, taken from a variety of subject areas and covering a broad range of difficulty. Answers are provided wherever appropriate.
Author: Sarah P. Otto
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2011-09-19
Thirty years ago, biologists could get by with a rudimentary grasp of mathematics and modeling. Not so today. In seeking to answer fundamental questions about how biological systems function and change over time, the modern biologist is as likely to rely on sophisticated mathematical and computer-based models as traditional fieldwork. In this book, Sarah Otto and Troy Day provide biology students with the tools necessary to both interpret models and to build their own. The book starts at an elementary level of mathematical modeling, assuming that the reader has had high school mathematics and first-year calculus. Otto and Day then gradually build in depth and complexity, from classic models in ecology and evolution to more intricate class-structured and probabilistic models. The authors provide primers with instructive exercises to introduce readers to the more advanced subjects of linear algebra and probability theory. Through examples, they describe how models have been used to understand such topics as the spread of HIV, chaos, the age structure of a country, speciation, and extinction. Ecologists and evolutionary biologists today need enough mathematical training to be able to assess the power and limits of biological models and to develop theories and models themselves. This innovative book will be an indispensable guide to the world of mathematical models for the next generation of biologists. A how-to guide for developing new mathematical models in biology Provides step-by-step recipes for constructing and analyzing models Interesting biological applications Explores classical models in ecology and evolution Questions at the end of every chapter Primers cover important mathematical topics Exercises with answers Appendixes summarize useful rules Labs and advanced material available
Author: Nicholas F. Britton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
This self-contained introduction to the fast-growing field of Mathematical Biology is written for students with a mathematical background. It sets the subject in a historical context and guides the reader towards questions of current research interest. A broad range of topics is covered including: Population dynamics, Infectious diseases, Population genetics and evolution, Dispersal, Molecular and cellular biology, Pattern formation, and Cancer modelling. Particular attention is paid to situations where the simple assumptions of homogenity made in early models break down and the process of mathematical modelling is seen in action.
Interesting real-world mathematical modelling problems are complex and can usually be studied at different scales. The scale at which the investigation is carried out is one of the factors that determines the type of mathematics most appropriate to describe the problem. The book concentrates on two modelling paradigms: the macroscopic, in which phenomena are described in terms of time evolution via ordinary differential equations; and the microscopic, which requires knowledge of random events and probability. The exposition is based on this unorthodox combination of deterministic and probabilistic methodologies, and emphasizes the development of computational skills to construct predictive models. To elucidate the concepts, a wealth of examples, self-study problems, and portions of MATLAB code used by the authors are included. This book, which has been extensively tested by the authors for classroom use, is intended for students in mathematics and the physical sciences at the advanced undergraduate level and above.
Author: W.D. Wallis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-11-11
This concisely written text in finite mathematics gives a sequential, distinctly applied presentation of topics, employing a pedagogical approach that is ideal for freshmen and sophomores in business, the social sciences, and the liberal arts. The work opens with a brief review of sets and numbers, followed by an introduction to data sets, counting arguments, and the Binomial Theorem, which sets the foundation for elementary probability theory and some basic statistics. Further chapters treat graph theory as it relates to modelling, matrices and vectors, and linear programming. Requiring only two years of high school algebra, this book's many examples and illuminating problem sets - with selected solutions - will appeal to a wide audience of students and teachers.
Author: Christopher Teh Boon Sung
Release Date: 2015-05-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This book is for agriculturists, many of whom are either novices or non-computer programmers, about how they can build their mathematical models in Microsoft Excel. Of all modeling platforms, spreadsheets like Excel require the least proficiency in computer programming. This book introduces an Excel add-in called BuildIt (available for free as download) that shields users from having to use Excel's VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) programming language and yet allows agriculturists to build simple to large complex models without having to learn complicated computer programming techniques or to use sophisticated Excel techniques. This book first discusses how BuildIt works and how it is used to build models. Examples range from the simple to progressively more complex mathematical models. Ultimately, readers are taught how to build a generic crop growth model from its five core components: meteorology, canopy photosynthesis, energy balance, soil water, and crop growth development. Ultimately, agriculturists will be able to build their own mathematical models in Excel and concentrate more on the science and mathematics of their modeling work rather than being distracted by the intricacies of computer programming.
Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Basic Books
Release Date: 2011-06-07
Biologists have long dismissed mathematics as being unable to meaningfully contribute to our understanding of living beings. Within the past ten years, however, mathematicians have proven that they hold the key to unlocking the mysteries of our world--and ourselves. In The Mathematics of Life, Ian Stewart provides a fascinating overview of the vital but little-recognized role mathematics has played in pulling back the curtain on the hidden complexities of the natural world--and how its contribution will be even more vital in the years ahead. In his characteristically clear and entertaining fashion, Stewart explains how mathematicians and biologists have come to work together on some of the most difficult scientific problems that the human race has ever tackled, including the nature and origin of life itself.
Author: Anthony Ashton
Publisher: Wooden Books
Release Date: 2018-04-01
Why did Pythagoras pause outside a Blacksmith's workshop? Can the nature of Harmony really be understood visually? Why do harmonies leave gaps or 'commas' when added together? In this charming little book Anthony Ashton uses a Victorian device called a Harmonograph to tell the story of Harmony and the intervals in the scale. With useful appendices and exquisite line drawings this is a unique and original introduction to this timeless subject. WOODEN BOOKS are small but packed with information. "Fascinating" FINANCIAL TIMES. "Beautiful" LONDON REVIEW OF BOOKS. "Rich and Artful" THE LANCET. "Genuinely mind-expanding" FORTEAN TIMES. "Excellent" NEW SCIENTIST. "Stunning" NEW YORK TIMES. Small books, big ideas.
Author: John Gilbert
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Release Date: 2017-03-14
A second edition of this text for science and engineering undergraduates which introduces the mathematical techniques and tools needed to solve the mathematical problems they will face on the first year of their course. Updated and revised by Camilla Jordan, the book now has additional examples and practice your skills sections. As with other titles in the Mathematical Guides series, this book is designed to enable students to acquire confidence and provides a solid foundation for further study
Author: Jo Boaler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-10-12
Banish math anxiety and give students of all ages a clear roadmap to success Mathematical Mindsets provides practical strategies and activities to help teachers and parents show all children, even those who are convinced that they are bad at math, that they can enjoy and succeed in math. Jo Boaler—Stanford researcher, professor of math education, and expert on math learning—has studied why students don't like math and often fail in math classes. She's followed thousands of students through middle and high schools to study how they learn and to find the most effective ways to unleash the math potential in all students. There is a clear gap between what research has shown to work in teaching math and what happens in schools and at home. This book bridges that gap by turning research findings into practical activities and advice. Boaler translates Carol Dweck's concept of 'mindset' into math teaching and parenting strategies, showing how students can go from self-doubt to strong self-confidence, which is so important to math learning. Boaler reveals the steps that must be taken by schools and parents to improve math education for all. Mathematical Mindsets: Explains how the brain processes mathematics learning Reveals how to turn mistakes and struggles into valuable learning experiences Provides examples of rich mathematical activities to replace rote learning Explains ways to give students a positive math mindset Gives examples of how assessment and grading policies need to change to support real understanding Scores of students hate and fear math, so they end up leaving school without an understanding of basic mathematical concepts. Their evasion and departure hinders math-related pathways and STEM career opportunities. Research has shown very clear methods to change this phenomena, but the information has been confined to research journals—until now. Mathematical Mindsets provides a proven, practical roadmap to mathematics success for any student at any age.
Author: Ivo M. Foppa
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-10-18
A Historical Introduction to Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases: Seminal Papers in Epidemiology offers step-by-step help on how to navigate the important historical papers on the subject, beginning in the 18th century. The book carefully, and critically, guides the reader through seminal writings that helped revolutionize the field. With pointed questions, prompts, and analysis, this book helps the non-mathematician develop their own perspective, relying purely on a basic knowledge of algebra, calculus, and statistics. By learning from the important moments in the field, from its conception to the 21st century, it enables readers to mature into competent practitioners of epidemiologic modeling. Presents a refreshing and in-depth look at key historical works of mathematical epidemiology Provides all the basic knowledge of mathematics readers need in order to understand the fundamentals of mathematical modeling of infectious diseases Includes questions, prompts, and answers to help apply historical solutions to modern day problems