This book was written for high school students and teachers who love exploring beyond standard math curricula for a deeper understanding of the principles and applications of mathematics. It is also for anyone who loves the pursuit of a problem solution, including both professional and amateur mathematicians. The vehicle that transports us through this exploration is the study and solution of classical and advanced math problems. As a high school math student, an engineer, a businessman and, ultimately, a high school math teacher, I collected and created math problems and solutions that can be used for advanced study. Some of the problems may be very familiar to you; some may not. A few may be quite easy to do; others will take more time. Included are classical proofs and their extensions that are often omitted in today's curricula. Beyond the pure enjoyment of this exploration, we also attempt to find a "deeper understanding" of the math. We address four larger aspects of "understanding," namely: convention, evidence, perspective and connection. A portion of these aspects is addressed in the solutions, themselves. The rest is in comments, which come after the solutions. The comments range widely, including: additional points regarding the math itself, historical factoids, linguistics, suggestions for teachers, some personal experiences regarding the material, etc. Readers who only skim the problems and solutions might still find the applications and comments quite interesting. It is hoped that this book will assist teachers and students alike in exploring the subject of mathematics in a new way, whether using material that is thousands of years old, or recently developed. Each problem can be used as a single assignment, done in a few minutes, or a term project that could require intuition, technique, research and/or fortitude (to plow through it). The material can be adapted for use in the standard classroom, subject to students' ability and the constrictions of uniform curricula. It is, perhaps, more applicable to classrooms with the freedom to experiment with project learning and with longer assignment periods. School math clubs or math teams might find this text a handy reference to hone skills, learn new techniques and satisfy the quest for more exciting material beyond the routine. Although the primary focus here is the application of math principles to math problems, these studies are extended to interdisciplinary examples in the sciences, engineering, finance, social studies, etc. The subject material itself is organized into groups. There are twenty-two geometry/trigonometry problems, many of which are "classic proofs." Though some have been forgotten or ignored at large, they are offered here with some new ideas and approaches. There are ten algebra problems, all of which are extensions of a standard curriculum, and offer fresh insights when studied as a group. Statistics, the newest subject to be added to the high school curriculum, has three problems. And calculus, which is not always studied in high schools, has five problems.
You know that geometry is a math thing, right? You remember that much from school. You also probably remember that it has something to do with circles, squares, diameters, angles, and all those other terms that floated in (and probably right out of ) your head as you were cramming for all those geometry tests way back when. But your math teacher probably never told you that you'd actually use that stuff in real life – if he had, maybe you would have paid more attention! Well, don't fret. You're in the same boat as almost everyone else. Geometry has about a million (a rough estimate) uses in real life – for example, you may have some home improvement projects you want to tackle; you have to know how to cut the wood at certain angles to make them fit together. ( Bet you didn't realize that carpenters have to be experts at geometry as well!) With a basic knowledge of geometry, building some bookshelves for your kid's room becomes so much easier. Geometry For Dummies can give you that basic understanding of geometry, and you might actually have a little fun along the way. Written in a breezy, easy-to-understand, non-textbook-like style, this book helps you with all your geometrical dilemmas. In Geometry For Dummies, you'll find out about the following topics and more: Understanding lines and angles Working up a geometry proof All those funny shapes: circles, rectangles, triangles, and the ever versatile polygon Having your Pi and eating it, too Taking the next step into trigonometry Doing someone a solid: Exploring prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, and spheres Top Ten list of cool careers that use geometry and tips for making geometry easier Appendices with formulas, theorems, and other helpful geometry resources So whatever your reason for wanting to learn geometry – a home improvement project, helping your kid with his or her homework, or just a fascination with funny shapes – Geometry For Dummies is just what you need to recall what you learned in school and put it to good use.
This book tells a single story, in many voices, about a serious and sustained set of changes in mathematics teaching practice in a high school and how those efforts influenced and were influenced by a local university. It includes the writings and perspectives of high school students, high school teachers, preservice teacher candidates, doctoral students in mathematics education and other fields, mathematics teacher educators, and other education faculty. As a whole, this case study provides an opportunity to reflect on reform visions of mathematics for all students and the challenges inherent in the implementation of these visions in US schools. It challenges us to rethink boundaries between theory and practice and the relative roles of teachers and university faculty in educational endeavors.
Author: Gale Group
Publisher: Gale Cengage
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
Since 1962, Contemporary Authors has been an authoritative and comprehensive source of bibliographic and biographical information on important authors of the 20th century. This reference allows the user to access entries by author name, title of work or specific personal data.
Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers, 2/e, provides a unique opportunity for students to develop a clear understanding of mathematical concepts, procedures, and processes, to communicate these ideas to others, and to apply them to the real world.The goal is to achieve the optimum balance between presenting a thorough development of mathematical content and presenting it in a way that is understandable by students. The material has been revised so that it powerfully embodies the new Principles and Standards for School Mathematics of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
Author: Mike Askew
Publisher: Random House
Release Date: 2010-07-06
In a new edition, fully revised and updated to reflect key new curriculum topics and methods, Maths for Mums and Dads guides you through the basics of primary school maths and covers the dilemmas and problems you are likely to be confronted with, including: * number bonds, place value and decimals * long multiplication and division * fractions, percentages and decimals * basic geometry, shapes, symmetry and angles * data-handling, combinations and chance Complete with sample questions, mock exam papers and examples of children's errors, Maths for Mums and Dads will challenge and reassure in equal measure.
This book explains and demonstrates the teaching strategy of asking learners to construct their own examples of mathematical objects. The authors show that the creation of examples can involve transforming and reorganizing knowledge and that, although this is usually done by authors and teachers, if the responsibility for making examples is transferred to learners, their knowledge structures can be developed and extended. A multitude of examples to illustrate this is provided, spanning primary, secondary, and college levels. Readers are invited to learn from their own past experience augmented by tasks provided in the book, and are given direct experience of constructing examples through a collection of many tasks at many levels. Classroom stories show the practicalities of introducing such shifts in mathematics education. The authors examine how their approach relates to improving the learning of mathematics and raise future research questions. *Based on the authors' and others' theoretical and practical experience, the book includes a combination of exercises for the reader, practical applications for teaching, and solid scholarly grounding. *The ideas presented are generic in nature and thus applicable across every phase of mathematics teaching and learning. *Although the teaching methods offered are ones that engage learners imaginatively, these are also applied to traditional approaches to mathematics education; all tasks offered in the book are within conventional mathematics curriculum content. Mathematics as a Constructive Activity: Learners Generating Examples is intended for mathematics teacher educators, mathematics teachers, curriculum developers, task and test designers, and classroom researchers, and for use as a text in graduate-level mathematics education courses.