Author: Zhen-Gang Ji
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-07-05
The primary reference for the modeling of hydrodynamics and water quality in rivers, lake, estuaries, coastal waters, and wetlands This comprehensive text perfectly illustrates the principles, basic processes, mathematical descriptions, case studies, and practical applications associated with surface waters. It focuses on solving practical problems in rivers, lakes, estuaries, coastal waters, and wetlands. Most of the theories and technical approaches presented within have been implemented in mathematical models and applied to solve practical problems. Throughout the book, case studies are presented to demonstrate how the basic theories and technical approaches are implemented into models, and how these models are applied to solve practical environmental/water resources problems. This new edition of Hydrodynamics and Water Quality: Modeling Rivers, Lakes, and Estuaries has been updated with more than 40% new information. It features several new chapters, including one devoted to shallow water processes in wetlands as well as another focused on extreme value theory and environmental risk analysis. It is also supplemented with a new website that provides files needed for sample applications, such as source codes, executable codes, input files, output files, model manuals, reports, technical notes, and utility programs. This new edition of the book: Includes more than 120 new/updated figures and 450 references Covers state-of-the-art hydrodynamics, sediment transport, toxics fate and transport, and water quality in surface waters Provides essential and updated information on mathematical models Focuses on how to solve practical problems in surface waters—presenting basic theories and technical approaches so that mathematical models can be understood and applied to simulate processes in surface waters Hailed as “a great addition to any university library” by the Journal of the American Water Resources Association (July 2009), Hydrodynamics and Water Quality, Second Edition is an essential reference for practicing engineers, scientists, and water resource managers worldwide.
Author: R. Manivanan
Publisher: New India Publishing
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Water is an important element for life on the earth. It is an essential natural resource for environmental sustenance. In India, water quality modeling studies are carried out from fresh water to marine water ecosystems. Some of the examples are Tehri reservoir, Chilka lake, Oatcake at Kashmir, Kodaikanal lake, Ooty lake at Tamil Nadu, rivers like Ganges, Narmada, Kaveri, and coastal regions like Hoogly estuary, Paradip, Vishakhapatnam, Kakinada, Chennai, Mangalore coast, Konkan coast and Gujarat coast. Water quality modeling plays a vital role in water quality studies. Numerical models are to be successfully calibrated and properly applied and it is to be improved our understanding of the complex interactions among different parameters such as temperature, biological oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, salinity, and eutrophication in the fresh water and sea water environment.
Author: James L. Martin
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-05-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling presents a complete overview of current methods used to describe or predict transport in aquatic systems, with special emphasis on water quality modeling. The book features detailed descriptions of each method, supported by sample applications and case studies drawn from the authors' years of experience in the field. Each chapter examines a variety of modeling approaches, from simple to complex. This unique text/reference offers a wealth of information previously unavailable from a single source. The book begins with an overview of basic principles, and an introduction to the measurement and analysis of flow. The following section focuses on rivers and streams, including model complexity and data requirements, methods for estimating mixing, hydrologic routing methods, and unsteady flow modeling. The third section considers lakes and reservoirs, and discusses stratification and temperature modeling, mixing methods, reservoir routing and water balances, and dynamic modeling using one-, two-, and three-dimensional models. The book concludes with a section on estuaries, containing topics such as origins and classification, tides, mixing methods, tidally averaged estuary models, and dynamic modeling. Over 250 figures support the text. This is a valuable guide for students and practicing modelers who do not have extensive backgrounds in fluid dynamics.
Author: Wu-Seng Lung
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2001-04-30
Complete, practical coverage of pollution control regulations and water quality modeling Water Quality Modeling for Wasteload Allocations and TMDLs provides practical guidance for engineers charged with determining the volume and character of wastewater that a body of water can receive without suffering environmental damage. Following the discussion on water pollution control regulations and their relationships to water quality modeling and wasteload allocation for determining the total maximum daily load (TMDL), the first half of the book focuses on quantifying the model coefficients to characterize physical, chemical, and biological processes of a variety of water quality problems. The remainder of the book guides engineers in the application of EPA-developed models for regulatory use. Presenting numerous case studies and a substantial amount of data, this comprehensive guide: * Covers practical applications of wasteload allocation * Provides guidance to develop technical information for obtaining National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits * Demonstrates the application of STREAM, QUAL2E, WASP, and HAR03 Water Quality Modeling for Wasteload Allocations and TMDLs is an essential resource for state and federal water quality agencies, consulting engineering firms, publicly owned treatment works, environmental biologists and chemists, and public health officials involved with pollution control.
