Human Rights in Latin America

Author: Sonia Cardenas
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812201543
Release Date: 2012-06-29
Genre: Political Science

For the last half century, Latin America has been plagued by civil wars, dictatorships, torture, legacies of colonialism and racism, and other evils. The region has also experienced dramatic—if uneven—human rights improvements. The accounts of how Latin America's people have dealt with the persistent threats to their fundamental rights offer lessons for people around the world. Human Rights in Latin America: A Politics of Terror and Hope is the first textbook to provide a comprehensive introduction to the human rights issues facing an area that constitutes more than half of the Western Hemisphere. Leading human rights researcher and educator Sonia Cardenas brings together regional examples of both terror and hope, emphasizing the dualities inherent in human rights struggles. Organized by three pivotal topics—human rights violations, reform, and accountability—this book offers an authoritative synthesis of research on human rights on the continent. From historical accounts of abuse to successful transnational campaigns and legal battles, Human Rights in Latin America explores the tensions underlying a vast range of human rights initiatives. In addition to surveying the roles of the United States, relatives of the disappeared, and truth commissions, Cardenas covers newer ground in addressing the colonial and ideological underpinnings of human rights abuses, emerging campaigns for disability and sexuality rights, and regional dynamics relating to the International Criminal Court. Engagingly written and fully illustrated, Human Rights in Latin America creates an important niche among human rights and Latin American textbooks. Ample supplementary resources—including discussion questions, interdisciplinary reading lists, filmographies, online resources, internship opportunities, and instructor assignments—make this an especially valuable text for use in human rights courses.

The Struggle for Human Rights in Latin America

Author: Edward L. Cleary
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0275959805
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Political Science

This text examines the origins, spread and results of human rights movements in Latin America. The author analyzes the mark such movements have made in world politics and shows the difficulties grassroots groups faced when challenging military dictatorships.

Mobilizing for Human Rights in Latin America

Author: Edward L. Cleary
Publisher: Kumarian Press
ISBN: 9781565492417
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

Advocates of the rights of women, indigenous groups, the landless, and street children have achieved notable gains, so much so that in 1999 "The New York Times" claimed that women have achieved more rights in Latin America than any other region. This work establishes a record of why, how, where, and when human rights reached this level.

Democracy and Human Rights in Latin America

Author: Richard S. Hillman
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0275974820
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Political Science

The complexity of democratic transitions in Latin America and the importance of how human rights and democracy are linked is evaluated by top scholars.

Judicial Independence and Human Rights in Latin America

Author: E. Skaar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230117693
Release Date: 2011-02-14
Genre: Social Science

This comparative analysis, focusing on Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay, explores the complex relationship between executive politics and judicial action, showing that judicial independence is a crucial factor in prosecution. It will engage Latin Americanists as well as all who are concerned with justice and human rights around the world.

Mixed Signals

Author: Kathryn Sikkink
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801474191
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

"Nowhere did two understandings of U.S. identity—human rights and anticommunism—come more in conflict with each other than they did in Latin America. To refocus U.S. policy on human rights and democracy required a rethinking of U.S. policy as a whole. It required policy makers to choose between policies designed to defeat communism at any cost and those that remain within the bounds of the rule of law."—from the IntroductionKathryn Sikkink believes that the adoption of human rights policy represents a positive change in the relationship between the United States and Latin America. In Mixed Signals she traces a gradual but remarkable shift in U.S. foreign policy over the last generation. By the 1970s, an unthinking anticommunist stance had tarnished the reputation of the U.S. government throughout Latin America, associating Washington with tyrannical and often brutally murderous regimes. Sikkink recounts the reemergence of human rights as a substantive concern, showing how external pressures from activist groups and the institution of a human rights bureau inside the State Department have combined to remake Washington's agenda, and its image, in Latin America. The current war against terrorism, Sikkink warns, could repeat the mistakes of the past unless we insist that the struggle against terrorism be conducted with respect for human rights and the rule of law.

Human Rights and Transnational Solidarity in Cold War Latin America

Author: Jessica Stites Mor
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 9780299291136
Release Date: 2013-03-29
Genre: History

With the end of the global Cold War, the struggle for human rights has emerged as one of the most controversial forces of change in Latin America. Many observers seek the foundations of that movement in notions of rights and models of democratic institutions that originated in the global North. Challenging that view, this volume argues that Latin American community organizers, intellectuals, novelists, priests, students, artists, urban pobladores, refugees, migrants, and common people have contributed significantly to new visions of political community and participatory democracy. These local actors built an alternative transnational solidarity from below with significant participation of the socially excluded and activists in the global South. Edited by Jessica Stites Mor, this book offers fine-grained case studies that show how Latin America’s re-emerging Left transformed the struggles against dictatorship and repression of the Cold War into the language of anti-colonialism, socioeconomic rights, and identity.

