History and Philosophy of Modern Mathematics

Author: William Aspray
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 0816615675
Release Date: 1988
Genre: Mathematics

History and Philosophy of Modern Mathematics was first published in 1988. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. The fourteen essays in this volume build on the pioneering effort of Garrett Birkhoff, professor of mathematics at Harvard University, who in 1974 organized a conference of mathematicians and historians of modern mathematics to examine how the two disciplines approach the history of mathematics. In History and Philosophy of Modern Mathematics, William Aspray and Philip Kitcher bring together distinguished scholars from mathematics, history, and philosophy to assess the current state of the field. Their essays, which grow out of a 1985 conference at the University of Minnesota, develop the basic premise that mathematical thought needs to be studied from an interdisciplinary perspective. The opening essays study issues arising within logic and the foundations of mathematics, a traditional area of interest to historians and philosophers. The second section examines issues in the history of mathematics within the framework of established historical periods and questions. Next come case studies that illustrate the power of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of mathematics. The collection closes with a look at mathematics from a sociohistorical perspective, including the way institutions affect what constitutes mathematical knowledge.

The Architecture of Modern Mathematics

Author: José Ferreirós Domínguez
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198567936
Release Date: 2006-04-27
Genre: Mathematics

Aimed at both students and researchers in philosophy, mathematics and the history of science, this edited volume, authored by leading scholars, highlights foremost developments in both the philosophy and history of modern mathematics.

Russell s Unknown Logicism

Author: Sebastien Gandon
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230576995
Release Date: 2012-08-30
Genre: Mathematics

One hundred years ago, Russell and Whitehead published their epoch-making Principia Mathematica (PM), which was initially conceived as the second volume of Russell's Principles of Mathematics (PoM) that had appeared ten years before. No other works can be credited to have had such an impact on the development of logic and on philosophy in the twentieth century. However, until now, scholars only focused on the first parts of the books – that is, on Russell's and Whitehead's theory of logic, set-theory and arithmetic. Sebastien Gandon aims at reversing the perspective. His goal is to give a picture of Russell's logicism based on a detailed reading of the developments dealing with advanced mathematics - namely projective geometry and the theory of quantity. This book is not only the first study ever made of the 'later' portions of PoM and PM, it also shows how this shift of perspective compels us to change our view of the logicist program taken as a whole.

Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences

Author: I. Grattan-Guinness
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801873967
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematics is one of the most basic -- and most ancient -- types of knowledge. Yet the details of its historical development remain obscure to all but a few specialists. The two-volume Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences recovers this mathematical heritage, bringing together many of the world's leading historians of mathematics to examine the history and philosophy of the mathematical sciences in a cultural context, tracing their evolution from ancient times to the twentieth century. In 176 concise articles divided into twelve parts, contributors describe and analyze the variety of problems, theories, proofs, and techniques in all areas of pure and applied mathematics, including probability and statistics. This indispensable reference work demonstrates the continuing importance of mathematics and its use in physics, astronomy, engineering, computer science, philosophy, and the social sciences. Also addressed is the history of higher education in mathematics. Carefully illustrated, with annotated bibliographies of sources for each article, The Companion Encyclopedia is a valuable research tool for students and teachers in all branches of mathematics. Contents of Volume 1: •Ancient and Non-Western Traditions •The Western Middle Ages and the Renaissance •Calculus and Mathematical Analysis •Functions, Series, and Methods in Analysis •Logic, Set Theories, and the Foundations of Mathematics •Algebras and Number Theory Contents of Volume 2: •Geometries and Topology •Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering •Physics, Mathematical Physics, and Electrical Engineering •Probability, Statistics, and the Social Sciences •Higher Education and Institutions •Mathematics and Culture •Select Bibliography, Chronology, Biographical Notes, and Index

Mathematics A Concise History and Philosophy

Author: W.S. Anglin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461208754
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

This is a concise introductory textbook for a one-semester (40-class) course in the history and philosophy of mathematics. It is written for mathemat ics majors, philosophy students, history of science students, and (future) secondary school mathematics teachers. The only prerequisite is a solid command of precalculus mathematics. On the one hand, this book is designed to help mathematics majors ac quire a philosophical and cultural understanding of their subject by means of doing actual mathematical problems from different eras. On the other hand, it is designed to help philosophy, history, and education students come to a deeper understanding of the mathematical side of culture by means of writing short essays. The way I myself teach the material, stu dents are given a choice between mathematical assignments, and more his torical or philosophical assignments. (Some sample assignments and tests are found in an appendix to this book. ) This book differs from standard textbooks in several ways. First, it is shorter, and thus more accessible to students who have trouble coping with vast amounts of reading. Second, there are many detailed explanations of the important mathematical procedures actually used by famous mathe maticians, giving more mathematically talented students a greater oppor tunity to learn the history and philosophy by way of problem solving.

