Human Dignity

Author: Aharon Barak
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316240984
Release Date: 2015-01-26
Genre: Political Science

Human dignity is now a central feature of many modern constitutions and international documents. As a constitutional value, human dignity involves a person's free will, autonomy, and ability to write a life story within the framework of society. As a constitutional right, it gives full expression to the value of human dignity, subject to the specific demands of constitutional architecture. This analytical study of human dignity as both a constitutional value and a constitutional right adopts a legal-interpretive perspective. It explores the sources of human dignity as a legal concept, its role in constitutional documents, its content, and its scope. The analysis is augmented by examples from comparative legal experience, including chapters devoted to the role of human dignity in American, Canadian, German, South African, and Israeli constitutional law.

Dignity as a Human Right

Author: George P. Smith
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781498584203
Release Date: 2018-11-27
Genre: Law

This book examines the place of human dignity as a normative standard, principle, or right in domestic and global health care decision-making. The contentious issue of end-of-life care serves the foundation of the analysis of human dignity as a human right.

The Judge in a Democracy

Author: Aharon Barak
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069112017X
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

'focus[es] mainly on courts of legal systems that belong to the common law family, such as the United States, England, Canada, Australia, and a number of mixed jurisdictions, such as South Africa, Scotland, Cyorus and Israel ... [it] also applies substantially to other legal systems, such as the Roman-Germanic family, inlcuding France, Italy, Germany, Austria and the family of Scandinavian systems ... [it] is also alid for legal systems that have emerged from the family of socialist systems, such as Russia, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic.' --p. xvii.

Verfassungslehre

Author: Karl Loewenstein
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161474325
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Law

Aus Rezensionen: Die Lekture ist durchweg erfrischend. Man wird nicht mit mehr oder weniger tiefgrundigen theoretischen Spekulationen uber das Wesen des Staates behelligt, sondern miterlebt den Versuch, die tatsachliche Praxis und die wirkliche Dynamik der Verfassung im Staate in Gegenwart und Vergangenheit aufzuzeigen und systematisch zu ordnen. Dabei wird ein erstaunlich umfangreiches Material bewaltigt, ohne dass dabei der Leser erdruckt wird oder den roten Faden verliert. Verfassungen aus allen Erdteilen sind einbezogen, wobei der Verfasser hinter dem verbalen Tatbestand jeweils die politische Realitat, die staatliche Praxis zu ergrunden versucht, und man ist beeindruckt von dem Einfuhlungsvermogen, von dem Gespur fur das Wesentliche, von dem sicheren Urteil, mit dem das geschieht.Prof. Rossler in Die Verwaltungspraxis 1972, Nr. 8

Dignity Rights

Author: Erin Daly
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812207279
Release Date: 2012-10-29
Genre: Political Science

The right to dignity is now recognized in most of the world's constitutions, and hardly a new constitution is adopted without it. Over the last sixty years, courts in Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and North America have developed a robust jurisprudence of dignity on subjects as diverse as health care, imprisonment, privacy, education, culture, the environment, sexuality, and death. As the range and growing number of cases about dignity attest, it is invoked and recognized by courts far more frequently than other constitutional guarantees. Dignity Rights is the first book to explore the constitutional law of dignity around the world. Erin Daly shows how dignity has come not only to define specific interests like the right to humane treatment or to earn a living wage, but also to protect the basic rights of a person to control his or her own life and to live in society with others. Daly argues that, through the right to dignity, courts are redefining what it means to be human in the modern world. As described by the courts, the scope of dignity rights marks the outer boundaries of state power, limiting state authority to meet the demands of human dignity. As a result, these cases force us to reexamine the relationship between the individual and the state and, in turn, contribute to a new and richer understanding of the role of the citizen in modern democracies.

