Author: Mark V. Tushnet
Publisher: Beacon Press
Release Date: 2008-01
A distinguished Supreme Court scholar introduces and explains sixteen influential cases from throughout the Court's history and offers a sense of what could have developed if the dissents were instead the majority opinions, looking at each case in terms of its political, social, economic, and cultural context. Original.
Author: Peter Mankowski
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Release Date: 2016-10-06
English summary: Legal culture has become a key notion in law and society. But how to describe it? How does it emerge? Where are its roots and foundations? Which elements constitute it? Peter Mankowski provides answers by highlighting its development and structures. Rather than establishing a grand theory, his work looks at different contexts and offers at its core a comparative-anecdotal approach to a complex, multifaceted notion. Aiming to provoke thought and encourage discussion, the author depicts the societal, religious and ideological traditions surrounding legal culture, which has to be dynamic to keep apace with progress in society, science and technology. An international phenomenon, legal culture looks at individuals and their relationships to society and community. Its often media influenced public perception and own image within the legal profession are further constituent parts. In short, legal culture is colourful and mirrors the vitality of law and life. German description: Rechtskultur ist ein zentraler Begriff in Recht und Gesellschaft. Was aber ist Rechtskultur? Wie entsteht Rechtskultur? Welche Facetten hat Rechtskultur? "Rechtskultur" ist ein Versuch, Antworten, Konturen und Strukturen zu entwickeln. Peter Mankowski will dabei keine Grosstheorie aufstellen, sondern Zusammenhange aufzeigen. Er bietet im Kern eine rechtsvergleichend-anekdotische Annaherung an einen schwierigen und vielschichtigen Begriff. Dabei will er Anstosse geben und anregen. Rechtskultur steht in gesellschaftlichen, religiosen und ideologischen Traditionen. Rechtskultur ist dynamisch. Sie muss versuchen, mit gesellschaftlichen, wissenschaftlichen und technischen Entwicklungen Schritt zu halten. Rechtskultur speist sich aus der Wahrnehmung der Laien, vermittelt durch Bilder in Medien, ebenso wie aus dem Selbstverstandnis der Juristen. Rechtskultur bezieht sich auf den Einzelnen ebenso wie auf dessen Verhaltnis zu Gemeinschaften. Rechtskultur zeigt sich in internationalen Kontexten. Rechtskultur ist so bunt und vielgestaltig wie das Recht und das Leben selber.
Author: Melvin I. Urofsky
Release Date: 2015-10-13
From the admired judicial authority, author of Louis D. Brandeis (“Remarkable”—Anthony Lewis, The New York Review of Books; “Monumental”—Alan M. Dershowitz, The New York Times Book Review), Division and Discord, and Supreme Decisions—Melvin Urofsky’s major new book looks at the role of dissent in the Supreme Court and the meaning of the Constitution through the greatest and longest lasting public-policy debate in the country’s history, among members of the Supreme Court, between the Court and the other branches of government, and between the Court and the people of the United States. Urofsky writes of the necessity of constitutional dialogue as one of the ways in which we as a people reinvent and reinvigorate our democratic society. In Dissent and the Supreme Court, he explores the great dissents throughout the Court’s 225-year history. He discusses in detail the role the Supreme Court has played in helping to define what the Constitution means, how the Court’s majority opinions have not always been right, and how the dissenters, by positing alternative interpretations, have initiated a critical dialogue about what a particular decision should mean. This dialogue is sometimes resolved quickly; other times it may take decades before the Court adjusts its position. Louis Brandeis’s dissenting opinion about wiretapping became the position of the Court four decades after it was written. The Court took six decades to adopt the dissenting opinion of the first Justice John Harlan in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)—that segregation on the basis of race violated the Constitution—in Brown v. Board of Education (1954). Urofsky shows that the practice of dissent grew slowly but steadily and that in the nineteenth century dissents became more frequent. In the (in)famous case of Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857), Chief Justice Roger Taney’s opinion upheld slavery, declaring that blacks could never be citizens. The justice received intense condemnations from several of his colleagues, but it took a civil war and three constitutional amendments before the dissenting view prevailed and Dred Scott was overturned. Urofsky looks as well at the many aspects of American constitutional life that were affected by the Earl Warren Court—free speech, race, judicial appointment, and rights of the accused—and shows how few of these decisions were unanimous, and how the dissents in the earlier cases molded the results of later decisions; how with Roe v. Wade—the Dred Scott of the modern era—dissent fashioned subsequent decisions, and how, in the Court, a dialogue that began with the dissents in Roe has shaped every decision since. Urofsky writes of the rise of conservatism and discusses how the resulting appointments of more conservative jurists to the bench put the last of the Warren liberals—William Brennan and Thurgood Marshall—in increasingly beleaguered positions, and in the minority. He discusses the present age of incivility, in which reasoned dialogue seems less and less possible. Yet within the Marble Palace, the members of the Supreme Court continue to hear arguments, vote, and draft majority opinions, while the minority continues to “respectfully dissent.” The Framers understood that if a constitution doesn’t grow and adapt, it atrophies and dies, and if it does, so does the democratic society it has supported. Dissent—on the Court and off, Urofsky argues—has been a crucial ingredient in keeping the Constitution alive and must continue to be so. (With black-and-white illustrations throughout.) From the Hardcover edition.
