Author: Mark A. Spalding
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.
Author: Dennis B. Malpass
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2010-12-17
Demystifies the largest volume manmade synthetic polymer by distillingthe fundamentals of what polyethylene is, how it's made and processed,and what happens to it after its useful life is over. Endorsement for Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene "I found this to be a straightforward, easy-to-read, and useful introductory text on polyethylene, which will be helpful for chemists, engineers, and students who need to learn more about this complex topic. The author is a senior polyethylene specialist and I believe we can all benefit from his distillation of knowledge and insight to quickly grasp the key learnings." —R.E. King III; Ciba Corporation (part of the BASF group) Jargon used in industrial polyethylene technology can often be bewildering to newcomers. Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene educates readers on terminology commonly used in the industry and demystifies the chemistry of catalysts and cocatalysts employed in the manufacture of polyethylene. This concise primer reviews the history of polyethylene and introduces basic features and nomenclatures for this versatile polymer. Catalysts and cocatalysts crucial to the production of polyethylene are discussed in the first few chapters. Latter chapters provide an introduction to the processes used to manufacture polyethylene and discuss matters related to downstream applications of polyethylene such as rheology, additives, environmental issues, etc. Providing industrial chemists and engineers a valuable reference tool that covers fundamental features of polyethylene technology, Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene: Identifies the fundamental types of polyethylene and how they differ. Lists markets, key fabrication methods, and the major producers of polyethylene. Provides biodegradable alternatives to polyethylene. Describes the processes used in the manufacture of polyethylene. Includes a thorough glossary, providing definitions of acronyms and abbreviations and also defines terms commonly used in discussions of production and properties of polyethylene. Concludes with the future of industrial polyethylene.
Author: James A. Kent
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-05-27
This substantially revised and updated classic reference offers a valuable overview and myriad details on current chemical processes, products, and practices. No other source offers as much data on the chemistry, engineering, economics, and infrastructure of the industry. The two volume Handbook serves a spectrum of individuals, from those who are directly involved in the chemical industry to others in related industries and activities. Industrial processes and products can be much enhanced through observing the tenets and applying the methodologies found in the book’s new chapters.
Several excellent books have been published that address one or more aspects of the diverse field of industrial mycology, but none of them cover the entire process of fungal bioactive metabolites discovery. Until now. The Handbook of Industrial Mycology provides, in one volume, an overview of recent developments in industrial mycology with emphasis on the discovery of bioactive metabolites and, most importantly, their underlying biology and genetics. Two additional features distinguish this book from other books in the field: 1) most chapters are prepared using experimental data to illustrate theories and 2) the authors provide methodologies and experimental protocols in their chapters. Presenting a comprehensive overview of recent advances, the book provides a framework of basic methods, tools, and organizational principles for channeling fungal germplasm into the academic, pharmaceutical, and enzyme discovery laboratories. It covers the complex range of processes involved in the discovery, characterization, and profiling of bioactive fungal metabolites. The book includes examples of several recently marketed fungal metabolites and explores the impact of fungi on applications in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage, agricultural, and agrochemical industries.
Author: Wolfgang Grellmann
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release Date: 2015-05-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Die enormen Zuwachsraten in der Kunststofferzeugung und -anwendung erhöhen die Forderung nach aussagekräftigen Mess- und Auswerteverfahren in der Kunststoffprüfung. Durch die Fortschritte in der elektronischen Messtechnik haben sich sowohl die klassischen Prüfverfahren weiterentwickelt als auch völlig neuartige Methoden etabliert. Die Aussagekraft dieser Kenngrößen zur Quantifizierung der Zusammenhänge zwischen der Mikrostruktur und den makroskopischen Eigenschaften wird dargestellt. Zusätzliche Informationen über die ablaufenden Schädigungsprozesse und -mechanismen können durch die Anwendung gekoppelter zerstörungsfreier Kunststoffprüfverfahren bzw. hybrider Methoden der Kunststoffdiagnostik gewonnen werden. An Hand von Beispielen zur Optimierung von Kunststoffen und Verbunden sowie zur Bewertung von Bauteileigenschaften wird ein werkstoffwissenschaftlich begründeter Einblick in die moderne Kunststoffprüfung vermittelt.
Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release Date: 2010-10-02
Production of industrial alcohol is an age old practice. But with time, the usage areas as well as production techniques have gone through a major transformation. Industrial alcohol is distilled ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH), normally of high proof, produced and sold for other than beverage purposes. It is usually distributed in the form of pure ethyl alcohol, completely denatured alcohol, especially denatured alcohol and proprietary solvent blends. Ethyl Alcohol is the common name for the hydroxyl derivative of the hydrocarbon ethane .Industrial alcohol is distilled ethyl alcohol normally of high proof, produced and sold for other than beverage purposes. Industrial alcohol finds its applications in many chemical industries, pharmaceutical industries, Ink Industries and various allied applications. Much of this alcohol is obtained synthetically from ethylene. However, its production from microbial fermentation using variety of cheap sugary substrates is still commercially important. The various substrates used for ethanol production are sugar crops such as sugarcane, sugar beet, sorghum, etc. provide a good substrate. Bye product of these crop processing, e.g., molasses, sweet sorghum syrup, etc. are the most common substrates. Cereals like maize, wheat, rice etc are also used for ethanol production. Distillation of industrial alcohol, which is normally not used for consumption, can be made in a two step process. The process of distillation is one with a slow dynamics making it essential to have a carefully planned and designed control system. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol ranks second only to water as the most widely used solvent in chemical industry and as these industries have expanded, so the demand for industrial alcohol has increased. Some of the fundamentals of the book are base case production of alcohol, survey and natural alcohols manufacture, alcohol from wheat straw, alcohol from sacchariferous feed stocks, conventional process used in Indian distilleries, fermentation, distillation, continuous rectification and reflux ratio, alcohol recovery, quality of alcohol, steam economy, fuel oil separation, trihydric and polyhydric alcohols, coal gasification, methanol synthesis, coal gasification and raw gas purification, synthesis gas preparation, methanol synthesis and purification, badger conceptual design. This handbook on Industrial alcohol technology provides complete details on process and the technology used in the production of ethanol from various sugar crops and cereals and also briefs the different types of monohydric, trihydric and polyhydric alcohols. This handbook will be very helpful to its readers who are just beginners in this field and will also find useful for upcoming entrepreneurs, existing industries, technical institution, etc.
Author: Mark C. Porter
Publisher: William Andrew Inc.
Release Date: 1990
This handbook emphasizes the use of sythetic membranes for separations involving industrial or municipal process streams. The ten chapters are authored by some of the world's leading experts in the field of membrane science and technology. Discussions on theory, engineering aspects, membrane preparation and typical and projected applications of the various membrane processes are included.
Featuring contributions from major technology vendors, industry consortia, and government and private research establishments, the Industrial Communication Technology Handbook, Second Edition provides comprehensive and authoritative coverage of wire- and wireless-based specialized communication networks used in plant and factory automation, automotive applications, avionics, building automation, energy and power systems, train applications, and more. New to the Second Edition: 46 brand-new chapters and 21 substantially revised chapters Inclusion of the latest, most significant developments in specialized communication technologies and systems Addition of new application domains for specialized networks The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook, Second Edition supplies readers with a thorough understanding of the application-specific requirements for communication services and their supporting technologies. It is useful to a broad spectrum of professionals involved in the conception, design, development, standardization, and use of specialized communication networks as well as academic institutions engaged in engineering education and vocational training.
