Author: Zachary P. Neal
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2016-11-25
Genre: Social Science
The Handbook of Applied System Science is organized around both methodological approaches in systems science, and the substantive topic to which these approaches have been applied. The volume begins with an essay that introduces three system science methods: agent-based modeling, system dynamics, and network analysis. The remainder of the volume is organized around three broad topics: (1) health and human development, (2) environment and sustainability, and (3) communities and social change. Each part begins with a brief introductory essay, and includes nine chapters that demonstrate the application of system science methods to address research questions in these areas. This handbook will be useful for work in Public Health, Sociology, Criminal Justice, Social Work, Political Science, Environmental Studies, Urban Studies, and Psychology.
Author: Richard M. Lerner
Release Date: 2002-10-22
This Handbook comprehensively presents the latest theory, research, and application from applied developmental science (ADS) and the positive psychology movement. It summarizes and synthesizes the best scientific knowledge from ADS to help readers understand the efforts being made around the world to ensure that all children and adolescents develop into healthy adults who contribute positively to society.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-06-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
A detailed and thorough reference on the discipline andpractice of systems engineering The objective of the International Council on SystemsEngineering (INCOSE) Systems Engineering Handbook is todescribe key process activities performed by systems engineers andother engineering professionals throughout the life cycle of asystem. The book covers a wide range of fundamental system conceptsthat broaden the thinking of the systems engineering practitioner,such as system thinking, system science, life cycle management,specialty engineering, system of systems, and agile and iterativemethods. This book also defines the discipline and practice ofsystems engineering for students and practicing professionalsalike, providing an authoritative reference that is acknowledgedworldwide. The latest edition of the INCOSE Systems EngineeringHandbook: Is consistent with ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015 Systems and softwareengineering—System life cycle processes and the Guide to theSystems Engineering Body of Knowledge (SEBoK) Has been updated to include the latest concepts of the INCOSEworking groups Is the body of knowledge for the INCOSE CertificationProcess This book is ideal for any engineering professional who has aninterest in or needs to apply systems engineering practices. Thisincludes the experienced systems engineer who needs a convenientreference, a product engineer or engineer in another discipline whoneeds to perform systems engineering, a new systems engineer, oranyone interested in learning more about systems engineering.
Author: Amiya Nayak
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2007-11-09
Discover the benefits of applying algorithms to solve scientific, engineering, and practical problems Providing a combination of theory, algorithms, and simulations, Handbook of Applied Algorithms presents an all-encompassing treatment of applying algorithms and discrete mathematics to practical problems in "hot" application areas, such as computational biology, computational chemistry, wireless networks, and computer vision. In eighteen self-contained chapters, this timely book explores: * Localized algorithms that can be used in topology control for wireless ad-hoc or sensor networks * Bioinformatics algorithms for analyzing data * Clustering algorithms and identification of association rules in data mining * Applications of combinatorial algorithms and graph theory in chemistry and molecular biology * Optimizing the frequency planning of a GSM network using evolutionary algorithms * Algorithmic solutions and advances achieved through game theory Complete with exercises for readers to measure their comprehension of the material presented, Handbook of Applied Algorithms is a much-needed resource for researchers, practitioners, and students within computer science, life science, and engineering. Amiya Nayak, PhD, has over seventeen years of industrial experience and is Full Professor at the School of Information Technology and Engineering at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is on the editorial board of several journals. Dr. Nayak's research interests are in the areas of fault tolerance, distributed systems/algorithms, and mobile ad-hoc networks. Ivan StojmenoviC?, PhD, is Professor at the University of Ottawa, Canada (www.site.uottawa.ca/~ivan), and Chair Professor of Applied Computing at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Dr. Stojmenovic? received the Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. His current research interests are mostly in the design and analysis of algorithms for wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks.
Author: Kristofer J. Hagglund, PhD, ABPP
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Release Date: 2006-07-05
Now, more than ever, the field of rehabilitation psychology is growing. This book--one of the few that focuses solely on rehabilitation psychology research--provides the reader with the most up-to-date look at researchand practice within the field of rehabilitation psychology. It offers recommendations for future research programs, policy changes, and clinical interventions from the various perspectives within rehabilitation psychology research and practice, and seeks to demonstrate how much the field can evolve with the implementation of these changes. Topics covered include: Assistive technology Health policy Cultural diversity Employment Future of rehabilitation research Community integration Health disparities
Author: Wayne W. Fisher
Publisher: Guilford Press
Release Date: 2011-07-06
Describing the state of the science of applied behavior analysis (ABA), this comprehensive handbook provides detailed information about theory, research, and intervention. The contributors are leading ABA authorities who present best practices in behavioral assessment and demonstrate evidence-based strategies for supporting positive behaviors and reducing problem behaviors. Conceptual, empirical, and procedural building blocks of ABA are reviewed and specific applications described in education, autism treatment, safety skills for children, and other areas. The volume also addresses crucial professional and ethical issues, making it a complete reference and training tool for ABA practitioners and students.
