High Exposure

Author: David Breashears
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9780684865454
Release Date: 2000-05-17
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

The author, a noted mountaineer and cinematographer, describes a lifetime of conquering the world's mountain peaks and discusses his 1996 expedition to Mount Everest to create his IMAX film "Everest."

Industrial Chemical Exposure

Author: Robert R. Lauwerys
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1566705452
Release Date: 2001-04-26
Genre: Science

The bestselling resource on industrial chemical assessment just got better. A practical guide to biological monitoring for industrial chemical exposure assessment, the THIRD EDITION of INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL EXPOSURE: GUIDELINES FOR BIOLOGICAL MONITORING has been completely revised to include the latest developments in the field. In addition to an update of each chapter, major revisions have been made to take into consideration new information available since the publication of the second edition. SEE WHAT'S NEW IN THE THIRD EDITION: Major changes to the sections on lead, benzene, trichloroethylene, and dimethylformamide Fourteen completely new topics: bromine, molybdenum, perchlorate, platinum, n-heptane, ethene, 1,3-butadiene trimethylbenzene, naphthalene, terpenes, acrylamide, pesticides, tetrahydrofuran, methyl tertiarybutyl ether, n-nitrosodiethylamine Discussion of the metabolic fate of chemicals Increased information on the threshold of adverse effects levels Development of biological monitoring methods for assessing the internal dose of additional chemicals This authoritative book summarizes what is known about biological monitoring for inorganic, organic and organometallic substances. It provides a summary table with practical recommendations, giving you quick and easy access to the data. With INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL EXPOSURE: GUIDELINES FOR BIOLOGICAL MONITORING you will understand the objectives of biological monitoring, the types of biological monitoring methods, their advantages and limitations, as well as practical aspects that must be considered before initiating a biological monitoring program.

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals

Author: K. Asante-Duah
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402009216
Release Date: 2002-09-30
Genre: Medical

In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health.

Education and HIV AIDS a sourcebook of HIV AIDS prevention programs

Author: Alexandria Valerio
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821357573
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Business & Economics

Developed in response to the need for information about good practice regarding HIV/AIDS prevention education programmes, this sourcebook considers 13 case studies of programmes targeting school-age children and young people in seven sub-Saharan African countries, using a standardised format to enable comparison. The publication is the result of work undertaken by a range of contributors and has been produced by the World Bank in partnership with a number of international agencies including UNAIDS, UNESCO, is part of the global effort to support activities by countries to strengthen the role of the education sector in the prevention of HIV/AIDS.

Radiation Exposure of Uranium Miners

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Radiation Exposure of Uranium Miners
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: NAP:14026
Release Date: 1968
Genre: Radiation

Combined Exposures to Hydrogen Cyanide and Carbon Monoxide in Army Operations

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309178681
Release Date: 2008-01-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In response to a request from the U.S. Army, a committee convened by the National Research Council (NRC) conducted the first in a sequence of studies evaluating the combined health effects of low-level exposure to two chemicals Army personnel are likely to be exposed to in firing tank weapons. The Army sought information on whether the two chemicals, hydrogen cyanide and carbon monoxide, result in similar health impacts and should be assessed together when establishing exposure limits. Based on a review of the scientific literature, the report finds that the biochemical health impacts of the chemicals are similar and that the Army's proposed approach to setting exposure limits is appropriate. Because previous research has focused on high exposures, this initial NRC report recommends that futher neurological studies at low concentrations of exposure to the chemicals be conducted.

Sediment Risk Management and Communication

Author: Damià Barceló
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444519658
Release Date: 2007-03-26
Genre: Science

In dynamic river systems, effective and sustainable risk management of sediments, contaminants and their sources must be carried out on a river basin scale. A diversity of interests and risk perceptions, whether environmental, economical, or personal, as well as the broad variety of uses and functions of river systems can lead to conflicts and disagreements about how and where river systems should be managed. This requires a transparent methodology to assess environmental risks in the river basin, followed by a prioritisation of those sites where measures would yield the highest positive effect for the river basin and where financial resources could be allocated most efficiently. However, risk perceptions may only partially be influenced by scientific assessments of risk, and often also depend on a variety of factors such as personal experience and confidence in institutions. Risk managers must develop methods to balance technical and socioeconomic issues with the aim to reduce risks posed by sediments to environmental and economic resources to a level that is perceived as tolerable by society. Sediment Risk Management and Communication (Vol.3 in the SEDNET mini-series) is based on discussions that were held in the working group on "Risk Management and Communication" which was one of 4 working groups within the European Demand-Driven Sediment Research Network "SedNet". It aims to analyse the current situation in Europe with regard to sediment risk management issues, to draw conclusions from this analysis and to offer recommendations for sustainable risk management from basin to site-specific scale. This volume also available as part of a 4-volume set, ISBN 0444519599. Discount price for set purchase. A broad overview on sediment quality and impact assessment of pollutants Suitable for both newcomers to the field of sediment treatment and specialists alike Outlines practical examples of methods used in sediment quality analysis

Low Dose Exposures in the Environment

Author: Christian Streffer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540210830
Release Date: 2004-05-03
Genre: Social Science

The ever-increasing release of harmful agents due to human activities have led in some areas of the world to heavy pollution. In order to protect human health and the environment, environmental standards that shall limit the release and the concentration of those toxic agents in the environment and hence the exposure to it have to be established. The related assessment and decision-making procedures have to be based on solid scientific data about the effects and mechanisms of these agents as well as on ethical, social and economic aspects. For risk evaluation, the knowledge of the dose response curve is an essential prerequisite. Dose responses without a threshold dose are most critical in this connection. Such dose responses are assumed for mutagenic and carcinogenic effects, which, therefore, dominate also the discussion in this book. In the environmentally important low dose range, risk estimation can only be achieved by extrapolation from higher doses with measurable effects. The extrapolation is accompanied with uncertainties which makes risk evaluation as well as risk communication frequently problematic. In order to ensure rational efficient and fair decisions beyond a sound scientific assessment the dialogue between disciplines, with the affected people and with the general public is necessary. In this book, the whole range of relevant and essential aspects of risk evaluation and standard setting is addressed. Starting with the ethical foundations, the sound analysis of recent scientific findings sets the frame for further reflections by theory of cognition, psychosocial sciences, and jurisprudence. The authors end up with concluding recommendations for coping with the recent problems of standard setting in the field of environmentally relevant low doses. The book is designed to a readership of scientists, legislators, administrators, and the interested public.

Modern Biogeochemistry

Author: Vladimir N. Bashkin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402045868
Release Date: 2006-12-29
Genre: Science

This book is aimed at generalizing the modern ideas of both biogeochemical and environmental risk assessment that have been developed in recent years. Only a few books are available in this interdisciplinary area, since most deal mainly with various technical aspects of ERA description and calculations. This text aims at supplementing the existing books by providing a modern understanding of mechanisms responsible for ecological risks for human beings and ecosystems.