Homotopical Topology

Author: Anatoly Fomenko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319234885
Release Date: 2016-06-24
Genre: Mathematics

This textbook on algebraic topology updates a popular textbook from the golden era of the Moscow school of I. M. Gelfand. The first English translation, done many decades ago, remains very much in demand, although it has been long out-of-print and is difficult to obtain. Therefore, this updated English edition will be much welcomed by the mathematical community. Distinctive features of this book include: a concise but fully rigorous presentation, supplemented by a plethora of illustrations of a high technical and artistic caliber; a huge number of nontrivial examples and computations done in detail; a deeper and broader treatment of topics in comparison to most beginning books on algebraic topology; an extensive, and very concrete, treatment of the machinery of spectral sequences. The second edition contains an entirely new chapter on K-theory and the Riemann-Roch theorem (after Hirzebruch and Grothendieck).

Algebraic Topology from a Homotopical Viewpoint

Author: Marcelo Aguilar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387224893
Release Date: 2008-02-02
Genre: Mathematics

The authors present introductory material in algebraic topology from a novel point of view in using a homotopy-theoretic approach. This carefully written book can be read by any student who knows some topology, providing a useful method to quickly learn this novel homotopy-theoretic point of view of algebraic topology.

Introduction to the Theory of Schemes

Author: Yuri I. Manin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319743165
Release Date: 2018-05-15
Genre: Mathematics

This English edition of Yuri I. Manin's well-received lecture notes provides a concise but extremely lucid exposition of the basics of algebraic geometry and sheaf theory. The lectures were originally held in Moscow in the late 1960s, and the corresponding preprints were widely circulated among Russian mathematicians. This book will be of interest to students majoring in algebraic geometry and theoretical physics (high energy physics, solid body, astrophysics) as well as to researchers and scholars in these areas. "This is an excellent introduction to the basics of Grothendieck's theory of schemes; the very best first reading about the subject that I am aware of. I would heartily recommend every grad student who wants to study algebraic geometry to read it prior to reading more advanced textbooks."- Alexander Beilinson

Introduction to Topological Manifolds

Author: John Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441979407
Release Date: 2010-12-25
Genre: Mathematics

This book is an introduction to manifolds at the beginning graduate level, and accessible to any student who has completed a solid undergraduate degree in mathematics. It contains the essential topological ideas that are needed for the further study of manifolds, particularly in the context of differential geometry, algebraic topology, and related fields. Although this second edition has the same basic structure as the first edition, it has been extensively revised and clarified; not a single page has been left untouched. The major changes include a new introduction to CW complexes (replacing most of the material on simplicial complexes in Chapter 5); expanded treatments of manifolds with boundary, local compactness, group actions, and proper maps; and a new section on paracompactness.

A Journey Through Discrete Mathematics

Author: Martin Loebl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319444796
Release Date: 2017-10-11
Genre: Computers

This collection of high-quality articles in the field of combinatorics, geometry, algebraic topology and theoretical computer science is a tribute to Jiří Matoušek, who passed away prematurely in March 2015. It is a collaborative effort by his colleagues and friends, who have paid particular attention to clarity of exposition – something Jirka would have approved of. The original research articles, surveys and expository articles, written by leading experts in their respective fields, map Jiří Matoušek’s numerous areas of mathematical interest.

Wahrscheinlichkeit

Author: Alʹbert Nikolaevich Shiri︠a︡ev
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015015715181
Release Date: 1988
Genre: Probabilities


Differentialgeometrie Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662453001
Release Date: 2015-02-23
Genre: Science

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Grundkurs Topologie

Author: Gerd Laures
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783827422187
Release Date: 2009-03-13
Genre: Mathematics

Die Topologie beschäftigt sich mit den qualitativen Eigenschaften geometrischer Objekte. Ihr Begriffsapparat ist so mächtig, dass kaum eine mathematische Struktur nicht mit Gewinn topologisiert wurde. Dieses Buch versteht sich als Brücke von den einführenden Vorlesungen der Analysis und Linearen Algebra zu den fortgeschrittenen Vorlesungen der Algebraischen und Geometrischen Topologie. Es eignet sich besonders für Studierende in einem Bachelor- oder Masterstudiengang der Mathematik, kann aber auch zum Selbststudium für mathematisch interessierte Naturwissenschaftler dienen. Die Autoren legen besonderen Wert auf eine moderne Sprache, welche die vorgestellten Ideen vereinheitlicht und damit erleichtert. Definitionen werden stets mit vielen Beispielen unterlegt und neue Konzepte werden mit zahlreichen Bildern illustriert. Über 170 Übungsaufgaben (mit Lösungen zu ausgewählten Aufgaben auf der Website zum Buch) helfen, die vermittelten Inhalte einzuüben und zu vertiefen. Viele Abschnitte werden ergänzt durch kurze Einblicke in weiterführende Themen, die einen Ausgangspunkt für Studienarbeiten oder Seminarthemen bieten. Neben dem üblichen Stoff zur mengentheoretischen Topologie, der Theorie der Fundamentalgruppen und der Überlagerungen werden auch Bündel, Garben und simpliziale Methoden angesprochen, welche heute zu den Grundbegriffen der Geometrie und Topologie gehören.

