Author: Susan E. Skochelak
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2016-11-30
Developed by the American Medical Association’s Accelerating Change in Medical Education Consortium, Health Systems Science is the first text that focuses on providing a fundamental understanding of how health care is delivered, how health care professionals work together to deliver that care, and how the health system can improve patient care and health care delivery. Along with basic and clinical science, Health Systems Science (HSS) is rapidly becoming a crucial "third pillar" of medical science, requiring a practical, standardized curriculum with an emphasis on understanding the role of human factors, systems engineering, leadership, and patient improvement strategies that will help transform the future of health care and ensure greater patient safety. Complete coverage of the evolving field of HSS includes patient safety, quality improvement, evidence-based medicine, value in health care, interprofessional teamwork, stewardship of health care resources, population management, clinical informatics, care coordination, leadership, and health care financing/reform. Patient improvement strategies incorporates checklists, information technology, team training, and more. A consistent chapter template provides clear coverage of each topic, including Learning Objectives, Chapter Outline, Core Chapter Content, Summary, Questions for Reflection, and Annotated Bibliography and References. Highly relevant content applicable to today’s evolving health care delivery written by experts in key, emerging areas of HSS. Developed in partnership with the AMA’s Accelerating Change in Medical Education Consortium, at the forefront of change and innovation in medical education.
Author: Abdulrahman M. El-Sayed
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2017-02-01
Population health is complex and multileveled, encompassing dynamic interactions between cells, societies, and everything in between. Our typical approach to studying population health, however, remains oriented around a reductionist approach to conceptualizing, empirically analyzing, and intervening to improve population health. The trouble is that interventions founded on simplifying a complex world often do not work, sometimes yielding failure or, even worse, harm. The difficult truth is that "silver bullet" health science often fails, and understanding these failures can help us improve our approach to health science, and, ultimately, population health. SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH employs principles from across a range of sciences to refine the way we understand population health. By augmenting traditional analytic approaches with new tools like machine learning, microsimulation, and social network analysis, population health can be studied as a dynamic and complex system. This allows us to understand population health as a complex whole, offering new insights and perspectives that stand to improve the health of the public. This text offers the first educational and practical guide to this forward-thinking approach. Comprising 17 chapters from the vanguard of population health, epidemiology, computer science, and medicine, this book offers a three-part introduction to the subject: · An intellectual and conceptual history of systems science as it intersects with population health · Concise, introductory overviews of important and emerging methodological tools in systems science, including systems dynamics, agent-based modeling, microsimulation, social network analysis, and machine-learning-all with relevant examples drawn from population health literature · An exploration of future implications for systems science and its applications to our understanding of population health issues For researchers, students, and practitioners, SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH redefines many of the foundational elements of how we understand population health. It should not be missed.
Author: Committee on Quality of Health Care in America
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2000-03-01
Experts estimate that as many as 98,000 people die in any given year from medical errors that occur in hospitals. That's more than die from motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDS--three causes that receive far more public attention. Indeed, more people die annually from medication errors than from workplace injuries. Add the financial cost to the human tragedy, and medical error easily rises to the top ranks of urgent, widespread public problems. To Err Is Human breaks the silence that has surrounded medical errors and their consequence--but not by pointing fingers at caring health care professionals who make honest mistakes. After all, to err is human. Instead, this book sets forth a national agenda--with state and local implications--for reducing medical errors and improving patient safety through the design of a safer health system. This volume reveals the often startling statistics of medical error and the disparity between the incidence of error and public perception of it, given many patients' expectations that the medical profession always performs perfectly. A careful examination is made of how the surrounding forces of legislation, regulation, and market activity influence the quality of care provided by health care organizations and then looks at their handling of medical mistakes. Using a detailed case study, the book reviews the current understanding of why these mistakes happen. A key theme is that legitimate liability concerns discourage reporting of errors--which begs the question, "How can we learn from our mistakes?" Balancing regulatory versus market-based initiatives and public versus private efforts, the Institute of Medicine presents wide-ranging recommendations for improving patient safety, in the areas of leadership, improved data