Author: Dennis R. Heldman
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2006-11-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
As the demand for safe, nutritious, convenient foods continues to rise, and the capabilities of molecular biology and nutritional biochemistry continue to expand, the need for up-to-date engineering information becomes ever more critical. The application of innovative engineering concepts enables scientific breakthroughs to be utilized in the manufacture of the highest quality food products at the lowest possible cost. Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition assembles the most recent information available for the efficient design and development of processes used in the manufacturing of food products, along with traditional background and fundamental information. In keeping with the comprehensive and informative style of the original, this second edition focuses on the thermophysical properties of food and the rate constants of change in food components during processing. It highlights the use of these properties and constants in process design. Beginning with a review of the properties of food and food ingredients and the traditional unit operations associated with food manufacture, the book moves on to discuss specific points associated with freezing, concentration, dehydration, thermal processing, and extrusion. Key chapters cover basic concepts of the transport and storage of liquids and solids, as well as important topics in packaging, cleaning, and sanitation. New information on membrane processes addresses not only liquid concentration, but also other applications for membranes in food processing. The chapters on mass transfer in foods and food packaging have been extensively revised. Delineating the concepts of engineering as they are applied to the latest advancements in food manufacture, Handbook of Food Engineering, Second Edition contributes to the evolution of food engineering as an interface between engineering and other food sciences.
The processing of food is no longer simple or straightforward, but is now a highly inter-disciplinary science. A number of new techniques have developed to extend shelf-life, minimize risk, protect the environment, and improve functional, sensory, and nutritional properties. The ever-increasing number of food products and preservation techniques creates a great demand for an up to date handbook that will facilitate understanding of the methods, technology, and science involved in the manipulation of these conventional and sophisticated preservation methods. Extensively revised, reorganized, and expanded from 25 to 44 chapters, the Handbook of Food Preservation, Second Edition remains the definitive resource on food preservation. It emphasizes practical, cost-effective, and safe-strategies for implementing preservation techniques and dissects the exact mode or mechanism involved in each method by highlighting the effects on food properties. Divided into five sections the book begins with an overview of food preservation and handling including fresh fruits and vegetables, grains and pulses, fish, red meat, and milk. It presents comprehensive preservation methods based on chemical and microbiological additives, such as fermentation and pH lowering agents. The book details methods of physical manipulation involving modified-atmosphere packaging, membrane technology, surface treatment, and edible coating. There is also an extensive description of preservation methods using thermal and other energy such as irradiation, high-pressure, and pulsed electric or magnetic fields. Finally, the book presents a range of indirect approaches to improve quality and safety and good manufacturing practices. Containing fundamental and practical aspects of today's current and emerging preservation methods, the Handbook of Food Preservation, Second Edition helps practicing industrial and academic food scientists, technologists, and engineers develop high-quality, safe products through better understanding and control of the processes.
Consumer demand for a year-round supply of seasonal produce and ready-made meals remains the driving force behind innovation in frozen food technology. Now in its second edition, Handbook of Frozen Food Processing and Packaging explores the art and science of frozen foods and assembles essential data and references relied upon by scientists in universities and research institutions. Highlights in the Second Edition include: Original chapters revised and updated with the latest developments New section on Emerging Technologies in Food Freezing, with chapters on ultrasound accelerated freezing, high-pressure shift freezing, electrostatic field-assisted food freezing, and antifreeze proteins New section on Trends in Frozen Food Packaging, with chapters on active packaging, intelligent packaging, vacuum packaging, and edible coatings and films and their applications on frozen foods This volume continues the tradition of the benchmark first edition, capturing the latest developments on the cutting edge of frozen food science. In addition to updated coverage of quality and safety issues and monitoring and measuring techniques, it highlights emerging technologies and trends, all in the format that made the previous edition so popular. It offers the tools needed to develop new and better products, keeping up with consumer demand for safe and convenient frozen foods.
It has been nearly a decade since the third edition of Engineering Properties of Foods was published, and food structure/microstructure remains a subject of research interest. In fact, significant developments have taken place in the area of high pressure processing (HPP), which has been approved for pasteurization of food by the Food and Drug Administration. Kinetic data related to HPP have proven important for validation of pressure-assisted pasteurization. Due to these developments, three new chapters have been added to the Fourth Edition: Food Microstructure Analysis Glass Transition in Foods Kinetics and Process Design for High-Pressure Processing The text focuses on elucidating the engineering aspects of food properties and their variations, supplemented by representative data. Chapters have been updated and revised to include recent developments. The book presents data on physical, chemical, and biological properties, illustrating their relevance and practical importance. The topics range from surface properties, rheological properties, and thermal properties to thermodynamic, dielectric, and gas exchange properties. The chapters follow a consistent format for ease of use. Each chapter contains an introduction, food property definition, measurement procedure, modeling, representative data compilation, and applications.