Author: Niklas Möller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2018-01-04
Genre: Business & Economics
Presents recent breakthroughs in the theory, methods, and applications of safety and risk analysis for safety engineers, risk analysts, and policy makers Safety principles are paramount to addressing structured handling of safety concerns in all technological systems. This handbook captures and discusses the multitude of safety principles in a practical and applicable manner. It is organized by five overarching categories of safety principles: Safety Reserves; Information and Control; Demonstrability; Optimization; and Organizational Principles and Practices. With a focus on the structured treatment of a large number of safety principles relevant to all related fields, each chapter defines the principle in question and discusses its application as well as how it relates to other principles and terms. This treatment includes the history, the underlying theory, and the limitations and criticism of the principle. Several chapters also problematize and critically discuss the very concept of a safety principle. The book treats issues such as: What are safety principles and what roles do they have? What kinds of safety principles are there? When, if ever, should rules and principles be disobeyed? How do safety principles relate to the law; what is the status of principles in different domains? The book also features: • Insights from leading international experts on safety and reliability • Real-world applications and case studies including systems usability, verification and validation, human reliability, and safety barriers • Different taxonomies for how safety principles are categorized • Breakthroughs in safety and risk science that can significantly change, improve, and inform important practical decisions • A structured treatment of safety principles relevant to numerous disciplines and application areas in industry and other sectors of society • Comprehensive and practical coverage of the multitude of safety principles including maintenance optimization, substitution, safety automation, risk communication, precautionary approaches, non-quantitative safety analysis, safety culture, and many others The Handbook of Safety Principles is an ideal reference and resource for professionals engaged in risk and safety analysis and research. This book is also appropriate as a graduate and PhD-level textbook for courses in risk and safety analysis, reliability, safety engineering, and risk management offered within mathematics, operations research, and engineering departments. NIKLAS MÖLLER, PhD, is Associate Professor at the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The author of approximately 20 international journal articles, Dr. Möller's research interests include the philosophy of risk, metaethics, philosophy of science, and epistemology. SVEN OVE HANSSON, PhD, is Professor of Philosophy at the Royal Institute of Technology. He has authored over 300 articles in international journals and is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. Dr. Hansson is also a Topical Editor for the Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. JAN-ERIK HOLMBERG, PhD, is Senior Consultant at Risk Pilot AB and Adjunct Professor of Probabilistic Riskand Safety Analysis at the Royal Institute of Technology. Dr. Holmberg received his PhD in Applied Mathematics from Helsinki University of Technology in 1997. CARL ROLLENHAGEN, PhD, is Adjunct Professor of Risk and Safety at the Royal Institute of Technology. Dr. Rollenhagen has performed extensive research in the field of human factors and MTO (Man, Technology, and Organization) with a specific emphasis on safety culture and climate, event investigation methods, and organizational safety assessment.
Author: Vijay P. Singh
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2016-03-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology
Author: Manfred M. Fischer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-12-24
Genre: Business & Economics
The Handbook is written for academics, researchers, practitioners and advanced graduate students. It has been designed to be read by those new or starting out in the field of spatial analysis as well as by those who are already familiar with the field. The chapters have been written in such a way that readers who are new to the field will gain important overview and insight. At the same time, those readers who are already practitioners in the field will gain through the advanced and/or updated tools and new materials and state-of-the-art developments included. This volume provides an accounting of the diversity of current and emergent approaches, not available elsewhere despite the many excellent journals and te- books that exist. Most of the chapters are original, some few are reprints from the Journal of Geographical Systems, Geographical Analysis, The Review of Regional Studies and Letters of Spatial and Resource Sciences. We let our contributors - velop, from their particular perspective and insights, their own strategies for m- ping the part of terrain for which they were responsible. As the chapters were submitted, we became the first consumers of the project we had initiated. We gained from depth, breadth and distinctiveness of our contributors’ insights and, in particular, the presence of links between them.
