Human Evolution A Very Short Introduction

Author: Bernard Wood
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780192803603
Release Date: 2005-11-03
Genre: Science

This introduction traces the history of paleoanthropology from its beginnings in the 18th century to the latest fossil finds. It concentrates on the fossil evidence for human evolution, making reference to the relevant archaeological evidence when appropriate.

Evolution a Very Short Introduction

Author: Brian Charlesworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198804369
Release Date: 2017-06-22
Genre:

Less than 450 years ago, all European scholars believed that the Earth was at the centre of a Universe that was at most a few million miles in extent, and that the planets, sun, and stars all rotated around this centre. Less than 250 years ago, they believed that the Universe was createdessentially in its present state about 6000 years ago. Even less than 150 years ago, the view that living species were the result of special creation by God was still dominant. The recognition by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace of the mechanism of evolution by natural selection hascompletely transformed our understanding of the living world, including our own origins. In this Very Short Introduction Brian and Deborah Charlesworth provide a clear and concise summary of the process of evolution by natural selection, and how natural selection gives rise to adaptations and eventually, over many generations, to new species. They introduce the central concepts of thefield of evolutionary biology, as they have developed since Darwin and Wallace on the subject, over 140 years ago, and discuss some of the remaining questions regarding processes. They highlight the wide range of evidence for evolution, and the importance of an evolutionary understanding forinstance in combating the rapid evolution of resistance by bacteria to antibiotics and of HIV to antiviral drugs. This reissue includes some key updates to the main text and a completely updated Further Reading section.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Emotion

Author: Dylan Evans
Publisher:
ISBN: 3456852959
Release Date: 2013
Genre:


Der Gebrauch des Selbst

Author: F. M. Alexander
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9783805571708
Release Date: 2001-01
Genre: Medical

Der Gebrauch des Selbst ist das einganglichste der vier Werke F.M. Alexanders und enthalt viele sehr nutzliche Informationen, die dem Leser die Alexander-Technik naher bringen. Dazu gehort vor allem Alexanders Schilderung, welchen Weg er beschreiten musste, um die Grundprinzipien seiner Technik zu entwickeln. Dieses Buch ist somit ein Grundstein der Alexander-Technik. Fur Lehrer und engagierte Schuler dieser Technik steht es an erster Stelle. Um Alexanders Methode wirklich zu verstehen, ist es sinnvoll, die Geschichte ihrer Entwicklung zu kennen. So erst kann man nachvollziehen, auf welche Prinzipien Alexander seine Methode grundete.

The Eye A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael F. Land
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191669798
Release Date: 2014-05-29
Genre: Science

The eye is one of the most remarkable achievements of evolution, and has evolved up to 40 times in different parts of the animal kingdom. In humans, vision is the most important sense, and much of the brain is given over to the processing of visual information. In this Very Short Introduction, Michael Land describes the evolution of vision and the variety of eyes found in both humans and animals. He explores the evolution of colour vision in primates and the workings of the human eye, to consider how that contributes to our visual ability. He explains how we see in three dimensions and the basic principles of visual perception, including our impressive capacity for pattern recognition and the ability of vision to guide action. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Entwicklungsbiologie

Author:
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3827404940
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Developmental biology

