Author: William R. Sutton
Publisher: Penn State Press
Release Date: 2010-11-01
When industrialization swept through American society in the nineteenth century, it brought with it turmoil for skilled artisans. Changes in technology and work offered unprecedented opportunity for some, but the deskilling of craft and the rise of factory work meant dislocation for others. Journeymen for Jesus explores how the artisan community in one city, Baltimore, responded to these life-changing developments during the years of the early republic. Baltimore in the Jacksonian years (1820s and 1830s) was America's third largest city. Its unions rivaled those of New York and Philadelphia in organization and militancy, and it was also a stronghold of evangelical Methodism. These circumstances created a powerful mix at a time when workers were confronting the negative effects of industrialism. Many of them found within Methodism and its populist spirituality an empowering force that inspired their refusal to accept dependency and second-class citizenship. Historians often portray evangelical Protestantism as either a top-down means of social control or as a bottom-up process that created passive workers. Sutton, however, reveals a populist evangelicalism that undergirded the producer tradition dominant among those supportive of trade union goals. Producers were not socialists or social democrats, but they were anticapitalist and reform-minded. In populist evangelicalism they discovered a potent language and ethic for their discontent. Journeymen for Jesus presents a rich and unromanticized portrait of artisan culture in early America. In the process, it adds to our understanding of the class tensions present in Jacksonian America.
Author: J. Gordon Melton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 2007
A Will to Choose surveys the first century of African American Methodism from its emergence in the 1860s through the changes wrought by the Civil War. From the beginning of Methodism in the United States, African Americans appropriated Methodism, helped transform it from a revitalization movement into an evangelical church, and integrated it into their struggle for liberation and wholeness.
Author: Jane B. Donovan
Release Date: 2017-02-28
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
Henry Foxall’s story is full of turning points and transitions. He was also a catalyst for the transformation of a Spirit-filled movement into a church denomination and a young nation into an economic powerhouse. Foxall was a friend to Bishop Francis Asbury, a generous contributor to the Methodist enterprise, and a successful business person. But more than that, Henry Foxall’s life is a tale of one man’s impact on both a church and state in a country that enshrines their separation.
Author: Charles F. Irons
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Release Date: 2009-11-30
In the colonial and antebellum South, black and white evangelicals frequently prayed, sang, and worshipped together. Even though white evangelicals claimed spiritual fellowship with those of African descent, they nonetheless emerged as the most effective defenders of race-based slavery. As Charles Irons persuasively argues, white evangelicals' ideas about slavery grew directly out of their interactions with black evangelicals. Set in Virginia, the largest slaveholding state and the hearth of the southern evangelical movement, this book draws from church records, denominational newspapers, slave narratives, and private letters and diaries to illuminate the dynamic relationship between whites and blacks within the evangelical fold. Irons reveals that when whites theorized about their moral responsibilities toward slaves, they thought first of their relationships with bondmen in their own churches. Thus, African American evangelicals inadvertently shaped the nature of the proslavery argument. When they chose which churches to join, used the procedures set up for church discipline, rejected colonization, or built quasi-independent congregations, for example, black churchgoers spurred their white coreligionists to further develop the religious defense of slavery.
Author: Richard L. Hall
Release Date: 2003
The enthralling story of the eleven hundred brave souls who chose to emigrate back to the west coast of Africa under the auspices of the Maryland Colonization Society. In spite of terrible hardships, the colonists created a settlement that exists to this day.
Author: William Graham
Release Date: 1998
"William Graham was born in 1821 near York, Pennsylvania, and grew up in a large, impoverished, and religious family. William and the other Graham children were farmed out of their more prosperous German neighbors. During the summer William and his siblings earned wages, but in the winter they attended local schools and received room and board from their employers in exchange for performing light chores. Graham's formal schooling was quite limited. Although Graham had experienced a religious conversion at the age of eight, he converted a second time during a revival at the Beaver Street Church in 1841. In 1844 he was ordained as an itinerant Methodist preacher and served in that capacity until his full retirement in 1894." "Although Graham spent the bulk of his ministry in Indiana, he also worked as an apprentice house carpenter, was a Methodist circuit rider in western Arkansas, and served two years as a missionary/teacher among the Choctaws in Indian Territory. Graham moved to Indiana in 1847 and spent the remainder of his career in the northwestern part of the state. He served numerous churches, including those in La Porte, Lafayette, Indianapolis, Crawfordsville, Terre Haute, and Valparaiso. Graham died in 1897."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved