Author: Barbara J Little
Release Date: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science
What is historical archaeology and why is it important? Well-known archaeologist Barbara Little addresses these key questions for introductory students in this concise, inexpensive, and well-written text. Little covers the goals of historical archaeological work, the kinds of questions it asks, and the ethical and political concerns it raises. She shows what historical archaeology can provide that neither of its parent disciplines can offer alone. Little offers brief snapshots of key American sites: Jamestown, Mission San Luis, West Oakland, the African American Burial Ground, and the Garbage Project, among others. And she shows how historical archaeology is inextricably linked to public education, justice issues, and our collective understanding of the past. As an introductory guide for historical archaeology and similar courses, or as thought-provoking reading for professionals, this volume is unmatched in quality and scope.
Author: Jeremy A Sabloff
Release Date: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science
Archaeology is perceived to study the people of long ago and far away. How could archaeology matter in the modern world? Well-known archaeologist Jeremy Sabloff points to ways in which archaeology might be important to the understanding and amelioration of contemporary problems. Though archaeologists have commonly been associated with efforts to uncover cultural identity, to restore the past of underrepresented peoples, and to preserve historical sites, their knowledge and skills can be used in many other ways. Archaeologists help Peruvian farmers increase crop yields, aid city planners in reducing landfills, and guide local communities in tourism development and water management. This brief volume, aimed at students and other prospective archaeologists, challenges the field to go beyond merely understanding the past and actively engage in making a difference in the today’s world.
Author: Marie Louise Stig Sørensen
Release Date: 2009-09-18
Genre: Business & Economics
This is the first volume specifically dedicated to the consolidation and clarification of Heritage Studies as a distinct field with its own means of investigation. It presents the range of methods that can be used and illustrates their application through case studies from different parts of the world, including the UK and USA. The challenge that the collection makes explicit is that Heritage Studies must develop a stronger recognition of the scope and nature of its data and a concise yet explorative understanding of its analytical methods. The methods considered fall within three broad categories: textual/discourse analysis, methods for investigating people’s attitudes and behaviour; and methods for exploring the material qualities of heritage. The methods discussed and illustrated range from techniques such as text analysis, interviews, participant observation, to semiotic analysis of heritage sites and the use of GIS. Each paper discusses the ways in which methods used in social analysis generally are explored and adapted to the specific demands that arise when applied to the investigation of heritage in its many forms. Heritage Studies is a seminal volume that will help to define the field. The global perspective and the shared focus upon the development of reflexive methodologies ensure that the volume explores these central issues in a manner that is simultaneously case-specific and of general relevance.
Author: Jane Balme
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-01-14
Genre: Social Science
This much-enhanced new edition of the highly accessible guide topractical archaeology is a vital resource for students. Itfeatures the latest methodologies, a wealth of case studies fromaround the world, and contributions from leading specialists inarchaeological materials analysis. New edition updated to include the latest archaeologicalmethods, an enhanced focus on post-excavation analysis and newmaterial including a dedicated chapter on analyzing humanremains Covers the full range of current analytic methods, such asanalysis of stone tools, human remains and absolute dating Features a user-friendly structure organized according tomaterial types such as animal bones, ceramics and stone artifacts,as well as by thematic topics ranging from dating techniques toreport writing, and ethical concerns. Accessible to archaeology students at all levels, with detailedreferences and extensive case studies featured throughout
This book opens a window on our historical past. We find antiquity has drawn a blind over earlier and more humanitarian cultures, writing off their artistic and egalitarian practices – while antiquity’s social habits escalated stress. Psychologists have recently made us aware that stress has very negative results for community life. Simultaneously, archaeologists have uncovered information about Neolithic cultures and art that makes no sense seen beside ancient Greek descriptions. The more we learn about Old Europe, the more staggering and distorted the policies conveyed in ancient Greek myths, dramas, and epic poems become. Surprisingly, the Achaeans also show an intimate knowledge about their predecessor’s social values. Sadly, the Renaissance uncritically fell for the ancient Greek’s version of history, seeing it as the cradle of civilisation and our cultural heritage. They have even passed on these ideas to us today. Discovering A Humanitarian Past pitches us into an exciting and previously unexplored part of the human story.