Die Entwicklungsbiologie ist ein HerzstA1/4ck der gesamten Biologie. Mit der Anwendung moderner zell- und molekularbiologischer Techniken und Erkenntnisse hat dieses Fach in den letzten Jahren einen enormen Aufschwung und eine wahre Explosion des Wissens erlebt. Dieses neue Lehrbuch vermittelt vor allem die Grundprinzipien und SchlA1/4sselkonzepte, die die Entwicklungsbiologie einen. Dabei gehen die Autoren davon aus, daA entwicklungsbiologische Prozesse am besten zu verstehen sind, wenn man erlAutert, wie Gene das Verhalten von Zellen beeinflussen. Genetik und Zellbiologie nehmen daher in diesem Buch breiten Raum ein. Zahlreiche didaktisch durchdachte vierfarbige Graphiken und farbige Photographien sowie viele Zusammenfassungen und Aoebersichtsdiagramme erleichtern es dem Leser, die grundlegenden Konzepte und komplizierten Prozesse der Entwicklung nachzuvollziehen und zu verstehen. Der Schwerpunkt des Buches liegt auf den Wirbeltieren und der Taufliege, aber auch Wirbellose wie FadenwA1/4rmer und Seegurken werden behandelt. Wichtig ist die Integration der Entwicklungsbiologie von Pflanzen, die in anderen LehrbA1/4chern oft fehlt. Weitere zentrale Themen und Fragestellungen werden in der zweiten HAlfte des Buches vorgestellt und erlAutert: etwa die Morphogenese im frA1/4hen Embryonalstadium, die Prozesse der Zelldifferenzierung und der Organbildung, die Entwicklung des Nervensystems und der Keimzellen, Regeneration, Wachstum und Altern sowie die heute intensiv erforschten Beziehungen zwischen Entwicklung und Evolution. Ein Glossar rundet das konzeptionell und optisch beeindruckende Buch ab.

Internationale Migration

Author: Khalid Koser
Publisher:
ISBN: 3150186935
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Emigration and immigration

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.

Ethnomusicology A Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Rice
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199794584
Release Date: 2013-11-28
Genre: Music

Ethnomusicologists believe that all humans, not just those we call musicians, are musical, and that musicality is one of the essential touchstones of the human experience. This insight raises big questions about the nature of music and the nature of humankind, and ethnomusicologists argue that to properly address these questions, we must study music in all its geographical and historical diversity. In this Very Short Introduction, one of the foremost ethnomusicologists, Timothy Rice, offers a compact and illuminating account of this growing discipline, showing how modern researchers go about studying music from around the world, looking for insights into both music and humanity. The reader discovers that ethnomusicologists today not only examine traditional forms of music-such as Japanese gagaku, Bulgarian folk music, Javanese gamelan, or Native American drumming and singing-but also explore more contemporary musical forms, from rap and reggae to Tex-Mex, Serbian turbofolk, and even the piped-in music at the Mall of America. To investigate these diverse musical forms, Rice shows, ethnomusicologists typically live in a community, participate in and observe and record musical events, interview the musicians, their patrons, and the audience, and learn to sing, play, and dance. It's important to establish rapport with musicians and community members, and obtain the permission of those they will work with closely over the course of many months and years. We see how the researcher analyzes the data to understand how a particular musical tradition works, what is distinctive about it, and how it bears the personal, social, and cultural meanings attributed to it. Rice also discusses how researchers may apply theories from anthropology and other social sciences, to shed further light on the nature of music as a human behavior and cultural practice. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

Fungi

Author: Nicholas P. Money
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199688784
Release Date: 2016-01
Genre: Fungi

The variety of the mycological world is far greater than most people imagine. Tens of thousands of fungal species have been described and many more are known only from the abundance of their genes in soil and water. Fungi are hugely important as agents of wood decay in forests, and, as parasites, they have caused the deaths of millions of people by ravaging crops and reshaping our natural ecosystems. Fungi also perform a variety of essential functions in ecosystems, and are important to both agriculture and biotechnology. Their importance is now becoming greatly appreciated among scientists, though there is much still to be understood concerning their taxonomy and evolution. This Very Short Introduction highlights the variety and extraordinary natures of fungi, revealing the remarkable facts of fungal biology and the global significance of these enchanting organisms. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Thought A Very Short Introduction

Author: Tim Bayne
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199601721
Release Date: 2013-01-31
Genre: Philosophy

"In this lively Very Short Introduction, Tim Bayne explores the nature of thought. Drawing on research from philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology, he examines what we know--and what we don't know--about one of the defining features of human nature: our capacity for thought."--Page 2 of cover.

Vom Kriege

Author: C. von Clausewitz
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 9785874182595
Release Date: 1893
Genre: History


Plants A Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Walker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199584062
Release Date: 2012-04-26
Genre: Science

Plants are a fundamental part of the biosphere and their evolution has directly affected animal life, and the Earth's climate. This Very Short Introduction provides a concise account of the nature of plants, their variety, their evolution, and their importance and uses, stressing the importance of conservation for the future.