Einf hrung in die Funktionalanalysis

Author: Reinhold Meise
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783322803108
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Mathematics

Dieses Buch wendet sich an Studenten der Mathematik und der Physik, welche über Grundkenntnisse in Analysis und linearer Algebra verfügen.

Toric Topology

Author: Victor M. Buchstaber
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470422141
Release Date: 2015-07-15
Genre: Algebraic topology

This book is about toric topology, a new area of mathematics that emerged at the end of the 1990s on the border of equivariant topology, algebraic and symplectic geometry, combinatorics, and commutative algebra. It has quickly grown into a very active area with many links to other areas of mathematics, and continues to attract experts from different fields. The key players in toric topology are moment-angle manifolds, a class of manifolds with torus actions defined in combinatorial terms. Construction of moment-angle manifolds relates to combinatorial geometry and algebraic geometry of toric varieties via the notion of a quasitoric manifold. Discovery of remarkable geometric structures on moment-angle manifolds led to important connections with classical and modern areas of symplectic, Lagrangian, and non-Kaehler complex geometry. A related categorical construction of moment-angle complexes and polyhedral products provides for a universal framework for many fundamental constructions of homotopical topology. The study of polyhedral products is now evolving into a separate subject of homotopy theory. A new perspective on torus actions has also contributed to the development of classical areas of algebraic topology, such as complex cobordism. This book includes many open problems and is addressed to experts interested in new ideas linking all the subjects involved, as well as to graduate students and young researchers ready to enter this beautiful new area.

Homology Theory

Author: James W. Vick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387941266
Release Date: 1994-01-07
Genre: Mathematics

This introduction to some basic ideas in algebraic topology is devoted to the foundations and applications of homology theory. After the essentials of singular homology and some important applications are given, successive topics covered include attaching spaces, finite CW complexes, cohomology products, manifolds, Poincare duality, and fixed point theory. This second edition includes a chapter on covering spaces and many new exercises.

Topological Methods in Group Theory

Author: Ross Geoghegan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387746142
Release Date: 2007-12-27
Genre: Mathematics

This book is about the interplay between algebraic topology and the theory of infinite discrete groups. It is a hugely important contribution to the field of topological and geometric group theory, and is bound to become a standard reference in the field. To keep the length reasonable and the focus clear, the author assumes the reader knows or can easily learn the necessary algebra, but wants to see the topology done in detail. The central subject of the book is the theory of ends. Here the author adopts a new algebraic approach which is geometric in spirit.

Analysis II

Author: Vladimir A. Zorich
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540462317
Release Date: 2007-03-02
Genre: Mathematics

Ausführlich, klar, exakt, solide: die Anfänge der Analysis in 2 Bänden. Von der Einführung der reellen Zahlen bis hin zu fortgeschrittenen Themen wie u.a. Differenzialformen auf Mannigfaltigkeiten, asymptotische Betrachtungen, Fourier-, Laplace- und Legendre-Transformationen, elliptische Funktionen und Distributionen. Deutlich auf naturwissenschaftliche Fragen ausgerichtet, erläutert dieses Werk detailliert Begriffe, Inhalte und Sätze der Integral- und Differenzialrechnung. Die Fülle hilfreicher Beispiele, Aufgaben und Anwendungen ist selten in Analysisbüchern zu finden. Band 2 beschreibt den heutigen Stand der klassischen Analysis.

Toric Topology

Author: Victor M. Buchstaber
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470422141
Release Date: 2015-07-15
Genre: Algebraic topology

This book is about toric topology, a new area of mathematics that emerged at the end of the 1990s on the border of equivariant topology, algebraic and symplectic geometry, combinatorics, and commutative algebra. It has quickly grown into a very active area with many links to other areas of mathematics, and continues to attract experts from different fields. The key players in toric topology are moment-angle manifolds, a class of manifolds with torus actions defined in combinatorial terms. Construction of moment-angle manifolds relates to combinatorial geometry and algebraic geometry of toric varieties via the notion of a quasitoric manifold. Discovery of remarkable geometric structures on moment-angle manifolds led to important connections with classical and modern areas of symplectic, Lagrangian, and non-Kaehler complex geometry. A related categorical construction of moment-angle complexes and polyhedral products provides for a universal framework for many fundamental constructions of homotopical topology. The study of polyhedral products is now evolving into a separate subject of homotopy theory. A new perspective on torus actions has also contributed to the development of classical areas of algebraic topology, such as complex cobordism. This book includes many open problems and is addressed to experts interested in new ideas linking all the subjects involved, as well as to graduate students and young researchers ready to enter this beautiful new area.