Because the field of plastics is one of the fastest changing areas today, the need arises to offer relevant, comprehensive material on polymers. An established source of information on modern plastics, the Plastics Technology Handbook continues to provide up-to-date coverage on the properties, processing methods, and applications of polymers. Retaining the easy-to-follow structure of the previous editions, this fourth edition includes new topics of interest that reflect recent developments and lead to better insights into the molecular behavior of polymers. New to the Fourth Edition Advances in supramolecular polymerization, flame retardancy, polymer-based nanomedicines, and drug delivery The new concept of oxo-biodegradable polymers Broadened discussion on plastic foams and foam extrusion processes More information on the processing and applications of industrial polymers, including the emerging field of nanoblends Developments in polymer synthesis and applications, such as polymeric sensors, hydrogels and smart polymers, hyperbranched polymers, shape memory polymers, polymeric optical fibers, scavenger resins, polymer nanocomposites, polymerization-filled composites, and wood-polymer composites A state-of-the-art account of the various available methods for plastics recycling Advances in the use of polymers in packaging, construction, the automotive and aerospace industries, agriculture, electronics and electrical technology, biomedical applications, corrosion prevention, and sports and marine applications Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition thoroughly covers traditional industrial polymers and their processing methods as well as contemporary polymeric materials, recent trends, and the latest applications.
"Completely updated and enlarged to reflect the advances that have taken place since the publication of the Second Edition. Third Edition offers concise examinations of the chemical nature, characteristic properties, and uses of traditional industrial polymers, such as acrylics, polyolefins, vinyl polymers, polyesters, epoxies, and silicones, among others."
Author: Klemens Kohlgrüber
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release Date: 2017-04-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Alles zum gleichläufigen Doppelschneckenextruder Bei der Herstellung von Kunststoffen, insbesondere bei der Aufbereitung und Verarbeitung bis zum Fertigprodukt werden Extruder eingesetzt, wobei der gleichläufige Doppelschneckenextruder eine dominante Rolle spielt. Aber auch in anderen Industriezweigen, z. B. der Kautschuk- und Lebensmittelindustrie und zunehmend in der Pharmaindustrie kommen die Gleichdrallschnecken vielfältig zum Einsatz. Eine multifunktionale Maschine Das Fachbuch gibt umfassenden Einblick in die verfahrens- und maschinentechnischen Grundlagen und legt großen Fokus auf Praxisbeispiele. Meist sind die Schnecken modular aufgebaut und können damit sehr flexibel an veränderte Aufgabenstellung und Produkteigenschaften angepasst werden. Für die optimale Auslegung eines Doppelschneckenextruders sind vertiefte Kenntnisse über die Maschine und den Prozess erforderlich. Ein Praxisbuch für Einsteiger und Profis Die zweite Auflage entstand unter Mitwirkung vieler Fachautoren von renommierten Firmen und Hochschulen. Alle inzwischen erfolgten Weiterentwicklungen wurden berücksichtigt. Die zweite Auflage wurde durchgehend neu bearbeitet, ist deutlich erweitert, komplett in Farbe und in neuem Layout. Mit Zusatzmaterial auf der Website des Herausgebers: Videos, Bilder, Beispiel-Aufgaben, Rechentools EXTRA: E-Book inside
The Industrial Information Technology Handbook focuses on existing and emerging industrial applications of IT, and on evolving trends that are driven by the needs of companies and by industry-led consortia and organizations. Emphasizing fast growing areas that have major impacts on industrial automation and enterprise integration, the Handbook covers topics such as industrial communication technology, sensors, and embedded systems. The book is organized into two parts. Part 1 presents material covering new and quickly evolving aspects of IT. Part 2 introduces cutting-edge areas of industrial IT. The Handbook presents material in the form of tutorials, surveys, and technology overviews, combining fundamentals and advanced issues, with articles grouped into sections for a cohesive and comprehensive presentation. The text contains 112 contributed reports by industry experts from government, companies at the forefront of development, and some of the most renowned academic and research institutions worldwide. Several of the reports on recent developments, actual deployments, and trends cover subject matter presented to the public for the first time.