Perspectives on the History of Mathematical Logic

Author: Thomas Drucker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817647681
Release Date: 2008-01-04
Genre: Mathematics

This volume offers insights into the development of mathematical logic over the last century. Arising from a special session of the history of logic at an American Mathematical Society meeting, the chapters explore technical innovations, the philosophical consequences of work during the period, and the historical and social context in which the logicians worked. The discussions herein will appeal to mathematical logicians and historians of mathematics, as well as philosophers and historians of science.

Research in History and Philosophy of Mathematics

Author: Maria Zack
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 9783319222585
Release Date: 2015-11-10
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains thirteen papers that were presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics/La Société Canadienne d’Histoire et de Philosophie des Mathématiques, held on the campus of Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. It contains rigorously reviewed modern scholarship on general topics in the history and philosophy of mathematics, as well as on the meeting’s special topic, Early Scientific Computation. These papers cover subjects such as •Physical tools used by mathematicians in the seventeenth century •The first historical appearance of the game-theoretical concept of mixed-strategy equilibrium •George Washington’s mathematical cyphering books •The development of the Venn diagram •The role of Euler and other mathematicians in the development of algebraic analysis •Arthur Cayley and Alfred Kempe’s influence on Charles Peirce's diagrammatic logic •The influence publishers had on the development of mathematical pedagogy in the nineteenth century •A description of the 1924 International Mathematical Congress held in Toronto, told in the form of a “narrated slide show” Written by leading scholars in the field, these papers will be accessible to not only mathematicians and students of the history and philosophy of mathematics, but also anyone with a general interest in mathematics.

Analysis and Synthesis in Mathematics

Author: Michael Otte
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0792345703
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Mathematics

The book discusses the main interpretations of the classical distinction between analysis and synthesis with respect to mathematics. In the first part, this is discussed from a historical point of view, by considering different examples from the history of mathematics. In the second part, the question is considered from a philosophical point of view, and some new interpretations are proposed. Finally, in the third part, one of the editors discusses some common aspects of the different interpretations.

Einf hrung in die mathematische Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783787321025
Release Date: 2006-11-01
Genre: Philosophy

Dem Versuch, die These zu stützen, daß Logik und Mathematik eins seien, hat Russell mehrere Bücher gewidmet, unter anderem das dreibändige, gemeinsam mit A. N. Whitehead verfaßte Werk "Principia Mathematica" (1910-1913). Die "Einführung in die mathematische Philosophie" faßt die Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchungen zusammen, ohne Kenntnisse der mathematischen Symbolik vorauszusetzen. Sie ist zuweilen und mit Recht "eine bewundernswerte Exposition des Monumentalwerks Principia Mathematica" genannt worden; und sie ist zugleich etwas anderes, insofern sie eine relativ eigenständige Einführung in die Grundlagen der Mathematik und der Erkenntnistheorie darstellt.Das Buch entstand 1918 im Gefängnis von Brixton, wo Russell eine sechsmonatige Haftstrafe für seine pazifistische Tätigkeit während des 1. Weltkrieges absaß. Es ist sehr anregend zu lesen, wie beinahe alles, was Bertrand Russell geschrieben hat, und es ist ein Buch von der Art, wie es nur jemand wie Russell schreiben kann, wenn er im Gefängnis sitzt und keine Hilfsmittel hat und sich daher entschließt, allen technischen Ballast abzustreifen. Anders als die heute üblichen Texte im Bereich der Philosophie der Mathematik läßt Russell seine Leser immer an seinem Denken teilhaben, an seinen Vermutungen und Irrtümern und an der Begeisterung, die er bei der Beschäftigung mit seinem Gegenstand empfindet. Da er einer der herausragenden Protagonisten des modernen wissenschaftlichen Empirismus und einer der Begründer der heute dominierenden Philosophie der Mathematik ist, gewinnt man auf diese Weise aus seinen Schriften einen einzigartigen Einblick in die Wechselfälle und Ideen der erkenntnistheoretischen und logischen Diskussionen dieses Jahrhunderts.Die Ausgabe bietet eine revidierte Fassung der deutschen Übersetzung des in den 20er Jahren prominenten Mathematikers E. J. Gumbel sowie W. Gordon.