Author: John A. Sokolowski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-03-28
Introduces various modeling and simulation methods and paradigms that are used to explain and solve the predominant challenges facing society Handbook of Real-World Applications in Modeling and Simulation provides a thorough explanation of modeling and simulation in the most useful, current, and predominant applied areas of transportation, homeland security, medicine, operational research, military science, and business modeling. Offering a cutting-edge and accessible presentation, this book discusses how and why the presented domains have become leading applications of modeling and simulation techniques. Contributions from leading academics and researchers integrate modeling and simulation theories, methods, and data to analyze challenges that involve technological and social issues. The book begins with an introduction that explains why modeling and simulation is a reliable analysis assessment tool for complex systems problems. Subsequent chapters provide an orientation to various modeling and simulation methods and paradigms that are used to explain and solve the predominant challenges across real-world applied domains. Additionally, the handbook: Provides a practical one-stop reference on modeling and simulation and contains an accessible introduction to key concepts and techniques Introduces, trains, and prepares readers from statistics, mathematics, engineering, computer science, economics, and business to use modeling and simulation in their studies and research Features case studies that are representative of fundamental areas of multidisciplinary studies and provides a concise look at the key concepts of modeling and simulation Contains a collection of original ideas on modeling and simulation to help academics and practitioners develop a multifunctional perspective Self-contained chapters offer a comprehensive approach to explaining each respective domain and include sections that explore the related history, theory, modeling paradigms, and case studies. Key terms and techniques are clearly outlined, and exercise sets allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented material. Handbook of Real-World Applications in Modeling and Simulation is an essential reference for academics and practitioners in the areas of operations research, business, management science, engineering, statistics, mathematics, and computer science. The handbook is also a suitable supplement for courses on modeling and simulation at the graduate level.
Using the same strategy for the needs of image processing and pattern recognition, scientists and researchers have turned to computational intelligence for better research throughputs and end results applied towards engineering, science, business and financial applications. Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business discusses the computation intelligence approaches, initiatives and applications in the engineering, science and business fields. This reference aims to highlight computational intelligence as no longer limited to computing-related disciplines and can be applied to any effort which handles complex and meaningful information.
System administration is about the design, running and maintenance of human-computer systems. Examples of human-computer systems include business enterprises, service institutions and any extensive machinery that is operated by, or interacts with human beings. System administration is often thought of as the technological side of a system: the architecture, construction and optimization of the collaborating parts, but it also occasionally touches on softer factors such as user assistance (help desks), ethical considerations in deploying a system, and the larger implications of its design for others who come into contact with it. This book summarizes the state of research and practice in this emerging field of network and system administration, in an anthology of chapters written by the top academics in the field. The authors include members of the IST-EMANICS Network of Excellence in Network Management. This book will be a valuable reference work for researchers and senior system managers wanting to understand the essentials of system administration, whether in practical application of a data center or in the design of new systems and data centers. - Covers data center planning and design - Discusses configuration management - Illustrates business modeling and system administration - Provides the latest theoretical developments
Author: Vitthal S. Kulkarni
Release Date: 2009-12-31
With the improvements in formulation science and certain transdermal delivery technologies, the non-invasive mode of drug delivery is now ready to compete with traditional methods of oral and injectible routes of drug delivery. The Handbook of Non-Invasive Drug Delivery Systems encompasses the broad field of non-invasive drug delivery systems that include drug delivery via topical, transdermal-passive, transdermal-active (device- aided enhanced penetration), trans-mucosal membrane, trans-ocular membrane as well as delivery via alveolar membrane from inhaled medication. Patient compliance has been found to be much higher when administrated by non-invasive routes and therefore they are considered to be a preferred mode of drug delivery. The book includes both science and technological aspects of new drug delivery systems. Its unique focus is that it is on new drug delivery systems that are considered to be "non-invasive". Other unique features include a chapter on Regulatory Aspects of non-invasive systems and one on FDA guidance for topical nano-drug delivery. Two chapters covering market trends and perspectives, as well as providing guidance to those marketing such systems are also included.
Author: Frada Burstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-01-22
Decision support systems have experienced a marked increase in attention and importance over the past 25 years. The aim of this book is to survey the decision support system (DSS) field – covering both developed territory and emergent frontiers. It will give the reader a clear understanding of fundamental DSS concepts, methods, technologies, trends, and issues. It will serve as a basic reference work for DSS research, practice, and instruction. To achieve these goals, the book has been designed according to a ten-part structure, divided in two volumes with chapters authored by well-known, well-versed scholars and practitioners from the DSS community.