Author: David R. Lide
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-02-06
Established by Congress in 1901, the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), now the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has a long and distinguished history as the custodian and disseminator of the United States' standards of physical measurement. Having reached its centennial anniversary, the NBS/NIST reflects on and celebrates its first century with this book describing some of its seminal contributions to science and technology. Within these pages are 102 vignettes that describe some of the Institute's classic publications. Each vignette relates the context in which the publication appeared, its impact on science, technology, and the general public, and brief details about the lives and work of the authors. The groundbreaking works depicted include: A breakthrough paper on laser-cooling of atoms below the Doppler limit, which led to the award of the 1997 Nobel Prize for Physics to William D. Phillips The official report on the development of the radio proximity fuse, one of the most important new weapons of World War II The 1932 paper reporting the discovery of deuterium in experiments that led to Harold Urey's1934 Nobel Prize for Chemistry A review of the development of the SEAC, the first digital computer to employ stored programs and the first to process images in digital form The first paper demonstrating that parity is not conserved in nuclear physics, a result that shattered a fundamental concept of theoretical physics and led to a Nobel Prize for T. D. Lee and C. Y. Yang "Observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor," a 1995 paper that has already opened vast new areas of research A landmark contribution to the field of protein crystallography by Wlodawer and coworkers on the use of joint x-ray and neutron diffraction to determine the structure of proteins
Author: Annie A.M. Cuyt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-04-12
Special functions are pervasive in all fields of science and industry. The most well-known application areas are in physics, engineering, chemistry, computer science and statistics. Because of their importance, several books and websites (see for instance http: functions.wolfram.com) and a large collection of papers have been devoted to these functions. Of the standard work on the subject, the Handbook of mathematical functions with formulas, graphs and mathematical tables edited by Milton Abramowitz and Irene Stegun, the American National Institute of Standards claims to have sold over 700 000 copies! But so far no project has been devoted to the systematic study of continued fraction representations for these functions. This handbook is the result of such an endeavour. We emphasise that only 10% of the continued fractions contained in this book, can also be found in the Abramowitz and Stegun project or at the Wolfram website!
With over 6,000 entries, CRC Standard Mathematical Tables and Formulae, 32nd Edition continues to provide essential formulas, tables, figures, and descriptions, including many diagrams, group tables, and integrals not available online. This new edition incorporates important topics that are unfamiliar to some readers, such as visual proofs and sequences, and illustrates how mathematical information is interpreted. Material is presented in a multisectional format, with each section containing a valuable collection of fundamental tabular and expository reference material. New to the 32nd Edition A new chapter on Mathematical Formulae from the Sciences that contains the most important formulae from a variety of fields, including acoustics, astrophysics, epidemiology, finance, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics New material on contingency tables, estimators, process capability, runs test, and sample sizes New material on cellular automata, knot theory, music, quaternions, and rational trigonometry Updated and more streamlined tables Retaining the successful format of previous editions, this comprehensive handbook remains an invaluable reference for professionals and students in mathematical and scientific fields.
Convenient access to information from every area of mathematics: Fourier transforms, Z transforms, linear and nonlinear programming, calculus of variations, random-process theory, special functions, combinatorial analysis, game theory, much more.
Author: Martin Campbell-Kelly
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2003-10-02
Genre: Business & Economics
This book contains a series of articles summarizing the technical, institutional and intellectual history of mathematical tables from earliest times until the late 20th century when the electronic spreadsheet changed the way information is processed.
Author: L S Blake
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Civil Engineer's Reference Book, Fourth Edition provides civil engineers with reports on design and construction practices in the UK and overseas. It gives a concise presentation of theory and practice in the many branches of a civil engineer's profession and it enables them to study a subject in greater depth. The book discusses some improvements in earlier practices, for example in surveying, geotechnics, water management, project management, underwater working, and the control and use of materials. Other changes covered are from the evolving needs of clients for almost all forms of construction, maintenance and repair. Another major change is the introduction of new national and Euro-codes based on limit state design, covering most aspects of structural engineering. The fourth edition incorporates these advances and, at the same time, gives greater prominence to the special problems relating to work overseas, with differing client requirements and climatic conditions. Chapters 1 to 10 provide engineers, at all levels of development, with 'lecture notes' on the basic theories of civil engineering. Chapters 11 to 44 cover the practice of design and construction in many of the fields of civil engineering. Civil engineers, architects, lawyers, mechanical engineers, insurers, clients, and students of civil engineering will find benefit in the use of this text.
Author: Yudell L. Luke
Publisher: Courier Corporation
Release Date: 2014-10-20
A massive compendium of useful information, this volume represents a valuable tool for applied mathematicians in many areas of academia and industry. A dozen useful tables supplement the text. 1962 edition.
Author: James Stuart Tanton
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Encyclopedia of Mathematics is a comprehensive one-volume encyclopedia designed for high school through early college students. More than 1,000 entries, numerous essays, and more than 125 photographs and illustrations cover the principal areas and issues that characterize this "new" area of science. This valuable resource unites disparate ideas and provides the meaning, history, context, and relevance behind each one. The easy-to-use format makes finding straightforward and natural answers to questions within arithmetic simple. Encyclopedia of Mathematics also gives historical context to mathematical concepts, with entries discussing ancient Arabic, Babylonian, Chinese, Egyptian, Greek, Hindu, and Mayan mathematics, as well as entries providing biographical descriptions of important people in the development of mathematics.
Author: Yudell L. Luke
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2014-05-10
Mathematical Functions and their Approximations is an updated version of the Applied Mathematics Series 55 Handbook based on the 1954 Conference on Mathematical Tables, held at Cambridge, Massachusetts. The aim of the conference is to determine the need for mathematical tables in view of the availability of high speed computing machinery. This work is composed of 14 chapters that cover the machinery for the expansion of the generalized hypergeometric function and other functions in infinite series of Jacobi and Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind. Numerical coefficients for Chebyshev expansions of the more common functions are tabulated. Other chapters contain polynomial and rational approximations for certain class of G-functions, the coefficients in the early polynomials of these rational approximations, and the Padé approximations for many of the elementary functions and the incomplete gamma functions. The remaining chapters describe the development of analytic approximations and expansions. This book will prove useful to mathematicians, advance mathematics students, and researchers.