This book challenges the assumption that morphological data are inherently unsuitable for phylogeny reconstruction, argues that both molecular and morphological phylogenies should play a major role in systematics, and provides the most comprehensive review of the comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the head, neck, pectoral and upper limb muscles of primates. Chapters 1 and 2 provide an introduction to the main aims and methodology of the book. Chapters 3 and 4 and Appendices I and II present the data obtained from dissections of the head, neck, pectoral and upper limb muscles of representative members of all the major primate groups including modern humans, and compare these data with the information available in the literature. Appendices I and II provide detailed textual (attachments, innervation, function, variations and synonyms) and visual (high quality photographs) information about each muscle for the primate taxa included in the cladistic study of Chapter 3, thus providing the first comprehensive and up to date overview of the comparative anatomy of the head, neck, pectoral and upper limb muscles of primates. The most parsimonious tree obtained from the cladistic analysis of 166 head, neck, pectoral and upper limb muscle characters in 18 primate genera, and in representatives of the Scandentia, Dermoptera and Rodentia, is fully congruent with the evolutionary molecular tree of Primates, thus supporting the idea that muscle characters are particularly useful to infer phylogenies. The combined anatomical materials provided in this book point out that modern humans have fewer head, neck, pectoral and upper limb muscles than most other living primates, but are consistent with the proposal that facial and vocal communication and specialized thumb movements have probably played an important role in recent human evolution. This book will be of interest to primatologists, comparative anatomists, functional morphologists, zoologists, physical anthropologists, and systematicians, as well as to medical students, physicians and researchers interested in understanding the origin, evolution, homology and variations of the muscles of modern humans. Contains 132 color plates.
Author: Lori D. Hager
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 1997
This volume, the first of it's kind, examines the role of women paleontologists and archaeologists in a field traditionally dominated by men. Women researchers in this field, have questioned many of the assumptions and developmental scenarios advanced by male scientists. As a result of such efforts, women have forged a more central role in models of human development and have radically altered the way in which human evolution is perceived. This history of the feminist critique of science, is of profound significance and will be of interest to all those who work in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, paleontology, and human biology.
Author: A. Wallace Hayes
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2014-10-10
Hayes’ Principles and Methods of Toxicology has long been established as a reliable reference to the concepts, methodologies, and assessments integral to toxicology. The new sixth edition has been revised and updated while maintaining the same high standards that have made this volume a benchmark resource in the field. With new authors and new chapters that address the advances and developments since the fifth edition, the book presents everything toxicologists and students need to know to understand hazards and mechanisms of toxicity, enabling them to better assess risk. The book begins with the four basic principles of toxicology—dose matters, people differ, everything transforms, and timing is crucial. The contributors discuss various agents of toxicity, including foodborne, solvents, crop protection chemicals, radiation, and plant and animal toxins. They examine various methods for defining and measuring toxicity in a host of areas, including genetics, carcinogenicity, toxicity in major body systems, and the environment. This new edition contains an expanded glossary reflecting significant changes in the field. New topics in this edition include: The importance of dose–response Systems toxicology Food safety The humane use and care of animals Neurotoxicology The comprehensive coverage and clear writing style make this volume an invaluable text for students and a one-stop reference for professionals.
Author: Irl Carter
Release Date: 2013-11-03
Genre: Social Science
At Home in the Netherlands uses a range of indicators to describe developments in the integration of non-Western migrants and their children in the Netherlands. Attention is focused on the situation of non-Western children in education, the position of non-Western migrants on the labour and housing markets, their representation in the crime figures and their degree of socio-cultural integration. The book also looks at civic integration, the mutual perceptions of the non-Western and indigenous populations, and the life situation of young people with a non-Western background.