collection and analysis, and development of effective systems at the level of direct patient care. To Err Is Human asserts that the problem is not bad people in health care--it is that good people are working in bad systems that need to be made safer. Comprehensive and straightforward, this book offers a clear prescription for raising the level of patient safety in American health care. It also explains how patients themselves can influence the quality of care that they receive once they check into the hospital. This book will be vitally important to federal, state, and local health policy makers and regulators, health professional licensing officials, hospital administrators, medical educators and students, health caregivers, health journalists, patient advocates--as well as patients themselves. First in a series of publications from the Quality of Health Care in America, a project initiated by the Institute of Medicine
Author: Aviva Petrie
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-12-13
This comprehensive workbook contains a variety of self-assessment methods that allow readers to test their statistical knowledge, put it into practice, and apply it in a medical context, while also providing guidance when critically appraising published literature. It is designed to support the best-selling third edition of Medical Statistics at a Glance, to which it is fully cross-referenced, but may be used independently of it. Ideal for medical students, junior doctors, researchers and anyone working in the biomedical and pharmaceutical disciplines who wants to feel more confident in basic medical statistics, the title includes: • Over 80 MCQs, each testing knowledge of a single statistical concept or aspect of study interpretation • 29 structured questions to explore in greater depth several statistical techniques or principles, including the choice of appropriate statistical analyses and the interpretation of study findings • Templates for the appraisal of clinical trials and observational studies, plus full appraisals of two published papers to demonstrate the use of these templates in practice • Detailed step-by-step analyses of two substantial data sets (also available at www.medstatsaag.com) to demonstrate the application of statistical procedures to real-life research Medical Statistics at a Glance Workbook is the ideal resource to test statistical knowledge and improve analytical and interpretational skills. Additional resources are available at www.medstatsaag.com, including: • Excel datasets to accompany the data analysis section • Downloadable PDFs of two templates for critical appraisal • Links to online further reading • Supplementary MCQs
Author: Michael Shacklock
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2005
Applies and modifies Maitland techniques to neural mobilization, refining and improving practical skills for clinical physiotherapists and physically-based occupational therapists. The text outlines the concept of neurodynamics and the basic mechanisms in movement of the nervous system and describes what can go wrong. Causal mechanisms are linked to diagnosis and treatment of pain and musculoskeletal problems in a systematic way. Various treatment techniques for each diagnostic category are presented and applied to specific clinical problems such as neck pain, headache, tennis elbow, carpal tunnel syndrome, low back pain to name a few. These are common problems in which therapists often miss a neural component.
Author: Jeannette Naish
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2014-05-02
An integrated approach to teaching basic sciences and clinical medicine has meant that medical students have been driven to a range of basic science textbooks to find relevant information. Medical Sciences is designed to do the integration for you. In just one book, the diverse branches of medical science are synthesised into the appropriate systems of the human body, making this an invaluable aid to approaching the basics of medicine within in a clinical context. . An integrated approach to teaching basic sciences and clinical medicine has meant that medical students have been driven to a range of basic science textbooks to find relevant information. Medical Sciences does the integration for you. In just one book, the diverse branches of medical science are synthesised into the appropriate systems of the human body, making this an invaluable aid to approaching the basics of medicine within in a clinical context. Eleven new contributors. Completely new chapters on Biochemistry and cell biology, Genetics, The nervous system, Bones, muscle and skin, Endocrine and reproductive systems, The cardiovascular system, The renal system and Diet and nutrition. Completely revised and updated throughout with over 35 new illustrations . Expanded embryology sections with several new illustrations.
Author: Richard Gartee
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Release Date: 2011
Based on extensive experience in the field, this book will introduce readers to the principles and practices of Health Information Management through understanding of Health Information Technology and its application today. Topics covered in the book are based on the core competencies defined by AHIMA as well as HIPAA regulations and JACHO recommendations. To prepare for twenty-first century healthcare occupations, the reader needs to understand the connectivity and applications that make up Health Information Systems of today. The book will provide readers with a thorough understanding of both the terminology of Health Information Technology and the practical use of Information Systems in actual medical facilities. Ample illustrations make it easy to visualize workflow scenarios and technical concepts. Photographs of healthcare providers using various HIT systems and medical devices make it easy to see the practical applicability in a medical office.
