Leihmutterschaft und Reproduktionstourismus

Author: Alexander Diel
Publisher: Wolfgang Metzner Verlag
ISBN: 9783943951172
Release Date: 2014-03-03
Genre: Law

Die Zulässigkeit der Leihmutterschaft und die statusrechtliche Zuordnung des "Wunschkindes" hat in den Rechtsordnungen der Staaten sehr unterschiedliche Regelungen erfahren, die vom Verbot der Leihmutterschaft über eine eingeschränkte Legalität bis zur uneingeschränkten Zulässigkeit reichen. Dies hat in dem "Verbotsland" Deutschland zu einem Leihmutterschaftstourismus geführt, dessen statusrechtliche Konsequenzen für die Beteiligten wie auch die Möglichkeiten, Problemfälle unter vorrangiger Berücksichtigung des Kindeswohls zu lösen, in dieser Arbeit eingehend untersucht werden.

Normative Ordnungsstruktur und private Wirkungsmacht

Author: Karsten Nowrot
Publisher: BWV Verlag
ISBN: 9783830523123
Release Date: 2010-01-21
Genre: International business enterprises

Hauptbeschreibung Die wachsende Bedeutung nichtstaatlicher Akteure bildet eine zentrale Thematik im Rahmen der gegenwärtig in den Rechts- und Sozialwissenschaften kontrovers geführten Diskussion über die Existenz und das Ausmaß eines grundlegenden Strukturwandels im heutigen internationalen Wirtschaftssystem. In diesem Zusammenhang wird regelmäßig gerade auch auf die ökonomisch wie politisch machtvolle Position transnationaler Unternehmen verwiesen. Gleichwohl haben der Umfang und die Ausgestaltung der Beteiligung transnationaler Unternehmen an Rechtssetzungsprozessen im internation.

International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Author: Stephan W. Schill
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199589104
Release Date: 2010-10-14
Genre: Law

Investment treaty arbitration has a hybrid nature combining public international law (as regards its substance) with elements of international commercial arbitration (mainly as regards procedure). However, in essence and function it deals with a special, internationalised form of judicial review of governmental conduct that is more akin to the judicial control of governmental action provided for by national administrative and constitutional law than to either classic inter-state dispute resolution or international commercial arbitration. This has been recognised in some academic writing and several awards, where reference to national administrative law concepts and principles of international law-based judicial review of governmental action, such as international trade or human rights law, is used to help specify and apply the open-ended concepts of investment treaties. In-depth conceptualization is however often lacking. The current study is the first, pioneering effort to bring these under-developed ad hoc references to comparative and international administrative law concepts into a deeper theoretic and systematic framework. The book thus intends to develop a 'bridge' between treaty-based international investment arbitration and comparative administrative law on both a theoretical and practical level. The major obligations in investment treaties (indirect expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, national treatment, umbrella/sanctity of contract clause) and major procedural principles will be compared with their counterpart in comparative public law, both on the domestic as well as international level. That 'bridge' will allow international investment law to benefit from the comparative public law experience, which could enhance its legitimacy, its political acceptance, and its ability to develop more finely-tuned interpretations of central treaty obligations.

The IALL International Handbook of Legal Information Management

Author: Richard A. Danner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317028215
Release Date: 2016-03-03
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Around the world, legal information managers, law librarians and other legal information specialists work in many settings: law schools, private law firms, courts, government, and public law libraries of various types. They are characterized by their expertise in working with legal information in its many forms, and by their work supporting legal professionals, scholars, or students training to become lawyers. In an ever-shrinking world and a time of unprecedented technological change, the work of legal information managers is challenging and exciting, calling on specialized knowledge and skills, regardless of where in the world they practice their profession. Their role within legal systems contributes substantially to the administration of justice and the rule of law. This International Handbook addresses the policy and strategic issues with which legal information managers and law librarians need to engage in the context of the diverse legal environments in which they work. It provides resources, analysis, and considered studies on an international basis for seasoned professionals, those about to enter the field, and anyone interested in the evolution of legal information in the twenty-first century.

The Foundations of International Investment Law

Author: Zachary Douglas
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191508585
Release Date: 2014-05-01
Genre: Law

International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.

Judicial Reconstruction and the Rule of Law

Author: Angeline Lewis
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004228115
Release Date: 2012-08-28
Genre: Law

Challenging the dominant rhetoric of international rule of law operations, this work reasserts the centrality of the community in building its own relationship with law, counselling military interveners to refocus exclusively on restoring security using their extraordinary powers under international law.

The Legislative History of the International Criminal Court 2 vols

Author: M. Cherif Bassiouni
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004322097
Release Date: 2016-10-10
Genre: Law

This unique work is an article-by-article drafting history of the ICC Statute containing all versions of every article in the Statute as it evolved from 1994 to 1998. It also integrates in the Statute's provisions the "Elements of the Crimes" and the "Rules of Procedure and Evidence" adopted by the Preparatory Commission (1998-2000) and the Regulations of the Court adopted by the plenary of judges. Other relevant documents are also included, such as those concerning the privileges and immunities and financial regulations of the Court, as well as its relationship with the United Nations.

