Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

Author: Geo. Clifford White
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 0471292079
Release Date: 1998-12-18
Genre: Science

The essential sourcebook on disinfectants for water purification For more than two decades, George Clifford White's handbook has been known as one of the most vital references on all aspects of chlorination, dechlorination, and the use of alternative disinfectants such as chloramines, ozone, bromine, and ultraviolet radiation. This latest edition features expanded and updated material in every chapter-crucial information for professionals in industries ranging from water treatment, toxicology, and food packaging to industrial hygiene, environmental engineering, and paper processing. White shows how to harness the possibilities of chlorine and other disinfectants for purification. He offers detailed coverage of chlorine hazards-including how to cope with major leaks-and provides insightful profiles of chlorine accidents as well as strategies for avoiding them. Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants, Fourth Edition also covers: * Biomedical and environmental effects of chlorine * New advances in equipment, facilities, and operations * The important problem of virus infiltration of water supplies * Chlorine supplies as critical resources, and the issue of their depletion * American and European chlorination practices Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants, Fourth Edition is a key resource for researchers, designers, and equipment manufacturers; an ideal reference for regulatory agencies; and a user-friendly operations manual for technicians.

White s Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

Author: Black & Veatch Corporation
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118210550
Release Date: 2011-09-20
Genre: Science

New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, and alternative disinfectants Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants more than ten years ago, the water industry has made substantial advances in their understanding and application of chlorine, hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water and wastewater treatment. This Fifth Edition, with its extensive updates and revisions, reflects the current state of the science as well as the latest practices. Balancing theory with practice, the Fifth Edition covers such important topics as: Advances in the use of UV and ozone as disinfectants Alternative disinfectants such as chlorine dioxide, iodine, and bromine-related products Advanced oxidation processes for drinking water and wastewater treatment New developments and information for the production and handling of chlorine Latest regulations governing the use of different disinfectants For each disinfectant, the book explains its chemistry, effectiveness, dosing, equipment, and system design requirements. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of each disinfectant are clearly set forth. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the primary literature for further investigation. Authored and reviewed by leading experts in the field of water and wastewater treatment, this Fifth Edition remains an ideal reference for utilities, regulators, engineers, and plant operators who need current information on the disinfection of potable water, wastewater, industrial water, and swimming pools.

White s Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

Author: Black & Veatch Corporation
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 0470180986
Release Date: 2010-01-12
Genre: Science

New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, and alternative disinfectants Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants more than ten years ago, the water industry has made substantial advances in their understanding and application of chlorine, hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water and wastewater treatment. This Fifth Edition, with its extensive updates and revisions, reflects the current state of the science as well as the latest practices. Balancing theory with practice, the Fifth Edition covers such important topics as: Advances in the use of UV and ozone as disinfectants Alternative disinfectants such as chlorine dioxide, iodine, and bromine-related products Advanced oxidation processes for drinking water and wastewater treatment New developments and information for the production and handling of chlorine Latest regulations governing the use of different disinfectants For each disinfectant, the book explains its chemistry, effectiveness, dosing, equipment, and system design requirements. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of each disinfectant are clearly set forth. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the primary literature for further investigation. Authored and reviewed by leading experts in the field of water and wastewater treatment, this Fifth Edition remains an ideal reference for utilities, regulators, engineers, and plant operators who need current information on the disinfection of potable water, wastewater, industrial water, and swimming pools.

Soaps Detergents and Disinfectants Technology Handbook

Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
ISBN: 9788190568517
Release Date: 2007-10-01
Genre:

Soaps and detergents are used frequently in our daily life. We use them to wash our hands and clean our clothes without ever really paying attention to how they work. Beneath the plain white surface of a bar of soap lies an intriguing history and a powerful chemistry. It has been said that amount of soap and detergent consumed in a country is a reliable measure of its civilizations. There was a time when these products were luxury; now it is a necessity. A disinfectant or agent that frees from infection is ordinarily a chemical agent which kills disease germs or other harmful microorganisms and is applied to inanimate objects. The specific way in which a disinfectant agent is used is dependent on both the desired objective and the infectious agent present. The term detergent by itself refers specifically to laundry detergent or dish detergent, as opposed to hand soap or other types of cleaning agents. Detergents are commonly available as powders or concentrated solutions. Detergents work because they are amphiphilic partly hydrophilic (polar) and partly hydrophobic (non polar). Their dual nature facilitates the mixture of hydrophobic compounds (like oil and grease) with water. Because air is not hydrophillic, detergents are also foaming agents to varying degrees. Completely non polar solvents known as degreasers can also remove hydrophobic contaminants but may not dissolve in water because of a lack of polar elements. Soaps are mainly used as surfactants for washing, bathing, and cleaning, but they are also used in textile spinning and are important components of lubricants. Soap is a mixture of sodium salts of various naturally occurring fatty acids. Soaps and detergents are very similar in their chemical properties. However, there is a significant difference between them; soaps are produced from natural products, and detergents are synthetic, or manmade. The market is expected to grow at rates ranging from under 4% to around 4.5%. These are very modest rates considering that the lifestyles not only of urbanites, but even of well off rural folks are changing at a very high pace. The analysts are expecting the industry to continue to grow in both the industrialized as well as developing nations. Some of the fundamentals of the book are technology of soap making, washing of saponified soap, plant for total soap making operation, construction materials for soap making plants, earth bleaching of oils, chemical bleaching, fatty acids, manufacture of framed soaps, manufacture of chips and flakes, manufacture of milled bars, the mazzoni process, floating soap bars, mixing of soap, chemicals used in soaps & detergents, alkylolamides, alkylolamides in shampoo formulations, chemistry of the alkylolamides, mono alkylolamides, di alkylolamides, pure dialkylolamides, phosphoxylated alkylolamides, sulphated alkylolamides, disinfectants and antiseptics, dry cleaning agents, etc. The present book contains formulae, processes of different types of soaps, detergents and disinfectants. These products have good demand in domestic as well as in International market. So there is a very good scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. This book is an invaluable resource for entrepreneurs, technocrats and for those who want to diversify in to this field.