Author: Paul W. Hodges
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2013-08-19
For the first time, international scientific and clinical leaders have collaborated to present this exclusive book which integrates state-of-the art engineering concepts of spine control into clinically relevant approaches for the rehabilitation of low back pain. Spinal Control identifies the scope of the problem around motor control of the spine and pelvis while defining key terminology and methods as well as placing experimental findings into context. Spinal Control also includes contributions that put forward different sides of critical arguments (e.g. whether or not to focus on training the deep muscles of the trunk) and then bring these arguments together to help both scientists and clinicians better understand the convergences and divergences within this field. On the one hand, this book seeks to resolve many of the issues that are debated in existing literature, while on the other, its contributing opinion leaders present current best practice on how to study the questions facing the field of spine control, and then go on to outline the key directions for future research. Spinal Control – the only expert resource which provides a trusted, consensus approach to low back pain rehabilitation for both clinicians and scientists alike! Covers the most important issues in spine control research Illustrates the clinical relevance of research and how this is or can be applied in clinical practice Edited and written by world leading experts, contributing first class content on different aspects of spine control Chapters that bring together the expertise of these world leaders on topics such as neuromotor mechanisms of spine control, proprioception, subgrouping in back pain and modelling spine stability An extensive and illustrated clinical consensus chapter that brings together the philosophies of clinical opinion leaders for the first time
Author: Robert Wachter
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2012-05-23
Complete coverage of the core principles of patient safety Understanding Patient Safety, 2e is the essential text for anyone wishing to learn the key clinical, organizational, and systems issues in patient safety. The book is filled with valuable cases and analyses, as well as up-to-date tables, graphics, references, and tools -- all designed to introduce the patient safety field to medical trainees, and be the go-to book for experienced clinicians and non-clinicians alike. Features NEW chapter on the critically important role of checklists in medical practice NEW case examples throughout Expanded coverage of the role of computers in patient safety and outcomes Expanded coverage of new patient initiatives from the Joint Commission
Author: W. van Eimeren
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
In the early stages of planning the Third International Conference in System Science in Health Care, the steering committee members, most of whom had participated in the first conference in Paris (1976) and the second in Montreal (1980), made some basic decisions about organization of subject matter. The earlier meetings had been very successful in bringing together specialists from the health professions and the traditional sciences. In addition to physicians and nurses, these were representatives of the disciplines of the behavioral sciences, system theory, economics, engineering, and the emergency fields of management science and informatics -all concerned with the development of health resources in a broad system context. The reported research and experience of the many disciplines represented had dealt with one or more of three concerns: 1) a major health problem, such as cardiovascular disease, or an important popUlation at risk, such as the elderly or children or workers; 2) some generic aspect of organization and decision making, including trial and evaluation ofinnovative health strategies; and 3) the methodology of research and analysis in system of health service. The challenge to the conference organizers lay in the eliciting and arranging of experiences in such a way that the health services could be seen as purposeful,living, evolving systems.
Author: Robert Cooperstein
Release Date: 2004
Technique Systems in Chiropractic describes and analyzes the most commonly used techniques in today's chiropractic. These techniques, sometimes called brand-name or proprietary techniques, each provide a step-by-step protocol for proceeding from examination findings to adjustive and other treatment procedures. This book describes over two dozen technique systems in a nonjudgemental but critical manner, summarizing the available research and drawing conclusions as to what is actually known about them, compared with what the technique innovators themselves say. Describes and analyses over two dozen of the most widely known and used chiropractic technique systems, in alphabetical order. Uses a common format for each technique system, allowing the reader to easily locate desired information and draw comparisons between techniques. Features chapters on chiropractic terminology, as well as examination and adjustive methods that are common to many technique systems. Compiles and summarizes the relevant research on each technique, drawing summary conclusions and clearly identifying what is known and what is not known about each. Explains why there have been so many technique systems in chiropractic, past and present, and how this relates to issues of jurisprudence, practice parameters, and guidelines for care. Explores the interface between chiropractic technique systems and the movement toward evidence-based chiropractic (EBC). Presents demographic information on the rates of utilization of each technique in the United States and Canada. Includes a glossary of technique-specific terms and jargon.
Use herbal medicines to treat women at any stage of life! Botanical Medicine for Women's Health, 2nd Edition provides an evidence-based, patient-centered approach to botanical interventions for many different medical conditions. More than 150 natural products are covered, showing their benefits in gynecologic health, fertility and childbearing, and menopausal health. This edition includes new full-color photos of herbal plants along with a discussion of the role of botanicals in healthy aging. Written by Aviva Romm, an experienced herbalist, midwife, and physician, this unique guide is an essential resource for everyday practice of herbal medicine." Winner of the 2010 American Botanical Council's" "James A. Duke Excellence in Botanical Literature Award!"