Einführung in die Hydrologie und Wasserwirtschaft der Oberflächengewässer. Die meteorologischen und hydrometrischen Verfahren werden soweit behandelt, wie sie zum Messen der wichtigsten Größen des Wasserkreislaufs und zur Bereitstellung der Daten für wasserwirtschaftliche Zwecke erforderlich sind. Die Grundlagen der stochastischen und deterministischen Hydrologie werden behandelt und durch Beispiele Hinweise für eine zweckmäßige Anwendung bei der statistischen Analyse von Extremwerten, bei der Vorhersage und bei Zeitreihenmodellen gegeben. Die Speicherbewirtschaftung als wichtigstes Element für die Planung, den Bau und Betrieb von wasserwirtschaftlichen Maßnahmen wird für verschiedene Speichertypen aufgezeigt. Es werden die wichtigsten Verfahren zur Ermittlung von hydrologischen Bemessungsgrößen für wasserwirtschaftliche Maßnahmen im Beispiel behandelt. Das Buch wendet sich in erster Linie an Studierende des Bauingenieurwesens. Soll aber auch dem Praktiker die Einarbeitung in die verschiedenen hydrologischen Fragestellungen ermöglichen.
This study presents an systematic approach to water quality assessment, hybrid modelling and decision support for eutrophication management in deep reservoirs. It is found that during the summer monsoon the catchment runoff into the Yongdam reservoir induces a transfer of pollutants from a middle stratified layer to the surface layer. Although the transport mechanism limits nutrient accumulation on the bottom of the reservoir, it also offers an opportunity for on-going algae production in the surface water. Physically based modelling is used to understand the process of micro-scale turbulent mixing and its impact on the nutrient uptake by algae. Further, a data-driven model using clustering and partial least squares regression which uses results from a physically based model of the reservoir successfully predicts Chlorophyll-a concentrations.
Estuarine and Coastal Modeling contains 48 papers that were presented at the Ninth International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling held in Charleston, South Carolina, from October 31 to November 2, 2005. This practical book explores the development, testing, application, calibration, validation, and visualization of predictions from estuarine and coastal models. The papers are divided into 20 oral sessions and 1 poster session featuring model application and demonstration of model visualization and systems integration. They cover various aspects of estuarine and coastal modeling, climatology and skill assessment, particle tracking, residence times and spill analysis, biogeomechanical modeling, numerical techniques, structure and methods, Nowcast / forecast systems, sediment re-suspension and transport, restoration modeling, and combined wave?current modeling.
Author: Robert V. Thomann
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Release Date: 1987
This book teaches the fundamentals and principles which underlie the mathematical modeling techniques used to analyze the quality of surface waters. The text first provides an overview of the different bodies of water in which water quality problems need to be addressed before examining specific problems that occur across all bodies of water.
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2009-09-08
The St. Johns River is the longest river in Florida, containing extensive freshwater wetlands, numerous large lakes, a wide estuarine channel, and a correspondingly diverse array of native flora and fauna. Water resource management in the river's watershed is the responsibility of the St. Johns River Water Management District (the District). The District must provide water for the region's 4.4 million residents as well as numerous industrial and agricultural users, all while protecting natural systems within the river basin. With population growth in the watershed expected to surpass 7.2 million in 2030, the District, through its water resources planning process, has begun to identify alternative sources of water beyond its traditional groundwater sources, including the potential withdrawal of 262 million gallons per day from the St. Johns River. To more comprehensively evaluate the environmental impacts of withdrawing this water from the river, the District embarked on a two-year Water Supply Impact Study (WSIS), and requested the involvement of the National Research Council. The present volume reviews the Phase I work of the WSIS and provides recommendations for improving Phase II.
Author: Steven C. McCutcheon
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1990-01-05
This fascinating work is divided into two main sections. Part I reviews the basic principles of water movement in channels and the mass balance approach common to most models. It also covers the practical usefulness, model peer review, and guidance on model selection and calibration. Part II discusses flow simulation and prediction of time of travel, dye tracing and mixing, heat balance and temperature modeling, and reaeration and volatilization. This interesting, easy-to-read volume includes comprehensive reviews for the use of fluorescent water tracing dyes, longitudinal dispersion, evaporation and wind speed functions, prediction of saturation concentrations of dissolved oxygen, and reaeration coefficients. This book furnishes the reader with appendices which provide a synopsis of available computer models and gives a comprehensive listing of methods used to measure flow rates in rivers, tributaries, and pipes and channels introducing wastewaters into streams. This volume is a valuable, indispensable reference for all researchers, instructors, students in advanced environmental modeling courses, and practicing engineers.
Author: I. Ethem Gonenc
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-02-20
Water has become one of the potential targets of terrorists. This volume addresses the basic scientific concepts that must be integrated by decision-makers to minimize damages and optimize recovery operations in the aftermath of such an attack. It addresses the multidisciplinary approaches for rapid diagnoses and assessments, and offers a step-by-step treatment of all aspects of ecosystem processes, modelling and monitoring.