Author: John A. Joule
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-05-28
This book has so closely matched the requirements of its readership over the years that it has become the first choice for chemists worldwide. Heterocyclic chemistry comprises at least half of all organic chemistry research worldwide. In particular, the vast majority of organic work done in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries is heterocyclic chemistry. The fifth edition of Heterocyclic Chemistry maintains the principal objective of earlier editions – to teach the fundamentals of heterocyclic reactivity and synthesis in a way that is understandable to second- and third-year undergraduate chemistry students. The inclusion of more advanced and current material also makes the book a valuable reference text for postgraduate taught courses, postgraduate researchers, and chemists at all levels working with heterocyclic compounds in industry. Fully updated and expanded to reflect important 21st century advances, the fifth edition of this classic text includes the following innovations: Extensive use of colour to highlight changes in structure and bonding during reactions Entirely new chapters on organometallic heterocyclic chemistry, heterocyclic natural products, especially in biochemical processes, and heterocycles in medicine New sections focusing on heterocyclic fluorine compounds, isotopically labeled heterocycles, and solid-phase chemistry, microwave heating and flow reactors in the heterocyclic context Essential teaching material in the early chapters is followed by short chapters throughout the text which capture the essence of heterocyclic reactivity in concise resumés suitable as introductions or summaries, for example for examination preparation. Detailed, systematic discussions cover the reactivity and synthesis of all the important heterocyclic systems. Original references and references to reviews are given throughout the text, vital for postgraduate teaching and for research scientists. Problems, divided into straightforward revision exercises, and more challenging questions (with solutions available online), help the reader to understand and apply the principles of heterocyclic reactivity and synthesis.
Author: Alan R. Katritzky
Release Date: 2013-10-22
The Principles of Heterocyclic Chemistry presents a unified account of fundamental heterocyclic chemistry with the emphasis placed on the correlations between the methods of preparation and the properties of the various ring systems. This book opens with an introductory chapter that discusses fundamental concepts of the electronic theory of organic chemistry and the relationship of heterocyclic and carbocyclic aromatic compounds. This is followed by separate chapters on the chemistry of the six-membered ring compounds containing one or more heteroatoms, five-membered ring compounds, three- and four-membered rings, and the physical properties of representative heterocyclic compounds. Each chapter begins with introductory section that surveys the various ring types, gives the systems of nomenclature and numbering, and mentions a few important natural and synthetic compounds. Syntheses starting from aliphatic and carbocyclic compounds are then given. The preparation of one heterocyclic compound from another is considered as a reaction of the starting material. The reactions of aromatic and non-aromatic compounds are discussed separately. This book contains the essential heterocyclic chemistry required by an Undergraduate or Graduate student for his course-work, and it is hoped that it will be found stimulating by many a more senior teacher and researcher.
Author: Alan R. Katritzky
Release Date: 2017-01-31
Provides a one-volume overall picture of the largest of the classical divisions of organic chemistry, suitable for the graduate or advanced undergraduate student, as well as for research workers, both specialists in the field and those engaged in another discipline and requiring knowledge of heterocyclic chemistry. It represents Volume 9 of Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry and utilizes the general chapters which appear in the 8-volume work. The highly systematic coverage given to the subject makes this the most authoritative one-volume account of modern heterocyclic chemistry available.
Author: A. O. Fitton
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Practical Heterocyclic Chemistry focuses on experiments, methodologies, processes, reactions, and transformations involved in practical heterocyclic chemistry. The manuscript first offers information on five-membered systems containing one heteroatom and benzoderivatives of five-membered systems containing one heteroatom, including 2,5 – dimethylpyrrole, 2,5 – dimethylthiophen, carbazole, indigotin, and 2-phenylindole. The text then elaborates on five-membered systems containing more than one heteroatom and benzoderivatives of five-membered systems containing more than one heteroatom, as well as benzimidazole, benzotriazole, and 2,4,5 – triphenyloxazole. The publication ponders on six-membered systems containing one heteroatom and benzoderivatives of six-membered systems containing one heteroatom. Discussions focus on 4-nitropyridine N-oxide, 6-chloroquinoline, 2-methyl-4-quinolone, and xanthone. The manuscript is highly recommended for chemists and readers interested in practical heterocyclic chemistry.
Author: Jie Jack Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2004-12-27
Covers important name reactions relevant to heterocyclic chemistry The field of heterocyclic chemistry has long presented a special challenge for chemists. Because of the enormous amount and variety of information, it is often a difficult topic to cover for undergraduate and graduate chemistry students, even in simplified form. Yet the chemistry of heterocyclic compounds and methods for their synthesis form the bedrock of modern medicinal chemical and pharmaceutical research. Thus there is a great need for high quality, up-to-date, and authoritative books on heterocyclic synthesis helpful to both the professional research chemist as well as the advanced student. Name Reactions in Heterocyclic Chemistry provides a one-stop repository for this important field of organic chemistry. The primary topics include three- and four-membered heterocycles, five-membered heterocycles including indoles, furans, thiophenes, and oxazoles, six-membered heterocycles including quinolines, isoquinolines, and pyrimidines, and other heterocycles. Each name reaction is summarized in seven sections: Description Historical perspective Mechanism Variations and improvements Synthetic utility Experimental References Authored by a team of world-renowned contributors - some of whom have discovered the very reactions they describe - Name Reactions in Heterocyclic Chemistry represents a state-of-the-art resource for students and researchers alike.
