Health of Antarctic Wildlife

Author: Knowles R. Kerry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540939237
Release Date: 2009-07-29
Genre: Science

comprehensively up to date. We are most grateful to these authors and to those we recruited to write the additional chapters necessary to fill the significant gaps. We acknowledge also the sacrifice of some who presented results of original research and have thus suffered a longer time than usual to publication. The timing of publication however has provided the opportunity to highlight recent discussions and resolutions made within the Antarctic Treaty forum to protect wildlife against disease and to include responses by Government and non-Government operators in Antarctica. These developments mostly followed from the Workshop on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife. The book comprises 17 chapters presented in two parts. Wildlife disease consists of reviews, case studies and health assessments, and External factors covers the environmental, administrative and legal aspects. Each chapter is complete and c- tains all references. Six important documents are provided as Appendices. These present methods, reviews and other documents which are referred to in one or more chapters but are not readily available. There are many related topics we have been unable to cover that would enhance the understanding of health and disease processes in Antarctica. While we ackno- edge their importance they are outside the scope of the present volume. Such topics include epidemiology, new and emerging infectious diseases and the effects of climate change. These topics are referred to in the various chapters where ref- ences to source material are given.

Antarctic Futures

Author: Tina Tin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400765825
Release Date: 2013-10-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

At the beginning of the 21st century, Antarctica is poised at the edge of a warmer and busier world. Leading Antarctic researchers examine the needs and challenges of Antarctic environmental management today and tomorrow. Through: (i) investigating the impacts of human activities on specific ecosystems and species, (ii) examining existing environmental management and monitoring practices in place in various regions and (iii) interrogating stakeholders, they address the following questions: What future will Business-As-Usual bring to the Antarctic environment? Will a Business-As-Usual future be compatible with the objectives set out under the Antarctic Treaty, especially its Protocol on Environmental Protection? What actions are necessary to bring about alternative futures for the next 50 years? This volume is an outcome of the International Polar Year (2007-2009) Oslo Science Conference (8-12, June, 2010).

Arktis und Antarktis

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 3831008949
Release Date: 2006
Genre:

1. Einblick in das Leben an den äRändern der Erdeä, den Polargebieten. Mit zahlreichen Farbfotos. Ab 7.

The Soils of Antarctica

Author: James G. Bockheim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319054971
Release Date: 2015-05-22
Genre: Nature

This book divides Antarctica into eight ice-free regions and provides information on the soils of each region. Soils have been studied in Antarctica for nearly 100 years. Although only 0.35% (45,000 km2) of Antarctica is ice-free, its weathered, unconsolidated material qualify as “soils”. Soils of Antarctica is richly illustrated with nearly 150 images and provisional maps are provided for several key ice-free areas.

One Health

Author: Ronald M. Atlas
Publisher: ASM Press
ISBN: 9781555818425
Release Date: 2014-03-20
Genre: Medical

Emerging infectious diseases are often due to environmental disruption, which exposes microbes to a different niche that selects for new virulence traits and facilitates transmission between animals and humans. Thus, health of humans also depends upon health of animals and the environment – a concept called One Health. This book presents core concepts, compelling evidence, successful applications, and remaining challenges of One Health approaches to thwarting the threat of emerging infectious disease. Written by scientists working in the field, this book will provide a series of ""stories"" about how disruption of the environment and transmission from animal hosts is responsible for emerging human and animal diseases. • Explains the concept of One Health and the history of the One Health paradigm shift . • Traces the emergence of devastating new diseases in both animals and humans.• Presents case histories of notable, new zoonoses, including West Nile virus, hantavirus, Lyme disease, SARS, and salmonella.• Links several epidemic zoonoses with the environmental factors that promote them.• Offers insight into the mechanisms of microbial evolution toward pathogenicity.• Discusses the many causes behind the emergence of antibiotic resistance.• Presents new technologies and approaches for public health disease surveillance.• Offers political and bureaucratic strategies for promoting the global acceptance of One Health.

635 Tage im Eis

Author: Alfred Lansing
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783641211059
Release Date: 2016-11-30
Genre: Science

Am Anfang steht der Plan von der erstmaligen Durchquerung des weißen Kontinents. Doch das gewaltige Naturwunder Antarktis wird im Jahr 1915 für die Crew der 'Endurance' zur Hölle aus Eis. Beharrlich verfolgt Expeditionsleiter Sir Ernest Shackleton bald nur noch ein Ziel: 28 Männer lebend wieder in die Zivilisation zurückzubringen. Die faszinierende Geschichte einer Irrfahrt ans Ende der Welt. "Gebt mir Scott als wissenschaftlichen Expeditionsleiter ..., gebt mir Amundsen für eine störungsfreie und effiziente Polar-Expedition, aber wenn sich das Schicksal gegen euch verschworen zu haben scheint, dann fallt auf die Knie und betet um Shackleton."