Author: Emily M. Calhoun
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2011-04-06
Genre: Political Science
Constitutional 'losers' represent a thorny and longstanding problem in American constitutional law. Given our adversarial system, the way that rights cases are decided means that regardless of whether a losing side has committed any actions that cause harm to others, they typically suffer unnecessary harm as a consequence of decisions. In areas such as affirmative action and gay rights, the losers are essentially punished for losing despite neither intending nor causing injury. In Losing Twice, Emily Calhoun draws upon conflict resolution theory, political theory, and Habermasian discourse theory to argue that in such cases, the Court must work harder to avoid inflicting unnecessary harm on Constitutional losers. But for this to happen, Calhoun contends, the role of judges needs to be reconceptualized. She contends that the Court should not perceive itself simply as an adversarial forum, but also as a 'transactional' one, where losers are not simply losers but participants in a process capable of addressing and ameliorating the effects that come with loss. Filled with lucid discussions of well known cases, Losing Twice offers an intellectually powerful argument for transforming the decision-making process in Constitutional rights disputes.
Author: Andrew Lynch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2016-09-08
When judges disagree, those in the minority write a dissenting opinion. This book considers the great dissents in Australian law. Their worth may derive from numerous factors, including their rhetorical force as a piece of legal reasoning or emotive power as a judicial lament for the 'error' into which the majority has fallen; the general importance of the issue at stake; as a challenge to the orthodoxy; and, sometimes, the subsequent recognition of a dissenting opinion's correctness and its ultimate vindication. On some occasions, all these features may be strongly present, on others only some. Through a diverse selection of memorable dissenting opinions, this book illuminates the topic of judicial disagreement more generally - not only through examples of instances when minority opinions have been distinctly valuable, but by drawing out a richer understanding of the attributes and circumstances which lead some dissents to become iconic, while so many lie forgotten.
Author: Austin Sarat
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2012-01-31
Dissenting Voices in American Society: The Role of Judges, Lawyers, and Citizens explores the status of dissent in the work and lives of judges, lawyers, and citizens, and in our institutions and culture. It brings together under the lens of critical examination dissenting voices that are usually treated separately: the protester, the academic critic, the intellectual, and the dissenting judge. It examines the forms of dissent that institutions make possible and those that are discouraged or domesticated. This book also describes the kinds of stories that dissenting voices try to tell and the narrative tropes on which those stories depend. This book is the product of an integrated series of symposia at the University of Alabama School of Law. These symposia bring leading scholars into colloquy with faculty at the law school on subjects at the cutting edge of interdisciplinary inquiry in law.
Author: Antoni Abat i Ninet
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Release Date: 2014-08-20
Genre: True Crime
Western political systems tend to be 'constitutional democracies', dividing the system into a domain of politics, where the people rule, and a domain of law, set aside for a trained elite. Antoni Abat i Ninet strives to resolve these apparently exclusive
Author: Kimberly R. Moffitt
Release Date: 2011
The 1980s: A Critical and Transitional Decade, edited by Kimberly R. Moffitt and Duncan A. Campbell, is a holistic analysis of the decade that focuses on major turning points and developments in literature, entertainment, politics, and social experimentation. This analysis ultimately presents the 1980s as a significant phenomenon in the American landscape. The 1980s is a groundbreaking and stand-alone introductory volume that is unapologetically interdisciplinary in nature and encourages students to explore topics of the decade often overlooked or grouped together with other, more memorable decades such as the 1920s or 1960s.
Author: Paul Finkelman
Publisher: Cq Press
Release Date: 2003
An important new reference that provides the historical context and constitutional perspective of more than 1,000 of the most important Supreme Court cases. Landmark Decisions of the United States Supreme Court offers an unparalleled history of the Supreme Court and its impact on American democracy and society. Case summaries are organized chronologically. In addition: -- each summary includes case name, citation, decision date, vote and vote alliances, author of the opinion of the Court, authors (and justices joining) of concurring and dissenting opinions -- summaries include extensive case cross-referencing to demonstrate evolving judicial decisions and historical connections -- most summaries include bibliographic references to facilitate additional research. -- summaries include at least one case from every year the Supreme Court has been making decisions. This one-volume ready-reference is most useful to college, law school and public libraries as well as high school libraries, especially those offering AP Government & Politics. Other key features include a table of cases, a table of justices by appointment, a table of the natural courts, the U.S. Constitution, and an extensive index.
Author: Mark K. Moller
Publisher: Cato Institute
Release Date: 2005-10-25
Published every September in celebration of Constitution Day, the Cato Supreme Court Review brings together leading legal scholars to analyze the most important cases of the Court's most recent term. It is the first scholarly review to appear after the term's end and the only on to critique the court from a Madisonian perspective.