The History of Modern Mathematics Institutions and applications

Author: David E. Rowe
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 0125996624
Release Date: 1989-12-28
Genre: Mathematics

Key Features * Mathematical institutions in France and Germany and their role in promoting applications * Relationship between mathematics and physics * Foundations of mathematics * Complex variable theory, geometry and topology * Geometry in the spirit of Klein's Erlangen program * Algebra and number theory * Formative influences on mathematics in the United States

Philosophy of Science Logic and Mathematics in the Twentieth Century

Author: Stuart Shanker
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 041530881X
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Philosophy

Contents - Introduction. 1. Philosophy of logic 2. Philosophy of mathematics in the 20th century. 3. Frege 4. Wittgenstein's Tractatus 5. Logical postivism 6. The philosophy of physics 7. The philosophy of science 8. Chance, cause and conduct; probability

Berkeley s Philosophy of Mathematics

Author: Douglas M. Jesseph
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226398986
Release Date: 1993-09-15
Genre: Mathematics

In this first modern, critical assessment of the place of mathematics in Berkeley's philosophy and Berkeley's place in the history of mathematics, Douglas M. Jesseph provides a bold reinterpretation of Berkeley's work. Jesseph challenges the prevailing view that Berkeley's mathematical writings are peripheral to his philosophy and argues that mathematics is in fact central to his thought, developing out of his critique of abstraction. Jesseph's argument situates Berkeley's ideas within the larger historical and intellectual context of the Scientific Revolution. Jesseph begins with Berkeley's radical opposition to the received view of mathematics in the philosophy of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, when mathematics was considered a "science of abstractions." Since this view seriously conflicted with Berkeley's critique of abstract ideas, Jesseph contends that he was forced to come up with a nonabstract philosophy of mathematics. Jesseph examines Berkeley's unique treatments of geometry and arithmetic and his famous critique of the calculus in The Analyst. By putting Berkeley's mathematical writings in the perspective of his larger philosophical project and examining their impact on eighteenth-century British mathematics, Jesseph makes a major contribution to philosophy and to the history and philosophy of science.

Amphora

Author: S.S Demidov
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783034885997
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Mathematics

eine Assistentenstelle bei GERHARD HARIG am bereits 1906 gegründeten Karl-Sudhoff-Institut für Geschichte der Medizin und Naturwissenschaften in Leipzig, die er anderen Angeboten (z. B. beim Flugzeugbau) vorzog. Nach dem Tode von Professor HARIG bekam HANS WUSSING 1967 (als einziger habilitierter Wissenschaftshistoriker in der DDR) eine Dozentur für Geschichte der Mathematik und der Naturwissenschaften und wurde zum kommissarischen Direktor des Sudhoff-Instituts eingesetzt. Ein Jahr später wurde er zum a. o. Professor für Geschichte der Mathematik und der Naturwissenschaften berufen, 1970 erfolgte die Ernennung zum ordent lichen Professor. Von 1977 bis 1982 war er Direktor des Sudhoff-Instituts und ist seit 1982 Leiter der Abteilung für Geschichte der Mathematik und der Naturwissenschaften. Die Reihe von WUSSINGs Publikationen ist lang. Eine Liste seiner Veröffentlichungen bis 1985 findet sich in der Zeitschrift NTM, Bd. 24 (1987), S. 1-5. Es ist hier nicht der Ort, all seine Arbeiten im einzelnen zu würdigen. Erwähnt seien nur die wichtigsten Buchpublikationen: 1962 erschien bei B. G. Teubner Leipzig die Mathematik in der Antike. WUSSING verfaßte Biographien von COPERNICUS, GAUSS, NEWTON und ADAM RIES. Auch seine neueste Publikation hat mit dem bekannten deutschen Rechenmeister zu tun: Die Goß von ADAM RIES konnte er trotz schwie rigster Umstände zusammen mit WOLFGANG KAUNZNER noch rechtzeitig im Jubiläumsjahr 1992 herausgeben. WUSSING ist auch ein erfolgreicher Hochschullehrer.

Essays on the Foundations of Mathematics by Moritz Pasch

Author: Stephen Pollard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048194164
Release Date: 2010-08-03
Genre: Mathematics

Moritz Pasch (1843-1930) is justly celebrated as a key figure in the history of axiomatic geometry. Less well known are his contributions to other areas of foundational research. This volume features English translations of 14 papers Pasch published in the decade 1917-1926. In them, Pasch argues that geometry and, more surprisingly, number theory are branches of empirical science; he provides axioms for the combinatorial reasoning essential to Hilbert’s program of consistency proofs; he explores "implicit definition" (a generalization of definition by abstraction) and indicates how this technique yields an "empiricist" reconstruction of set theory; he argues that we cannot fully understand the logical structure of mathematics without clearly distinguishing between decidable and undecidable properties; he offers a rare glimpse into the mind of a master of axiomatics, surveying in detail the thought experiments he employed as he struggled to identify fundamental mathematical principles; and much more. This volume will: Give English speakers access to an important body of work from a turbulent and pivotal period in the history of mathematics, help us look beyond the familiar triad of formalism, intuitionism, and logicism, show how deeply we can see with the help of a guide determined to present fundamental mathematical ideas in ways that match our human capacities, will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in logic and the foundations of mathematics.