Author: Y. H. Hui
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2016-04-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Fermented food can be produced with inexpensive ingredients and simple techniques and makes a significant contribution to the human diet, especially in rural households and village communities worldwide. Progress in the biological and microbiological sciences involved in the manufacture of these foods has led to commercialization and heightened interest among scientists and food processors. Handbook of Animal-Based Fermented Food and Beverage Technology, Second Edition is an up-to-date reference exploring the history, microorganisms, quality assurance, and manufacture of fermented food products derived from animal sources. The book begins by describing fermented animal product manufacturing and then supplies a detailed exploration of a range of topics including: Dairy starter cultures, microorganisms, leuconostoc and its use in dairy technology, and the production of biopreservatives Exopolysaccharides and fermentation ecosystems Fermented milk, koumiss, laban, yogurt, and sour cream Meat products, including ham, salami, sausages, and Turkish pastirma Malaysian and Indonesian fermented fish products Probiotics and fermented products, including the technological aspects and benefits of cheese as a probiotic carrier Fermented food products play a critical role in cultural identity, local economy, and gastronomical delight. With contributions from over 60 experts from more than 20 countries, the book is an essential reference distilling the most critical information on this food sector.
Author: Y. H. Hui
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2012-05-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Fermented food can be produced with inexpensive ingredients and simple techniques and makes a significant contribution to the human diet, especially in rural households and village communities worldwide. Progress in the biological and microbiological sciences involved in the manufacture of these foods has led to commercialization and heightened interest among scientists and food processors. Handbook of Plant-Based Fermented Food and Beverage Technology, Second Edition is an up-to-date reference exploring the history, microorganisms, quality assurance, and manufacture of fermented food products derived from plant sources. The book begins by describing fermented food flavors, manufacturing, and biopreservation. It then supplies a detailed exploration of a range of topics, including: Soy beverages and sauce, soymilk, and tofu Fruits and fruit products, including wine, capers, apple cider and juice, mangos, olive fruit, and noni fruits Vegetables and vegetable products, including red beet juice, eggplant, olives, pickles, sauerkraut, and jalapeño peppers Cereals and cereal products, including fermented bread, sourdough bread, rice noodles, boza, Chinese steamed buns, whiskey, and beer Specialty products such as balsamic vinegar, palm wine, cachaça, brick tea, shalgam, coconut milk and oil, coffee, and probiotic nondairy beverages Ingredients such as proteolytic bacteria, enzymes, and probiotics Fermented food products play a critical role in cultural identity, local economy, and gastronomical delight. With contributions from over 60 experts from more than 20 countries, the book is an essential reference distilling the most critical information on this food sector.
Author: Shafiur Rahman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-05-21
"This book will offer a comprehensive account of the design of all major food processing systems, including both established and novel unit operations. The range of equipment available for any given process will be described, including the basic theoretical principles and modes of operation. Advantages and limitations of the equipment within various relevant parameters (such as size, processing time, cost and energy requirements) will be explained and schematic diagrams will be provided to show the stages of each process component in detail. The book also covers computer-aided design and control systems, cost considerations and cleaning and sanitation methods. Practical examples of process design scenarios will be included to help the reader in specifying and designing their own operations. All chapters will follow the following format:1. Purpose of unit operation2. What are the end products of the process?3. Process flow sheet, material and energy balances, and schematic diagram of the process and its components4. Basic theoretical principles and mode of operations.5. Different types of equipment available with their advantages and limitations. What are the parameters we need to know? For example, time, energy, size, and other factors.6. Empirical data and rules of thumb used to facilitate the various design calculations, simplified equations and shortcut methods.7. Simple equations, tables, and graphs to estimate the design parameters.8. Process control, operations and maintenance of the unit operations.9. Advanced levels of process design for complicated systems. Computer aided process/plant design.10. Cleaning and sanitation methods.11. Capital and operating cost for different size of the equipments.12. Summary and future needs.13. Worked out examples related to design"--
Presenting mathematical prerequisites in summary tables, this book explains fundamental techniques of mathematical modeling processes essential to the food industry. The author focuses on providing an in-depth understanding of modeling techniques, rather than the finer mathematical points. Topics covered include modeling of transport phenomena, kinetic processes, and food engineering operations. The book also discusses statistical process analysis and quality control. It includes examples from almost every conceivable food process, most of which are based on real data given in the many references. Each example is followed by a clear, step-by-step worked solution.