Human Rights and United States Policy Toward Latin America

Author: Lars Schoultz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400854295
Release Date: 2014-07-14
Genre: Political Science

The role of human rights in United States policy toward Latin America is the subject of this study. It covers the early sixties to 1980, a period when humanitarian values came to play an important role in determining United States foreign policy. The author is concerned both with explaining why these values came to impinge on government decision making and how internal bureaucratic processes affected the specific content of United States policy. Originally published in 1981. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The U S Military and Human Rights Promotion

Author: Jerry M. Laurienti
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0275999386
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Political Science

Shows how human rights promotion by the U.S. military is integral to U.S. security policy in the areas where it has long been a priority, and demonstrates how it could become integral in other regions of the world where it is not yet a priority.

Seeking Human Rights Justice in Latin America

Author: Jeffrey Davis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521514361
Release Date: 2013-11-18
Genre: Law

This book studies how victims of human rights violations in Latin America, their families, and their advocates work to overcome entrenched impunity and seek legal justice. Their struggles show that legal justice is a multifaceted process, the overarching purpose of which is to restore human dignity and prevent further violence. Uncovering, revealing, and proving the truth are essential elements of legal justice, and are also powerful tools to activate the process. When faced with stubborn impunity at home, victims, families, and advocates can carry on their work for legal justice by bringing cases in courts in other countries or in the Inter-American human rights system. These extra-territorial courts can jumpstart the process of legal justice at home. Seeking Human Rights Justice in Latin America examines the political and legal struggle through the lens of the human story at the heart of these cases.

Protecting Human Rights Defenders in Latin America

Author: Ulisses Terto Neto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319610948
Release Date: 2017-09-21
Genre: Political Science

This book offers a legal and socio-political analysis of the Brazilian Program for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders. Discussing Colombian, Guatemalan and Mexican experiences, it fills a gap in the literature regarding Latin American public policy by investigating the creation, work, beneficiaries, broader effects, challenges, and effective ways to improve the Brazilian Program.

Constitutional Protection of Human Rights in Latin America

Author: Allan R. Brewer-Carías
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521492027
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Law

This book examines the most recent trends in the constitutional and legal regulations in all Latin American countries regarding the amparo proceeding. It analyzes the regulations of the seventeen amparo statutes in force in Latin America, as well as the regulation on the amparo guarantee established in Article 25 of the American Convention of Human Rights.

State Terrorism in Latin America

Author: Thomas C. Wright
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9781461642800
Release Date: 2006-12-15
Genre: History

Set in the larger context of the evolution of international human rights, this cogent book examines the tragic development and ultimate resolution of Latin America's human rights crisis of the 1970s and 1980s. Thomas Wright focuses especially on state terrorism in Chile under General Augusto Pinochet (1973–1990) and in Argentina during the Dirty War (1976–1983). The author probes the background of these regimes, the methodology of state terrorism, and the human rights movements that emerged in urgent response to the brutality of institutionalized torture, murder, and disappearance. He also discusses the legacies of state terrorism in the post-dictatorial period, particularly the bitter battle between demands for justice and the military's claim of impunity. Central to this struggle was the politics of memory as two radically different versions of the countries' recent history clashed: had the militaries conducted legitimate wars against subversion or had they exercised terrorism based on a misguided concept of national security? The book offers a nuanced exploration of the reciprocal relationship between state terrorism and its legacies, on one hand, and international human rights on the other. When the Chilean and Argentine militaries seized power, the international human rights lobby was too weak to prevent the massive toll of state terrorism. But the powerful worldwide response to these regimes ultimately strengthened international human rights treaties, institutions, and jurisprudence, paving the way for the Rwanda and Yugoslavia genocide tribunals and the International Criminal Court. Indeed, Chile and Argentina today routinely try and convict former repressors in their own courts. This compelling history demonstrates that the experiences of Chile and Argentina contributed to strengthening the international human rights movement, which in turn gave it the influence to affect the outcome in these two South American countries. Ironically, the brutal regimes of Chile and Argentina played the major role in transforming a largely dormant international lobby into a powerful force that today is capable of bringing major repressors from anywhere in the world to justice. These intertwined themes make this book important reading not only for Latin Americanists but for students of human rights and of international relations as well.