Human Rights and Personal Self Defense in International Law

Author: Jan Arno Hessbruegge
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190655020
Release Date: 2017-01-10

Based on author's thesis (doctoral - European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, 2016) isued under title: The right to personal self-defence as a general principle of law and its general application in international human rights law.

Weapons under International Human Rights Law

Author: Stuart Casey-Maslen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107729292
Release Date: 2014-01-23
Genre: Law

International human rights law offers an overarching international legal framework to help determine the legality of the use of any weapon, as well as its lawful supply. It governs acts of States and non-State actors alike. In doing so, human rights law embraces international humanitarian law regulation of the use of weapons in armed conflict and disarmament law, as well as international criminal justice standards. In situations of law enforcement (such as counterpiracy, prisons, ordinary policing, riot control, and many peace operations), human rights law is the primary legal frame of reference above domestic criminal law. This important and timely book draws on all aspects of international weapons law and proposes a new view on international law governing weapons. Also included is a specific discussion on armed drones and cyberattacks, two highly topical issues in international law and international relations.

Complex Battlespaces

Author: LTC Winston S. Williams
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190915377
Release Date: 2018-11-23
Genre: Law

The conduct of warfare is constantly shaped by new forces that create complexities in the battlespace for military operations. As the nature of how and where wars are fought changes, new challenges to the application of the extant body of international law that regulates armed conflicts arise. This inaugural volume of the Lieber Studies Series seeks to address several issues in the confluence of law and armed conflict, with the primary goal of providing the reader with both academic and practitioner perspectives. Featuring chapters from world class scholars, policymakers and other government officials; military and civilian legal practitioners; and other thought leaders, together they examine the role of the law of armed conflict in current and future armed conflicts around the world. Complex Battlespaces also explores several examples of battlespace dynamics through four "lenses of complexity": complexity in legal regimes, governance, technology, and the urbanization of the battlefield.

Fighting at the Legal Boundaries

Author: Kenneth Watkin OMM, CD, QC
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190457990
Release Date: 2016-05-03
Genre: Law

The international law governing armed conflict is at a crossroads, as the formal framework of laws designed to control the exercise of self-defense and conduct of inter-state conflict finds itself confronted with violent 21st Century disputes of a very different character. Military practitioners who seek to stay within the bounds of international law often find themselves applying bodies of law-IHRL, IHL, ICL-in an exclusionary fashion, and adherence to those boundaries can lead to a formal and often rigid application of the law that does not adequately address contemporary security challenges. Fighting at the Legal Boundaries offers a holistic approach towards the application of the various constitutive parts of international law. The author focuses on the interaction between the applicable bodies of law by exploring whether their boundaries are improperly drawn, or are being interpreted in too rigid a fashion. Emphasis is placed on the disconnect that can occur between theory and practice regarding how these legal regimes are applied and interact with one another. Through a number of case studies, Fighting at the Legal Boundaries explores how the threat posed by insurgents, terrorists, and transnational criminal gangs often occurs not only at the point where these bodies of law interact, but also in situations where there is significant overlap. In this regard, the exercise of the longstanding right of States to defend nationals, including the conduct of operations such as hostage rescue, can involve the application of human rights based law enforcement norms to counter threats transcending the conflict spectrum. This book has five parts: Part I sets out the security, legal, and operational challenges of contemporary conflict. Part II focuses on the interaction between the jus ad bellum, humanitarian law and human rights, including an analysis of the historical influences that shaped their application as separate bodies of law. Emphasis is placed on the influence the proper authority principle has had in the human rights based approach being favored when dealing with "criminal" non-State actors during both international and non-international armed conflict. Part III analyzes the threats of insurgency and terrorism, and the state response. This includes exploring their link to criminal activity and the phenomenon of transnational criminal organizations. Part IV addresses the conduct of operations against non-State actors that span the conflict spectrum from inter-state warfare to international law enforcement. Lastly, Part V looks at the way ahead and discusses the approaches that can be applied to address the evolving, diverse and unique security threats facing the international community.

The Thin Justice of International Law

Author: Steven R. Ratner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191009112
Release Date: 2015-01-15
Genre: Law

In a world full of armed conflict and human misery, global justice remains one of the most compelling missions of our time. Understanding the promises and limitations of global justice demands a careful appreciation of international law, the web of binding norms and institutions that help govern the behaviour of states and other global actors. This book provides a new interdisciplinary approach to global justice, one that integrates the work and insights of international law and contemporary ethics. It asks whether the core norms of international law are just, appraising them according to a standard of global justice derived from the fundamental values of peace and the protection of human rights. Through a combination of a careful explanation of the legal norms and philosophical argument, Ratner concludes that many international law norms meet such a standard of justice, even as distinct areas of injustice remain within the law and the verdict is still out on others. Among the subjects covered in the book are the rules on the use of force, self-determination, sovereign equality, the decision making procedures of key international organizations, the territorial scope of human rights obligations (including humanitarian intervention), and key areas of international economic law. Ultimately, the book shows how an understanding of international law's moral foundations will enrich the global justice debate, while exposing the ethical consequences of different rules.