Author: Richard Jones
Release Date: 2016-05-13
In pre-industrial societies, in which the majority of the population lived directly off the land, few issues were more important than the maintenance of soil fertility. Without access to biodegradable wastes from production processes or to synthetic agrochemicals, early farmers continuously developed strategies aimed at adding nutritional value to their fields using locally available natural materials. Manure really mattered, its collection/creation, storage, and spreading becoming major preoccupations for all agriculturalists no matter what environment they worked or at what period. This book brings together the work of a group of international scholars working on social, cultural, and economic issues relating to past manure and manuring. Contributors use textual, linguistic, archaeological, scientific and ethnographic evidence as the basis for their analyses. The scope of the papers is temporally and geographically broad; they span the Neolithic through to the modern period and cover studies from the Middle East, Britain and Atlantic Europe, and India. Together they allow us to explore the signatures that manure and manuring have left behind, and the vast range of attitudes that have surrounded both substance and activity in the past and present.
Author: Claudia Theune
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Archaeology and history
Schriftquellen allein können kein umfassendes Bild einer Epoche geben. Je mehr unterschiedliche Quellen man einbezieht, desto mehr interessante und historisch wertvolle Erkenntnisse lassen sich gewinnen. Auch wenn man glaubt, bereits (fast) alles zu wissen, weil man beispielsweise Zeitzeuge ist. Und dies gilt auch für die Archäologie mit dem Zeitfenster des 20. Jahrhunderts. In dieser ersten allgemeinverständlichen Darstellung zum Thema stellen ausgewiesene Experten die neuesten archäologischen Erkenntnisse vor. Dabei stehen die Denkmäler der nationalsozialistischen Zeit, aber auch des Ersten Weltkriegs im Fokus - Schlachtfelder und abgestürzte Flugzeuge, Konzentrationslager und Kriegsgefangenlager, Relikte des Westwalls und die Berliner Mauer.
Author: Piers D. Mitchell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2015-03-28
Sanitation and intestinal health is something we often take for granted today. However, people living in many regions of the developing world still suffer with debilitating diseases due to the lack of sanitation. Despite its clear impact upon health in modern times, sanitation in past populations is a topic that has received surprisingly little attention. This book brings together key experts from around the world to explore fascinating aspects of life in the past relevant to sanitation, and how that affected our ancestors. By its end readers will realize that toilets were in use in ancient Mesopotamia even before the invention of writing, and that flushing toilets with anatomic seats were a technology of ancient Greece at the time of the minotaur myth. They will see how sanitation compared in ancient Rome and medieval London, and will take a virtual walk around the sanitation of York at the time of the Vikings. Readers will also understand which intestinal parasites infected humans in different regions of the world over different time periods, what these parasites tell us about early human evolution, later population migrations, past diet, lifestyle, and the effects of sanitation technology. There is good evidence that over the millennia people in the past realized that sanitation mattered. They invented toilets, cleaner water supplies, drains, waste disposal and sanitation legislation. While past views on sanitation were very different to those of today, it is clear than many past societies took sanitation much more seriously than was previously thought.
This brief, inexpensive introduction to the techniques, methods, and theoretical frameworks of contemporary archaeology follows the same organizing principle as the text Archaeology: Discovering Our Past but features less detail. Archaeological methods and theory are covered comprehensively--at a reasonable level of detail--in under 300 pages. Illustrative examples and case studies present a temporal and geographic balance of both Old and New World sites. Abundant student aids include maps of archaeological areas, extensive illustrations, chapter introductions and summaries, a guide to further reading at the end of each chapter, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index.
Author: Donald L. Hardesty
Publisher: Altamira Pr
Release Date: 2009-01-31
Genre: Social Science
Hardesty and Little provide the most up-to-date guide for assessing the historical significance of archaeological sites that may be eligible to be listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In this second edition, all laws, regulations, and references have been entirely updated. New material on landfills, Japanese interment camps, landscapes, and military properties has been added, along with special case studies on 17th- and 18th-century historical sites and additional chapters on heritage tourism, traditional cultural places, and shipwrecks.