Antarctic Terrestrial Microbiology

Author: Don A. Cowan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642452130
Release Date: 2014-07-08
Genre: Science

This book brings together many of the world’s leading experts in the fields of Antarctic terrestrial soil ecology, providing a comprehensive and completely up-to-date analysis of the status of Antarctic soil microbiology. Antarctic terrestrial soils represent one of the most extreme environments on Earth. Once thought to be largely sterile, it is now known that these diverse and often specialized extreme habitats harbor a very wide range of different microorganisms. Antarctic soil communities are relatively simple, but not unsophisticated. Recent phylogenetic and microscopic studies have demonstrated that these communities have well established trophic structuring and play a significant role in nutrient cycling in these cold and often dry desert ecosystems. They are surprisingly responsive to change and potentially sensitive to climatic perturbation. Antarctic terrestrial soils also harbor specialized ‘refuge’habitats, where microbial communities develop under (and within) translucent rocks. These cryptic habitats offer unique models for understanding the physical and biological ‘drivers’ of community development, function and evolution.

Mit der Endurance ins ewige Eis

Author: Ernest Shackleton
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 9783492972727
Release Date: 2015-11-09
Genre: Travel

Eine der berühmtesten Expeditionen ins Eismeer: Im Sommer 1914 stechen Sir Ernest Shackleton und seine Crew an Bord der »Endurance« in See. Das Ziel der Briten: den antarktischen Kontinent mit Hundeschlitten zu durchqueren. Doch bald schon steckt das Schiff im Packeis fest und zerbirst. Monatelang treibt die Besatzung auf einer Eisscholle durch die weiße Hölle, halb verhungert und erfroren. Shackleton ist entschlossen, seine Mannschaft lebendig nach Hause zu bringen. Und so bricht er auf, in einem winzigen Beiboot, mit fünf seiner Männer, um Hilfe zu holen. Es wird ein erbarmungsloser Wettlauf gegen den Tod.

Die schlimmste Reise der Welt

Author: Apsley Cherry-Garrard
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 9783492959087
Release Date: 2012-12-10
Genre: Travel

Als die Wege in die Antarktis noch »heroischen Charakter « hatten, machte sich Apsley Cherry-Garrard, Spross einer altenglischen Familie, erst 24-jährig auf, dem berühmten Polarforscher Scott zum Südpol zu folgen. Die Expedition misslang; Scott und einige seiner Gefährten verloren ihr Leben. Cherry-Garrard jedoch gelang die Heimkehr, zahnlos fast, aber von der Berufung beseelt, die Geschichte dieser unmenschlich entbehrungsreichen Mission aufzuschreiben. Die Geschichte eines Scheiterns, aber zugleich auch ein Monument der Freundschaft und des Idealismus: wie man sich in die ewige Nacht aufmacht, nur um das Ei eines Kaiserpinguins zu finden.

Das sechste Sterben

Author: Elizabeth Kolbert
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518740620
Release Date: 2015-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Sie haben noch nie etwas vom Stummelfußfrosch gehört? Oder vom Sumatra-Nashorn? Gut möglich, dass Sie auch nie von ihnen hören werden, denn sie sind dabei auszusterben. Wir erleben derzeit das sechste sogenannte Massenaussterben: In einem relativ kurzen Zeitraum verschwinden ungewöhnlich viele Arten. Experten gehen davon aus, dass es das verheerendste sein wird, seit vor etwa 65 Millionen Jahren ein Asteroid unter anderem die Dinosaurier auslöschte. Doch dieses Mal kommt die Bedrohung nicht aus dem All, sondern wir tragen die Verantwortung. Wie haben wir Menschen das Massenaussterben herbeigeführt? Wie können wir es beenden? Elizabeth Kolbert spricht mit Geologen, die verschwundene Ozeane erforschen, begleitet Botaniker in die Anden und begibt sich gemeinsam mit Tierschützern auf die Suche nach den letzten Exemplaren gefährdeter Arten. Sie zeigt, wie ernst die Lage ist, und macht uns zu Zeugen der dramatischen Ereignisse auf unserem Planeten.