Dignity and Human Rights

Author: Stephan P. Leher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351665124
Release Date: 2018-01-12
Genre: Political Science

Is it impossible to assess dignity, the agency of autonomy and equality of rights under the current rule of law, when we are met by global challenges like climate change, financial crisis, food crisis, natural disasters, inequality, violent conflicts and trade disputes? Drawing on European philosophical enlightenment to rethink dominant theories of contemporary Western Human Rights, Stephan P. Leher explores the philosophical foundation of the concept of ‘dignity’ and Human Rights. Using specific examples from Africa and Latin America to explain these concepts as social realizations in the world, Leher demonstrates the link between justice and peace and contends that dignity, freedom and Human Rights law rule are social realizations and claims by all people. He argues that sentences and propositions about social choices and realizations of real life expressed in ordinary language constitutes the basic element for the foundation and protection of human dignity and Human Rights. The social choice to claim one’s freedom and right can be considered as the dignity agency of the individual. Dignity and Human Rights sheds new light on the academic assessment of dignity, the agency of autonomy and equality of rights under a rule of law in a time of changes and challenges of human rights policies and politics.

Die Rechtsstellung gleichgeschlechtlicher Lebensgemeinschaften

Author: Jürgen Basedow
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161473183
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Law

English summary: This work contains a comparative report on the law relating to same-sex couples drawn up by the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Private Law to advise the German Ministry of Justice on impending legislation. National reports deal with the legislation of the Scandinavian countries, the Netherlands, France, Spain and with the present situation in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Further reports describe the position taken by the Catholic and Protestant churches and analyze the current state of relevant research on human sexuality and social psychology. The work concludes with a comparative evaluation and recommendations. German description: Sollte in Deutschland ein Gesetz zur Regelung der Rechtsstellung gleichgeschlechtlicher Lebensgemeinschaften erlassen werden? Welchen Inhalt konnte ein solches Gesetz haben?Dieser Band enthalt im wesentlichen das umfangreiche rechtsvergleichende Gutachten, das das Max-Planck-Institut fur auslandisches und internationales Privatrecht im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums der Justiz zu diesen Fragen erstattet hat. Ausfuhrliche Berichte beschaftigen sich mit der einschlagigen Gesetzgebung in den nordischen Landern, den Niederlanden, in Frankreich und Spanien und untersuchen den Stand der Entwicklung in Grossbritannien und den USA. Da es um ein Problem geht, das auch wichtige sexualethische, medizinisch-sexualwissenschaftliche sowie familien- und entwicklungspsychologische Fragen beruhrt, stellen Theologen die Positionen der katholischen Kirche sowie der evangelischen Kirchen Deutschlands und anderer europaischer Lander dar. Zwei weitere Gutachten berichten uber den gegenwartigen Stand der internationalen Forschung auf dem Gebiet der Sexualwissenschaft und der Entwicklungs- und Familienpsychologie. Das Werk schliesst mit einem Abschnitt, der eine rechtsvergleichende Gesamtwurdigung und Empfehlungen an den Gesetzgeber enthalt.

Human dignity and fundamental rights in South Africa and Ireland

Author: Anne Hughes
Publisher: PULP
ISBN: 9781920538217
Release Date: 2014-04-11
Genre: Human rights

Post-apartheid South Africa has yielded enlightened judicial decisions in contrast to the limited interpretation of human rights in Ireland. The value of human dignity with its central position in international law underpins both countries’ Constitutions, but has left a more striking mark in South Africa. There it has impacted significantly on punishment for crimes, family life, children’s rights, defamation, sexual violence investigations, substantive equality and socio-economic rights. Practical guidance can be gleaned from South Africa to revitalise Irish jurisprudence. While its focus is on South Africa and Ireland, this book draws on the experience of many countries and regions.

The Constitutional Jurisprudence of the Federal Republic of Germany

Author: Donald P. Kommers
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822352662
Release Date: 2012-11-09
Genre: History

First published in 1989,The Constitutional Jurisprudence of the Federal Republic of Germanyhas become an invaluable resource for scholars and practitioners of comparative, international, and constitutional law, as well as of German and European politics. The third edition of this renowned English-language reference has now been fully updated and significantly expanded to incorporate both previously omitted topics and recent decisions of the German Federal Constitutional Court. Compared to previous editions ofThe Constitutional Jurisprudence of the Federal Republic of Germany, this third edition more closely tracks Germany's Basic Law and, therefore, the systematic approach reflected in the most respected German constitutional law commentaries. Entirely new chapters address the relationship between German law and European and international law; social and economic rights, including the property and occupational rights cases that have emerged from Reunification; jurisprudence related to issues of equality, particularly gender equality; and the tension between Germany's counterterrorism efforts and its constitutional guarantees of liberty.