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality

Author: Satinder Ahuja
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080921124
Release Date: 2009-07-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This work provides those involved in water purification research and administration with a comprehensive resource of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from contaminants, both natural and human caused. The book first provides an overview of major water-related issues in developing and developed countries, followed by a review of issues of sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations and forensics in water quality and purity investigations. The subsequent chapters cover microbial as well chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, volatile and semi-volatile compounds, disinfectants, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, as well as potential terrorist-related contamination. The last chapter describes the Grainger prize-winning filter that can remove arsenic from water sources and sufficiently protect the health of a large number of people. - Covers the scope of water contamination problems on a worldwide scale - Provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants - Describes the filter that won the $1 million Grainger prize and thereby highlighting an important approach to remediation

Handbook of Research on the Adverse Effects of Pesticide Pollution in Aquatic Ecosystems

Author: Wani, Khursheed Ahmad
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781522561125
Release Date: 2018-10-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Certain types of pesticides are widely used in agriculture in all parts of the world due to their relatively low cost, broad spectrum of activity, and high efficiency. These pollutants contaminate not only the surrounding soils and water but, in many cases, also enter into the drinking water. The Handbook of Research on the Adverse Effects of Pesticide Pollution in Aquatic Ecosystems provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of the prevention of accumulation of toxic pollutants such as agrochemicals and organochlorine pesticides in aquatic ecosystems and applications within ecology and agriculture. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as pesticide monitoring, metabolites, and risk assessment, this book is ideally designed for scientists, researchers, engineers, policymakers, agricultural specialists, industrialists, academicians, and students seeking current research on the risks of water contaminants in small ecosystems.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations 2nd Ed

Author: C. Lee
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071511121
Release Date: 2007-06-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Take Advantage of the Latest Calculation Methods for Solving Problems in Every Major Area of Environmental Engineering The only hands-on reference of its kind, the Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations equips you with step-by-step calculation procedures covering virtually every aspect of environmental engineering. Designed to give you quick access to essential information, the updated Second Edition of this unique guide now presents the latest methods for solving a wide range of specific problems, together with worked-out examples that include numerical results for the calculations. Written by a team of environmental experts from both the private and public sectors, this easy-to-use reference provides you with complete calculations for water quality assessment and control...solid waste materials ... and air pollution control. Filled with 200 helpful illustrations, the Second Edition features: Hundreds of detailed examples and calculations with fully illustrated steps Calculations covering every aspect of environmental engineering Both SI and U.S. customary units presented throughout New to this edition: new sections on fuel cells and air toxic risk assessment Inside This State-of-the-Art Environmental Engineering Toolkit • Calculations of Water Quality Assessment and Control • Solid Waste Calculations • Air Pollution Control Calculations • Air Toxic Risk Assessment • Fuel Cell Technologies

A Guide to Infection Control in the Hospital

Author: Richard Putnam Wenzel
Publisher: PMPH-USA
ISBN: 1550092308
Release Date: 2002-01
Genre: Medical

Infections, especially those occuring postoperatively, remain a major problem in hospitals. This international team of infection control experts has developed a handy pocket-sized manual that provides updates guidelines and protocols for preventing infections, and managing them if they occur. The information covers all types of infection and is presented in a rapid-access format. All members of infection control teams will benefit from the material presented.

Handbook of Chlor Alkali Technology

Author: Thomas F. O'Brien
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306486241
Release Date: 2007-12-31
Genre: Science

Concentrated treatment of all aspects of technology and handling directly related to the products of electrolysis. Thoroughly up to date and should become the standard reference in its field.

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients

Author: Raymond C. Rowe
Publisher: Amer Pharmacists Assn
ISBN: 1582121354
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Medical

An internationally acclaimed reference work recognized as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources of information on excipients used in pharmaceutical formulation with this new edition providing 340 excipient monographs. Incorporates information on the uses, and chemical and physical properties of excipients systematically collated from a variety of international sources including: pharmacopeias, patents, primary and secondary literature, websites, and manufacturers' data; extensive data provided on the applications, licensing, and safety of excipients; comprehensively cross-referenced and indexed, with many additional excipients described as related substances and an international supplier's directory and detailed information on trade names and specific grades or types of excipients commercially available.

Water Supply Surveillance

Author: Guy Howard
Publisher: WEDC, Loughborough University
ISBN: 9781843800040
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Water-supply

The result of a DFID/WHO project presenting guidelines on the implementation of water supply surveillance based on field experience in Uganda, Ghana and bangladesh. The guidelines provide a methodology for including poverty and vulnerability into suveillance planning and show how priority groups can be targeted. The book also provides guidance on data collection and use of surveillance findings in improving water supplies and water handling practices as a way of reducing public health risks derived from poor water supply. It emphasises the need for partnerships with communities and identifies the way in which information can be shared and used by a range of organisations.