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. A major revision of this classic encyclopedia covering all areas of science and technology, the McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Sixth Edition, is prepared for students, professionals, and general readers seeking concise yet authoritative overviews of topics in all major fields in science and technology. The McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Sixth Edition, satisfies the needs of readers for an authoritative, comprehensive reference work in a relatively compact format that provides the breadth of coverage of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 10th Edition. Written in clear, nonspecialist language understandable to students and general readers, yet with sufficient depth for scientists, educators, and researchers, this definitive resource provides: 7100 concise articles covering disciplines of science and technology from acoustics to zoology Extensively revised content with new and rewritten articles Current and critical advances in fast-developing fields such as biomedical science, chemistry, computing and information technology, cosmology, environmental science, nanotechnology, telecommunications, and physics More than 1600 two-color illustrations 75 full-color plates Hundreds of tables and charts 1300 biographical sketches of famous scientists Index containing 30,000 entries Cross references to related articles Appendices including bibliographies and useful data McGraw-Hill Professional science reference products are supported by MHEST.com, a website offering updates to articles, periodic special features on important scientific topics, multimedia content, and other features enriching the reader's experience. We encourage readers to visit the site often. Fields Covered Include: Acoustics Aeronautics Agriculture Anthropology Archeology Astronomy Biochemistry Biology Chemistry Computers Cosmology Earth Science Engineering Environmental Science Forensic Science Forestry Genetics Geography Immunology Information Science Materials Science Mathematics Medicine and Pathology Meteorology and Climate Science Microbiology Nanotechnology Navigation Neuroscience Oceanography Paleontology Physics Physiology Psychiatry Psychology Telecommunications Theoretical Physics Thermodynamics Veterinary Medicine Virology Zoology
Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LCP, DCMHS, CRC, CCM
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Release Date: 2012-02-24
"This edition...adds an important international perspective on illness and disability. The personal narratives help bring the real world of people who are suffering to the forefront of the scientific discourse."--Doody's Medical Reviews Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling textbook continues to be the most comprehensive and diverse text available on the psychosocial aspects of disability. It examines current thought and treatment approaches to working with individuals with disabilities through the contributions of expert thinkers and practitioners in the disability field. Abundant and insightful narratives by disabled individuals offer a bridge between theory and practice for students in rehabilitation psychology and counseling courses. In addition to completely updated and reorganized material, this edition contains insightful new section introductions, empirically based research articles, and the contributions of international researchers presenting a more global and richer perspective on the psychosocial aspects of disability and illness. It also contains an increased focus on the negative impact of societal attitudes and treatment of disabled individuals on their psychological adjustment to disability. The addition of objectives at the beginning of each chapter and review questions and personal perspectives at the end of each chapter further facilitate in-depth learning. Key Features: Presents the most comprehensive and diverse coverage of psychosocial aspects of disability topics of any textbook available Examines contemporary thinking and treatment approaches in working with individuals with disabilities Provides a bridge between theory and practice through the narratives of individuals with disabilities Establishes a historical understanding of societal attitudes toward disability and treatment past and present of persons with disabilities Analyzes barriers to enabling persons with disabilities and improving social consciousness and quality of life for this population Facilitates course planning through inclusion of objectives and review questions/personal perspectives in each chapter
Author: Paul Thagard
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 1993
In this path-breaking work, Paul Thagard draws on history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, and the field of artificial intelligence to develop a theory of conceptual change capable of accounting for all major scientific revolutions. The history of science contains dramatic episodes of revolutionary change in which whole systems of concepts have been replaced by new systems. For example, Copernicus's theory of the solar system supplanted Ptolemy's, and Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection replaced earlier creationist views. Thagard provides a new and comprehensive perspective on the transformation of scientific conceptual systems. In addition to examining the Copernican and the Darwinian revolutions, Thagard turns his attention to the emergence of Newton's mechanics, Lavoisier's oxygen theory, Einstein's theory of relativity, quantum theory, and the geological theory of plate tectonics. He discusses the psychological mechanisms by which new concepts and links between them are formed, and advances a computational theory of explanatory coherence to show how new theories can be judged to be superior to previous ones. To assess whether the field of psychology has undergone revolutions similar to those in physics, chemistry, biology, and geology, he describes the nature and growth of behaviorism and cognitivism. Finally, he compares the transformations in scientific revolutions with the kinds of conceptual change that developmental psychologists have observed in children. Conceptual Revolutions is essential reading for historians and philosophers of science, and has important implications as well for research in cognitive science. It is clearly written and shouldbe accessible to anyone interested in problems of scientific change.
Author: Jeffrey B. Halter
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2008-12-31
The most complete, authoritative guide available on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the elderly -- updated with a new global perspective A Doody's Core Title for 2011! "In addition to serving as a timely, comprehensive, state-of-the-art textbook of geriatric medicine anchored in science, evidence-based medicine, and patient-centered practice, the book also is intended to meet the learning needs of fellows in geriatric medicine. The authors succeed in modeling a textbook of geriatric medicine on textbooks of internal medicine. 3 Stars."--Doody's Review Service The undisputed leader on the subject of geriatrics, this comprehensive guide combines gerontology principles with clinical geriatrics offering unmatched coverage of this area of medicine. Written by some of the world's most respected geriatricians, Hazzard's Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology presents the most up-to-date, evidence-based medical information available -- in a revamped 2-color design that makes finding the answers to your questions faster and easier than ever. Features: A greater emphasis on evidence-based medicine through the expanded use of Clinical Practice Guidelines and references to systematic reviews and critically appraised topics A new international advisory board of 12 global authorities and an increased number of international contributors for a greater global perspective Important new chapters on the cultural aspects of geriatrics, emergency geriatrics, hospital geriatrics, international geriatric care, and rural geriatric care Information integrated with additional online resources Tables, drawings, and clinical algorithms made even more effective by a new two-color design 300 illustrations (including 64 in a full-color insert)
Author: Charles Conrad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-12-12
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Surveying a wide variety of disciplines, this fully-revised 7th edition offers a sophisticated and engaging treatment of the rapidly expanding field of organizational communication Places organizations and organizational communication within a broader social, economic, and cultural context Applies a global perspective throughout, including thoughtful consideration of non-Western forms of leadership, as well as global economic contexts Offers a level of sophistication and integration of ideas from a variety of disciplines that makes this treatment definitive Updated in the seventh edition: Coverage of recent events and their ethical dimensions, including the bank crisis and bailouts in the US and UK Offers a nuanced, in-depth discussion of technology, and a new chapter on organizational change Includes new and revised case studies for a fresh view on perennial topics, incorporating a global focus throughout Online Instructors' Manual, including sample syllabi, tips for using the case studies, test questions, and supplemental case studies