Author: Jie Jack Li
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date: 2006-10-30
Palladium chemistry, despite its immaturity, has rapidly become an indispensable tool for synthetic organic chemists. Heterocycles are of paramount importance in the pharmaceutical industry and palladium chemistry is one of the most novel and efficient ways of making heterocycles. Today, palladium-catalyzed coupling is the method of choice for the synthesis of a wide range of biaryls and heterobiaryls. The number of applications of palladium chemistry to the syntheses of heterocycles has grown exponentially. These developments highlight the need for a monograph dedicated solely to the palladium chemistry in heterocycles and this book provides a comprehensive explanation of the subject. The principal aim of Palladium in Heterocyclic Chemistry is to highlight important palladium-mediated reactions of heterocycles with emphasis on the unique characteristics of individual heterocycles. 1. Palladium chemistry of heterocycles has its "idiosyncrasies" stemming from their different structural properties from the corresponding carbocyclic aryl compounds. Even activated chloroheterocycles are sufficiently reactive to undergo Pd-catalyzed reactions. As a consequence of &agr and &bgr activation of heteroaryl halides, Pd-catalyzed chemistry may take place regioselectively at the activated positions, a phenomenon rarely seen in carbocyclic aryl halides. In addition, another salient peculiarity in palladium chemistry of heterocycles is the so-called "heteroaryl Heck reaction". For instance, while intermolecular palladium-catalyzed arylations of carbocyclic arenes are rare, palladium-catalyzed arylations of azoles and many other heterocycles readily take place. Therefore, the principal aim of this book is to highlight important palladium-mediated reactions of heterocycles with emphasis on the unique characteristics of individual heterocycles. 2. A myriad of heterocycles are biologically active and therefore of paramount importance to medicinal and agricultural chemists. Many heterocycle-containing natural products (they are highlighted in boxes throughout the text) have elicited great interest from both academic and industrial research groups. Recognizing the similarities between the palladium chemistry of arenes and heteroarenes, a critical survey of the accomplishments in heterocyclic chemistry will keep readers abreast of such a fast-growing field. We also hope this book will spur more interest and inspire ideas in such an extremely useful area. This book comprises a compilation of important preparations of heteroaryl halides, boranes and stannanes for each heterocycle. The large body of data regarding palladium-mediated polymerization of heterocycles in material chemistry is not focused here; neither is coordination chemistry involving palladium and heterocycles. Many heterocycle-containing natural products (highlighted throughout the text) have elicited great interest from both academic and industrial research groups. Recognizing the similarities between the palladium chemistry of arenes and heteroarenes, a critical survey of the accomplishments in heterocyclic chemistry keeps readers abreast of this fast-growing field. It is also hoped that this book will stimulate more interest and inspire new ideas in this exciting field. Contains the most up-to-date developments in this fast-moving field Includes 3 new chapters Contains material from selected well-respected authors on heterocyclic chemistry
Author: Malcolm Sainsbury
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Tutorial Chemistry Texts is a series of short, single topic or modular texts, that focus on the fundamental areas of chemistry taught in undergraduate science courses. Each title provides a concise account of the basic principles of a given subject.
This two-volume work combines comprehensive information on the chemistry of the fluorinated heterocycles. The material has been divided such that the first volume is dedicated to 5-membered fluorinated heterocycles and macrocycles, while the second volume combines data connected with the chemistry of fluorine containing 6-membered heterocycles. Both volumes will be of interest to synthetic organic chemists in general, and particularly for those colleagues working in the fields of heterocyclic-compound chemistry, materials chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and fluorine chemistry. All information is presented and classified clearly to be effective source for broad auditory of chemists. It will be interesting for scientists working in the field of inorganic and coordination chemistry. Fluorinated heterocycles are becoming increasingly important in many areas including the pharmaceutical industry, materials science and agriculture. The presence of fluorine can result in substantial functional changes in the biological as well as physicochemical properties of organic compounds. Incorporation of fluorine into drug molecules can greatly affect their physicochemical properties, such as bond strength, lipophilicity, bioavailability, conformation, electrostatic potential, dipole moment, pKa etc. as well as pharmacokinetic properties, such as tissue distribution, rate of metabolism and pharmacological properties, such as pharmacodynamics and toxicology.
Established in 1960, Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry is the definitive serial in the area--one of great importance to organic chemists, polymer chemists, and many biological scientists. Every fifth volume ofAdvances in Heterocyclic Chemistry contains a cumulative subject index. A selection of topics covered in Volume 62 Synthesis possibilities in N-Fluoropyridinium salts An updated review of Pyran Chemistry The organic chemistry and synthesis of Tetrathia- and tetraselena-fulvalenes A review of the classes of five-membered heterocyclic rings containing two sulfur and two nitrogen atoms, both as anionic and radical species
Author: A. R. Katritzky
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Physical Methods in Heterocyclic Chemistry, Volume IV, discusses the application of physical methods to organic chemistry, and in particular to heterocyclic chemistry. Since the publication in 1963 of the first two volumes of this treatise, the application of physical methods to organic chemistry, and in particular to heterocyclic chemistry, has proceeded apace. The importance of physical methods to structure determination and to the understanding of inter- and intramolecular interactions has increased no less than the flood of new work. Heterocyclic chemists are thus faced with the necessity of having more to comprehend for the efficient execution of their own work. The present volume includes chapters on electric dipole moments and heteroaromatic reactivity, which originally appeared in Volume I, and chapters on nuclear quadrupole resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, and infrared spectra, which originally formed part of Volume II. Also included is one new topic: dielectric absorption.