Author: Michael Hanagan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-04-15
Genre: Social Science
The catalyst for this book is the fact that noted sociologist Charles Tilly, upon his death in 2008, left one completed chapter of an unfinished manuscript entitled “Cities, States, and Trust Networks,” examining the relationships between cities and nation-states over the sweep of history, and in particular the role of trust networks in mediating this relationship. Though this was the catalyst, the book serves a broader purpose: to survey recent frontier work on cities, nation-states, and the relations between the two in historical and contemporary perspective. Essays in the book will address four main themes: city-state relations, trust networks and commitment, democracy and inequality, and the importance of historical legacies in shaping state structures, practices, and capacities. They will be global in scope, with research on the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Africa; a number of the pieces will be comparative. They will also be interdisciplinary, including works of geography, history, political science, sociology, urban planning. The book addresses several confluent needs of readers. One is to simply update themes addressed in earlier edited work such as Bringing the State Back In (1985). A second is to bring together current thinking about cities on the one hand and nation-states on the other, literatures that are often segregated from each other. A third is to perform those two purposes in a way that is global in scope and combines both historical and current analyses, to pull together insights from the full range of human experience.
Author: Keith Laybourn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2017-08-15
Genre: Social Science
British labour history has been one of the dominating areas of historical research in the last sixty years and this book, written in honour of Professor Chris Wrigley, offers a collection of essays written by leading British labour historians of that subject including Ken Brown, Malcolm Chase and Matthew Worley. It focuses upon trade unionism, the co-operative movement, the rise and fall of the Labour Party, and working-class lives, comparing British labour movements with those in Germany and examining the social and political labour activities of the Lansburys. There is, indeed, some important work connected with the cultural developments of the British labour movement, most obviously in the essay written by Matthew Worley on communism and Punk Rock.
Guilds and fraternities, voluntary associations of men and women, proliferated in medieval Europe. The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages explores the motives and experiences of the many thousands of men and women who joined together in these family-like societies. Rarely confined to a single craft, the diversity of guild membership was of its essence. Setting the English evidence in a European context, this study is not an institutional history, but instead is concerned with the material and non-material aims of the brothers and sisters of the guilds. Gervase Rosser addresses the subject of medieval guilds in the context of contemporary debates surrounding the identity and fulfilment of the individual, and the problematic question of his or her relationship to a larger society. Unlike previous studies, The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages does not focus on the guilds as institutions but on the social and moral processes which were catalysed by participation. These bodies founded schools, built bridges, managed almshouses, governed small towns, shaped religious ritual, and commemorated the dead, perceiving that association with a fraternity would be a potential catalyst of personal change. Participants cultivated the formation of new friendships between individuals, predicated on the understanding that human fulfilment depended upon a mutually transformative engagement with others. The peasants, artisans, and professionals who joined the guilds sought to change both their society and themselves. The study sheds light on the conception and construction of society in the Middle Ages, and suggests further that this evidence has implications for how we see ourselves.
Author: Larry Sitsky
Release Date: 2002-12-30
Presenting a view of the 20th-century music avant-garde without resorting to highly specialized jargon, this work offers an exhaustive history and analysis of contemporary music in a social, political, and artistic context. Distinguished contributors from around the world consider specific composers who represent the most progressive musical thinking of their time and place. Editor Larry Sitsky, an eminent Australian composer and teacher, has assembled an accessible, unique, and clearly written collection. Also exploring the links among this diverse group of composers, the guide offers a cross-index of names that will help the researcher formulate a cohesive view of the 20th-century avant-garde. A bibliography and list of selected works round out the volume, which succeeds in demystifying an area that, until now, has been the exclusive province only of the specialist.
Author: Christoph Anz
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Release Date: 1998
Die Gilde war eine Form der Gruppenbildung, die alle Bereiche des menschlichen Lebens umfaßte, ein 'totales Phänomen' also. In Skandinavien sind Gilden seit dem 12. Jahrhundert nachweisbar. Sie haben demnach keine germanischen Ursprünge, sondern sind Phänomene der christlich geprägten Gesellschaft. Christoph Anz untersucht die Gilden in Dänemark, Norwegen und Schweden von ihren Anfängen bis zur Reformation.Die Mitglieder der Gilden verfolgten mit dieser Form der Gruppenbildung ihre individuellen Ziele. Es waren also nicht die 'Gemeinschaften', die handelten. Das zeigt diese breit angelegte Untersuchung skandinavischer Gilden, in deren Mittelpunkt die religiösen Inhalte und das selbst gesetzte Recht dieser Schwureinungen stehen. Zwischen den Gilden der drei nordeuropäischen Länder gab es nur minimale Unterschiede. Die Gilden trugen zur Herstellung stabiler gesellschaftlicher Verhältnisse und zur Ausbreitung des Christentums bei. Auch deshalb hatten die kirchlichen und weltlichen Obrigkeiten ein positives Verhältnis zu den Gilden. Das war einer der wenigen Unterschiede zu den kontinentalen Gilden, die sich sonst zumeist in einer vergleichbaren Situation befanden. Die Idee der 'freien Einung' war auch in den drei nordeuropäischen Ländern wirksam. Skandinavien war also schon im Mittelalter ein Teil des europäischen Kulturraums.