Das Recht der V lker

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110898538
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Philosophy

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Zur Ethik des Krieges und des Terrorismus

Author: Uwe Steinhoff
Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 3170217232
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Philosophy

Wann ist ein Krieg gerecht? Wer ist "unschuldig," und wer ist unter welchen Umstanden ein legitimes Angriffsziel? Und was bedeutet das fur die Beurteilung von Terrorismus? Diese und andere hochaktuelle Fragen behandelt Uwe Steinhoff in seiner kritischen und provokativen Analyse auch im Ruckgriff auf aktuelle Beispiele wie den Nahostkonflikt und den "Krieg gegen den Terror." Der Leser erhalt einen profunden und prazisen Uberblick uber die philosophische Debatte als unentbehrliches Rustzeug fur die eigene Urteilsfindung. "In seiner gewahlten Rolle als philosophe provocateur prasentiert Steinhoff eine nachhaltige Position und untermauert sie mit enthusiastischen Kritiken konventioneller Ansichten und dem unerschrockenen Ausbuchstabieren der Logik der Alternativen. Insbesondere fur Philosophiestudenten wird dieses Buch eine nutzliche Provokation sein, und vieles von dem, was gesagt wird, verdient Zustimmung."(Prof. Henry Shue, Merton College, Oxford)"Dieses kraftvoll herausfordernde Buch wird zweifelsohne Kontroversen provozieren und die Debatte stimulieren."(Prof. Jeff McMahan, Rutgers University)

Allgemeine Erkl rung der Menschenrechte

Author: Vereinte Nationen
Publisher: Aegitas
ISBN: 9785000641378
Release Date: 2015-04-24
Genre: Law

Die Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte (A/RES/217, UN-Doc. 217/A-(III)), auch: Deklaration der Menschenrechte oder UN-Menschenrechtscharta oder kurz AEMR, ist das ausdrückliche Bekenntnis der Vereinten Nationen zu den allgemeinen Grundsätzen der Menschenrechte. Es wurde am 10. Dezember 1948 von der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen im Palais de Chaillot in Paris genehmigt und verkündet.

Gefangen in Kanada

Author: Judith Kestler
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 9783839436196
Release Date: 2017-02-28
Genre: History

Die Internierung deutscher Handelsschiffsbesatzungen ist ein kaum bekanntes Kapitel des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Judith Kestler zeichnet erstmals nach, was deutsche Seeleute in kanadischen Lagern erlebten. Die kulturanthropologische Arbeit leistet eine differenzierte Rekonstruktion von Internierungsbedingungen und fragt nach der Entstehung retrospektiver Deutungen. Dabei verschränkt sie systematisch die Perspektiven von Internierten, Wachen und humanitären Helfern. Auf Basis archivalischer Quellen und Interviews wird Internierung als komplexe kulturelle Praxis greifbar. Die Studie bietet nicht nur Einblicke in ein faszinierendes deutsch-kanadisches Thema, sondern auch neue Perspektiven auf Gefangenschaft als transnationalen Möglichkeitsraum.

Die Humanit re Intervention

Author: Sven Kusserow
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783638383295
Release Date: 2005-06-02
Genre: Political Science

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: 1-, Universität Bremen, 6 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Der Begriff der ‚humanitären Intervention’ lässt sich auf Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), den Vater der völkerrechtlichen Prinzipien von Staatensouveränität, Interventionsverbot und Gewaltverbot, zurückführen. Grotius wollte zugunsten einer stabilen internationalen Ordnung Kriege weitgehend aus der internationalen Politik verbannen; nur der völkerrechtlich abgesicherte Ausnahmefall des ‚gerechten Krieges’ sollte legitim sein. Hierzu zählte Grotius auch den legitimen Aufstand eines Volkes gegen seinen Tyrannen und die möglicherweise dabei geleistete Nothilfe eines anderen Staates (DUPI (1999): 11). Im politischen Diskurs und in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur werden ganz unterschiedliche Verständnisse von ‚humanitären Interventionen’ verwendet, von bloßen Hilfslieferungen bis zu Invasionen (Zangl 2002: 106f.). Um den Gegenstand dieser Arbeit, die ‚humanitäre Intervention’, einzugrenzen, soll zunächst der Begriff der ‚Intervention’ untersucht werden; im zweiten Schritt soll das begrenzende Attribut des ‚Humanitären’ betrachtet werden.