Far more than a simple update and revision, the Handbook of Food Spoilage Yeasts, Second Edition extends and restructures its scope and content to include important advances in the knowledge of microbial ecology, molecular biology, metabolic activity, and strategy for the prohibition and elimination of food borne yeasts. The author incorporates new insights in taxonomy and phylogeny, detection and identification, and the physiological and genetic background of yeast stress responses, and introduces novel and improved processing, packaging, and storage technologies. Including 30 new tables, 40 new figures, 20 percent more species, and more than 2000 references, this second edition provides an unparalleled overview of spoilage yeasts, delivering comprehensive coverage of the biodiversity and ecology of yeasts in a wide variety food types and commodities. Beginning with photographic examples of morphological and phenotypic characteristics, the book considers changes in taxonomy and outlines ecological factors with new sections on biofilms and interactions. It examines the yeast lifecycle, emphasizing kinetics and predictive modeling as well as stress responses; describes the regulation of metabolic activities; and looks at traditional and alternative methods for the inhibition and inactivation of yeasts. The book introduces molecular techniques for identification, enumeration, and detection and points to future developments in these areas. An entirely new chapter explores novel industrial applications of yeasts in food fermentation and biotechnology. Providing a practical guide to understanding the ecological factors governing the activities of food borne yeasts, Handbook of Food Spoilage Yeasts, Second Edition lays the foundation for improved processing technologies and more effective preservation and fermentation of food and beverage products.
The only comprehensive source on extraction process optimization, this book details the installation, construction, development, modeling, control, and economics of conventional and specialized extraction systems in the food processing industry. It supplies case studies for illustration of specific extraction systems in commercial food production. The book analyzes the properties and characteristics of liquid and aqueous extracting solvents and their impact on extraction operations, the supercritical fluid extraction technique, physicochemical and cost data for extraction process design, and the technical and safety aspects of plant design.
Dramatically restructured, more than double in size, the second edition of the Food Properties Handbook has been expanded from seven to 24 chapters. In the more than ten years since the publication of the internationally acclaimed and bestselling first edition, many changes have taken place in the approaches used to solve problems in food preservation, processing, storage, marketing, consumption, and even after consumption. Incorporating changes too numerous to list, this updated edition provides new measurement techniques, basic data compiled for diversified food groups, worked-out examples, and detailed graphs and illustrations. Explores Empirical and Theoretical Prediction Models The book clearly defines the terminology and elucidates the theory behind the measurement techniques, including applications and limitations of each method. It includes data on sources of error in measurement techniques and experimental data from the literature in graphical or tabular form. The volume also elucidates empirical and theoretical prediction models for different foods with processing conditions, descriptions of the applications of the properties, and coverage of where and how to use the data and models in food processing. User-Friendly Format Puts the Latest Information within Easy Reach Still under the aegis of Shafir Rahman, the new edition is now an edited volume, benefitting from the input and expertise of numerous contributors spanning both the globe and the many disciplines that influence the field. Presented in a user-friendly format, the second edition remains the definitive, and arguably the only, source for data on physical, thermal, thermodynamic, structural, and acoustic properties of foods.
With the encroachment of the Internet into nearly all aspects of work and life, it seems as though information is everywhere. However, there is information and then there is correct, appropriate, and timely information. While we might love being able to turn to Wikipedia® for encyclopedia-like information or search Google® for the thousands of links on a topic, engineers need the best information, information that is evaluated, up-to-date, and complete. Accurate, vetted information is necessary when building new skyscrapers or developing new prosthetics for returning military veterans While the award-winning first edition of Using the Engineering Literature used a roadmap analogy, we now need a three-dimensional analysis reflecting the complex and dynamic nature of research in the information age. Using the Engineering Literature, Second Edition provides a guide to the wide range of resources available in all fields of engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and features new sections on nanotechnology as well as green engineering. The information age has greatly impacted the way engineers find information. Engineers have an effect, directly and indirectly, on almost all aspects of our lives, and it is vital that they find the right information at the right time to create better products and processes. Comprehensive and up to date, with expert chapter authors, this book fills a gap in the literature, providing critical information in a user-friendly format.
Author: Frank A. Paine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This is the second edition of a successful title first published in 1983 and now therefore a decade out of date. The authors consider the development of the right package for a particular food in a particular market, from the point of view of the food technologist, the packaging engineer and those concerned with marketing. While the original format has been retained, the contents have been thoroughly revised to take account of the considerable advances made in recent years in the techniques of food processing, packaging and distribution. While efficient packaging is even more a necessity for every kind of food, whether fresh or processed, and is an essential link between the food producer and the consumer, the emphasis on its several functions has changed. Its basic function is to identify the product and ensure that it travels safely through the distribution system to the consumer. Packaging designed and constructed solely for this purpose adds little or nothing to the value of the product, merely preserving farm or processor freshness or preventing physical damage, and cost effectiveness is the sole criterion for success. If, however, the packaging facilitates the use of the product, is reusable or has an after-use, some extra value can be added to justify the extra cost and promote sales. Many examples of packaging providing such extra value can be cited over the last decade.