The Interception of Vessels on the High Seas

Author: Efthymios Papastavridis
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781782250852
Release Date: 2014-08-28
Genre: Law

The principal aim of this book is to address the international legal questions arising from the 'right of visit on the high seas' in the twenty-first century. This right is considered the most significant exception to the fundamental principle of the freedom of the high seas (the freedom, in peacetime, to remain free of interference by ships of another flag). It is this freedom that has been challenged by a recent significant increase in interceptions to counter the threats of international terrorism and WMD proliferation, or to suppress transnational organised crime at sea, particularly the trafficking of narcotics and smuggling of migrants. The author questions whether the principle of non-interference has been so significantly curtailed as to have lost its relevance in the contemporary legal order of the oceans. The book begins with an historical and theoretical examination of the framework underlying interception. This historical survey informs the remainder of the work, which then looks at the legal framework of the right of visit, contemporary challenges to the traditional right, interference on the high seas for the maintenance of international peace and security, interferences to maintain the 'bon usage' of the oceans (navigation and fishing), piracy j'ure gentium'and current counter-piracy operations off the coast of Somalia, the problems posed by illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, interdiction operations to counter drug and people trafficking, and recent interception operations in the Mediterranean Sea organised by FRONTEX.

Introduction to Public Law

Author: Élisabeth Zoller
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004161474
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Law

"Introduction to Public Law" is a historical and comparative introduction to public law. The book traces back the origins of the "res publica" to Roman law and analyzes the course of its development, first during the monarchical age in continental Europe and England, and then during the republican age that began at the end of the eighteenth century with the democratic revolutions in the United States and France. For each period and country, the book analyzes the major concepts of public law and their transformations: sovereignty, the state, the statute, the separation of powers, the public interest, and administrative justice.

Le contentieux de la mise en conformit dans le r glement des diff rends de l O M C Adjudicating Compliance in the WTO Dispute Settlement System

Author: Andrea Hamann
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004263116
Release Date: 2014-06-06
Genre: Law

Le contentieux de la mise en conformité dans le règlement des différends de l’O.M.C. offers an analysis of the unique design of the WTO dispute settlement system, which draws the implementation process into the sphere of adjudication. Le contentieux de la mise en conformité dans le règlement des différends de l'O.M.C. vise à démontrer la conception unique de la fonction juridictionnelle à l'O.M.C., de laquelle l'exécution des décisions rendues est une partie intégrante.

Towards an International Law of Co Progressiveness

Author: Sienho Yee
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004138292
Release Date: 2004-01
Genre: Law

Centered on progressiveness, these essays rigorously address some philosophical, conceptual and structural issues relating to the international legal system, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the international criminal tribunals. These include: the concept of the international law of co-progressiveness, opinio juris and customary international law, the rule of law, the interpretation of the ICJ Statute, law and expedience at the ICJ, the relationship between the International Criminal Court and the Security Council, the definition of crimes against humanity, guilty plea fairness, defenses to international crimes, constitutions of international organizations, September 11 and international law, international experiment in national constitution-making, discretionary function and foreign sovereign immunities, and the concept of human rights in Asia. This book is valuable to critical thinkers and scholars in international law and relations, policy-makers and international judges, practitioners and NGO advocates. This collection includes fourteen essays both new and previously published in fine journals such as European JIL (Oxford), ICLQ (Oxford), German YIL, Max Planck YUNL, Columbia LR, Leiden JIL (Cambridge) and Chinese JIL.

Kompendium v lkerrechtlicher Rechtsprechung

Author: Oliver Dörr
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161483111
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Law

Oliver Dörr stellt die wichtigsten Leitentscheidungen internationaler Gerichte zum Völkerrecht im englischen Originaltext zusammen und macht sie so dem Anwender zugänglich, der nicht ständig Zugriff auf die amtliche Entscheidungssammlung hat. Durch die Sammlung von vierzig Urteilen und Gutachten des Ständigen Internationalen Gerichtshofs (1923-1933) und des Internationalen Gerichtshofs (1949-2003) entsteht ein umfassender Überblick über achtzig Jahre völkerrechtlicher Rechtsprechung und ein unverzichtbares Hilfsmittel für die Arbeit mit dem Völkerrecht. Jede Entscheidung wird nach einer kurzen Sachverhaltszusammenfassung mit geringen Kürzungen im Originaltext zitierfähig wiedergegeben. Es folgt eine `Dogmatische Einordnung´ der Entscheidung, die ihren bis heute gültigen völkerrechtsdogmatischen Ertrag in wenigen Leitsätzen zusammenfaßt. Den Abschluß bilden jeweils einige Hinweise zur vertiefenden Lektüre.